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tion, whilst to the unbeneficed it of the learned and reverend bench, would hold out objects of ambi- whose title to a seat in the house tion. Having expatiated on this was recognised in the fullest terms, topic, the reverend prelate con- and formed an essential part of the cluded by supporting the bill. constitution. After this act was

The earl of Westmoreland spoke rescinded, however, the reason of shortly in the defence of it; plead- the former exclusion ceased, and ed the immemorial usage of par- the clergy returned to the free enliament; he contended that the ex- joyment of all constitutional privi. clusion of the clergy had been di- leges. Since that period several stinctly and invariably recognised; clergymen had sat in the house of and pointed out the inexperiency commons, and their right had been and the danger from the probabi- unchallenged. In the

case of lity of destroying the independence Rushworth, a committee of the of parliament, and augmenting the house, regularly appointed, had undue influence of the crown. declared the election regular and

Lord Holland combated these valid. No distinction (he argued) arguments, and all which had been could be made betwixt the instance' alleged that night. On the doc- alluded to, and that of an indivitrine of the indelibility of the cle- dual regularly inducted into holy rical character, he professed his orders, since there was no distincunwillingness to enter the lists with tion in law or practice between the learned prelate; but he owned the case of a deacon and a priesta he was much disappointed and under these circumstances his lordsurprised at the conclusion of his ship denied the existence of any speech: to maintain that there immemorial usage for the excluwas no duty of a minister incompa- sion of clergymen; and believing tible with the othce of a legislator, they had a constitutional claim to a and yet to exclude the clergy from seat, he could not consent to take a seat in the house, was an incon- away a great and valuable fransistency which he should not have chisé. Admitting that it might be expected from so able an advocate a means of increasing the influence of truth. Passing from this topic, of the crown (of which his majeshis lordship directed his attention ty's ministers professed themselves to the argument so much insisted to be extremely apprehensive), the upon, the immemorial usage of amendment suggested by lord Moira, parliament. On what principle would obviate every objection of was it founded? Was it supposed the kind. to be since 1603, when the cele- The earl of Rosslyn, in a speech brated case of Craddock was de- replete with constitutional detail, cided? If this was meant to be traced the usage of parliament from affirmed, he begged leave to dis- a very early period of our national sent, and to declare in the most history to the present period. He direct terms, that no such usage concluded with urging the inexpehad prevailed then; and that, on a diency of allowing seats to ille fair examination of this decision, clergy, and stating, that their inelithe exclusion would appear found. gibility had ever formed a unitoim ed on the act of 16+1, which had part of the common law. been framed for the purpose of The earl of Carlisle opposed the abridging the privileges, not bill, as unnecessary and unjust. merely of the inferior clergy, but Much ability and much learning


had been displayed in the debate; Lord Carlton declared himself but every elucidation of the subject convinced by the arguments he had which he had that night heard'had heard of the expediency of the left no impression on his mind. He measure; to which he gave his still continued to think that there vote. was no cause for the exclusion of Lord Hobart said, that in conan able and very respectable de- sequence of an observation which scription of men. But be that as had been publicly made, he would it might, he thought that, on prin- trespass a few moments on the ciples of candour, more time ought patience of the house. It had to be afforded their lordships to been asserted that this business had deliberate on the measure; he been taken up by ministers, betherefore recommended the fur- cause a person had been sent into ther consideration of the bill to be the other liouse with opinions inipostponed till the next session. mical to theirs: this he denied;

For his own part, he was not but he must observe, that that perashamed to contess, that he had son being in possession of a seat hot, as vet, made himself master of rendered it incumbent on ministers the subject; and his intellectual to decide the question one way or faculties were bewildered in that other. Of other men there might blaze of learning and eloquence remain a doubt whether they had which he had just heard. He obtained ordination, but of the holooked into the bill itself for that nourable gentleman in dispute illustration which he thought want there was none. Every one knew ing in the refinements of debate, him to be a clergyman. Whoever and his understanding became so

read the bill would do ministers much enfeebled, that he really was the justice to say that they had not capable of discharging his duty taken all care to avoid any peras a British senator.

sonal insult to the honourable genLord Grantley said that the tleman. amendment of lord Moira appear

The bill was read a second time ed necessary to remove all objec- without a division, and afterwards tion.

passed into a law.

