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Robbery forbidden and denounced - Sabbath instituted in Paradise - Enjoined, etc.
636. Robbery forbidden und denounced.
Lev. 19: 13 Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbor, neither rob him: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until the morning.
Pr. 21: 7 The robbery of the wicked shall destroy them ; because they refuse to do judgment. — 22: 22 Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate: 23 For the LORD will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them. — 28: 24 Whoso robbeth his father or his mother, and saith, It is no transgression; the same is the companion of a destroyer.
Is. 61: 8 I the LORD love judgment, I hate robbery for burnt-offering.
Ezk. 22: 29 The people of the land have used oppression, and exercised robbery, and have vexed the poor and needy: yea, they have oppressed the stranger wrongfully. 30 And I sought for a man among them, that should make up the hedge, and stand in the gap before me for the land, that I should not destroy it: but I found none. 31 Therefore, have 1 poured out mine indignation upon them; I have consumed them with the fire of my wrath: their own way have I recompensed upon their heads, saith the Lord GOD.
[See 490, 682, 732-3, 736.]
637. Instituted in Paradise.
Gen. 2: 2 On the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
Ex. 20: 11 In six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath-day, and hallowed it.
638. Sabbath enjoined and recognized in the Decalogue, and other parts of the Old Testament.
Ex. 20: 8 Remember the sabbath-day to keep it holy. 9 Six days shalt thou labor, and do all thy work: 10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God.
Recognized by Christ.
Dt. 5: 14 The seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God.
Neh. 13:15 In those days saw I in Judah some treading wine presses on the sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and lading asses; as also wine, grapes, and figs, and all manner of burdens, which they brought into Jerusalem on the sabbath-day: and I testified against them in the day wherein they sold victuals. 16 There dwelt men of Tyre also therein, which brought fish, and all manner of ware, and sold on the sabbath unto the children of Judah, and in Jerusalem. 17 Then I contended with the nobles of Judah, and said unto them, What evil thing is this that ye do, and profane the sabbath-day? 18 Did not your fathers thus, and did not our God bring all this evil upon us, and
upon this city? yet ye bring more wrath upon Israel by profaning the sabbath.
Ezk. 44: 24 In controversy they shall stand in judgment; and they shall judge it according to my judgments: and they shall keep my laws and my statutes in all mine assemblies and they shall hallow my sabbaths. 639. Sabbath recognized, and its proper works of mercy asserted by Christ,
Lord of the Sabbath." Mat. 12: 1 At that time Jesus went on the sabbath-day through the corn, and his disciples were an hungered, and began to pluck the ears of corn, and to eat. 2 But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do upon the sabbath-day. 3 But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did when he was an hungered, and they that were with him ; 4 How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the shew-bread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests? 5 Or have ye not read in the law how that on the sabbath-days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless? 11 And he said unto them, What man shall there be among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit on the sabbath-day, will he not lay hold on it, and lift it out ? 12 How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath-days. 13 Then saith he to the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched it forth; and it was restored whole, like as the other. [Mk. 2: 23—28. Lk. 6: 1-10.]
- 24: 20 Pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the sabbath-day.
Mk. 2: 27 He said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath: 28 Therefore, the Son of
Appropriate Duties of.
man is Lord also of the sabbath. — 3: 4 He saith unto them, Is it lawful to do good on the sabbath-days, or to do evil? to save life, or to kill? but they held their peace.
Lk. 13: 11 Behold, there was a woman which had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and was bowed together, and could in no wise lift up herself. , 12 And when Jesus saw her, he called her to him, and said unto her, Woman, thou art loosed from thine infirmity. 13 And he laid his hands on her: and immediately she was made straight, and glorified God. 14 And the ruler of the synagogue answered with indignation, because that Jesus had healed on the sabbath-day, and said unto the people, There are six days in which men ought to work: in them therefore come and be healed, and not on the sabbath-day. 15 The Lord then answered him, and said, Thou hypocrite, doth not each one of you on the sabbath loose his ox or his ass from the stall, and lead him away to watering? 16 And ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the sabbath-day? 17 And when he had said these things, all his adversaries were ashamed.
