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CHAPTER VII.

FEB. 7, JONE 6, Oct. 4. Then came together unto him the Pharisees, and certain of the scribes, which came from Jerusalem. And when they saw some of his disciples eat bread with defiled (that is to say, with unwashen) hands, they found fault. For the Pharisees, and all the Jews, except they wash their hands oft eat not, holding the tradition of the elders. And when they come from the market, except they wash they eat not. And many other things there be which they have received to hold, as the washing of cups and pots, brasen vessels, and of tables. Then the Pharisees and scribes asked him, Why walk not thy disciples according to the tradition of the elders, but eat bread with unwashen hands? He

6 They sinned, in resting their hope answered and said unto them, of acceptance with God upon theiroutWell hath Esaias prophesied ward observances, which they made of you hypocrites, as it is of equal importance with positive written, This people honour- religious duties. eth me with their lips, but their heart is far from me. How beit, in vain do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men. For, laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tradition of men, as the washing of pots and cups : and many other

9 Sometimes they even put aside such like things ye do. ° And God's word, if it did not square with he said unto them, Full well their traditions. Of this, the followye reject the commandment ing verses supply a striking illus

tration. of God, that ye may keep your own tradition. For Moses said, Honour thy father and thy mother; and, Whoso curseth father or mother let him die the death : but ye say, If a man shall say to his father or mother, It is Corban, that is to say, a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me ;

12 The command, to honour our he shall be free. " And ye parents, must be understood in its suffer him no more to do fullest sense comprehending all care ought for his father or his for their support and comfort * mother; making the word of God of none effect through your tradition which ye have delivered : and many such like things

* His argument is this—“The divine command enjoins upon children the solemn duty of supporting their parents, if they become aged, poor, and helpless : but the tradition of you Pharisees would free men from this obligation, if they can show that they have given to the service of religion a certain portion of their worldly goods.” How cruel the fallacy!

servances.

do ye. And, when he had called all the people unto him, he said unto them, Hearken unto me every one of you, and understand. 15 There is nothing

15 Jesus exposes the absurdity of from without a man that en

a Pharisaical trust in outward obtering into him can defile

The soul is the man. him : but the things which That therefore which injures the soul come out of him, those are

must be spiritual-even those evil they that defile the man. If thoughts, whence Aow evil words

and evil actions. any man have ears to hear, let him hear. 17 And, when

17 Christ chose the people to receive

their instruction — though his grahe was entered into the house

cious gift—through the teaching of from the people, his disciples his disciples : thus giving weight to asked him concerning the their authority, and holding them up parable. And he saith unto

as duly appointed to, and sufficient them, Are ye so without un

for, their high and holy office. derstanding also ? Do ye not perceive, that whatsoever thing from without entereth into the man, it cannot defile him ; because it entereth not into his heart, but into the belly, and goeth out into the draught, purging all meats? And he said, That which cometh out of the man, that defileth the man. For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness : all these evil things come from within, and defile the man. And from thence he arose, and went into the borders of Tyre and Sidon, and entered into an house, and would have no man know it; but he could not be hid. For a certain woman, whose young daughter bad an unclean spirit, heard of him, and came and fell at his

26 This woman was a Gentile, or ** (the woman was a

Greek. Greek, a Syrophenician by nation ;) and she besought him that he would cast forth the devil out of her daughter. But Jesus said unto her, Let the children first be filled : for it is not meet to take the children's bread, and to cast it unto the 26 The character of this Syrophe

And she answered nician is drawn with great force-as and said unto him, Yes, Lord; a noble example to us all *. yet the dogs under the table eat of the children's crumbs. And he said unto her, For this saying go thy way; the devil

feet;

dogs.

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of humility,

How noble her example ! See her, of a faith, the most persevering;

never thrown off its guard; of a submission to every mortification to which she was exposed, unparalleled-and, at last, turning to her advantage the very argument which, in order to try her faith, our blessed Lord had brought against her. Well might such faith prevail !

is gone out of thy daughter. And when she was come to her house she found the devil gone out, and her daughter laid upon the bed. And again, departing from the coasts of Tyre and Sidon, he came unto the sea of Galilee, through the midst of the coasts of Decapolis. And they bring unto him one that was deaf, and had an impediment in his speech ; and they beseech him to put his hand upon him. And he took him aside from the multitude, and put his fingers into his ears, and he spit and touched his tongue ; and looking up to heaven he sighed, and saith unto him, Ephphatha, that is, Be opened. 30 And straightway his ears

35 By thus looking up to heaven, were opened, and the string of He would teach us, that “every good his tongue was loosed, and and every perfect gift cometh down he spake plain. And he from the Father of lights.” charged them that they should tell no man : but the more he charged them, so much the more a great deal they published

and were beyond mea- 37 In like manner, He will make sure astonished, saying, He the spiritually deaf to hear, and open hath done all things well: he the eyes of the spiritually blind if maketh both the deaf to hear, they wisely desire and seek his aid. and the dumb to speak.

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CHAPTER VIII.

