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Ireland. The progress during that blessed Virgin Mary goes down to Purinterval has been steady and its la- gatory every Saturday, and takes all the bours abundant, while much fruit has Carmelites with her to heaven, so that a by the Divine blessing been produced, Carmelite cannot be in Purgatory a to cheer the hearts of all who take

second week. But the secular clergy an interest in the success of the Gos

will read mass for the departed Carme

lites a month, and twelve months, after pel. We remember hearing that

they die, to take them out of Purgatory; honoured servant of Christ, the late

so, if the Carmelites are right, the secuRev. E. Bickersteth, avow at one of lars are wrong. R. C. You know we its earlier meetings, that nothing less

must hear the Church. Visitor. Did than the conversion of our Roman Jesus Christ or His Apostles give scapu. Catholic fellow countrymen was the lars to the people, or tell them anything aim of this Society. He repudiated about the blessed Virgin Mary going the false liberalism which would down to Purgatory every Saturday to take quietly allow men to sleep in the the Carmelites to heaven? R. C. Well, bosom of so corrupt a Church as that indeed, I can't say that they did. Visitor,

But did of Rome; and stated his conviction, You know that they did not. that it was as much the duty of

not Jesus Christ and His Apostles teach

the whole of the true religion ? R. C. I Christians to preach the Gospel to them as to the heathen in distant scapulars and cards are all human inven

know that they did. Visitor. Then your climes. Romanism is eminently ag- tions—they don't belong to the religion gressive, and we must be also, if we

of Jesus. You promised to defend tranwould accomplish any spiritual good. substantiation against me last night, If that corrupt system, with its con Why did you not come ? R. C. Why, to fessional, its priestly domination, and tell you the plain truth, my wife is afraid its various deceptions, whether subtle you will disturb my mind, and make a sophistry for the intellectual, or mi

Protestant of me!”. raculous pictures and charms for the

We heard it stated by a clergyman vulgar,-be the enemy of social pro

a few weeks back, that for every pergress and domestic happiness, it is vert to Romanism in this country, he

could shew a hundred converts to surely the duty of every lover of his species to seek to diminish its influ

Protestant truth on the Continent. ence in the world. But we take Thus we see, that—although some unhigher ground. We firmly believe happy men, who have long dwelt in that Popery is ruinous to man's im a land of Gospel light, but have not mortal interests; and, if so, with what received the truth in the love of it, increased energy should Christians that they might be saved, have been combat such a system, and substitute suffered to fall into a strong delusion, for its teaching that pure Bible truth, that they may believe a lie, — there which is able to make men wise unto are others, both in Ireland and foreign salvation.

lands, well acquainted by sad expeThe subjoined extracts from the rience with the character of Romanjournal of one of the missionaries will ism, who are earnestly longing to be shew the manner in which the work delivered from its shackles, and welis carried on:

coming with eager delight the mes“Met Mr. -, a Carmelite, and said, Gospel in all its purity and simplicity

senger of Christ, who brings the Well Mr. why don't you place your confidence in Jesus, and take salvation

among them.

May such cheering in God's appointed way?

signs be multiplied a thousand fold.

R. C. There are too many different opinions among

We conclude our remarks by urging Protestants—the religion of Jesus is one

upon such as are able to do it, the faith. Visitor. All Protestants are agreed duty of helping the mission in its in the great leading doctrines of chris- good work. In its labours we recogtianity, but I see no Church so divided nize one means by which we may and split in opinion as the Church of counteract the evil which now threatRoine. The Carinelites believe that the ens our beloved land.

LONDON : J. H. JACKSON, ISLINGTON GREEN.

THE CHRISTIAN GUARDIAN,

AND

CHURCHMAN’S MAGAZINE.

MAY, 1851.

REVISION OF THE LITURGY.

In the recent charge of Archdeacon following premises :- Baptism is a feSinclair, there occur the following deral right. The child, through his passages :

sponsors, enters into covenant with A baptized infant therefore is re God: he promises and vows repentgenerate. He is accepted, adopted, ance, faith, and obedience. Can we and receives the grace of God; and suppose that the God of truth would it is practically important to consider authorize this solemn vow to be prohim, as well as every other member nounced, unless he meant to give the of our fluck, in a capacity to work out child capacity to keep it? To the their own salvation. If we see our questions asked by the minister, in the people leading negligent or unchris name of God, Wilt thou repent? Wilt tian and wicked lives, it is of the last thou believe? Wilt thou obey? the importance that we should be able to

