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our high admiral of Great Britain, corner thereof, next the staff as or the commissioners for executing aforesaid, and in the other part of the office of high admiral for the the said jack shall be described the time being: and We do hereby also seal used in such of the respective further command all our loving sub- offices aforesaid, by which the said jects, that, without such warrant as ships and vessels shall be employed. aforesaid, they presume not to wear And We do strictly charge and comon board their ships or vessels any mand, that none of our loving subAags, jacks, pendants, or colours, jects do presume to wear any of the made in imitation of or resembling said distinction jacks, unless they ours, or any kind of pendant what- shall have commissions of letters of soever, or any other ensign than mart or reprisals, or be employed the ensign described on the side or in our service by any of the before. margin hereof, which shall be worn mentioned offices. Ard We hereby instead of the ensign before this require our high admiral, and comlime usually worn in merchant ships; missioners for executing the office saving, that for the better distinc- of high admiral, the go: ernors of tion of such ships as shall have com- our forts and casiles, the officers of missions of letters of mart or re- our customs, and the commanders prisals against the enemy, and any or officers of any of our ships for other ships or vessels which may be the time being, upon their meeting employed by the principal officers with, or otherwise observing, any and commissioners of our navy, the ships or vessels belonging to any of principal officers of our ordnance, our subjects, neglecting to wear ihe commissioners for victualling the ensign hereby appointed to be our navy, the commissioners of our borne as aforesaid, or wearing any customs and excise, and the com- fag, pendant, jack, or ensign, con• missioners for transportation for our trary hereunto, whether at sea or service, relating particularly to those in port, not only to seize, or cause offices, our royal will and pleasure to be forthwith seized, such flag, is, that all such ships as have com- pendant, jack, or ensign, worn cone missions of letters of mart or re- trary to our royal will and pleasure prisals shall, besides the colours or herein expressed, but also to reensign hereby appointed to be worn turn the names of such ships and by merchant ships, wear a red jack vessels neglecting to wear ihe enwith a union jack, described in a sign hereby appointed, or wearing canton at the upper corner thereof any tlag, pendant, jack, or ensign, vext the staff; and that such ships contrary hereunt, together with and vessels as shall be employed the names of their respective maifor our service by the principal ters or commandlers, onto our high ollicers and commissioners of our admiral, or commissioners for exc. navy, the principal officers of our cuting the office of high admiral, or ordnance, the commissioners for the judge of our high court of advictualling our navy, the com- miralty for the time being, to the missioners for our customs and end that all persons offending may excise, and the commissioners for be duly punished for the same. And transportation for our service, re. Wedo hereby command and enjoin lating particularly to those offices, the judge and judges of our high. shall wear a red jack with a uniun court of admiralty for the time bea ack in a canton at the upper ing, that they make strict inquiry
concerning all such offenders, and closely the interests and affections cause them to be duly punished: of my subjects, will, I trust, be and all vice-admirals and judges of equally marked by that vigour, the vice-admiralties are herehy also energy, and firmness, which the cirrequired to proceed in the like cunstances of our present situation manner, within the several ports peculiarly require. and places belonging to their re- The unfortunate course of events spective precincts. And our fur.. on the continent, and the conse. ther pleasure is, that this proclama- quences which must be expected to tion shall take place according to result from it, cannot fail to be matthe timos hereafter mentioned; ci- ter of anxiety and concern to all delicet, for all ships in the Channel who have a just feeling for the seor British Seas, and in the North curity and independence of Europe. Seas, after twelve days from the Your astonishment as well as your date of these presents; and from regret must be excited by the con the mouth of the Channel unto duct of those powers, whose attenCape Saint Vincent, after six weeks tion, at such a period, appears to be from the date of these presents; and
more engaged in endeavours to beyond the Cape, and on this side weaken the naval force of the Brithe Equinoctial Line, as well in the tish empire, which has hitherto opOcean and Mediterranean as else- posed so powerful an obstacle to the where, after ten weeks from the inordinate ainbition of Fiance, than date of these presents; and beyond in concerting the means of mutual the Line, after the space of eight defence against their common and months from the date of these pre- increasing danger. sents.
