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scarce worth retaining; and, for joined Sweden and Denmark, and this reason, he advised the house become a leading friend to the unnot to dissipate the force of the molested navigation of neutral country, which required concen- ships-Why? Because, after the tration against a formidable ene- defeat of their navy by lord Nelmy. The objects of Bonaparte had son, they recalled these ships into been, to weaken the power of their ports, and the policy of this Austria, and to humble the naval measure could not be overlooked, ascendency of England: the one If we wished to def at it, and to he had accomplished, and had a prevent the restoration of their fair prospect of the other, if we navy and their commerce, we must madly plunged into a contest with maintain the right of searching the maritime powers of the north: neutral ships: if we permitted the with such assistance, what fatal free navigation demanded, the consequences might not be expect- French would soon recruit their ed by even the most sanguine marine; we might destroy it again admirers of our courage and re- and again, they would weary us sources !

by expense: if the northern powThe solicitor-general said, that ers were suffered to furnish them we were not in circumstances with stores, they could easily, year in which to pause would be politic after year, bring out fresh feets; or praise-worthy: yet, whilst the and, should such a system be tolemover of the anendment acknow- rated, our naval superiority would ledged we were in a situation re- be reduced to complete insignifiquiring vigour, exertion, and promp- cance. By the existing treaties, it titude, he had proposed doubt, in- would be fraud in Denmark and quiry, and hesitation. We had ex- Sweden to convey enemies' goods; ercised the right of maritime cap

the

present convention, which Denture from time almost immemorial, mark had signeri, asserted this and had continued to exercise it right; this, therefore, was a dewith the utmost moderation. Let tection from treaty, and to all inour conduct be compared with tents an act of hostility. By conthat of France: they had confiscated senting to any modification of our the ships of their friends whenever rights, the next requisition would they happened to be loaded with be, that all kind of property on enemy's goods; and not merely board merchant-ships should be that, but if the goods were of Eng- protected from detention, and free lish manufacture, or if any part from search, and they would proof them were so, the whole ship ceed to insist that we should not and cargo were condemned: yet take our enemies' goods, and that France raised all the outcry against the intercourse of merchants ought England, whose pretensions were notto be interrupted. Against whom a temperate use of the general cus- then were we to wage war? Why, tom of belligerent powers, and a against a metaphysical being called material qualification of the unjust a State-as if the state was any and extravagant practices of France thing but the aggregate of the peo

ple, and we attack their property But France was now an advo- to reduce the resources of that state cate for the freedom of the seas; which derives all its vigour from and, to assert that freedom, had them,

The

and Spain.

The Danes and Swedes were neu- public spirit; let us then avoid tral whilst they remained at home; that whining melancholy which but when employed in transport- could answer no purpose but to ing goods to our enemy, in pro- enfeeble, by depicting evils in the moting their commerce, and contri- most glowing colours, without rebuting to their interests, to affirm presenting any thing tending to they then were so, and that we their alleviation : 'spite of declamawere unjustifiable in interrupting tion, the English would not clathem, is too absurd to need refuta- mour for peace at the price of honour; tion.

they would not submit to French There being then no doubt as domination to obtain bread, or sell to the right, where was the impro- their birth-right for a mess of priety of assuring his majesty we pottage. To bring forward a mowould assist him in maintaining it? tion calculated to embarrass those Distrust and despondency must ne- who were to guide us through our cessarily be excited if we despair- difficultiesto deplore our situation ed of the justice of our claim and instead of exerting ourselves to the sufficiency of our means: nor remedy it-to insinuate that hope was it wise tó dishearten that spi- was delusive, and vigour unavailing, rit on which we were to rely for when we were called upon to act effective assistance. Did the with vigour and unanimity-was mover of the amendment design to neither patriotic nor magnanimous. cast down the hopes of the peo- For his own part, he would come ple by his comparison between this forward and struggle with his country and the state of France ?

