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CRITICAL OBSERVATIONS ON BOOKS
ANCIENT AND MODERN.
No. 16, just published.
INIxo various dates in the Chronicon of Eusebius vindicated against the moderns. Its agreement with Herodotus, Josephus, and Syncellus proved in others which have been doubted. Syncellus defended concerning the usurpation of Babylon by Nabopolasar against the corruption of his words by Usher, and the accusation of their being spurious by Vignoles. Jerom vindicated against Scaliger concerning the book of Judith. The dates and facts in the Greek Judith shown to be in harmony with profane history and chronology, and more accurate than the Latin copy in opposition to Prie deaux and Jackson. The book as authentic as the Maccabees.
This publication was begun in 1781, and continued occasionally, as the author's leisure permitted, down to the present No. 16. Its object was to convey to the public the remarks of an individual, not connected with any of the too partial of the prejudiced parties in literatúre, upon such new
books of credit, as engaged the notice of the author. The favorable reception of the first numbers, which are now out of print, induced him to enlarge his plan in one respect, that is, by including in it ancient books as well as modern ones, which related to the same subject, but at the same time to contract it in another respect, by confining himself to such books only, as tended to illustrate the Jewish scriptures, more particularly in regard to the connexion of the historic events there with the profane histories and chronology of the same ages. For the author could not but allow, that notwithstanding all the endeavours of many learned men, there still remained so much incoherence in their different accounts of the kings of Assyria, mentioned in Scripture, and of such other historic subjects, as gave but too much room for Collins and Bolingbroke to accuse the Old Testament of so great discordancy with profane history, as tended to lessen its credit in point of veracity. It became therefore a subject of inquiry, whence this discordancy arose; and the author thought, that he saw a plain road, which might be followed through all the intricacies and difficulties with which different moderns had perplexed and obscured it, and which would prove, that neither Scripture nor profane history were to be accused of departing from truth; for those apparent discordances had arisen solely from the historic accounts preserved in ancient books having not been put together and arranged by the moderns with sufficient accuracy in point of history and chronology, nor indeed even the words of the ancients always explained in their right senses. The truth of these accusations against modern commentators on Scripture and others has been proved in the above 16 Numbers; and in consequence it appears, that when such errors are removed, it will be found, that the Jewish Scriptures and profane history, do actually agree together in the most perfect harmony, so that the pretended discordancy alleged against Scripture has not the least good foundation, nor yet indeed complaints against the insufficiency of profane history, but that all the apparent difficulties have arisen from the want of attention, and the errors of modern compilers of ancient history and chronology. The reasoning and proofs contained in the text are confirmed and rendered more obvious by several tables of history and chronology.
Dr. Priestly's Defences of Unitarianism afforded an occasion to extend similar remarks and accusations to Christian ages, with respect to the errors committed by the modern compilers of that mode of Christianity; this however caused a little intricacy in the publication of some of the above 16 numbers, in order that the two subjects might not be intermixed when bound up in volumes, although intermixed in the above numbers when published separately; and due attention to the directions given in each No. concerning the volume to which it belongs, the pages and signatures in it, will easily point out the manner how they ought to be bound up for the above purpose of not intermixing those subjects in the order of reading, although intermixed in the order of publication. The whole when completed will form 5 volumes 8vo.
. Subjects already discussed in the above 16 Numbers. The well-known long duration of an Assyrian Empire adopted by some ancients in comparison of the shorter historic one assigned by Herodotus, is shown to be nothing more than Assyrian history accommodated to a favorite astronomic period of the ancient orientals or magnus annus, applied by them here to the purpose of astrology relative to the duration of kingdoms, just as, at other times, they ascertained by astrology the duration of ivdividuals. This period coutained 1460 years, being the time elapsed before the new year's day of a retrograde solar year of 365 days only will perform a complete revolution backward through the Zodiac, and begin again on the same day as a solar year intercalated with 1 day in every 4 years ; proofs of these facts may be seen in Syncellus. At other
times, and by others, the same period of 1460 was applied to the duration of the
The antiquity and accuracy of the æra of Nabonassar vindicated against the
The observations of the autumnal equinoxes by Hipparchus, proved to have been all made one year later than modern astronomers pretend, therefore are not subject to so much error as astronomers have imputed to them, who have mis. taken the meaning of one Greek phrase by Hipparchus from the time of Copernicus down to that of Delalande, and hence accused Hipparchus without good foundation,
The Assyrian kings mentioned in Scripture proved to have been the same persons as those enumerated by Ctesias in Diodorus, but under different names ; the number of them and the duration of their reigns are also the very same, and the last three from Esarchaddon the same as the three in the æra of Nabonasar before the destruction of Niniveh by Cyaxares. They were all Medes by nation and kings of Assyria, by the conquest of Assyria under Arbaces. Senacherib was the first of them, who dwelt at Niniveh instead of Ecbatana, and the Jarib mentioned in Hosea was the same as Arbaces, who was thus cotemporary with Jonah 40 years before the 1st Olympiad; all other dates by ancient or modern chronologers being proved to be erroneous, and thus the Scriptural accounts of those Assyrian kings are found to be in harmony with profane history and chronology.
The account of these Median kings over Assyria, by Eusebius, shown to be in general accurate, but the nature of it to have been intirely mistaken by Scaliger, Petavius, Marsham, and all other writers, &c. &c.