The representations which I diGiven at our court at St. James's, recied to be made to the court of.
the first day of January, one Petersburg, in consequence of the thousand cight hundred and outrages committed against the one, in the forty-first year of ships, property, and persons, of my our reign.
subjects, have been treated with the utmost disrespect; and the proceedings of which I complained
have been aggravated by subseHis Majesty's Speech on the Meeting of
quent acts of injustice and violence.
Under these circumstances a conParliament, Monday, Feb. 2.
vention has been concluded by thiať My Lords, and Gentlemen, court with those of Copenhagen Ata crisis so important to the ing and Stockholm, the object of which, terests of my people, I derive great as avowed by one of the contracting satisfaction from being enabled, for parties, is to renew their fariner the first time, to avail myself of the engagements for establishing, by advice and assistance of the parlia. force a new code of maritime law, ment of my united kingdom of Great inconsistent with the rights, and Britain and Ireland.
hostile to the interests, of this coun: This memorable ära, distinguish- try. ed by the accomplishment of a mea- In this situation, I could not he, sure calculated to augment and con- sitate as to the conduct which it besolidate the strength and resources
came me to pursue. I have taken of the empire, and lo cement more the earliest measures to repel the
GOD SAVE THE KING,
aggressions of this hostile confede- provisions; and of preventing, as racy, and to support those princi• far as it can be done by human fore. ples which are essential to the main- sight, the recurrence of similar difa tenance of our naval strength, and ficulties. In these endeavours, and which are grounded on the system in every measure that can contriof public law so long established bute to the happiness of thy people, and recognised in Europe.
the great end of all my wishes, jou I have, at the same time, given may be assured of my cordial consuch assurances as manifest
dis- currence. position to renew my antient' rela- You may rely on my availing my tions with those powers, whenever self of the earliest opportunity which it can be done consistently with the shall afford a prospect of terminathonour of my crown, and with a ing the present contest, on grounds just regard to the safety of my sub- consistent with our security and hojects. You will, I am persuaded, pour, and with the maintenance of omit nothing on your part, that can those essential rights on which our afford me the most vigorous and ef- naval strength must always princisectual support in my firm deter- pally depend. mination to maintain to the utmost,
It will afford me the truest and against every attack, the naval most heartfelt satisfaction whenever rights and the interests of my eme the disposition of our enemies shall pire.
enable me thus to restore to the Gentlemen of the House of Com- subjects of my united kingdom the mons,
blessings of peace, and thereby con-, I have directed the estimates for firm and augment those advantages the several branches of the public which result from our internal situaservice to be laid before you: tion, and which, even under all the deeply as I lament the continued difficulties of war, have carried to necessity of adding to the burdens so great an extent the agriculture, of my people, I am persuaded you manufactures, commerce, and rewill feel with me the importance of venue of the country. providing effectual means for those exertions which are indispensably requisite for the honour and security His Majesty's Speech on proroguing of the country.
the Parliament, els delivered by My Lords, and Gentlemen, Commission, Thursday, July 2. I am confident that your delibe- My Lords, and Gentlemen, rations will be uniformly directed We have it in command from his to the great object of improving the majesty to acquaint you, that, on benefits of that happy union, which, account of the advanced period of by the blessing of providence, has the season, and the state of public now been effected; and of promot- business, he is induced to relieve ing, to the utmost, the prosperity of you from a longer attendance in every part of my dominions.
parliament. You will, I doubt not, resume His majesty highly commends the the inquiries which were so dili- wisdom, temper, and diligence, gently prosecuted in the last session which have marked all your proof parliament, as to the best means ceedings; and particularly acknowof relieving my subjects from the ledges the assiddity and zeal with pressure of the present high price of which you have pursued the inves
tigation tigation of the important subjects adequate terms. They furnish, at brought under your consideration, the same time, an additional pledge, in consequence of the severe pres that if the sentiments of moderation sure occasioned by the high price of and justice, which will ever govern corn. The beneficial effects of the his majesty's conduct, should be measures you have suggested for the rendered unavailing, in this inalleviation of this calamity, have stance, by unreasonable pretensions afforded his majesiy great consola- on the part of his enemies, the spirit tion; and he has the utmost satis- and firmness of his people will confaction in indulging the hope that, tinue to be manifested by such efunder the favour of providence, the forts and sacrifices as may be neces. blessings of plenty will be restored sary for asserting the honour of his by the produce of the ensuing har- majesty's crown, and for maintainvest.