countrymen for their rights, their What would be thought of the cha- property, their power, and their racter of that commander, who, existence. when the battle was approaching, Mr. Tierney said he should not instead of animating his army with have troubled the house with a encouragements, should display single observation, had not the his eloquence to exaggerate their long train of misrepresentations danger, and describe the strength and artful arguments which he had and formidable numbers of the just heard tended to infiame the enemy? Should we not pronounce minds of the house and of the him cowardly, treacherous, and country against his friend Mr. , impolit c? Away with those invi. Grey, by imputing to him sentidious distinctions of party when the ments he had never uttered. Was country is in danger! When the it exciting despondence, or sacriexistence of our primary interests ficing the liberties of Englishmen, is threatened, let ihere be a corre- because, aiter being eight years spondence in our views, and we deceived by every promise, and might face that host of enemies disappointed in every enterprise, wirich the honourable gentleman we refused to entrust the remainhad presented to us. If it be our ing resources of the country into determination to fight for our dear- the same hands, without making est rights, let us diffuse no doubt of some inquiry? our capacity for the combat: we The house had also been called now were called upon to ascert all to vote on a most delicate and that was elevated in the British implicated subject, before any docucharacter, all that was denominated ments were produced to guide

their decision. The middling and proving this language as irregular upper classes of the people were and unparliamentary. accused of indulging in idle lamen. Mr. Tierney disclaimed any pertations, and permission was denied sonal imputation of inhumanity to them to ask why and for what the honourable gentleman, only further sacrifices were deemed ne- intending, he said, to point out that cessary. If an attempt was made his official conduct respecting the to show the country the fatal con- Dutch expedition wore the appearsequences of blindly persevering in ance of indifference to the inisery the contest in which ministers had it had produced ; that it was the involved it, the friendly endea- aim of the amendment to place vour was called leaguing with the our resources in hands more capaenemy. Mr. Tierney, proceeding ble of employing them, and thereto show how miserably the war fore it had his most decided support. department had been conducted by Mr. Sheridan thought, that if Mr. Dundas, for whom that office Bonaparte had hired his majesty's had been expressly created, re- ministers to play the game of marked, that nothing but disgrace France, he could not have had had attended his measures; and, if better tools; that if they perwe were to fight on, why not per- severed in such conduçt, their mit us to fight under better au- allies would fall off, and not only spices than those of a man who fall off, but might advance in lavished the treasure and blood of hostile array against them. the country with the most perfect The house divided; for the apathy?

amendment 63-against it 245 The speaker here interfered, re- majority 182.

CHAP. II.

MONS,

Navy and Army Estimates. Debates on that Subject in the House of Com

The Budget, Supply, Ways and Means. New Taxes debated in the House of Commons. Part of the Supply which ireland wus to pay. Irish Budget and Tares. Taxes abandoned, and new ones proposed, by Mr. Addington. Vote of Credit. Mr. Grey's and Mr. Tierney's Objections against the Augmentation of the Salary to the Chairman of the Commitlee in the House of Lords. Reriew of the Supply for the Yeur. Subsidy to Portugal. The same debated in the House of Lords. Mr. Tierney's Resolutions on the Finances. Mr. Addington's CounterResolutions. India Papers moved jor. India Budget sluted by Mr.

Dundas.

D
URING the early part of the was consequently opened, and the

session, even after it was ge- new taxes proposed, by Mr. Pitt, nerally understood that the admini- who had probably prepared for stration was totally changed, the the arrangement before his resigold ministers continued to transact nation; and as the public wants the public business; the budget were urgent, these subjects en.

gaged

men.

Our

gaged the attention of parliament The number of militia, both Brio soon after the opening of the ses- tish and Irish, was 78,045; of sion.

fencibles, both British and Irish, On the 16th of Febrtiary, the 31,415; so that the whole force in house of commons resolved itself the empire,'exclusive of the voluninto a committee of supply. It teer corps, amounted to 502,643 was proposed, that there should be

The expense of maintaingranted for the sea service 135,000 ing this force would be 12,940,5891. men, for ten months, including In distinguishing between the 30,000 marines.

expenses of the two countries, Mr. Tierney observed, that this it would stand thus; for Great was a very considerable increase; Britain 9,617,0331. for Ireland that the number of men voted on a 3,323,8561. In comparing the former occasion did not exceed estimates of this with those of the 120,000 men.

last

year, the estimates of the Mr. Pitt replied, that it was very present exceeded last year by desirable, under the present cir- 762,1591, ; but of this sum no less cumstances, to carry the strength than 656,3851. was incurred in of the country as far as possible, consequence of an augmentation because we might have to con- which had been made in the army, tend for principles which were by adding two companies to each essential to naval power. battalion, and by increasing the