FOREIGN LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.
PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION.
A Grammar of the Icelandic Language has been published at Copenha-
during the 9th Century. The author endeavours to prove that it is not derived from the Saxon, according to the opinion of M. Adelung and others; but that it forms a distinct branch of the Gothic and Teutonic tongues.
The Class of History and Ancient Literature in Paris offers a gold medal for the best dissertation in Latin, or French on the changes which took place in every part of the Administration of the Roman Empire in the reign of Diocletian and his Successors, down to the Accession of Julian." The compositions must be delivered before the 1st of April, 1814.
Professor Müller of Denmark, has published an interesting Dissertation on the Antiquity and Authenticity of the Mythology attributed to Odin.
We are informed in a Paris Literary Journal that a Greek MS, of Joannes Laurentius, commonly called Joannes Lydus, who lived in the reign of Anastasius and Justinian, has been discovered in Constantinople, by N. De Choiseul Goulfier. It is added that, according to Suidas, this writer left three works, De Mensibus, De Magistratibus Romanis, De Ostentis. Of the first some fragments were published at Leipsic in 1794, the rest were con: sidered as lost.
On consulting Suidas, all that we find on this writer, is : 'Iwérons ornada prve Λυδός ούτος έγραψε περί μηνών βιβλίον α' και περί διοσημειών έτερον και άλλων τινών υποθέσεων μαθηματικών.
(See Suidas, à Kuster, Vol. 11. p. 131.)
We are informed that the work De Magistratibus will soon appear with a Preliminary Dissertation by M. Hase, and a Latin Translation by M. Fuss.
Two Editions of Plato are announced. One edited by M. Weigel, of Leipsic, in 15 Vols. 8vo. printed with types similar to those used in Weiske's Longinus. It will be accompanied by a Latin Version with Notes critical and explanatory, Greek Scholia, partiy, inedited and an extensive Index. The critical revision of the text from the best MSS. is undertaken by MM. L.F. Heindorf and A. Boeckh. Price to Subscribers, 6 francs, each Vol. to non-subscribers 9 fa.
The other Edition will be printed at Berlin, under the following title:
Platonis Opera Omnia Græcè et Latinè, excerpta ex pluribus codd. MSS. varietate lectionis, subjunctis H. Stephani integris, posteriorum nonnullorum selectis, F. A. Wolfii, J. Bekkeri, atque aliorum continuis annotationibus, volumine singularis isagoges literariæ, rerumque et verborum indicibus instructa.
Besides the Editors mentioned in the title, M. Alter of Vienna, M. Boissonade of Paris, and other critical Scholars are mentioned as engaged in the preparation of this edition. Upwards of twelve MSS. are collating for the occasion; and the Latin translation is represented as singularly accurate and elegant. It will be printed in 8 vols. small 4to. and 16 in 8vo. The only difference will be in the paper and the types.
D. J. Van Lennep is preparing a new Edition of Ovid's Epistles, for which he is collating MSS. in the Imperial Library of Paris, and in that of the University of Leyden. He will give to the public for the first time, the Greek translation of the Epistles, by Planudes.
M. Wieland of Saxony is bringing to a close, his Commentary on Cicero’s Epistles, with his new Translation.
M. Creuzer of Heidelberg is publishing his extensive work on the Symbols and Mythology of Greece and other ancient nations.
A new Corpus Auctorum Latinorum is to appear at Upsal, edited by M.
Traener, and printed by Stenhammer and Palmblad, printers to the University
Imported by T. BOOSEY, 4, Broad Street, City.
Castile Grammaire Françoise, Simplifie, 5s.
Restaut Traité de l'Orthographie Françoise. 8vo.
Cuvres Complettes de Berquin ; ornées de 193 Fig. 10 vols. 12no. 21.;-beau,
Euvres de Gessner, 3 vols, 18mo. 10s. 60.
Quintiliani Instit. Orationum ad usum Scholarum, 2 vols. 12mo. Paris 1809, 12s.
By Messrs. DULAU and Co. Soho-square. Jumel, Introduction à l'Eloquence, ou Elémens de Rhétorique, 12mo. Paris, 1812. 48. 6d.
Sacy (Silvestre de) Chrestomathie Arabe, on Extraits des divers Ecrivains Arabes, tant en prose qu'en vers, avec le texte Arabe, 3 gros vol. ep 8vo. Paris, 1806. Imp. Impériale. 31. 3s.
De Usu Antistrophicorum in Græcorum Tragediis. Dissertatio qua candidatus magisterii ad solemnia examina invitat Godofredus Kermannus, &c. 4to.
Nouvelles Recherches sur l'origine, et la destination des Pyramides d'Egypte. Ouvrage dans lequel on s'applique à demontrer que ces Merveilles renferment les principes élémentaires des sciences abstraites et occultes, ainsi que ceux des arts utiles à la société. Par A. P.J. de V8vo. 3 fr. Paris, Treuttel et Würtz.
Description abrégée de Rome ancienne, d'après Ligorio, Donati, Nardini, Adler, &c. avec un plan de Rome ancienne. Par F. Schoell. -- 12mo. Paris.
L'Egypte sous les Pharaons, ou Recherches sur la Géographie, la Religion, it