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As established by the Bishops, the Clergy, and Laity of the Protestant
Episcopal Church in the United States of America, in Convention, on the !welfth Day of September, in the Year of our Lord 1801.
Art. I. Of Faith in the Holy Trinity. understand those Canonical Books of T WHERE is hut one living and true the Old and New Testament, of whose
God, everlasting, without body, authority was never any doubt in the parts, or passions; of infinite power, Church. wisdom, and goodness; the Maker and 1 Of the Names and Number of the Preserver of all things both visible and
Canonical Books. invisible. And in unity of this Godhead, Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numeri, there be three persons, of one substance, Deuteronomium, Joshue, Judges, Ruth, power, and eternity; the Father, the The First Book of Samuel, The Second Son, and the Holy Ghost.
Book of Samuel, The First Book of Art. II. Of the Word, or Son of God, Kings, the Second Book of Kings, The
which was made very Man. First Book of Chronicles, The Second The Son, which is the Word of the Book of Chronicles, The First Book of Father, hegotten from everlasting of the Esdras, The Second Book of Esdras, Father, the very and eternal God, of The Book of Hester, The Book of Job, one substance with the Father, took The Psalms, The Proverbs, Ecclesiastes Man's nature in the womb of the blessed for Preacher, Cantica or Songs of SoloVirgin, of her substance: so that two mon, Four Prophets the greater, Twelve whole and perfect Natures, that is to Prophets the less. say, the Godhead and Manhoor, were And the other Books (as Hierome saith) joined together in one Person, never to the Church doth read for example of be divided, whereof is one Christ, very life and instruction of manners; but yet God, and very Man; who truly suffered, doth it not apply them to establish any was crucified, dead, and buried, to re-doctrine; such are these following: concile his Father to us, and to be a The Third Book of Esdras, The Fourth sacrifice, not only for original guilt, but Book of Esdras, The Book of Tobias, also for actual sins of men.
The Book of Judith, The rest of the Art. III. Of the going down of Christ Book of Hester, The Book of Wisdom, into Hell.
Jesus the Son of Sirach, Baruch the As Christ died for us, and was buried; Prophet, The Song of the three Chilso also is it to be believed, that he went dren. The Story of Susanna, Of Bel and down into hell.
the Dragor, The Prayer of Manasses, Art. IV. Of the Resurrection of Christ. The First Book of Maccabees, The Se.
Christ did truly rise again from death, cond Book of Maccabees. and took again his body, with flesh,
All the Books of the New Testament, bones, and all things appertaining to the as they are commonly received, we du perfection of Man's nature, wherewith receive and account them Canonical. he ascended into Heaven, and there Art. VII. Of the Old T'estament. sitteth, until he return to judge all men
The Old Testament is not contrary to at the last day.
the New; for both in the Old and New Art. V. Of the Holy Ghost. Testament everlasting life is offered to The Holy Ghost, proceeding from the inankind by Christ, who is the only MeFather and the Son, is of one Substance, diator between God and Man, being Majesty, and Glory, with the Father both God and Man. Wherefore they and the Son, very and eternal God. are not to be heard, which feign, that Art. VI. Of the Suficiency of the Holy the Old Fathers did look only for transi
S:riptures for Salvationa tory Promises. Although the Law given Holy Scripture containeth all things from God by Moses, as touching Ceredecessary to salvation : so that whatso- pionies and Rites, do not bind Christian ever is not read therein, nor may be men, nor the Civil Precepts thereof proved thereby, is not to be required of ought of necessity to be received in any any man, that it should be believed as Commonwealth ; yet notwithstanding, an Article of the Faith, or be thought no Christian man whatsoever is free requis.te or necessary to Salvation. In from the obedience of the Command the name of the Holy Scripture we dolments which are called moral.
