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OCTOBER, 1881.
The Industrial Type of Society. By Herbert Spencer . .
Scottish, Shetlandic, and Germanic Water-Tales. By Karl Blind (Conclusion)
“Ouida’s" Knowledge of Italian Life. By Mary Calverley . .
The New Development of the Brahmo Somaj. By William Knighton, LL.D. .
The Socialism of Karl Marx and the Young Hegelians. By John Rae . .
The Carrying-Trade of the World. By M. G. Mulhall . . . .
M. Gambetta and the French Elections. By Yves Guyot . .
The “Spoils” System in American Politics. By William Clarke . .
Civilization and Equality. A Familiar Colloquy. By W. H. Mallock .
England and America over the President's Grave. By the Editor. .

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By Sophia Dobson Collet

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Naseby and Yorktown. By Goldwin Smith . . . . .
The Business Capacity of the Clergy and Laity. By the Rev. R. F. Littledale, D.C.L.
City Life in the United States. By a Non-Resident American .
The Brahmo-Somaj versus “The New Dispensation." By Sophia Dobson Collet :
Railway Revolutions. By Frederick S. Williams . .
The Irish Question. By a Continental Observer .
Commonplace Fallacies Concerning Money. By Emile de Laveleye .
On Language as the Vehicle of Thought. By H. W. Challis . . . . .
Two Decades of Industry. By M. G. Mulhall . . . . . . .
Canada and Mr. Goldwin Smith. By Sir Francis Hincks . . . .
Letter from “Quida” ,

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Two Studies in Dante. By E. H. Plumptre, D.D. .
Evolution : Physical and Dialectic. By Professor Calderwood
National Wealth and Expenditure. By M. G. Mulhall.

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· ·
Old and New Canons of Poetical Criticism. By Alfred Austin .
Commonplace Fallacies concerning Money. By Emile de Laveleye. II.
The Austro-Italian Alliance. By Roberto Stuart . .
A Missing Science. By W. H. Mallock . . . . . . .
Fair Trade and Free Trade: A Dialogue. By Sydney C. Buxton . .
The Greek Text of the New Testament. By the Rev. William Sanday.


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TT is a rare thing in modern literature that the same story should be 1 treated in two great poems; still rarer that both should be dramas, and each highly characteristic of the age that produced it. This is the case with the history of Doctor Faustus and his pact with the Evil One. Goethe's treatment of this tale is, to use an expression of Emerson, the high-water mark of modern German poetry. Indeed, it is hardly too much to say that, important as are the other works of its author, with their intense intellectual passion and simple tenderness, their chaste sensuousness, their deep, quiet wisdom and sunny charm, and considerable as were the contributions of his contemporaries to the lasting possessions of mankind, the culture of our age would lose more by the want of Faust than by the destruction of every other poem which the classical period of German poetry produced. It was among the earliest works that Goethe planned, and the last that he finished ; and, as he himself was a man of all but universal culture, it is the expression of the highest effort as well as the noblest attainment of the period. Marlowe's Faustus is a play of a very different character. It is marked by depth and intensity rather than scope of genius, by concentrated passion rather than objective insight and just appreciation of the comparative value of the various elements of human life. It is the work of a young man, full of exuberant vigour, but of vigour not yet fully disciplined and subjected to a poetical purpose, as we afterwards see it in his Edward II. Yet in many respects it is hardly less remarkable than the German poem. It was the first word clearly spoken by the English drama; the first work that bore the unmistakable impress of that tragic power which was to find its highest embodiment in Lear and Macbeth, in Hamlet and Othello. Thus, while


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