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New Instances of Oppression urged against the Managers of Cold-Bath

Fields Prison. Further Debate on that Subject. Further Suspension of the Habeas-Corpus Act-Strictures on that Measure-Debates on it in the House of Commons--in the House of Lords. Bill for preventing Seditious Meetings.

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occasions, in the house of commons, come to his knowledge, and which was this session renewed by the he said he should feel himself criindefatigable member who' first minal in omitting to mention. The brought it under consideration. On atrocity of the circumstances de. the 9th of February, sir Francis manded the immediate interference



of the house. An instant and versal indignation abroad. It was essectual remedy could alone vin- an appeal to the humanity of the dicate the character of the country house, and it could not be suspected where so flagrant an act of cruelty that such a case would be passed by had been committed. It had hap- . without notice and redress.

He ened in Cold-Bath-Fields' prison ; knew not the best way to apply that notorious scene of persecution, for relief. He thought it useless where the most inhuman practices to apply to the magistrates. had been too long suffered to He should make no specific moprevail, and where, while the tion; but thought the best step. committee appointed to inquire might be to move an address to his, into the state of that prison were majesty for the removal of the gosupposed to be exercising their vernor of that prison, and to apduty, the same barbarous treat- point another till an inquiry into ment continued and in the affair should be made. creased.

He concluded by saying that he The incident to which he now

should leave the house to act as, requested the attention of the they should think right, for the house had happened on Sunday maintenance of their character. last, when one of the prisoners, On the 12th of February sir Joseph Hudson, was atlacked in William Elford rose to state to the one of the yards of the jail by one, bouse the result of an inquiry he of the governor's abominable emis- had made into the subject of Cold. saries, employed to seek pretences Bath-Fields' prison. [Here was for the infliction of tortures, and a cry of order; and the speaker was commanded to surrender a said it would be irregular to propublic paper he had in his posses- ceed, unless he chose to make a sion. Hudson refused : the jailor's motion.] hireling insisted; and, to compel Sir William Elford then said that it, gave Hudson a kick in the beliy; he would make a motion, as it was and, attempting to use a brooin- important for the public to be unstick near him, a scuffie ensued, deceived, which soon ended: but at noon The speaker thought this improthe governor's son entered the per; and that it were better to yard, ordered all the prisoners to wait, and bring the subject forward be locked up, and laid hold of in some other shape. Hudson, whom he and another Sir William Liford then comdragged about the yard till the mented on what an honourable man was provoked to resist, which baronet (sir F..B. Jones) had stated was all that the jailor's son wanted: on a former evening, relative to the he took a large bludgeon, and so supposed cruelty to one Hudson unmercifully beat the poor man, as contined in the prison of Coldto give him contusions which


Bath-Fields. In consequence of duced a burning fever, in which what the honourable baronet had state he was now conhned in a stated, he went himself on the next dungeon, loaded with bolts, re- day to the prison, to make a minute fused medical aid, and with no inquiry into the particulars. He other relief than cold water. He had examined the governor, the conceived this case sufficiently two persons mentioned as his asafflicting to interest every membersistants, Hudson himself, and the in the house, as it must excite uni surgeon who attended him. Hud.


son admitted him to be a kind Hawkesbury complained that no man; therefore he particularly at- notice had been given, and intended to his statement, which was, sisted upon a compliance with the that Hudson's illness proceeded usa ge of parliament. merely from a cold, attended with The speaker addressed the house some fever, but by no means from on this topic, saying, that though the wound in his head, which he it was usual to give notice, it was, (sir W. Elford) examined, and not necessary; and that, if the mofound to be very slight.-The tion were seconded, he must proscuffle, which was said to have oc- ceed to put it from the chair, curred on Sunday last, had happen

Sir F. Burdett seconded the mo. ed above a fortnight ago; and tion. Upon the propriety of it Hudson had, for several days aft- he agreed with the mover ;, but erwards, continued to eat his al- what had been said did not conlowance regularly; and, when he tradict the case he had laid before complained of some slight illness, the house. Who were his author the keeper proposed to bring him, rities ? Could truth be expected the

surgeon, which he refused, from them? He hiinself had since. sayiirg that he had no occasion for seen the prisoner whom the ho. him. He found also that the blow nourable baronet had examined, given to Hudson by the governor who said, that the parliament mun was provokert by some cruel treat- staid only a few minutes, and that ment which he, with others, had he had not told him near as much given to two of his fellow prison- as he knew. Sir Francis comers; which when the governor plained of having been libelled for perceived, he ordered him to be his conduct in this business, and

