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workman is worthy of his there abide till ye go thence. meat.
12 And when ye come into 11 And into whatsoever city a house, salute it. or town ye shall enter, in- 13 And if the house be worquire who in it is worthy; and thy, let your peace come upon sandals. Take the sandals, or shoes, who should welcome them, as the you have on; care not to provide Messiah's heralds, their wants would another pair. There was probably be freely supplied. There was no difference, in meaning, between need of their embarrassing themselves the word which is translated shoes, with a variety of articles, as they might and that which is translated sandals on an ordinary journey. They were If there was a difference, as some have going forth as messengers of the Mesmaintained, and the shoes were a more siah; they might trust in God, that costly article than the sandals, then all their wants would be supplied, there was an additional reason for and no time need be occupied, and prohibiting the shoes, on account of no perplexity endured, and no exthe moderate circumstances of the pense incurred, in preparing for their apostles and of their Master, and in mission. order to prevent an erroneous impres- 11. Worthy; deserving of your consion by any approach to splendid ap- fidence, pious, well-disposed. Compearance. || Nor yet staves; that is, pare Luke 7: 4, 5. Acts 10: 1, 2. no other staves than what you now Il There abide ; that is, in the house of have. Mark (6: 8) mentions that such a person, partaking of his hospione staff was permitted. Luke (9:3) tality. || Thence ; out of the city or mentions the staff as not to be taken town. On a similar occasion, nameThe circumstances of the case show ly, when Jesus was sending forth the how the sacred writers, on this occa- seventy disciples, he said (Luke 10: sion, are to be understood. For in 7), Go not from house to house. To Mark (6:8), and Luke (9:3), a gen- abide in the same house, and share eral direction is given, that the apos- the hospitalities of the same person, tles “ should take nothing for their would show contentment and gratijourney;” that is, they should make tude, and would more comport with no special preparation for their jour- the object for which they were sent, ney; they should not furnish them- than to be perpetually changing their selves with any additional articles of place of temporary abode. wearing-apparel; but such as they had 12. House. This word is here to at the time, they might take. If they be taken as equivalent to family, or had a covering for the feet, they might as containing the additional idea of wear it; but if not, they were not to the family which dwelt in the house. spend time in procuring shoes; if any || Salute it ; that is, the family. Among one of them had a staff, or if each had the Jews, the expressions used at salu. a staff, he might take it; but those tation and at parting, were of a more that had none, let them go without. serious character than those which The various particulars mentioned, prevail among us. They implied that then, are merely the filling up of the the person who employed them prayed general expression, Make no prepara- for a blessing on the other. See on tions for your journey, but go just as 5:47. Compare Judges 19 : 20. Ruth you are. || Worthy of his meat ; that 2: 4. Ps. 129 : 8. is, of his sustenance. Thus the Sa- 13. The house; the family. || Worviour led his apostles to an entire thy; of suitable character to receive trust in the providence of God, and the blessings implied in your salutagave them an intimation that they tion, well-disposed, and ready to wel. would meet, in many instances, with come your message. || Your peace, a kind reception, and that by those the blessings invoked ir your saluta.
it: but if it be not worthy, let ( as sheep in the midst of wolves : your peace return to you. be ye therefore wise as serpents,
14 And whosoever shall not and harmless as doves. receive you, nor hear your words, 17 But beware of men : for when ye depart out of that house they will deliver you up to the or city, shake off the dust of councils, and they will scourge
you in their synagogues ; 15 Verily I say unto you, It 18 And ye shall be brought shall be more tolerable for the before governors and -kings for land of Sodom and Gomorrah my sake, for a testimony against in the day of judgment, than them and the Gentiles. for that city.