ing the permanent interests of the Gentlemen of the House of Com- empire. mons,
Then a commission for proroguing His majesty has directed us to re- the parliament was read. After turn you his particular thanks for which the lord chancellor said, the liberal provision which you have My Lords, and Gentlemen, made for the various branches of By virtue of his majesty's commis. the public service. While he re- sion under the great seal, to us and grets the necessity of supplies so other lords directed, and now read, large, it is a relief to his majesty to We do, in his majesty's name, and observe, that the resources and con- in obedience to his commands, protinued prosperity of the country rogue this parliament to Thursday have enabled you to distribute the the 6th day of August next, to be public burthens in such a manner, then here holden; and this parliaas to press with as little severity as ment is accordingly prorogued to possible on his faithful subjects. Thursday the 6th day of August
My Lords, and Gentlemen, next. The brilliant and repeated successes of his majesty's arms, by sea and land, important as they are in His Majesty's Speech on the Meeting their immediate consequences, are of Parliament, Thursday, Oct. 29. not less satisfactory to his majesty's mind, as attording fresh and deci- My Lords, and Gentlemen, sive proofs of that vigorous exer
I have the satisfaction to acquaint tion, undaunted valour, and steady you, that the important negotiations perseverance, which distinguish the in which I was engaged at the close national character, and on which of the last session of parliament are the chief reliance must be placed brought to a favourable conclusion. for respect abroad, and for confi- The differences with the northern dence and security at home. Events powers have been adjusted by a so honourable to the British name convention with the emperor of derive, at the present moment, pe- Russia, to which the kings of Denculiar value in his majesty's estima- mark and Sweden have expressed tion, from their tendency to facili-, their readiness to accede. The estate the aitainment of the great sential rights for which we conobject of his anceasing solicitude, tended are thereby secured, and the restoration of peace on fair and provision is made, that the exercise
of them shall be attended with as which have been manifested by all little molestation as possible to the descriptions of my faithful subjects, subjects of the contracting parties. under the various and complicated
Preliminaries of peace have also difficulties with which they have been ratified between me and the had to contend. The distinguished French republic; and I trust that valour and eminent services of my this important arrangement, whilst forces by sea and land, which at no it manifests the justice and modera- period have been surpassed; the tion of my views, will also be found unprecedented exertions of the miconducive to the substantial interests Jitia and fencibles, and the zealand of this country, and honourable to perseverance of the volunteer corps the British character.
of cavalry and infantry, are entitled Copies of these papers shall forth- to my warmest acknowledgments : with be laid before you, and I ear- and I am persuaded that will nestly hope that the transactions to join with me, in reflecting with pewhich they refer, will meet with culiar satisfaction on the naval and the approbation of my parliament. military operations of the last camGentlemen of the House of Com- paign, and on the successful and mons,
glorious issue of the expedition to I have directed such estimates to Egypt, which has been marked he prepared for the various demands throughout by achievements tendof the public service, as appear to ing in their consequences, and by me to be best adapted to the situa- their example, to produce lasting tion in which we are now placed. advantage and honour to this counIt is painful to me to reflect, that try. It is my first wish, and most provision cannot be made for de- fervent prayer, that my people may fraying the expences which must experience the reward they have so unavoidably be continued for a well merited, in a full enjoyment of time in different parts of the worid, the blessings of peace, in a proand for maintaining an adequate gressive increase of the national peace establishment, without large commerce, credit, and resources, additional supplies. You may, how- and, above all, in the undisturbed ever, be assured, that all possible possession of their religion, laws, attention shall be paid to sạch eco- and liberties, under the safeguard nomical arrangements as may not be and protection of that constitution inconsistent with the great object of which it has been the great object effectually providing for the security of all our efforts to preserve, and of all my dominions.
which it is our most sacred diny to My Lords, and Gentlemen, transmit unimpaired 10 our descenI cannot sufficiently describe the dents. gratification and comfort I derive from the relief which the bounty of divine providence has afforded to my people, by the abundant produce
STATE PAPERS. of the late harvest. In contemplat- Note transmitted by Mr. Drummond ing the situation of the country at to the Danish Minister for foreign this important conjuncture, it is Affairs, duted 27th Dec. 1500. impossible for me to refrain from The court of London, informed expressing the deep sense I enter that Denmark is carrying on with tain of the temper and fortitude activity negotiations very hostile to