sponsors reply, in the name of the remonstrate with them, not as if they child, “I will.' Can we suppose that were incapable of doing better, but the child, notwithstanding, may be as persons who are not true to them denied the grace of God, which we selves, abusing the means and talents know to be indispensable for the perafforded for their salvation. We should formance of the promise; and without feel ourselves entitled to tell them, which, repentance, faith, and obe* You are throwing away inestimable dience are impracticable? If a child, privileges: you have been baptized pledged to work out his own salvation, into the Church of Christ: you are in in virtue of his christian privileges, has, covenant with God: you have received after all, no security whatever for the forgiveness of original sin : you have enjoyment of them, there seems no obtained the help of the Holy Ghost, warrant, no pretence, no apology, for the Comforter. If you are not re- baptizing him at all. We exact from penting, and believing, and obeying, him a promise which we do not know it is your own fault. You are without that he will ever have the capacity to excuse; you are grieving, resisting, perform." and quenching the Spirit; you are We have extracted the above pasreceiving the grace of God in vain.' sages from the Archdeacon's charge,

“ This conclusion is drawn from the as singular instances of the bold and MAY-1851.

N

unhesitating manner in which a rite we speak now only of the words with of the Church, and the language with which the sacrament of infant bapwhich it is administered, is made con- tism is administered, and of the effects clusive evidence of the state of the which are said to flow from the recepbaptized community. Wholly regard- tion of the rite. We have as high a less that the Scriptures are entirely si- reverence as any for the Divine autholent as to the practice of infant bap- rity of Christ's holy ordinances, and tism; without a particle of proof that we can as readily strive to approprithe office of the sponsor, and its vows, ate, by faith, the blessings resulting are even so much as hinted at, either from the right use of this, as well as in apostolic precept or apostolic ex- the other sacrament, but we dare not ample, the theory of a covenant ascribe to God that which man, in his between God and an infant is pre- own language, declares to be the nasumed to be established, and certain ture and efficacy of the baptismal rite; inevitable consequences are declared far less is it our province to dogmato follow, from the carrying into effect, tize or to build any theory of the afteror the rejection, of the contract then condition and responsibility of bapentered into by sponsors on the part tized infants from vows taken by parof an unconscious babe.

ties not recognized in Scripture, and It is not our intention to enter here from declarations not warranted by into the baptismal controversy; we the same infallible source of Divine have merely cited Archdeacon Sin authority. We have in all this a sufclair, as one amongst the many who ficient proof of the necessity of a wise hold, and build upon the traditions revision of the Ritual. and opinions of men, doctrines, to A baptized infant therefore is rewhich they give the place of God's generate,says Archdeacon Sinclair, inspired word. What the Prayer- arguing, not from Scripture, and its Book teaches, is with such people plain and positive statements of bapesteemed of equal weight and autho- tismal grace, but speaking solely from rity with the doctrines clearly laid the too unconditional and unguarded down in the Bible.

language of the Prayer-Book ;—and We do not wrong the Archdeacon churchmen are held to be bound by in this, and for proof we have only to the latter, as firmly as though all its introduce his own plain question :- statements were amply supported by “Can we suppose that the God of truth the former. What is this but to set would authorize this solemn vow to be up another standard of doctrine, and pronounced, unless he meant to give to make it of co-ordinate authority the child capacity to keep it?” Now with the word of God? Nay, as in where, butin a service of man's framing, the case of infant baptism, the quesdoes Mr. Sinclair find any authority tion as held and determined by men given, either for the vow itself, or for of Archdeacon Sinclair's stamp, really the vicarious parties who take upon makes the authority of the Prayerthemselves its solemn responsibility ? It Book to add to and over-ride the auis a pure assumption, from beginning to thority of the Bible; for on infant end, of Divine authority and sanction baptism itself, much more on its acfor that, which however right in it- companying vows, declarations, and self, is of human invention. Of course effects, the latter is wholly silent,

where the former is full, distinct, and tute of the very germ of spiritual authoritative.

