Commentaries on Equity Jurisprudence: As Administered in England and America, Nide 1

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Little, Brown, 1853 - 712 sivua
 

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Sivu 215 - in civil matters, where there is no express law, the judge is bound to proceed and decide according to equity. To decide equitably, an appeal is to be made to natural law and reason, or received usages where positive law is silent.
Sivu 426 - But the rule of law is clear, that, where one by his words or conduct wilfully causes another to believe the existence of a certain state of things, and induces him to act on that belief, so as to alter his own previous position, the former is concluded from averring against the latter a different state of things as existing at the same time."* In Freeman v.
Sivu 21 - Equity is a roguish thing; for law we have a measure, know what to trust to ; equity is according to the conscience of him that is chancellor, and as that is larger or narrower, so is equity.
Sivu 218 - It may be apparent from the intrinsic nature and subject of the bargain itself; such as no man in his senses, and not under delusion, would make on the one hand, and as no honest and fair man would accept on the other...
Sivu 473 - The received construction in England at the time they are admitted to operate in this country, indeed to the time of our separation from the British Empire, may very properly be considered as accompanying the statutes themselves and forming an integral part of them. But however we may respect subsequent decisions, — and certainly they are entitled to great respect, — we do not admit their absolute authority.
Sivu 223 - Whether the party thus misrepresenting a fact knew it to be false, or made the assertion without knowing whether it were true or false, is wholly immaterial; for the affirmation of what one does not know, or believe to be true, is equally, in morals and law, as unjustifiable as the affirmation of what is known to be positively false.
Sivu 233 - A seller is unquestionably liable to an action of deceit, if he fraudulently represent the quality of the thing sold to be other than it is, in some particulars, which the buyer has not equal means with himself of knowing ; or if he do so in such a manner as to induce the buyer to forbear making the inquiries, which, for his own security and advantage, he would otherwise have made.
Sivu 573 - A surety,' to use the language of Sir S. Romilly 's reply, ' will be entitled to every remedy which the creditor has against the principal debtor, to enforce every security and all means of payment ; to stand in the place of the creditor, not only through the...
Sivu 266 - The doctrine therefore may be laid down as generally true, that the acts and contracts of persons who are of weak understandings, and who are thereby liable to imposition, will be held void in Courts of Equity if the nature of the act or contract justify the conclusion that the party has not exercised a deliberate judgment, but that he has been imposed upon, circumvented, or overcome by cunning, or artifice...
Sivu 259 - But to set aside any act or contract on account of drunkenness, it is not sufficient that the party is under undue excitement from liquor. It must rise to that degree which may be called excessive drunkenness, where the party is utterly deprived of the use of his reason and understanding...

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