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REPUBLICAN

CAMPAIGN

TEXT BOOK.

1894.

PREPARED BY

NATIONAL REPUBLICAN CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEE.

Single Copy, 25'cents.

WASHINGTON, D. C., 1894.

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REPUBLICAN

CAMPAIGN

TEXT BOOK.

1894.

PREPARED BY

NATIONAL REPUBLICAN CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEE, 1893-1895

Single Copy, 25 cents.

WASHINGTON, D. C., 1894.

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In the preparation of this volume the editor has made use of material found in the Congressional Record without giving credit to the several Senators and Representatives whose remarks have been utilized, except in cases where the character of the debate was such that names must necessarily appear. The services of Hon. W. W. Curry, of Indiana, are acknowledged in the preparation of the work. The tables used have been verified and corrected throughout the entire work. The figures can therefore be quoted with absolute assurance by speakers and writers. Great care should be taken in noticing the BLACK-FACED TITLES of the book, as this will guide the reader invariably to the subject without the use of an index. All important matter relating to money is found under the headings of“ Currency” and “Coin.” The volume has been prepared under great disadvantages to the editor, by reason of the haste and confusion incident to the work of the campaign and the closing hours of Congress. It is therefore not so full and complete in all it details as at first contemplated by the editor; but we believe it to be sufficiently so to be of invaluable assistance to those interested in the subjects herein contained.

THOMAS H. MCKEE, September 12th, 1894.

Assistant Secretary.

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1. Nation was mado of adamant, from trade would grind it to powder. Napoleono

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ORIGIN AND PRINCIPLES OF THE REPUBLICAN

PARTY.

Political parties exist in all free governments, representing opinions and purposes more or less coherent. Many of these parties are evanou. cent, becauso representing passing phases of public opinion; but some are permanent and endure for generations. Their organizations are necaudarily loose, their declarations often incongruous, and their personnel constantly shifting; but still there are certain permanent tendencies in publio affairs around which parties must adhere, under whatevor ohanges of names, and pursuing whatever different immediate results. This will be found truo of all parties in the United States. UNDER THE CONFEDERATION.

During the revolutionary war the colonies were kept together by the spirit of patriotism, and the pressure of a common enomy. At its close the necessity presented itself of maintaining some sort of union in order to recoivo recognition in the family of nations. A confederation was formed; but its utter inefficiency soon became apparent, and they wero driven to the adoption of the present Constitutional Government in order to form a more perfect Union for the purposes enumerated. Before and during the formation of this government there was developed a very wide and pormanent difference of opinion as to what should be its scopo and character, Before the war the colonies were independent of each other, having no political connection except through tho distant mother country. In the for. mation of the new government, one class insistod on maintaining this inde, pendence as Sovereign States, whilo another demanded a united country under one sovereignty. Between these extremes, as a matter of necessity, the Constitution was finally adopted. The independence of tho States was proserved in all that related to their local affairs, while the general government was made sovereign in all that concerned the external relations, The Constitution was. formod in the name of the people, and not of the States. It was declared to be tho supremo law of the land, even as against the state constitutions, and the nation was charged with the supremo au thority of guaranteeing to each stato a government, republican in form, On the other hand, it was to be a government of delegated powers, and all powur not delogated ww exprosaly reserved to the states respectively, and

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