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have gained two other talents | earth: lo, there thou hast that besides them.
is thine. 23 His lord said unto him, 26 His lord answered and Well done, good and faithful said unto him, Thou wicked servant : thou hast been faithful and slothful servant, thou knewover a few things, I will make est that I reap where I sowed thee ruler over many things : not, and gather where I have enter thou into the joy of thy not strowed : lord.
27 Thou oughtest, therefore, 24 Then he which had re- to have put my money to the exceived the one talent, came, changers, and then, at my comand said, Lord, I knew thee ing, I should have received mine that thou art a hard man, reap- own, with usury. ing where thou hast not sown, 28 Take, therefore, the talent and gathering where thou hast from him, and give it unto him not strowed :
which hath ten talents. 25 And I was afraid, and 29 For unto every one that went and hid thy talent in the hath shall be given, and he shall
24. Hard ; severe. || Strowed; prob- confession conveyed in it his conably the operation of winnowing was demnation. If his master had been alluded to. The grain, after being an unreasonable man, demanding an threshed, was thrown up against the altogether disproportionate income, so wind, so as to cleanse and separate it that the servant must despair of equal. from the chaff. The servant accused | ling his master's expectations, this was his master of being so severe and un- no reason why he should have done reasonable as to demand of his labor- nothing at all with the money that ers a crop without having sown the had been entrusted to him; it was no seed, and a heap. of grain without reason why he should have neglected winnowing; that is, of being so un- some most obvious and easy methods reasonable as to demand certain re- of making his master's money turn to sults, without having provided the profit. But in truth, he was badly requisite means. The servant em disposed towards his master, and was ployed a vivid, proverbial manner of altogether an indolent servant. The expressing this thought.
mention of exchangers, by whose 25. I was afraid; afraid that I could means this servant might have rennot equal thy expectations.
dered his master's deposit valuable, 26. "Wicked and slothful servant. merely shows, in the application of His master traced his conduct to its the parable to our spiritual condition, right source, an evil and indolent dis- that no man, however few the abilities position; not the lack of means and bestowed on him, is destitute of sufopportunities for doing as his master ficient and ole means of acceptably wished, nor an expectation on the serving God and coming at length to part of his master disproportionate to eternal bliss; and thus that no one the means in his power.
has an excuse for not pleasing God 27. The exchangers; money-chan- that is worthy of being named. gers; brokers, who were accustomed 29. For every one, &c. It is a general to hire money and pay a premium. principle of the divine government, || With usury; with interest. The that every one who has advantages and word usury, in the Bible, does not rightly uses them, shall receive addi. necessarily mean unlawful, or exor- tional advantages; while he, who has bitant, interest. The servant's very no advantages, or rather neglects to have abundance : but from him | come in his glory, and all the hothat hath not shall be taken away ly angels with him, then shall be even that which he hath. sit upon the throne of his glory.
30 And cast ye the unprofit- 32 And before him shall be able servant into outer dark- gathered all nations; and he ness : there shall be weeping, shall separate them one from and gnashing of teeth.
another, as a shepherd divideth 31° When the Son of man shall his sheep from the goats : employ what he has, will not only de- but what tends to increase their esprive himself of the happiness which teem and attachment for him, and their those advantages might have secured, desire still and forever to serve him. but is even in danger of losing the ad- If we are disposed to censure the vantages themselves. A rich man, | dealings of God, to find fault with his hy sigaciously employing his wealth, character and claims, and to think him becomes richer still ; a poor man, de- a hard master, the difficulty lies in our spising the slender means which he own hearts; and a day is coming, has, and indulging in indolence and which will completely vindicate the improvidence, becomes poorer still. character and government of God, and This principle is of general applica- which will cover with eternal shame tion, both to temporal things and to those who have failed to serve God,and spiritual; and ought never to be for have cherished dishonorable thoughts gotten in respect to the account respecting him. which we must all give to our heav- In view of the truths developed in enly Master.
this parable, how necessary it is that 30. Outer darkness ; extreme wretch- we be habitually diligent in the Lord's edness. For the origin of this manner service; and that we hold ourselves of speaking, see Mait. 8: 12. 22: 13. in habitual readiness to give up our acThe parallel passages relative to the count! For to an account we shall be coming of the Lord, are Mark 13:1– called. To a distinct notice of the 36. Luke 21:5–36. 17: 22-37. great day when we must be summon
ed to judgment, the Saviour immediREMARKS. We all have means and ately proceeded. opportunities of acceptably serving God. If we do serve him by a right 31. In his glory; in majesty. The use of these means and opportunities, Messiah is here represented as a king he will bestow his approbation, and coming in royal state. || All the holy make us truly happy. If we do not angels with him. As kings, on great serve him, we shall subject ourselves and special occasions, make their apto certain and deserved punishment, pearance attended by their high ofas being entirely destitute of a reason- ficers, so the Messiah will come to able excuse. Štill further, it is not judgment, attended by holy angels as necessary, for our condemnation, that ministers of his will." || The throne of we grossly abuse our privileges; if his glory; his glorious throne. He we are unprofitable servants, merely will appear as a king, to pronounce neglecting the advantages within our judgment. reach, we shall be condemned. It is 32. Sheep from the goats. Sheep, worthy of distinct notice, that only the from their distinctive qualities, are negligent, and those who abuse the here employed as representing the advantages they enjoy, are inclined righteous. Sheep are considered as to find fault with the Lord's admin- innocent and cleanly animals : the istration; candid, well-disposed, and word is elsewhere used to designate industrious servants of God find noth- the truly righteous, the followers of ing in his character or administration, Christ. See the 10th chapter of John
33 And he shall set the sheep | stranger, and took thee in ? or on his right hand, but the goats naked, and clothed thee ? on the left.
