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State of Public Feeling at the opening of the yearThe War-Condition

of the Crimean Army-Parliament reassemblesNotices of Motion on the conduct of the War by the Earl of Ellenborough, Mr. Roebuck, and Lord Lyndhurst-Sudden resignation of Lord John RussellHis conduct severely commented upon-His explanation in Parliament— Observations by Lord Palmerston-Conversation in the House of LordsExplanation by Lord Aberdeen-Mr. Roebuck introduces his Motion-Speech of Mr. HerbertThe Motion is supported by Mr. Drummond, Colonel North, the Marquis of Granby, Mr. W. S. Lindsay, Mr. Layard, Mr. Walpole, Mr. Henley, Mr. Muntz, Mr. T. Duncombe, and others-Amongst the Opponents are Mr. Monckton Milnes, Mr. V. Smith, Admiral Berkeley, Mr. Rice, and Sir F. Baring --Speeches of Mr. Stafford, Sir Bulwer Lytton, and Mr. Disraeli in favour of, and of Sir George Grey, Mr. Bernal Osborne, Mr. Gladstone, and Lord Palmerston, against the Motion-Lord John Russell's reply to Mr. Disraeli-Result of the Division-Fall of the Ministry and the causes thereofThe Earl of Aberdeen communicates the Ministerial resignations to the House of Lords Explanation of the Duke of Newcastle-Speech of the Earl of Derby-Lord John Russell, in the House of Commons, replies to the Duke of Newcastle's Speech-Mr. Gladstone's Speech-Further explanations-Speeches of Earls Gran

ville and Derby, and the Marquis of Lansdowne-Lord Palmerston VOL. XCVII.

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announces his Ministry to the House of CommonsLord John Russell's Mission to Vienna-Mr. Disraeli, Mr. Roebuck, Mr. T. Duncombe, Mr. Horsman, and others, address the House-List of the new Ministers.

ATE

T the opening of the year 1855 the stability of the Government

the nation had been at war was also threatened by Lord Lyndfor nine months, and the conduct hurst, who, on the 28th January, and progress of the campaign gave notice that he should, on the engrossed the attention of all 2nd February, move the following classes, to the exclusion of every resolution :

:-“ That in the opinion other topic : doubts as to the ca- of this House the Expedition to pacity of the commanders abroad, the Crimea was undertaken by and of the ministry at home, had lIer Majesty's Government with gradually grown stronger. Ru- very inadequate means, and withmours of neglect, disorder, and out due caution or sufficient inincompetency had long been preva- quiry into the nature and extent lent; day by day the appalling of the resistance to be expected truth became more apparent, and from the enemy; and that the towards the end of January the neglect and mismanagement of public sympathy and indignation the Government in the conduct of were roused to the utmost by the the enterprise have led to the most conviction that the soldiers of the disastrous results." finest army Great Britain had The motions of the Earl of ever sent forth were ingloriously Ellenborough and Mr. Roebuck perishing of disease, overtasked and were to have been discussed on underfed, from the absence of the the 25th of January ; but on that most ordinary calculation and day Parliament and the public foresight. The nation was greatly were astonished by the formal anexcited, and in the midst of that nouncement of the resignation of excitement, on Tuesday, January Lord John Russell. His conduct 23, Parliament reassembled. in adopting this step at such a

On the very first evening there crisis was subject to much comwere several notices of motion in ment by men of all parties, and both Houses, tending to bring the to severe criticism on the part of conduct of the war under critical the press. It was remarked that review.

The most important he had for some time been actuated were those by the Earl of Ellen- by a restless ambition which made borough in the House of Lords, him uneasy in the seat which his and Mr. Roebuck in the House of patriotism, or his love of office, Commons. The former would had induced him to accept on the have involved a discussion upon formation of the Coalition Ministry; the state of the army in the that in declining to appear in the Crimea; the latter demanded a House of Commons as the repreformal inquiry into the whole ad- sentative of a Government in ministration of the war. The at which he had occupied so promitention of the public was centred nent a position, and thus apin these two motions, and more parently attempting to avoid the particularly upon that of Mr. Roe- responsibility which was attached buck. A few days subsequently to every member of the Administra

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con

tior., his conduct presented a wide pose for a moment any measure and painful deviation from the which he thought likely, if not rules of political morality, which entirely to cure, even only to had hitherto been faithfully ob- mitigate those evils. And, Sir, I served in this country. It was must say that there is something said that he must have anticipated that, with all the official knowsuch a discussion as that which ledge to which I had access, is to Mr. Roebuck's motion involved, me inexplicable in the state of that and that, if he was unprepared to army. (Cries of Hear, hear !') meet it, he might have resigned at If you had been told, as a reason a moment less inconvenient to his against the expedition to the Cricolleagues, and less injurious to the mea last year, that your troops country; that it would have been would be seven miles frora the more honourable to fall with the sea--seven miles from a secure other members of the Cabinet, port, which at that time, in conthan to consult his own templation of the expedition, we venience or interest by leaving hardly hoped to possess, and that them in the lurch on the very day at

seven miles

distance they before a great parliamentary dis. should be in want of food, of clothes, cussion on their past conduct and and of shelter, to such a degree policy, in the responsibility for that they should perish at the rate which he was so deeply involved. of from 90 to 100 a day, I should

On the 26th of January, the have considered such a prediction orders of the day having been as utterly preposterous, such an postponed on the motion of Lord objection as fanciful and unjust. Palmerston, Lord John Russell But now we are forced to confess proceeded to state to an unusually the notoriety of that state of circrowded House of Commons the cumstances.' With respect to the reasons which had led to his resig- other ground, he found, upon renation-a statement which he said flection, that it was impossible for he had postponed until that day him to urge that objection with at the request of Lord Aberdeen. effect. Reminding the House of Referring to the notice given by the changes made last Session in Mr. Roebuck, he observed that the the war departments, he stated power of inquiry was a most va- that during the recess it had struck luable privilege of the House, and him that a better administration that such a motion could only be of those departments was required, resisted on one of two rounds, and he proceeded to read a correeither that existing evils did not spondence between Lord Aberdeen call for an inquiry, or that means and himself upon this subject, in had been taken to remedy those the course of which he suggested, evils ; with respect to the first, he as early as the 17th of November, said :—"No one can deny the that before Parliament met the melancholy condition of our army seals of the War Department should before Sebastopol. (Cries of be placed in the hands of Lord * Hear, hear, hear!') The ac- Palmerston, assigning his reasons counts which arrive from that confidentially to Lord Aberdeen, quarter are not only painful, but without throwing any blame upon they are horrible and heartrending; the Duke of Newcastle. Lord and I am sure no one would op. Aberdeen did not concur in this

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