Art. VIII. Of the Creeds. Art. XIII. Of Works before JustiThe Nicene Creed, and that which is
fication. commonly called the Apostle's Creed, Works done before the grace of ought thoroughly to be received and be-Christ, and the inspiration of his Spirit, lieved: for they may be proved by most are not pleasant to God, forasmuch as certain warrants of holy Scripture. they spring not of faith in Jesus Christ, Art. IX. Of Original or Birth-Sin. neither do they make men meet to re
Original Sin standeth not in the fol-ceive grace, or (as the School-Authors lowing of Adam (as the Pelagians do say) deserve grace of congruity: yea vainly
talk;) but it is the fault and cor- rather, for that they are not done as ruption of the nature of every man, that God hath willed and commanded them naturally is engendered of the offspring to be done, we doubt not but they have of Adam, whereby man is very far gone the nature of sin. from original righteousness, and is of Art. XIV. Of Works of Supererogation, his own nature inclined to evil, so that Voluntary Works, besides over and the flesh lusteth always contrary to the above d's Commandments, which Spirit; and therefore in every person they call Works of Supererogation, canborn into this world, it deserveth God's not be taught without arrogancy and wrath and damnation. And this infec- impiety. For by them men do dcclare, tion of nature doth remain, yea, in them that they do not only render unto God that are regenerated; whereby the lust as much as they are bound to do, but of the desh, called in Greek, ogóralece that they do more for his sake than of paexos, which se do expound the bounden duty is required: Whereas Wisdom, some Sensuality, some the Af Christ saith plainly, when ye have done fection, some the Desire of the Flesh, all that are commanded to you, say, We is not subject to the Law of God. And are unprofitable servants. although there is no condemnation for Art. XV. Of Christ alone without Sino them that believe and are baptized; Christ in the truth of our nature, was yet the Apostle doth confess, that con-made like unto us in all things, sin only cupiscence and lust bath of itself the except, from which he was clearly void, nature of sin.
both in his flesh, and in his spirit. He Art. X. Of Free-Will. came to be a Lamb without spot, who The conditi of man, after the fall of by sacrifice of himself once made, should Adam, is such, that he cannot turn and take away the sins of he world; and prepare himself, by his own natural sin (as St. John saith) was not in him. strength and good works, to faith, and But all we the rest (although baptized calling upon God: wherefore we have and born again in Christ) yet offend in no power to do good works pleasant many things; and if we say we have no and acceptable to God, without the grace sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth of God by Christ preventing us, that we is not in us. may have a good will, and working with Art. XVI. Of Sin after Baptism. us, when we have that good will. Not every deadly sin, willingly comArt. XI. Of the Justificution of Man. mitted after Baptism, is sin against the
We are accounted righteous before Holy Ghost, and unpárdonable. WhereGod, only for the Merit of our Lord fore the grant of repentance is not to be and Saviour Jesus Christ by Faith; and denied to such as fall into sin after Bapnot for our own Works or Deservings. tism. After we have received the Holy Wherefore, that we are justified by Ghost, we may depart from grace give Faith only, is a most wholesome doc-en, and fall into sin, and by the grace trine, and very full of comfort, as more of God (we may) arise again, and largely is expressed in the Homily of amend our lives. And therefore they Justification.
are to be condemned, which say, they Art. XII. of Good Works. can no more sin as long as they live Albeit that good Works, wbich are bere, or deny the place of forgiveness the Fruits of Faith, and follow after to such as truly repent. Justification, cannot put away our sins, Art. XVII. of Predestination and and endure the severity of God's Judg
Election. ment; yet are they pleasing and ac Predestination to life is the everlastceptable to God in Christ, and do spring ing purpose of God, whereby (before out necessarily of a true and lively Faith; the foundations of the world were laid) insomuch that by them a lively Faith he hath constantly decreed, by his coun may be as evidently known, as a tree sel, secret to us, to deliver from curse discerned by the fruit.
