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Dissolution of the Niinistry-Circumstances which were supposed to lead to

that Event-General Character of the late Administration-New Ministry--Meeting of the Imperial Parliament- Speech from the ThroneDebates on the Address in the House of Lords in the House of Com

mons. The year 1601 was introduced suppose, that a disunion of senti

by a circumstance, to which ment might exist among themperhaps may be ultimately referred selves on certain public measures, other events, not only interesting and particularly relative to a peace to this nation, but to the whole of with the French republic. It has Europe. An administration which been said that Mr. Pitt was dehad lasted upwards of seventeen sirous of peace, but conceived years, which had established itself himself not calculated for its acin defiance of the house of com- complishment, after the rancorous mons, had baffled, and at length hostility he had manifested towards subdued, a most formidable oppo- the Frenchi nation, and even tosition, was suddenly dissolved; wards the person who now exerand on Friday the 11th of January cised the sovereignty there. It Mr. Pitt gave in his resignation has been said that he began to feel to his majesty, which was imme- for the consequences ; and that diately followed by that of lord the dificulty of the financial arGrenville, earl Spencer, the lord rangements, and particularly of chancellor, Mr. Dundas, and Mr, finding taxes answerable to the Windham.

expences of a protracted war, at of the secret history of this length appeared in a formidable transaction, little which may be point of view, and induced the deemed authentic has yet tran- resolution of relinquishing a seat spired. If we may judge of the which he could no longer preserve different parts which certain mem- with safety and with honour. On bers of that administration have the other hand, it has been whis, taken, it is not unreasonable to pered that a serious disagreement

upon his

had long subsisted between a great ministration an impartial judg personage and the two most active ment will be formed by posterity. members of the ministry. The The retainers of a minister may ground of the difference we have erect statues, and pour out the unde stood to be the military ar- grateful incense of adulation before rangements; and it is said to have that idol hich has been the tuteproceeded to such an extent as to lar deity of their fortunes; but it is determine Mr. Pitt to embrace the the page of history which alone first opportunity of proving his will erect a durable monument, strength in the cabinet, and of and which will consecrate the either holding the reins with the name of a minister to honour and same uncontrolled authority at immortality. To Mr. Pitt's admi, which his father aspired, or of re- nistration the impartial historian signing a situation no longer come cannot accord the praise of politipatible with his feelings.

cal consistency, of extended views, Whatever of credit we may at- of liberal principles, and an entach to these different reports, the larged and beneficial system of ostensible ground of resignation policy. Mr. Pitt entered was the unfortunate question of political career too early in life, Catholic emancipation, as it has and with a degree of popularity been called; a question which we which was calculated to intoxicate cannot but wish had never been

a young and inexperienced mind. agitated. In his ardour for accom- Early involved in the vortex of plishing the projected union, Mr. public business, his talents wanted Pitt, it is said, had engaged to the ihe severe exercise of study to im. Irish catholics to achieve for them proveandmature them. He was detheir object, in case the act officient in some of the rudimental union should meet with no opposi- knowledge of a statesman; he had tion on their parts; and he took not contemplated with a nice at. one of the earliest opportunities of tention those great examples which bringing it forward in the cabinet might have served as a model for council. Two parties viewed the his conduct in times of difficulty, measure with abhorrence and with

nor had he accurately weighed and dread. The English clergy feared considered the delicate chain of the increase of popery; and the political interests on which the Irish protestants were apprehensive safety of Europe depends. Thus for themselves, should they ever thrown prematurely into public have to encounter a popish judge life, gifted by nature with extraorupon the bench, supported by a dinary talents, among the first of popish jury, summoned by a popish which we may account a Auent, sheriff. Through what channel copious, and impressive eloquence, his majesty was influenced to op- he yet was an unfinished politipose the measure, we are ignorant; cian. He would have excelled as but it is generally understood that an associate, though he was perthrough his interference the plan haps unequal to the situation of a of the minister was defeated, and principal; he was calculated for an this was immediately followed by adinirable partisan, though he wanthis resignation, and that of most of ed the knowledge and capacity of his colleagues.

a general. His measures therefore Of the character of this long ad- displayed the impetuosity but not


the vigour of youth; they had all lour of participating in the loan, the stratagem, but not the judg. was laid aside; nor does it appear, ment, of the experienced states- on the whole, that the pension list man. They were calculated to was immoderately enlarged. excite admiration rather than to So inapplicable indeed is the ensure approbation ; and, while charge of pursuing despotism on a men were astonished at the bold- system, that the great misfortune of ness of the design, they sometimes this administration was, that they beheld with disappointment a po- were totally without any plan or syverty of execution. He entered stem whatever. It was a temporiupon undertakings of the greatest sing make-shift administration, which magnitude without sufficient infor- pur ued no measures whatever mation, and he abandoned them with consistency. Genius, like because he had not calculated upon virtue, yields not to times, or huthe difficulties that were to be en- mours, or circumstances, but makes countered. In every thing his ob- them all ultimately subservient to ject was to be distinguished; in its own enlarged and liberal syevery thing he must be a proni- stem of policy; but Mr. Pitt's adnent character. Thus the states ministration was best characterised man was lost in the projector ; and by a favourite phrase of his own, in too eagerly pursuing fame, existing circumstances. His first polihe lost that greatness to which, tical project was a parliamentary rewith more sober counsels, he might form, but he discovered that eristing have attained.