There had been already voted for cavalry. The real difference, the service of this year 120,000 therefore, between the estimates of mon; and he was sure the honour- this and of the last year, was not able gentleinan, upon considera- more than 100,000l. He then tion, would not think the present observed, that an allowance had increase too great. The other reso- been held necessary to be granted lutions, which followed of course, to the troops in Ireland, which were agreed to without any com- were placed in a different situation ment.

from that in which they stood forMr. secretary at war then rose, merly. He then moved, “ That for the purpose of calling the atten- it is the opinion of the committee, tion of the committee to the army that 58,387 men, &c. be employed estimates. The committee would for that part of the united kingdom perceive in the estimates of the of Great Britain called England, year many things which were not Jersey, Guernsey, and Aldemey, usually in the estimates (he alluded for the service of the year 1801." to the statements respecting the This question being put, Mr. army in Ireland, which used to be Grey said, he was very sorry that separate, but which now, in conse- he could not agree with the right quence of the union, formed a part honourable gentleman: taking the of the general estimate). The increase at 10,000 men, it was a committee, however, would now very great addition to what ve had have before them, in one short already. There was good reason view, an account of all descriptions for the additional force to the miliof troops in the service of the tia when there was an alarm of an whole empire. The number of invasion ; but now there was no regular forces, cavalry and infan- additional force wanted for offentry, amounted to 193,187 men. sive service, except against the

northern

Dorthern confederacy, which he hoped, would be attained by it,
apprehended was not considered which was that of increasing the
by ministers as alarming. He did army: an object which he really
not know whether this force was thought every intelligent man who
meant for defensive or offensive entertained good wishes for the
operations, for that was not ex- welfare of the country, looking at
plained; but if the same gentle- the circumstances by which it was
men were to coniinue in adminis surrounded, must have at heart.
stration who had directed the Mr. Dundas, general Walpole,
national councils for some years, he colonel Gaseoyne, and Mr. Pitt,
should have no hesitation in saying, bvre a share in this debate. The
that he had had too much experience resolution was carried; and, the
of them to think it prudent to allow house being resumed, the report
them the disposal of such a force was ordered to be received the
as that which was now proposed; next day.
for, if they had wasted so much On that day Mr. Bragge reported
treasure in fruitless and disgraceful from the committee of the whole
expeditions, they could not by any house as follows: “Resolved, that
Iational person be trusted with the 135,000 men be employed for the
power of doing it again. In a sea service for ten lunar months,
word, he should be readier at all commencing the 26th day of March
times, and particularly at this time, isol, including 30,000 marines.
to assent to the augmentation of Resolved, that ii slim not exceeding
the militia than the regular forces, 4,197,5006. be granted to his ma.
if our object was defensive opera- jesty for wages for the same, at the
tion,

zate of one pound eighteen shil
The secretary at war said he lings per man per month,” &c.
was surprised to hear the honoura- The house, on the 18th of Febru-
ble gentleman make so great a dit ary, resolved itself into a committee
ference between the militia and tie of ways and means, when Mr. Pitter
regular forces of tuis country, and in submitting to the committee the
to preter the militia to the regular estimate of the provisions whien
borce, as an a&tive boiy for detele would be necessary for the services
sive operations. This was a gene- of the present year, stated that it
tal military question, and he did would be his duty to call their at-
not feel himself well qualified to tention to them, under the e arrange-
discuss it. The advantages of this ments which were made at the
bice to the country he would not time when the union between the
stale, nor the consideracion upon two countries was happily effected,
which the hopes of its success were and which were to be jointly de-
grounded; the particulars of the frayed by the two countries. He
mode he was not going to detail; should, therefore, in the first place,
but he understood, that, in the state the charges for which it was
raising of this additional force, it necessary to provide, and then the
was made the interest of the officers manner in which he should propose
lo cause the augmentation to take them to be defrayed; and, in doing
place more speedily than it could this, he should conform, as nearly
otherwise be made : this, however, as possible, to the usual mode.
was to be under certain restric- He first stated the supply; under
tions; and the general object, he which head the first thing to be no-

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