Hudson resisted the declared that he would persevera order, and thence the scuffie en- in what he considered as his duty. sued. From these facts he drew The most dreadful scenes of cruelty a conclusion directly opposite to and oppression were acted in that the honourable baronet's, contend- prison; and he was determined ing that Hudson alone was. to to use every effort to bring the blame, and that the governor exer- delinquent to justice. cised only a necessary severity. It was now proposed to with He did not suspect the honourable draw the motion, and sir William baronet of any wilful misrepresen- Elford consented; but sir Francis tation, but only thought that his Burdett, who e consent was also humanity had overpowered his necessary, insisted on the motion judgment, and that he had too being put. easily believed the factiqus and in- Mr. Ryder moved the previous terested assertions of Hudson. question. Wishing that the public might be Mr. Hobhouse defended sir thoroughly satisfied of the truth or Francis Burdett. falsehood of what had been stated Sir Francis Burdett said, he had concerning the prison, he moved so long ineffectually struggled to that the governor of the Cold- bring governor Aris's conduct be. Bath-Fields' prison be called be- fore the house, that, if the motion fore the house.

were not irregular, he should be Mr. W. Dundas was rising to happy in its adoption. His own second the motion, when lord motion concerning that goaler


locked up:

would have been, that the serjeant now was attempted to be superat arms should take him into cus- seded by the previous question. tody; and that the house should He said there was more of ingeresolve itself into a committee, to nuity than candour in such coninvestigate his conduct.

trivance. Sir W. Geary disapproved the Lord Hawkesbury defended himoriginal motion, and resolved to self against the charge of unfairsupport the previous question. ness. He had opposed the motion,

Mr. Martin said he was surprised, because he thought that the hou e that though the ill conduct of this ought not to be taken by surprise gaoler was universally admitted, on subjects of deep importance, and many facts were proved which was done by bringing for. against him, he had still been suf- ward motions without the usual fered to retain his situation. He notice. The precedent would be did not hesitate to ponounce it a improper. scandal to the government of the Mr. W. Dundas pleaded guilty country, and disrespectful to the to the charge, that he was induced public, that such a man had not by the noble lord's arguments to been dismissed from the office. withdraw the support of his ho

Mr. Percival said, that the mo- nourable friend's motion : he was tion of the honourable colonel influenced by the poble lord's suwas not likely to promote the ob- perior knowledge of the rules and ject of its supporters. He would forms of the house. It was comask, whether, if governor Aris plained that his friend had attemptwere at the bar for examination, ed to make a speech when no questhey would rely on any answer con- tion was before the house; but this cerning his own misconduct? Could was not urged when the honourable any man be expected to criminate baronet occupied the house with himself? He concluded by resolv- an account devoid of any mark of ing to vote for the previous ques- authenticity, tion.

Mr. Pierrepoint concluded the Mr. Hobhouse denied the abso- conversation by execrating the conlute necessity of giving previous duct of governor Aris. It had notice of any motion. He thought been said to be exceptionablethat his honourable friend, sir F. B. It was infamous, scandalous, and Jones, had been rather unfairly shocking: The motion had his treated.

hearty support. The honourable member who The house then divided. For brought forward the motion aver- the original motion 21.--Against red, that it was done only to answer it 40.--Majority 19. å speech of his honourable friend's We cannot but lament that on osi a former day; and when the any occasion the suspension of the honourable baronet's speech was act of habeas-corpus should ever finished, a noble lord (Hawkes- have appeared necessary. We labury) rose to say, that the motion ment that the whig parliainent, after wa: irregular without a previous the glorious revolution, were influnotice; and that the gentleman enced so far by terror as to inake a who seconded it, influenced by the temporarybreachin the constitution, noble lord's sentiments, revoked and to establish a precedent, upon the support of the motion, which which a bad minister in bad times

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