The Full Value of Parks: From Economics to the Intangible

Etukansi
David Harmon, Allen D. Putney
Rowman & Littlefield, 2003 - 347 sivua
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The Full Value of Parks is the first comprehensive look at the values associated with parks and other kinds of protected areas. Much has been written about the importance of parks to the tourism industry, yet the reasons why people care deeply about them usually have little or nothing to do with money. Instead, people value parks as sacred sanctuaries and places of spiritual self-discovery, as settings of breathtaking beauty, as venues of scientific inquiry, as destinations for much-needed recreation-even as places where one can go to heal a wounded psyche. The profound attachment that people feel to the world's great natural areas and cultural sites arises from an incredibly diverse, complex, and sometimes conflicting array of values. After a thorough overview of the kinds of values found in parks, the unique challenges of managing parks to accommodate differing viewpoints are surveyed in this path-breaking book. Drawing on insights from a broad group of international experts, and offering examples from Siberia to tropical Africa, from the Andes to the Australian outback, The Full Value of Parks is an engaging and lucid exploration of the entire range of benefits and values of protected areas-from economics to the intangible.
 

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Sisältö

Introduction Perspectives on the Values of Protected Areas
3
The Source and Significance of Values in Protected Areas
13
Conserving the Sacred The Protective Impulse and the Origins of Modern Protected Areas
27
Managing the Intangible
43
InDepth Analysis of Particular Intangible Values
57
Recreational Values of Protected Areas
59
The Social Value of the Nyangkpe Sacred Forests of South West Province of Cameroon
77
The Cultural Values of Protected Areas
91
Biosphere Reserves Tangible and Intangible Values
185
World Heritage Sites Toward Linking the Tangible and the Intangible
197
CommunityConserved Biodiverse Areas Lessons from South Asia
211
Strictly Protected Areas The Russian System of Zapovedniks
227
Protected Landscapes in the Andean Context Worshipping the Sacred in Nature and Culture
239
Conflict and Controversy in the Arena of Values
251
Parks as Battlegrounds Managing Conflicting Values
253
Wilderness as Contested Ground
269

Life and the Nature of Life in Parks
103
Aesthetic Values and Protected Areas A Story of Symbol Preservation
115
National Parks as Scientific Benchmark Standards for the Biosphere Or How are You Going to Tell How It Used to Be When Theres Nothing Left to ...
129
Therapeutic Values of Parks and Protected Areas
141
Intangible Values in Relation to the Management of Particular Kinds of Protected Areas
155
Ishmaels Inclinations Nonuse Values of Marine Protected Areas
157
National Parks versus Protected Landscapes? Legitimacy Values and the Management of the Colombian Tropical Wildlands
169
Battling Religions in Parks and Forest Reserves Facing Religion in Conflicts over Protected Places
281
Wirikuta The WixarikaHuichol Sacred Natural Site in the Chihuahuan Desert San Luis Potosi Mexico
295
Synthesis and Future Directions
309
Intangible Values and Protected Areas Toward a More Holistic Approach to Management
311
Index
327
About the Contributors
339
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David Harmon is executive director of the George Wright Society. Allen Putney is a consultant on protected areas.

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