life. Such characters are rightly folWe have not scrupled to admit, lowed, and warned from the font to that, like ourselves, many can con- the grave; and told, that although scientiously use the strong language charitable words of hope may there of the Ritual, carrying in our minds be spoken over them, yet that their the conviction that our Reformers funerals are but the burial of lost intended their language to be purely souls. Words of singular contrast of a conditional character. They did these to the equally strong declaration not universally and invariably annex with which the Church welcomed their the blessing to baptism, administered admission to baptism, and with which wholesale and indiscriminately, whe- she committed them to the tomb. How ther in populous parishes, like Ken- is it that they can quiet conscience with sington, or in any other way whatever; the delusive notion, that words which but we cannot refuse utterance to our may be spoken of, and over, compaconviction, that what may be under- ratively few who, by God's sovereign stood, used, and enjoyed by us, upon grace, may become really regenerate, the principle we have named, is of a and live and die as believers in the most unscriptural and dangerous cha- Lord, --can truly, safely, and with beracter, as interpreted by the Archdea- nefit to the living, be hypothetically con and the school which holds un- and charitably used of all who may conditional baptismal regeneration. It be brought, under every variety of is high time for us to be stirring in the circumstance, to receive the ministramatter of Ritual revision, when we tions of services which the Church find ultra High Churchmen, like the has provided for the baptism of inBishop of Exeter, and High Church- fants and the burial of the dead ? It men, like Mr. Sinclair, stating posi- is no light matter for us to know, that tively the doctrine of baptismal rege in our large parish churches, where neration, and defending their position infants are every Sunday baptized in by arguments drawn entirely from hu- large numbers, and where the children man sources. When will our evan- of a hallowed union, and the offspring gelical brethren thoroughly under- of a sinful connexion, may be, and are, stand their position, and the danger brought to the font, and all by a variety which threatens the Church from of characters, and with a variety of purthis source of mischief ? surely they pose and motive,-yet that over each must soon abandon their laboured and all, alike, are the same words acexplanations, and join in seeking for tually spoken :-“Seeing now, dearly the alteration of the few things in beloved, that these children are regeour Prayer-Book which give such ad- nerate,&c. The ungodly and prayervantages to Tractarians and High less parents see the same rite adminisChurchmen.

tered, and the same words spoken, to It is most dispiriting to hear this all alike; and what marvel if these class describe the fearful state of “bap- careless ones go away without much tized infidels;" of those who have the thought or impression of the duty form but not the reality of Chris- and responsibility which they, on tianity ;—who may partake of every their part have incurred ? outward ordinance, but yet be desti- In like manner it is no light thing

for the Church unconditionally to de- men, who are thoroughly alive to the clare, before bystanders of all sorts, ungodliness which is ever festering the same words of lively hope for the and corrupting in the masses of our departed, of every shade of character, baptized population, should still perwhether they may have been really spi- sist in defending the language of these ritual and alive to God, or have lived in services by the one plea, that each sin, and died without peace or hope. We service is but one link of a continuous cannot imagine how our brethren can chain, all constructed upon the one dwell with satisfaction on ministra- principle, that the Church charitably tions which lose their force and weight supposes that all who partake of her upon the living, by the universality offices are worthy recipients. It is of the language employed, and their enough to know, what is the actual compulsory, if not their unhesitating, reality, that the exception is, unfortuadministration to every one who may nately, too truly and in too large a be brought for that purpose.

proportion, the rule ;—this quite deThis charitable interpretation of stroys the value of the above argument. the expressions of the Burial Ser- It were far better to revise service ought not to be defended by vices, and re-model and guard stateevangelical men any more than the ments, which, in certain senses, and strong, declarative, and, when taken under certain conditions, may be true, by itself, the unconditional language than to cherish and retain expressions of the baptismal rite. We cannot which, as they now stand, are, and ever sufficiently strongly express our asto- will be, fruitful and perpetually recurnishment at the apathy with which ring sources of error and dissension.

C. A.

Dibinity.

THE PEACE OF THE GOSPEL. Man is in want of peace. The chief to it, and then, having disobeyed, he characteristic of his state on earth is, shrinks from the presence of his Mathat he is in want of a calm and sa- ker, and dreads the idea of approachtisfying repose of spirit. The fact is, ing Him. And then, on the other that in his natural circumstances he hand, God beholds man, His creature, has really ample ground for being mi- as a disobedient, guilty creature, and serable. His state is imperfect and withdraws from him; so that naturally uncertain: it is sinful. His heart bears men have no pleasing, encouraging testimony to the melancholy truth, that ideas of their Creator and Judge. he is, in his natural propensities and Many would be thankful to believe inclinations, at variance with the that there was no God: and none, in principles of moral obedience that his a natural state, can look forward to conscience approves : and the conse- that exit into the world of spirits, quence of this is, distance from God, which we call death, with satisfaction. and separation from communion with The indefinite and gloomy consciousHim. Man dislikes the controlling rule ness of being in a wrong state-a of God's holy law. He acts contrary state of guilt-- keeps a man unhappy;

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