land damnation, those wbora be bath
chosen in Christ out of mankind, and to As the Church of Hicnualom, Alexan. bring them by Christ to everlasting dria, and Antioch, have erred; so also salvation, as vessels inade to honour. the Church oi Rome bath erred, not onWherefore they, which be endued with ly in their living and manner of CereSo excellent a benefit of God, he called (monies, but also in matters of Faith. according to God's purpose by his Spirit Art. XX. Of the Authority of the Church. working in due season: they through The Church hath power to decree grace obey the calling they be justified Rites or Ceremonies, and authority in freely : they be made Sons of God by Controversies of Faith: And yet it is adoption : they be made like the image not lawful for the Church to ordain any of his (nly begotten Son Jesus Christ: thing that is contrary to God's Word the walk religii usly in good wors; written; neither may it so expound one anc a: langth by God's mercy they at-place of Scripture, that it be repugnant tair to everlasting licity.
to another Wherefore, although the As the goally ci? suleration of Predes-Church be a Witness and a Keeper of tinaujon, and our Election in Christ, is Holy Writ, yet as it ought not to decree full of sween pleasant, and unspeakable any thing against the same, so besides comior to godly persons, and such as the same ought not to enforce any thing feel in then selve the working of the to be believed for necessity of salvation. Spirit of Christ, mortifying the works of Art. XXI. Of the Authority of General the fesb and their earthly inembers, and
Councils.* drawing up their n ind to bigh and hea Art. XXII. Of Purgatory. venly things, as well because it doth The Romish doctrine concerning Pur. greatly establish and ce firm their faith gatory, Pardons, Worshipping, and of eternal salvajon, to be enjoyed Adoration, as well of Images, as oi Rethrough Cbrist, as because it doth fer-liqnes, and also invocation of Saints, ventiy kindle their love towards God: is a fond thing vainly invented, and $0, for curious and carnal persons, lack- grounded upon no warranty of Scripture, ing the Spirit of Christ, to have conti- but rather repugnant to the Word of God. nually before their eyes the Sentence of Art. XXIII. of Ministering in the Can. God's predestination, is a most danger
gregation. ous downfall, whereby the Devil doth It is not lawful for any man to take thrust them either into desperation, or upon him the office of public preaching, into wretchlessness of most unclean liv- or Ministering the Sacraments in the ing, no less perilous than desperation. Congregation, before he be lawfully
Furthermore, we must receive God's called, and sent to execute the same. promises in such wise as they be gene- And those we ought to judge lawfully rally set forth to us in holy Scripture called and sent, which be chosen and And in our doings, that will of God is called to this work by men who have to be followed, which we have express- public Authority given unto them in Jy declared unto us in the Word of God. the Congregation, to call and send Art. XVIII. Of obtaining Eternal Sal-Ministers into the Lord's Vineyard.
vation only by the name of Christ. Art. XXIV. Of speaking in the Congres They also are to be had accursed, that gation in such a Tongue as the people presume to say, that every man shall be understandeth. saved by the Law or Sect which he pro It is a thing plainly repugnant to the fesseth, so that he be diligent to frame Word of God, and the Custom of the his life according to that Law, and the Primitive Church, to have public prayer light of Nature. For holy Scripture in the Church, or to Minister the Sacra. doth set out unto us only the Name of ments in a Tongue not understanded of Jesus Christ, whereby men must be saved. the people. Art. XIX. Of the Church.