FEB. 8, JUNE 7, Oct. 5. In those days the multitude being very great, and having nothing to eat, Jesus called his disciples unto him, and saith unto them, ? I have compas

2 Having compassion on all who sion on the multitude, be- hunger and thirst after righteous. cause they have now been ness, he daily supplies the bread of with me three days, and have life eternal-enough and to spare

even his Word. nothing to eat: And if I send them away fasting to their own houses, they will faint by the way: for divers of them came from far. And his disciples answered him, From whence can a man satisfy these men with bread here in the wilderness? And he asked them, How many loaves have ye? And they 6 Noro also the bread of life is dis. said, Seven. And he com- tributed by the hand of Christ's minis manded the people to sit tering servants ; but its efficacy is of down on the ground: and

God—the author and giver of the he took the seven loaves, and

same. (See Note ch. iv. v. 11.) gave thanks, and brake, and gave to his disciples to set before them; and they did set them before the people. And they had a few small fishes: and he blessed, and commanded to set

15 And

them also before them. So they did eat, and were filled : and they took up of the broken meat that was left seven baskets. And they that had eaten were about four thousand : and he sent them away. And straightway he entered into a ship with his disciples, and came into the parts of Dalmanutha. " And the Pharisees came 11 No sign--noteven a miracle satisforth, and began to question fied these proud questioners. with him, seeking of him a

Avoid a cavilling disposition. sign from heaven, tempting him. And he sighed deeply in his spirit, and saith, Why doth this generation seek after a sign? verily I say unto you, There shall no sign be given unto this generation. And he left them, and entering into the ship again departed to the other side. Now the disciples had forgotten to take bread, neither had they in the ship with them more than one loaf.

15 Our Divine Teacher draws spihe charged them, saying, ritual instruction even from the comTake heed, beware of the mon occurrence of making bread leaven of the Pharisees, and

for daily food * of the leaven of Herod. And they reasoned among themselves, saying, It is because we have no bread. And when Jesus knew it, he saith unto them, Why reason ye, because ye have no bread ? perceive ye not yet, neither understand ? have ye your heart yet hardened ? Having eyes, see ye not? and haying ears, hear ye not? and do ye not remember? When I brake the five loaves among five thousand, how many baskets full of fragments took ye up? They say unto him, Twelve. And when the seven among four thousand, how many baskets full of fragments took ye up? And they said, Seven. And he said unto them, How is it that ye do not understand? And he cometh to Bethsaida ; and they bring a blind man unto him, and besought him to

23 Jesus chose that an outward act touch him. 23 And he took should accompany this gift of grace. the blind man by the hand, and led him out of the town; and when he had spit on his eyes, and put his hands upon him, he asked him if he saw ought. 24 The cure was gradual; the better * And he looked up, and said,

to teach us t. I see men as trees, walking. After that he put his hands again upon his eyes, and made him look up: and he was restored, * In making bread, a little leaven gradually leavens the whole lump. So, in forming character, we must admit no evil ; lest one allowed sin eorrupt the whole conduct.

+ Let not the penitent despair, if when he begins to view things spiritbally, he does not at first discern them fully. Perseverance will, by God's grace, so perfect the mental vision, that at last he “shall see all things, clearly.” The growth of grace in the heart is progressive.

and saw every man clearly. And he sent him away to his house, saying, Neither go into the town, nor tell it to any in the town. And Jesus went out, and his disciples, into the towns of Cæsarea Philippi : and by the way he asked his disciples, saying unto them, Whom do men say that I am? And they answered, John the Baptist: but some say, Elias; and others, One of the prophets. And he saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am ? And Peter answereth and saith unto him, Thou art the Christ. And he charged them that they should tell no man of 31 This he did with the kindest mohim. 31 And he began to tive. Their sorrow would be suffteach them, that the Son of ciently poignant, however prepared man must suffer many things, their minds might be for the loss of and be rejected of the elders, him. His anxiety is, to prevent the and of the Chief Priests, and"

blow falling unexpectedly. Scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again. And he spake that saying openly. And Peter took him, and began to rebuke him. 33 But when 33 If any would tempt you from a he had turned about and religious course, you will consider looked on his disciples, he that they thus shew their regard rebuked Peter, saying, Get “not for the things that be of God, thee behind me, Satan: for

Satan: for but the things that be of men." thou savourest not the things that be of God, but the things that be of men. And when he had called the people unto him, with his disciples also, he said unto them, Whosoever will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me. 36 For whosoever 35 In times of persecution, life itself will save his life shall lose it; is often at hazard. Wise and happy but whosoever shall lose his they, who rather than give up their life for my sake and the gos- religion suffer martyrdom : choosing pel's, the same shall save it.

it even present death; when the gain

is life eternal. For what shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? Or what shall a man give in 38 Never be ashamed of your reliexchange for his soul ? gion. In the hour of trial, remember 36 Whosoever, therefore, shall the end ! be ashamed of me, and of my words, in this adulterous and sinful generation, of him also shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he cometh in the glory of his Father, with the holy angels.

Thus we are permitted to place the matter before our minds as one of profit and loss : our view carried forward to the great day of judg.

* Whatever cross God's providence may lay upon you, bear it resignedly. Let no suggestions of the worldly minded tempt you to murmuring, or impatience.

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