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c H A P.
Of Ordinances in a particular
Thendo din apparteciculat church, which is the
HE ordinances, established by Christ the
Ordinances of gularly constituted with its proper the church. officers”, are, prayer', singing praises', reading", expounding and preaching the word of God'; administering baptism and the Lord's fupper's public solemn fasting and thanksgiv
la 1 Cor. 14. 26, 33, 40. to exhort and to convince the Let all things be done to edi- gain-layers. Acts 10. 42. He fying.–For God is not the commanded us to preach unto author of confusion, but of the people. See a!lo, Ads 28. peace, as in all churches of the 23. Luke 24. 47. 2 Tim. 4: 2. saints.-Let all things be done Ads 9. 20. decently and in order.
f Matt, 28. 19. Go ye thereab Ads 6. 4. But we will fore and teach all nations, bapgive ourselves continually to tising them in the name of the prayer, and to the ministry of Father, and of the Son, and of the word. I Tim. 2. I. the Holy Ghoft. See ver. 20.
c Col. 3. 16. Teaching and and Mark 16. 15, 16.-I Cor. admonishing one, another, in II. 23. 24, 25. For I have psalms, and hymns, and spiri- received of the Lord, that tual songs, linging with grace which also I delivered unto in your hearts to the Lord.
you; that the Lord Jesus, the Pfal. 9. II.-Eph. 5. 19.- lame night in which he was Also Col. 4. 16.
betrayed, took bread. And d Acts 15. 21. Luke 4. when he had given thanks; he 16, and 17.
brake it, and laid, Take, eat; e Tit. 1. 9. Holding fast this is my body, which is broko the faithful word as he hath en for you : this do in remembeen taught, that he may be brance of me.-After the same able by found doctrine, both manner also he took the cup,
ing”, catechifing", making collections for the poor, and other pious purposes'; exerciging difciplinek; and blessing the people'.
when he had fupped, saying, in store as God hath prospered This cup is the New l'eftiment him, that there be no gatherin my blood, this do ye, as oft ings when I come And when as ye drink it, in remembrance I come, whomsoever ye shall of me. Verse 26. For as often approve by your letters, them as ye eat this bread, and drink will I send to bring your liberthis cup, yề do Mhew the Lord's ality unto Jerusalem. And if it death till' he come. Compared be meet that I go also, they with 1 Cor. 10. 16.
fall go with me. Gal. 2. 10. g Luke 5. 35. But the days Only they would tha: we should will come when the bride- remember the poor; the same groom thall be taken away which I also was forward to do. from them, and then shall they k Heb 13. 17. Obey them fait in those days. Plal. 5o. 14. that have the rule over you, Offer unto God thanksgiving: and submit yourselves: for they and pay thy vows unto the Most watch for your souls, as they High. Phil. 4. 6.-In every that must give account: that thing, by prayer and supplica- they may do it with joy, and tion, with thanksgiving, let not with grief; for that is un. your requests be made known profitable for you. I Theff. 5. unto God. See 1 Tim. 2. 1. 12. 13. And we beseech you,
brethren, to know them which h Heb. s. 12. For when labour among you, and are ofor the time ye ought to be ver you in the Lord, and ado teachers, ye have need that monish you; and to esteem one teach you again, which be them very highly in love for the first principles of the ora- their work's lake; and be at des of God, and are become peace among yourselves. such as have need of milk, and 1 2 Cor. 13. 14. The grace not of strong meat.
of the Lord Jesus Christ, and i i Cor. 16. 1, 2, 3, 4. the love of God, and the comNow concerning the collection munion of the Holy Ghost, be for the saints, as I have given with you all. Amen. Eph. 1. order to the churches of Gala- 2. Grace be to you, and peace tia, even fo do ye.-Upon from God our Father, and from the firtt day of the week, let the Lord Jesus Christ. every one of you lay by bim
Píal. 95. 2
CHA P. VII.