Art. XXV. Of the Sacraments. The visible Church of Christ is a Con Sacraments ordained of Christ be not gregation of faithful men, in the which cnly badges or tokens of Cbristian men's the pure Word of God is preached, and profession ; but rather they be certain the Sacraments be daly ministered ac- sure witnesses, and effectual signs of cording. to Christ's Ordinance, in all grace, and God's good will towards us, those things that of necessity are requi- by the which he doth work invisibly in site to the same.
us, and doth not only quicken, but also
* The 21st of the former articles is omitted, because it is partly of a local and civil nature, and is provided for, as to the emaining parts of it, in other articles
strengthen and confirm our faith in him., bly signed and sealed: faith is confirmed,
There are two Sacraments ordained and grace increased by virtue of prayer of Christ our Lord in the Gospel, that is ioluoto God. The Baptism of young chilsay, Baptism, and the Supper of the Lord. dren is in any wise to be retained in the
Those five commonly called Sacra- Church as most agreeable with the instiments, that is to say, Confirmation, Pe- tution of Christ. nance, Orders, Matrimoiy, and Extreme Art. XXVIII. Of th Lord's Supper. Unction, are not to be counted for Sa The Supper of the Lord is not only a craments of the Gospel, being such as sign of the Love that Christians ought bave grown, partly of the corrupt fol- to have among themselves one to anolowing of the Apostles, partly are states ther ; but rather it is a Sacrament of our of life allowed by the Scriptures; but Redemption by Christ's death : inson yet have not like nature of sacraments much that to such as rightly, worthily, with Baptism and the Lord's Supper, and with faith receive the same, the for that they have not any visible Sign Bread which we break is a partaking of or ceremony ordained of God.
the Body of Christ; and likewise the The Sacraments were not ordained of Cup of Blessing is a partaking of the Christ to be gazed upon, or to be carri- Blood of Christ. ed about, but that we should duly use Transubstantiation (or the change of them. And in such only as worthily re- the Substance of Bread and Wine) in the ceive the same, they have a wholesome Supper of the Lord, cannot be proved effect or operation : but they that re. by Holy Writ; but it is repugnani to the ceive them unworthils, purchase to plain words of Scripture, overthroweth themselves damnation, as St. Paul saith. the nature of a Sacrament, and hath Art. XXVI. Of the unworthiness of the given occasion to many superstitions.
Ministers, which hinders not the effect of The Body of Christ is given, taken, the Sacraments.
and eaten in the Supper, only after an Although in the visible Church the heavenly and spiritual manner. And the evil be ever mingled with the good, and mean whereby the Body of Christ is ree sometime the evil have chief authority ceived and eaten in the Supper, is Faith. in the ministration of the Word and Sa 'The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper craments: yet, forasmuch as they do was not by Christ's Ordinance reserved, not the same in their own name, but in carried about, lifted up, or worshipped. Christ's, and do minister by his Com- Art. XXIX. Of the Wicked, which eat not mission and Authority, we may use their of the body of Christ in the Use of the Ministy, both in hearing the Word of God, and in receiving the Sacraments. The wicked, and such as be void of a Neither is the effect of Christ's Ordi- lively faith, although they do carnally vance taken away by their wickedness, and visibly press with their teeth (as St. nor the grace of God's gifts diminished Augustine saitli) the Sacrament of the from such, as by faith, and rightly, do Body and Biood of Christ ; yet in no receive the Sacraments ninistered unto wise are they partakers of Christ; but them, which be effectual, because of rather to their condemnation do eat and Christ's institution and promise, al- drink the Sign or Sacrament of so great though they be ministered by evil men. Ja thing.
Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the Art. XXX. Of both Kinds. Discipline of the Church, that inqui The Cup of the Lord is not to be derý be made of evil ministers, and nied to the Lay-People : for both the that they be accused by those that have parts of the Lord's Sacrament by knowledge of their offences: and finally (Christ's Ordinance and Commandment, being found guilty, by just judgment, ought to be ministered to all Christian be deposed.
Art. XXVII. Of Baptism. Art. XXXI. Of the one Oblution of Baptism is not only a sign of profes Christ finished upon the cross. sion, and mark of difference, whereby The offering of Christ once made, is Christian men are discerned from others that perfect redemption, propitiation, that be not christened: but it is also a and satisfaction for all the sins of the sign of Regeneration, or new Birth, whole world, both original and actual ; whereby, as by an in tr.ment, they that and there is none other satisfaction for receive Baptism rightly are grafted into sin, but that alone. Wherefore the Sa. the Church : the promises of the forgive-crifice of Masses, in which it was conaness of sin, and of our adoption to be the monly said, that the Priest did ofiter sons of God by the Holy Ghost, are visi-'Christ for the quick and the dead, te
Tea rits tute
tain with thin
bave remission of pain or guilt, were 2. Against peril of Idolatry.
