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This ninth edition of the United States Code was prepared and published pursuant to section 285b of Title 2 of the Code. It contains a consolidation and codification of all the general and permanent laws of the United States which are in force on January 3, 1977. By statutory authority this edition may be cited “U.S.C. 1976 ed.” Previous editions were published in 1926, 1934, 1940, 1946, 1952, 1958, 1964, and 1970.

Inasmuch as many of the general and permanent laws which are required to be incorporated in this Code are inconsistent, redundant, and obsolete, the Office of the Law Revision Counsel is engaged in a comprehensive project of revising and enacting the Code into law, title by title. Since 1947, bills have been enacted to revise, codify and enact into law Titles 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 13, 14, 17, 18, 23, 28, 32, 35, 37, 38, 39, and 44. In addition, bills relating to other titles are also being prepared for introduction. When this work is completed all the titles of the Code will be legal evidence of the general and permanent law and recourse to the numerous volumes of the Statutes at Large for this purpose will be unnecessary.

The title and chapter structure of the 1970 edition, together with Supplement V thereto, has been substantially preserved, the ly changes made having been necessitated by the enactment of legislation since 1970.

This edition continues the practice of setting out notes captioned "Section referred to in other sections". These notes have been inserted following each section that is referred to in the text of another section, indicating the section that contains the internal reference. In addition, there is included in this edition, for the first time, a comprehensive Table of Internal References which appears in the Tables volume. This Table consolidates all internal references contained in the individual "Section referred to in other sections” notes.

This edition has been prepared and published under the supervision of Edward F. Willett, Jr., Law Revision Counsel of the House of Representatives, with the assistance of the West Publishing Company, of St. Paul, Minnesota, which assisted in preparing all prior editions and supplements of the Code. Grateful acknowledgment is made of the cooperation by all who have helped in this work, particularly by the staffs of the publishing company and of the Office of the Law Revision Counsel, and by the Government Printing Office.

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TITLE 1–GENERAL PROVISIONS Chap 1. Rules of Construction. 2. Acts and Resolutions; Formalities of En

actment; Repeals; Sealing of Instru

ments. 3. Code of Laws of United States and Sup

plements; District of Columbia Code and Supplements.

Chap. 2. 3. 4. 5.

The Seal.
Seat of the Government.
The States.
Official Territorial Papers.


PART 1-THE AGENCIES GENERALLY 1. Organization. 3. Powers. 5. Administrative Procedure. 7. Judicial Review. 9. Executive Reorganization. PART II—THE UNITED STATES CIVIL SERVICE

COMMISSION 11. Organization. 13. Special Authority. 15. Political Activity of Certain State and Local Employees.


TITLE 2–THE CONGRESS 1. Election of Senators and Representatives. 2. Organization of Congress. 3. Compensation and Allowances of Mem

bers. 4. Officers and Employees of Senate and

House of Representatives. 5. Library of Congress. 6. Congressional and Committee Procedure;

Investigations. 7. Contested Elections. 8. Federal Corrupt Practices. 8A. Regulation of Lobbying. 9. Office of Legislative Counsel. 9A. Office of the Law Revision Counsel. 9B. Legislative Classification Office. 10. Classification of Employees of House of

Representatives. 10A. Payroll Administration in House of Rep

resentatives. 11. Commission on Executive, Legislative, and

Judicial Salaries. 12. Contested Elections. 13. Joint Committee on Congressional Oper

ations. 14. Federal Election Campaigns. 15. Office of Technology Assessment. 16. Congressional Mailing Standards. 17. Congressional Budget Office.

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Presidential Elections and Vacancies. 2.

Office and Compensation of President. 3.

Protection of the President; The White

House Police. 4. Delegation of Functions.

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SUBPART G-INSURANCE AND ANNUITIES Chap. 81. Compensation for Work Injuries. 83. Retirement. 85. Unemployment Compensation. 87. Life Insurance. 89. Health Insurance.



34. Sugar Production and Control.

Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938. 35A. Price Support of Agricultural Commod

ities. 36. Crop Insurance. 37. Seeds. 38. Distribution and Marketing of Agricultur

al Products. 39. Stabilization of International Wheat

Market. 40. Halogeton Glomeratus Control. 41. Agricultural Trade Development and As

sistance. 42. Agricultural Commodity Set-Aside. 43. Agricultural Attachés. 44. Wool Program. 45. Soil Bank Program. 46. Surplus Disposal of Agricultural Com

modities. 47. Interchange of Department of Agricul.

ture and State Employees. 48. Humane Methods of Livestock Slaughter. 49. Consultation on Agricultural Programs. 50. Agricultural Credit. 51. Food Stamp Program. 52. Farm Labor Contractor Registration. 53. Cotton Research and Promotion. 54. Transportation, Sale and Handling of Cer

tain Animals. 55. Department of Agriculture. 56. Unfair Trade Practices Affecting Produc

ers of Agricultural Products. 57. Plant Variety Protection. 58. Potato Research and Promotion. 59. Rural Fire Protection, Development, and

Small Farm Research and Education.

Egg Research and Consumer Information. 61. Noxious Weeds. 62. Beef Research and Information.

TITLE 7-AGRICULTURE 1. Commodity Exchanges. 2. Cotton Standards. 3. Grain Standards. 4. Naval Stores. 5. Importation of Adulterated Seeds. 6. Insecticides and Environmental Pesticide

Control. 7. Insect Pests Generally. 7A. Golden Nematode. 7B. Plant Pests. 8. Nursery Stock and Other Plants and

Plant Products. 8A. Rubber. 9. Packers and Stockyards. 10. Warehouses. 11. Honeybees. 12. Associations of Agricultural Products Pro

ducers. 13.

Agricultural and Mechanical Colleges. 14. Agricultural Experiment Stations. 15. Bureau of Animal Industry. 16. Bureau of Dairy Industry. 17. Miscellaneous Matters. 18. Cooperative Marketing. 19. Cotton Statistics and Estimates. 20. Dumping or Destruction of Interstate

Produce. 20A. Perishable Agricultural Commodities. 21. Tobacco Statistics. 21A. Tobacco Inspection. 21B. Tobacco Control. 22. Agricultural Marketing. 23. Foreign Agricultural Service. 24. Perishable Agricultural Commodities. 25. Export Standards for Apples and Pears. 25A. Export Standards for Grapes and Plums.

Agricultural Adjustment. 26A. Agricultural Marketing Agreements. 27. Cotton Marketing. 28. Tobacco Industry. 29. Potato Act of 1935. 20. Anti-Hog-Cholera Serum and Hog-Chol

era Virus. 31. Rural Electrification and Telephone Ser

vice. 32. Peanut Statistics. 33.

Farm Tenancy.


TITLE 8-ALIENS AND NATIONALITY 1. General Provisions. 2. Elective Franchise. 3. Civil Rights. 4. Freedmen. 5. Alien Ownership of Land. 6. Immigration. 7. Exclusion of Chinese. 8. The Cooly Trade. 9. Miscellaneous Provisions. 10. Alien Registration. 11. Nationality. 12. Immigration and Nationality. 13. Immigration and Naturalization Service.


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