circumstances would not admit it. Yet the errors of Mr.Pitt were He undertook to extinguish the na. rather errors of judgment than of tional debt; he concluded by douprinciple. The little and factious bling it. He prided himself upon becalumny which would ascribe to ing the minister of peace; he soon him a deliberate plan to over- experienced an inordinate passion throw the liberties of his country is for war. Thus, one part of his adto be despised. He disliked li ministration was a contradiction of berty only when it thwarted his another; one sy tem served as a views; and he sported occasion- practical refutation of the precedally with the constitution of his ing; and it is a well-known fact, country, only to serve the little that a measure of the highest napurposes of party, the exigencies tional importance, which had been of the moment. He is charged, ordered in the afternoon, has been with equal injustice perhaps, with revoked the succeeding morning. having extended the system of par- The same inconsistency is obliamentary corruption. It does servable in the causes, or rather not appear that such a charge is well excuses, for the late war.

At one founded : on the contrary, the influe time it was a war voluntarily unence which he employed appears dertaken in the true spirit of antient to have been of a more open and chivalry " for religion, monarchy, direct nature than that which was and social order;" at another, we established either by Walpole or were forced into it by the aggrese lord North. He lavished the ho- sion of our adversaries.

At one nours of the peerage, it is true, period it was carried on to prowith an unsparing hand, and some indemnity for the past, and new offices were created. But the security for the future ;" at ansystem of bribery, under the co- other, for the express purpose of

A3 restoring


restoring the house of Bourbon. liticians in the folly and inefficacy
In the negotiation at Paris, the of the undertaking.
sine qua non was the restoration of When great statesmen however,
the Netherlands to the emperor of urged by ambition, or propelled
Germany; in the answer to the by circumstances, undertake a pro-
overture of Bonaparte, it was the ject of this nature, they have been
re-establishment of monarchy in always careful to calculate the
France. Contrary to the policy force of the contending parties.
of all wise statesmen, who em- This, the event proved, was neg-
brace the moment of good fortune lected in the present instance. If
to secure the most advantageous unable by their own powers to
terms, our ministers were haughty subjugate the country so circum-
and insolent in success, and ab- stanced, or if even doubtful of
ject in ill-fortune; they negotiated their force, they have endeavoured
only when their allies were beaten to act in concert with some of the
off the field.

great factions, which divide the
The war, rashly provoked, was Wation itself. This course of po-
weakly conducted. It was the un- licy was evidently neglected ;
doubted policy of Great-Britain to the coalesced powers formed a
þave maintained, if possible, dur- league only with the outcasts of
ing the continental distractions, a the nation, a few miserable exiles,
dignified neutrality. The longer who were neither respectable for
we could abstain from interfering talents nor for character; per-
in the dispute, the longer our sons held in detestation by the peo-
finances could be preserved unim- ple at large, and formidable only
paired, the better it must have to the party with whom they asso-
been for the country at large. ciated.
History would have instructed any If a war with France was ine-
man conversant in it, that a state of vitable, the mode in which this was
anarchy, such as France exhibited carried on was the most injudicious
at the period to which we allude, that could be devised. Even the
could not long endure. Contend- recent contest with America might
ing factions, like the armed men of have convinced the British minis-
Cadmus, must have successively try, and their allies, how nugatory
destroyed each other; and if our is the attempt to make an imprese
interference could at any time be sion on the interior of a country
useful in restoring order, it would which is totally adverse to its inva-
have been at the time when the ders. In the famous succession war,
nation should be sick of contest, of a war only exceeded in absurdity
blood, and of atrocity. An exter- by that in which we have been re-
nal coalition for an indefinite end, cently engaged, the great earl of
an end which most Frenchmen con- Peterborough informed his employ-
cluded naturally could be only the ers, that with the forces under his
dismemberment of the country, command he could march through
served internally to unite the na- Spain almost without opposition,
tion; and a maxim of Mazarine, but that he was not able to retain in
illustrated by a vulgar example*, subjection a single province. The
might have instructed modern po- example of the crafty Catharine

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* That of two mastif's, which tore cach other before the common enemy of both (the bull) made its appearance,

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