The Creation of Tribalism in Southern Africa
Despite a quarter century of "nation building," most African states are still driven by ethnic particularism—commonly known as "tribalism." The stubborn persistence of tribal ideologies despite the profound changes associated with modernization has puzzled scholars and African leaders alike. The bloody hostilities between the tribally-oriented Zulu Inkhata movement and supporters of the African National Congress are but the most recent example of tribalism's tenacity. The studies in this volume offer a new historical model for the growth and endurance of such ideologies in southern Africa.
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Ethnicity in Southern African History Leroy Vail
The Beginnings of Afrikaner Ethnic
Afrikaner Women and the Creation
Missionaries Migrants and
Tribalism in the Political History
History Ethnicity and Change in
Politics in the Western Cape Region
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administration Affairs African Association attempt authority became become British Cape Central century chiefs Christian church Ciskei civil claims colonial Coloured Commissioner concern consciousness continued cultural distinct district dominant early eastern economic elite English especially established ethnic European evidence example existence fact farmers farms force identity important increased independence industrial interests labour Lamba land language later living London Lunda Luvale major Malawi Manyika March mission missionaries movement Natal nationalist Native Northern official organization origins particularly Party political poor population Portuguese position present production region relations remained Report reserves role rule rural social society Sotho South Africa Southern Studies Swazi Swaziland Town trade traditional Transvaal tribal tribe turn University urban village women workers Zezuru Zulu