Of Church Government, and the
several kinds of Judicatories. Sect. I. T is absolutely necessary that the
government of the church, be exDifferent
ercised under fome certain and definite Judicatories. forma : And we hold it to be expedient, and agreeable to scripture and the practice of the primitive Christians, that the church be governed by congregational, presbyterial and fynodical assemblies. In full confitency with this beiief, we embrace, in the spirit of charity, those Christians who differ from us, in opinion or in practice, on these subjects'. Sect. II. These assemblies ought not to pof.
sess any civil jurisdiction, nor to inflict
any civil penalties' : Their power is wholly moral or spiritual, and that only minifte
I. a' Ezek. 43. II, 12. b Acts 15 5,6. But there Shew them the form of the rose up certain of the fect of house, and the fashion thereof, the Pharisees which believed, and the goings-out thereof, and saying, 'That it was needful to the comings-in thereof; and circumcife them, and to comall the forms thereof, and all the mand them to keep the law of ordinances thereof, and all the Moses.-And the apostles and forms thereof, and all the laws elders came together for to conthereof: and write it in their fider of this matter, light, that they may keep the 11. c Luke 12. 13, 14. And whole form thercof, and all the one of the company said unto ordinances thereof, and do them him, Master, speak to my -This is the law of the house. brother, that he divide che in
rial and declarative". They possess the right of requiring obedience to the laws of Christ, and of excluding the disobedient and disorderly, from the privileges of the church. To give efficiency, however, to this neceffary and scriptural authority, they possess the powers requisite for obtaining evidence and inflicting censure : They can call before them any offender against the order and government of the church; They can require members, of their own society, to appear and give testimony in the cause; but the higheft punishment to which their authority extends, is to exclude the contumacious and impenitent, from the congregation of believers.
heritance with me, And he he shall negled to hear them, faid unto him, Man, who made tell it unto the church : but if me a judge or a divider over he neglect to hear the church, you? Johu 18. 36. My king. let him be unto thee as an headom is not of this world.
then man, and a publican. Ved see and consult Ads 15. rily I say unto you, whatsoever from the ift to the 32d verse. ye shall bind to earth, shall be
e Matt. 18. 15, 16, 17, 18, bound to heaven: and whit19, 20. Moreover, if thy bro- foever ye shall loose on earth, ther shall trespass against thee, shall be loofed in heaven. I go and tell him his fault be- Cor. 5, 4, 5. In the name of tween thee and him alone; if our Lord Jesus Christ, when he shall hear thee, thou hast ye are gathered together, and gained thy brother. But if he my spirit, with the power of will not hear thee, then take our Lord Jesus Chrift, To with thee one or two more, deliver such an one unto Satan, that in the mouth of two or for the destruction of the flesh, three witnesses, every word that the spirit may be faved in may be established. And if the day of the Lord Jesus.
CH A P. VIII.
of the Congregational Assembly,
or Judicatory, usually styled The Church Session.
Sect. I. THE church fellion consists of Constituent
the minister, or ministers, and Members of elders of a particular congregation" : of the Church Seflion. whom three Elders, if there be that number in the Congregation, with the Minister, Thall be a quorum to do business. Sect. II. The church session is competent
to the spiritual government of the conIts Power.
gregation': For which purpose, they have power to inquire into the knowledge and christian conduct of the members of that church" ; to call before them the offenders and witnesses, being members of their own society, and to introduce witnesses from other societies or denominations, where it may be neceffary, to bring the process to iffue ; and, when they can be procured to attend, to admonish, to rebuke, to fufpend, or exclude from the facraments, those who are found to deserve the cenfures of the
I. a I Cor. 5. 4. In the you, and submit yourselves, name of our Lord Jesus Christ, for they watch for your souls, when ye are gathered together, , as they that must give account, and my spirit, with the power that they may do it with joy, of our Lord Jesus Chrift. and not with grief, i Thesi, 5.
II. b Heb. 13. 17. Obey 12, 13. and i Tin, 5.17.. them that have the rule over
Ċ Ezek. 34. 4.