Jn. 5: 8 Jesus saith unto him, Rise, take up thy bed, and walk. 9 And immediately the man was made whole, and took
his bed, and walked : and on the same day was the sabbath. 10 The Jews therefore said unto him that was cured, It is the sabbath-day; it is not lawful for thee to carry thy bed. 16 And therefore did the Jews persecute Jesus, and sought to slay him, because he had done these things on the sabbath-day. 17 But Jesus answered them, My Father worketh hitherto, and I work.
640. Appropriate Duties of the Sabbath.
Lev. 19: 30 Ye shall keep my sabbaths, and reverence my sanctuary: I am the LORD.
Ezk. 46: 3 The people of the land shall worship at the door of this gate before the LORD in the sabbaths and in the
Mk. 6:2 When the sabbath-day was come, he [Christ] began to teach in the synagogue: and many hearing him were astonished, saying, From whence hath this man these things? and what wisdom is this which is given unto him, that even such mighty works are wrought by his hands?
Lk. 4: 16 He came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath-day, and stood up for to read. 31 And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath
To be kept holy.
days.—13:10 He was teaching in one of the synagogues on the sabbath.
Ac. 13: 14. When they departed from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and went into the synagogue on the sabbath-day, and sat down. 15 And after the reading of the law and the prophets, the rulers of the synagogue sent unto them, saying, Ye men and brethren, if ye have any word of exhortation for the people, say on. 16 Then Paul stood up, and beckaning with his hand, said, Men of Israel, and ye that fear God, give audience. 42 And when the Jews were gone out of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought that these words might be preached to them the next sabbath. 44 And the next sabbathday came almost the whole city together to hear the word of God. 15: 21 Moses of old time hath in every city them that preach him, being read in the synagogues every sabbath-day. -17: 2 Paul, as his manner was, went in unto them, and three sabbath-days reasoned with them out of the scriptures.
– 18: 4 He [Paul] reasoned in the synagogue every sabbath, and persuaded the Jews and the Greeks.
1 Cor. 16: 2 Upon the first day of the week let every one of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come.
Heb. 10: 25 Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another ; and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching.
[Is. 66: 23. Ps. 84: 1–10, and 132: 7.] 641. Salbath to be kept holy; secular labor forbidden.
Ex. 16: 23 He said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To-morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to-day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over, lay up for you to be kept until the morning. 24 And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein. 25 And Moses said, Eat that to-day; for to-day is a sabbath unto the LORD ; to-day ye shall not find it in the field. 26 Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in it there shall be none. 27 And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none. 28 And the LORD said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments and my laws ? 29 See, for that the LORD hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days: abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day. 30.
To be kept holy.
So the people rested on the seventh day.—20:8 Remember the sabbath-day to keep it holy. 9 Six days shalt thou labor, and do all thy work: 10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy man-servant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: 11 For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath-day, and hallowed it
. — 23:12 Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed. —31: 13 Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the LORD that doth sanctify you. 14 Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore: for it is holy unto you. Every one that detileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among
his people. 15 Six days may work be done, but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD : whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath-day he shall surely be put to death. 16 Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant. 17 It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested and was refreshed.34: 21 Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest: in earing-time and in harvest thou shalt rest. 35: 3 Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the sabbath-day.
Lev. 23: 3 Six days shall work be done; but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation : ye shall do no work therein : it is the sabbath of the Lord in all your dwellings.—26: 2 Ye shall keep my sabbaths, and reverence my sanctuary: I am the LORD.
Dt. 5: 12 Keep the sabbath-day to sanctify it, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee. 13 Six days thou shalt labor, and do all thy work; 14 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates; that thy manservant and thy maid-servant may rest as well as thou. 15 And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt,