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20 And, behold, a woman, the minstrels and the people which was diseased with an making a noise, issue of blood twelve years, 24 He said unto them, Give came behind him, and touched place; for the maid is not dead, the hem of his garment :
but sleepeth. And they laughed 21 For she said within he
him to scorn, self, If I may but touch his 25 But when the people were garment, I shall be whole.
put forth, he went in, and took 22 But Jesus turned him her by the hand, and the maid about; and when he saw her, arose. he said, Daughter, be of good 26 And the fame hereof went comfort; thy faith hath made abroad into all that land. thee whole. And the woman 27 And when Jesus departed was made whole from that hour. thence, two blind men followed
23 And when Jesus came him, crying, and saying, Thou into the ruler's house, and saw son of David, have mercy on us.
20. While on the way to the ruler's fessed musicians and singers. It is house, another interesting event oc- in reference to such a custom, that curred. Hem of his garment. The Jeremiah speaks, 9: 17—21; and garment was the mantle ; and around Amos, 5: 16. || Making a noise. the borders of this, the Mosaic law Reference is had here to the tumulrequired that there should be fringes. tuous expressions of grief made by Num. 15: 38. The fringes are meant the relatives and friends of the famiby the word hem.
ly, as was customary. Compare 21. I shall be whole ; I shall be Mark 5 : 38, and Luke 8: 52. healed.
24. Is not dead, but sleepeth. The 22. Daughter; a term of kind ad- Saviour meant to convey the idea, dress, like the word son in the second that her death was peculiarly only a verse. || Thy faith ; thy confidence sleep, as he was about to restore her in my power and benevolence. Mark to life. It was customary to express 5: 24—34, and Luke 8: 43–48, give the idea of death by the term sleep, a very particular and interesting ac. See John 11: 11, 13. 1 Thess. 4: 13. count of this case.
Dan. 12: 2. The present instance of We may notice here how accept- death might well be called sleeping. able to the Saviour was the manifesta- The people, however, knew that the tion of affectionate reliance on him. child was really dead. See Luke 8: So, in regard to our being pardoned 53. || Laughed him to scorn ; derided and saved, if we feel we are guilty him, "laughed at him in a scornful and unworthy, and give up ourselves manner. to him, he will accept us.
25. He went in; that is, to the 23. Ruler; the same as is men- room where the corpse was. Mark tioned in verse 18. || Minstrels ; relates (5:40), that he took with him musicians. The occurrence of death the father and the mother of the child, in a family, in the East, was attended and them that were with him; namewith many outward manifestations of ly, the three disciples, Peter, James, sorrow. The females, for several days and John. See Mark 5: 37. Comsuccessively, indulged in loud cries pare, as parallel passages, Mark 5: 38 of distress. Persons also attended at –43. Luke 8: 49–56. the house for the purpose of chanting, 26. Fame; report. || All that land ; in mournful strains, the excellences all that region of the country. of the deceased. There were also 27. Son of Duvid ; another term einployed, on such occasions, pro- for Messiah. The Messiah was to be
28 And when he was come the multitudes marvelled, saying, into the house, the blind men It was never so seen in Israel. came to him: and Jesus saith 34 But the Pharisees said, unto them, Believe ye that I am He casteth out devils throughi able to do this? They said the prince of the devils. unto him, Yea, Lord.
35 And Jesus went about all 29 Then touched he their the cities and villages, teaching eyes, saying, According to your in their synagogues, and preachfaith, be it unto you.
ing the gospel of the king30 And their eyes were open- dom, and healing every sickness ed: and Jesus straitly charged and
every disease them, saying, See that no man people. know it.
36 But when he
saw the 31 But they, when they were multitudes, he was moved with departed, spread abroad his fame compassion on them, because in all that country.
they fainted, and were scattered 32 As they went out, behold, abroad as sheep having no shepthey brought to him a dumb herd. man possessed with a devil. 37 Then saith he unto his dis
33 And when the devil was ciples, The harvest truly is plencast out, the dumb spake: and teous, but the laborers are few :
a descendant of David. See Matt. 22: 36. By the expressive image of 42. 12: 23.
sheep without a shepherd, Jesus rep29. According to your faith ; your resented the moral and religious confidence in me.
condition of the Jewish people in his 30. Straitly; strictly. The reason time. How wearied, and roving hithwhy Jesus charged them not to make er and thither without obtaining satknown what he had done, might have isfaction, and how uncomfortable in been to prevent unseasonable ex- every respect, would such sheep be, citement in respect to himself. He especially in Oriental countries, where had performed several miracles that the flocks occupied so much the care day ; and the people might easily be and attention of their owners ! So induced to take rash measures in the Jewish people had no suitable reseeking honor for him, and demand-ligious teachers, none to care sincereing for him some great dignity. They ly for them, and to lead them in the had very erroneous notions respect right way. Multitudes of them were ing the nature of his office; and re- disheartened, dispirited wanderers. garding him rather in the light of one Fainted; were exhausted, in a state who was to establish a great temporal of distress. || Scattered abroad; not dominion, their feelings, at times, properly gathered together under suitbore too much resemblance to those able spiritual guides. They did not of the populace in certain countries, present the appearance of a carefully when they fill the air with shouts of attended to and well taught commu“Long live the king.” Compare nity. For a similar description of the John 6: 15.
people's state, see Matt. 11:28. For 33. In Isracl. See on 8: 10. an intimation respecting the unsuita
34. The prince of the devils ; Satan, ble character of their religious teachBeelzebub. See Matt. 12: 24. 25:ers, see Luke 11:46. Matt. 23:3, 4. 41.
37. The harvest truly is plentcous ; 35. Compare with 4: 23.
there are multitudes needing instruc33 Pray ye
therefore the against unclean spirits, to cast Lord of the harvest, that he them out, and to heal all manwill send forth laborers into ner of sickness and all manner his harvest.
2 Now the names of the CHAPTER X.
twelve apostles are these: The А.
ND when he had called first, Simon, who is called Pe
unto him his twelve dis- ter, and Andrew his brothciples, he gave them power er; James the son of Zebedee, tion, and ready to receive it. | La- after having spent the night in prayer borers; suitable teachers of divine to God. There are in that discourse, truth.
as has been already intimated, several 38. The Lord of the harvest ; God, parts more adapted to the apostles whose is the world and the fulness than to the multitude. Matthew, bethereof. The language of these two ing now about to relate the instrucverses occurs in Luke 10:2, in con- tions, or the charge, of Jesus to the nection with our Lord's sending out twelve, merely hints that twelve had the seventy evangelists. The same been selected, whom Jesus was now thought was doubtless more than once specially commissioning. || Unclean expressed.
spirits — to cast them out. We should
not expect such an expression, on REMARKS. 1. The importance of such an occasion and in such a conconfidence in the power and love of nection as this, unless evil spirits had Christ, is strikingly exhibited in this in reality exerted a malign influence chapter. vs. 2, 22, 28, 29.
in some cases of affliction. 2. The instructions and miracles 2. Apostles. This term is approof Jesus were convincing, except to priated to the twelve here mentioned. those who were unwilling to be con- In its primary meaning, it signifies vinced. Their determined opposition persons sent forth. It is like our word led them to refer his works to any missionaries. || The first; not in digpower rather than the true one. v. 34. nity, as having preëminence over the 3. Jesus was full of mercy. v. 36.
others. See Luke 22: 24–26. Matt. 4. Ministers ought to be laborers, 23: 8–12. According to Matt. 4: 18, like their Master. John 4: 34. 21, it appears that Peter and Andrew,
5. We must look to God for an James and John, were called the earincrease of Christian teachers. v. 38. liest to attend constantly on the Sa
6. The religion of the gospel is a viour, with reference to becoming his spiritual religion. It imposes no out- public sesvants. It was natural, then, ward ceremonies incongruous with that in a list of the apostles' names, times and circumstances. vs. 14–17. these should be mentioned first.
| Peter. See on John 1: 42. || James. CHAPTER X.
In the next verse is mentioned anoth
er James, son of Alpheus. These are 1. His twelve disciples. These had sometimes distinguished by the latbeen selected before, and had enjoyed ter's being called James the Less, he the benefit of much intimacy with being younger than the other. The their Lord, and much instruction from death of James the Greater, the brothhim. See Mark 3: 14. By refer- er of John, is mentioned in Acts 12: ence to Luke 6: 12—17, it appears 2. The other James is probably the that he selected his twelve disciples, author of the Epistle bearing his or rather completed the selection, on name, and is mentioned also in Gal. the morning of the day when he de- 1: 19. 2:9. Acts 15: 13. 12. 17. livered the sermon on the mount, and Matt. 13: 55.
and John his brother;
Judas Iscariot, who also be3 Philip, and Bartholomew; trayed him. Thomas, and Matthew the pub
5 These twelve Jesus sent lican; James the son of Alpheus, forth, and commanded them, and Lebbeus, whose surname saying, Go not into the way
of was Thaddeus;
the Gentiles, and into any city 4 Simon the Canaanite, and of the Samaritans enter ye not: 3. Bartholomero; supposed to be also signifies a zealot. || Judas Isthe same as Nathanael. He may have cariot. The word Iscariot is behad the two names, Nathanael and lieved to be a Greek expression of Bartholomew, that is, according to two Hebrew words, which signify the derivation of the word, son of Man of Kerioth. In Joshua 15: 25, Tolmai. Compare John 1:46. 21 : 2. mention is made of a town of this In this last passage, Nathanael seems
|| Betrayed him. See Matt. to be included among the twelve dis- 26: 14—16, 25, 46–50. ciples. || Thomas ; also called Didy- For a similar list of the apostles'
See John 21:2. The name names, see Mark 3: 16-19, and Luke Didymus, in Greek, signifies twin, as 6: 14–16. The lists agree, except that does the name Thomas, in the lan- Luke calls the one Judas, who is named guage most commonly spoken by our by the others Lebbeus or Thaddeus. Lord and his apostles. || Matthew Doubtless, these several names bethe publican. Compare 9: 9. || Leb. longed to the same individual ; such beus. Besides being also named a practice being usual among the Thaddeus, he is called by Luke (6: Jews. It is observable, that Matthew 16), Judas.
has mentioned these names in couples. 4. The Canaanite. This word would If we examine Mark 6: 7, we shall be more correctly spelled Cananite. It see that Jesus sent them forth “ by does not signify an inhabitant of Ca- two and two;” probably in the same naan. Luke (6 : 15. Acts 1: 13) calls manner as Matthew has recorded this person Simon Zelotes. The word their names. Zelotes enables us to understand the 5. By a comparison of the Saviour's word which Matthew has employed. instructions to the disciples, as re, The two words are of the same signi- corded by Matthew, with the record fication; the one used by Luke being which Mark (6:8–11) and Luke a Greek word, the other a Hebrew or (9:3—5) have made, it will be seen Chaldaic word, expressed in Greek that Matthew's account is much more letters. In the age of Christ and the full. Mark and Luke appear to have apostles, there was an extensive asso- preserved scarcely any thing more ciation of private individuals, who than what related to the mission imundertook to maintain the purity of mediately to be performed; while the national religion by inflicting the instructions recorded by Matthew punishment, without the form of trial, are more extensive, and were applion all who should violate the institu- cable to the whole course of their tions which they held sacred. They apostleship. The Gentiles; other peodeclared themselves impelled by a ple than "the Jews. || Samaritans. more than human zeal. The exam. The central part of Palestine, called ple of Phinehas, perhaps, confirmed Samaria, was inhabited by the Sathem in their purposes. Num. 25: 6 maritans. They were not properly -15. The word Zelotes (zealot) Jews, though they sustained a peculiar designates a member of this associa relation to the Jews. After the death tion; and Simon was probably once of Solomon, the kingdom of the Heconnected with it. Now, the word brews was divided into two parts; Cananite, traced to its Hebrew origin, I ten tribes forming the kingdom of
6 But go rather to the lost | devils : freely ye have received, sheep of the house of Israel. freely give.
7 And as ye go, preach, 9 Provide neither gold, nor saying, The kingdom of heaven silver, nor brass, in your purses, is at hand.
10 Nor scrip for your jour8 Heal the sick, cleanse the ney, neither two coats, neither lepers, raise the dead, cast out shoes, nor yet staves : for the Israel, under Jeroboam, and the two bag for carrying provisions. Traveltribes, Judah and Benjamin, forming lers, among the Jews, carried prothe kingdom of Judah, under Reho- | visions with them. Their inns were boam. When the kingdom of Israel not, like ours, provided with needful was subdued by the Assyrians, the food for companies of people. || Two greater part of the people were car- coats. The principal articles of ordiried away into different provinces of nary dress were a coat, or tunic, which the Assyrian empire, and a mixed was the inside garment; and a mantle, collection of people were introduced or robe. Such, doubtless, were the into the country of Israel. These chief articles of dress which the aposunited with the remnant of the for- tles had on, when Jesus was addressing mer inhabitants; and thus the com- them; he told them not to be solicitous munity of Samaritans was formed. about having more clothing, not to Various circumstances conspired to occupy their time in making preparaexcite hostility between the Jews and tion for their journey, nor to encumthe Samaritans; and in the time of ber themselves with wearing-apparel, our Saviour there was no friendly in which might be needless, or which tercourse between them. See John might be inappropriate to their cir4:9. Though our Lord, as appears cumstances. Sometimes, two tunics by the 4th chapter of John, was kind were worn; the outer one, a more lý received among some of them on costly article than the inner. But to a certain occasion, yet as they were provide themselves with a second not, properly speaking, Jews, the tunic, would consume time, and might
me had not yet come to spread make an impression of their belonging among them the new religion. It to a class of society in which they had was to the Jews this new dispensa- not been accustomed to move. Thus, tion primarily belonged; as to them though they were going on a journey it had for so long been an object of among comparative strangers, they promise.
were to go habited as they then were, 6. House of Israel; the Jews. 2: and as they ordinarily were. Had 20. || Lost sheep. Compare 9: 36. their appearance been materially dif
7. "Preach; proclaim, announce. ferent, and had they gone on their || Kingdom of heaven. Compare 3 : 2. mission with any uncommon outward
8. Lepers. See 8: 2. ll Cast out preparation, with any thing adapted to devils. v. 1; also 8: 16." || Freely; attract attention, an erroneous impresgratuitously, without pay. "You re- sion might have been made concerning ceived not your miraculous power by the character of their office, and the purchase; make it not a means of erroneous impression already existing gain. Benevolently, gratuitously, im- concerning the Messiah might have part to others, since you have gratui- been deepened.
But such a course tously received.
was pursued as would best prepare 9, 10. They were directed to in the people to learn that the Messiah's dulge no anxiety as to their subsist- work had respect to the heart and to ence and protection, and to consume the eternal world. || Neither shoes ; no time in making preparations for that is, no other shoes than what you their journey. Gold, - silver, -brass; have on. The instructions, as given that is, money. || Scrip; travelling- by Mark, say (6:9), Be 'shod with