Bishops, priests, and deacons, are not 5. Against Gluttony and Drunkennest.
7. Of Prayer. from Marriage: therefore it is lawful 8. Of the place and Time of Prayer. for thein, as for all other Christian men, 9. That Common Prayers and Sacreto marry at their own discretion, as ments ought to be ministered in a they shall judge the same to serve bet
known Tongue. ter to godliness.
10. Of the reverent Estimation of Art. XXXIIL. Of wscommunicate Per. God's Word. sons, how they are to be adoided..
11. Of Alms-doing. That person which by open denuncia 12. Of the Nativity of Christ. tion
of the Church, is rightly cut off from 13 Of the Passion of Christ. the Unity of the Church, and excommu 14. Of the Resurrection of Christ. nicated, ought to be taken of the whole 15. Of the worthy receiving of the Samultitude of the faithful, as an Hea crament of the Body and Blood of then and Publican, until he be openly Christ. reconciled by penance, and received ina 16. Of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost. to the Church by a Judge that hath au 17. For the Rogation-days. thority thereunto.
18. Of the State of Matrimony. Art. XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the 19. Of Repentance. Church.
20. Against Idleness. It is pot necessary that Traditions and
21. Against Rebellion. Ceremonies be in all places one, or ut (This Article is received in this berly like; for at all times they have Church, so far as it declares the books been divers, and may be changed ac- of Homilies to be an explication of cording to the diversity of countries, Christian doctrine, and instructive in times, and men's manners, so that no- piety and morals. But all references to thing be ordained against God's word. the constitution and laws of England Whosoever, through his private judg. are considered as inapplicable to the cirment, willingly and purposely doth cumstances of this Church, which also openly break the Tradítions and Cere suspends
the order for the reading of monies of the Church, which be not re-said Homilies in Churches until a repugnant to the word of God, and be provision of them may be conveniently dained and approved by common autho-made, for the clearing of them, as well rity, ought to be rebuked openly
(that from obsolete words and pbrases, as other may fear to do the like) as he that from local references.] offendeth against the common Order of the Church, and burteth The Authority of Art. XXXVI. Of, Consecration of Bithe Magistrate, and woundeth the con
skor: and Ministers.
The Book of Consecration of Bishops, riences of the weak Brethren.
Every particular or National Church and ordering of Priests and Deacons, bath Authority to ordain, change, and as set forth by the General Convention abolish Ceremonies or Rites of the of this Church in 1792, doth contain all Church, ordained only by man's autho-things necessary to such consecration wity, so that all things be done to edifying and ordering ; neither hath it any thing Art. XXXV. Of Homilies.,
that, of itseli, is superstitious and ungod. The second Book of Homilies, the seve-/ly: and, therefore, whosvever are conral titles whereof we have joined, under secrated or ordered according to said this Article, doth contain a godly and form, we decree all such to be rightly, wholesome Doctrine, and necessary for orderly, and lawfully consecrated ani these Times, as doth the former Book ordered. of Homilies, which were set forth in the Art. XXXVII. Of the Power of the Civil time of Edward the Sixth ; and there
Magistrates. Sore we judge them to be read in Church The power of the Civil Magistrate es. es by the Ministers diligently and dis- tendeth to all men, as well Clergy as Laj. tinctly, that they may be understanded ty, in all ihings t:mporal; but hath no of the people.
authority in things purely spiritual. of the Names of the Homilies. And we hold it to be the duty of all med of the right Use of the Cburch. who are professors of the Gospel, to pay