39 Or when saw we thee sick, 34 Then shall the king say or in prison, and came unto unto them on his right hand, thee? Come, ye blessed of my Father, 40 And the king shall answer inherit the kingdom prepared and say unto them, Verily I say for
you from the foundation of unto you, Inasmuch as ye have the world :
done it unto one of the least of 35 For I was a hungered, these
have done and ye gave me meat: I was it unto me. thirsty, and ye gave me drink; 41 Then shall he say also I was a stranger, and ye took unto them on the left hand, Deme in :
part from me, ye cursed, into 36 Naked, and ye clothed everlasting fire, prepared for the me; I was sick, and ye visited devil and his angels : me: I was in prison, and ye 42 For I was a hungered, came unto me.
and ye gave me
no meat: 1 37 Then shall the righteous was thirsty, and ye gave me no answer him, saying, Lord, when drink: we thee a hungered, and 43 I was a stranger,
and fed thee? or thirsty, and gave took me not in: naked, and ye thee drink?
clothed me not; sick, and in 38 When we thee a prison, and ye visited me not. On the contrary, goats are considered The word meat in the Bible is of more as uncleanly animals. Among the extensive meaning than among us at Jews, the terms unclean and sinful the present time. It signifies food, were of similar import; so that the and is applicable to bread, as well as word goat was well adapted to express to animal food. See Gen. 40: 17. a wicked man.
In this verse and in the following, 33. Right hand ; as expressing his Jesus represented himself as having approbation. It was usual, among the been in various kinds of distress, and ancients, to regard the right hand, or the righteous as always ready to manithe right side, as indicating favor. To fest their love to him. see a thing on the right, was a good 37–39. The modesty and humility omen. So the left hand was indicative of the truly righteous are most happily of misery, of bad results.
portrayed here. 34. The king; the Messiah, who 40. The least, &c. Jesus dignified will act as judge. John 5 : 27. Rom. with the name of brethren all his fol. 14:10. 2 Cor. 5:10. || Inherit; take lowers; and here he particularly spoke possession of. || The kingdom; the of those who had been in lowly and royal state, the state of glory and bliss. afflicted circumstances, neglected and The highest earthly dignity is not too despised by some men, but who had great to represent the future recom- been relieved by their more favored pense of the Saviour's followers. See fellow-disciples. Compare 12: 49,50 Rev. 1:6. || Prepared ; appointed. 10:40. See also Prov. 19: 17. || From the foundation of the world. 41. Fire. An emblem of severe Compare Eph. 1: 4,5.
punishment. || His angels; the fallen 35 A hungered , hungry. || Meat. I angels (see 2 Peter 2: 4, and Jude 6),
44 Then shall they also an-jinto everlasting punishment: but swer him, saying, Lord, when the righteous into life eternal.
we thee a hungered, or athirst, or a stranger, or naked, CHAPTER XXVI. or sick, or in prison, and did not minister unto thee?
Jesus had finished all these 45 Then shall he answer sayings, he said unto his disthem, saying, Verily I say unto ciples, you, Inasrnuch as ye did it not 2 Ye know that after two to one of the least of these, ye days is the feast of the passover, did it not to me.
and the Son of man is betrayed 46 And these shall go away to be crucified.
of whom Satan is the prince. See state of heart which is acceptable to the 12: 24.
Searcher of hearts. It is on this prin44. The unsubmissive and self-con- ciple, that benevolent deeds to the fident spirit of the wicked, seeking for poor are elsewhere represented as peexcuses and exercising self-vindica- culiarly acceptable to God. See Dan. tion, is here brought to view.
4:27. Luke 3:11. 11:41. 18: 22. 46. Everlasting punishment — life eternal. The word translated everlast
CHAPTER XXVI. ing, in this verse, is the same, in the 1. When Jesus had finished all these original, as the word translated eternal. sayings. It would seem by a remark The same word expresses the duration in Luke 21 : 37, 38, that, for a short of the punishment in one case, as ex- time after the discourse recorded in the presses the duration of life, that is, two preceding chapters, Jesus occu happiness, in the other. The decisions pied himself by day in teaching in the of the day of judgment, whether for temple, and spent his nights at the weal or for woe, are irreversible, and mount of Olives, that is, probably, in our whole existence, after that day, Bethany, which lay at the foot of the will be regulated by the decisions of mount. that day. În view of such a judgment, 2. The feast of the passover. The what manner of persons ought we to word feast, in modern use, does not be in all holy conversation and godli- answer to the idea of the passover. It ness! See 2 Pet. 3:10–14.
was not an entertainment, lasting for
an hour or a day; but was a religious In this description of the last judg. celebration of a most joyful character, ment, deeds of benevolence toward suf: extending through a whole week, in fering followers of Christ are described commemoration of the Hebrews' deas securing the favor of the judge; and parture from the land of Egypt, and the failure to have performed such the preservation of their first-born on deeds, as bringing condemnation. The the night when the first-born of Egypt fundamental reason of this is, that the were slain. The name in English, as performance of such deeds in the spirit in Hebrew, expresses the design of the which is hinted at in vs. 37–39, is a celebration. The Lord passed over the proof of love to Christ; and these in- houses of the Hebrews, while he perstances of obedience and duty are to mitted death to enter the houses of the be regarded as a part taken for the Egyptians. See Ex. 12th chapter. whole. If a person have the love to the word festival would be more apChrist which will prompt him to such propriate. It was celebrated about the acts of benevolence, he has the love time of our April. It is also called which will produce a general obedi- the feast (festival] of unleavened bread ence to the will of Christ; he has a l(see Mark 14:1. Luke 22: 1), because
3 Then assembled together, feast-day, lest there be an uproar the chief priests, and the scribes, among the people. and the elders of the people,
6 Now when Jesus was in unto the palace of the high Bethany, in the house of Sipriest, who was called Caia- mon the leper, phas,
7 There came unto him a 4 And consulted - that they woman, having an alabaster might take Jesus by subtilty, box of very precious ointment, and kill him.
and poured it on his head, as 5 But they said, Not on the he sat at meat. during the whole of the festival, the leprosy. John informs us (12: 2), that people ate unleavened bread. During Martha was in attendance, and that this annual festival, which was cele- Lazarus, who had been raised from the brated at Jerusalem, immense multi- dead (John, 11th chapter), was one of tudes of Jews thronged the city. || Is the guests. betrayed ; will be betrayed. The pres- 7. A roman. John says (12: 3), ent tense is often used for the future; that this woman was Mary; she was besides, on this occasion, the event the sister of Lazarus. See John 11:2. was just at hand.
|| Alabaster. This was a species of 3. The chief priests, the scribes, and marble, having the color of the human the elders of the people; that is, the nail. It was used in making vases for Sanhedrim, the members of which were ointments, and hence any valuable selected from those classes of the peo- vase, of whatever materials, was called ple. See on 5 : 22. || Palace of the high an alabaster vase. || Box; what we priest; mansion, place of residence; should express by "the word vase. more strictly, that part of the build- These vases often had long, narrow ing where large companies were re- necks, with a seal over the mouth, so ceived, which might be called the large as to prevent the perfume from evapohall. || Cuiaphas. Compare John 11:49. rating. Hence, when, in Mark 14:3,
4. By subtilty ; by craft, in some the woman is said to have broken the deceitful way. The principal men of vase, the meaning is, she broke the the nation had often attempted in vain seal, so as to pour out the ointment. to ensnare him. See 22: 15, &c. || Very precious; costly. In the original Luke 11: 53, 54. Now they were of Mark 14:3, and of John 12: 3, consulting not how they might en there is a word which shows that this snare him in his conversation, but how ointment was of a genuine, unadulterthey might in a crafty manner seize ated kind. This would appear also him, and in some way secure his death. from the vase's being sealed. || Poured
5. Feast-day; during the festival. it on his head. John (12: 3) states, The word day is not found in the origi- that the feet of Jesus were anointed. nal. Such multitudes of Jews were Doubtless both the feet and the head assembled at the passover, and the com- were anointed. John mentions parmon people were so much in favor of ticularly the feet, as the anointing of Jesus (Matt. 21 : 46), that the mem- them was a signal mark of affection bers of the Sanhedrim feared that the and humility. || As he sat at meat. people would be enraged, and would The posture at meals was not sitting, excite sedition, if Jesus should be taken but reclining on one side, and such is by violence.
the meaning of the word translated 6. In Bethany; the village in the sat, in the original. Chairs and tables vicinity of the mount of Olives, to like ours were not then in use ; couchwhich Jesus was in the habit of retir. es adapted for reclining, were used at ing. || Simon the leper ; a friend, prob- meals. These consisted of three parts, ably, of Jesus, who had been cured of two placed lengthwise, and one across