19 But when they deliver you 16 Behold, I send you forth up, take no thought how or tion. The form of salutation most 16. While some would give the usual was, Peace be to thee. || Let apostles a welcome reception, others, your peace come; a familiar way and those not a few, would cherish expressing, It shall come; that is, towards them feelings of malignity. The blessing you have invoked shall 17. The councils; that is, tribunals, rest upon that family. The same courts of justice. Some will accuse you thought is expressed in the future and arraign you for trial. || Scourge tense, in Luke 10:, 6. J| Let your you in their synagogues. The punpeace return to you ; the blessing you ishment of scourging was allowed by have invoked shall not rest upon the the laws of Moses, and the number of family ; your good wishes will not stripes was not to exceed forty. See be accomplished, but will return to Deut. 25: 2, 3. The more yourselves void, so far as that family Jews, in order to be sure of not exis concerned.
ceeding this number, fixed the limit 14. Shake off the dust of your feet; at thirty-nine. ? Cor. 11: 24. This as an expression of disapprobation, and punishment was inflicted in the synaof having no fellowship with persons gogues. See Matt. 23: 34. Acts 22: thus disposed. The Jews felt them- 19. 26: 11. selves defiled by the very dust of a 18. Governors; the Roman rulers heathen city, while their own soil they of the provinces, such as Pilate (Matt. regarded as holy. As a Jew, then, 27: 2); Felix and Festus (Acts 23 : 24. would express his separation from 24: 27). || Kings ; either such as the Gentiles, and his disapprobation of Roman emperors (Acts 25: 10—12), their wickedness, by shaking off the or the dependent and merely nominal dust which he might have contracted, kings, that is, tetrarchs, in Palestine so the apostles were to express their (Acts 12:1. 25: 24, 26). || Against separation, in feelings and conduct, them and the Gentiles ; or, as the pasfrom those who refused to give a wel- sage might be rendered, to them and come reception to their message. the Gentiles. By being arraigned, an Mark (6: 11) adds the expression, opportunity would be afforded for pub
for a testimony against them;" that licly defending the Messiah's cause, is, Thus you will bear testimony to the and making widely known among the criminality of their conduct. For a | Gentiles the principles of the new specimen of complying with this di- religion. Such, for instance, was the rection, see Acts 13: 50, 51. A simi- case with Paul, as related in Acts 17: lar instance also occurs in Acts 18: 6. 19—34. Compare, also, Phil. 1: 12,
15. Sodom and Gomorrah. See | 13. Gen. 13: 13. 18:20, 21, 32. 19: 24, 19. Take no thought; be not soli25.
what ye shall speak; for it shall to be put to death. be given you in that same hour 22 And ye shall be hated what ye shall speak.
of all men for my name's sake; 20 For it is not ye that speak, but he that endureth to the end but the Spirit of your Father shall be saved. which speaketh in you.
23 But when they persecute 21 And the brother shall de- you in this city, fee ye into liver up the brother to death, another : for verily I say unto and the father the child : and you, Ye shall not have gone the children shall rise up against over the cities of Israel, till the their parents, and cause them Son of man be come.
21. In these trying circumstances, entirely to abandon the design of their nearest connections would even making known the gospel there, but become hostile to them on account to return at a favorable time. Thus of their persevering attachment to the they were to go over the cities; and Messiah. Rise up; as witnesses and they would have too much occasion opponents.
to flee from city to city. || Till the 22. Hated of all men ; very gener- Son of man be come. There is some ally disregarded and abused. In these difficulty in deciding the precise mean. circumstances, how important that ing of this expression, as here used. they should keep in view the end ; But as the instructions in the context the end of their sufferings and the refer to a period subsequent to the end of life, and the reward to which death of Jesus, rather than to the imtheir labors and sufferings were tend-mediate mission before the apostles, it ing, if they adhered faithfully to their is most probable that the Saviour refers Master! In many instances, their to his coming, by divine providence, sufferings would end only with their for the destruction of Jerusalem and lives. A perseverance through all the dissolution of the Jewish state. sufferings, even till death, would be This great event took place between necessary. || Saved; from the dis- thirty and forty years after the time pleasure of God and from condemna- when these instructions were delivtion. In the trying circumstances in ered. The Roman army besieged and which the apostles would be placed, took Jerusalem, and the Jews, as a nathe temptation to apostasy might tion, lost their existence. To this event sometimes be very strong; but they a similar expression refers in other were to keep in view the bright pros- places. Matt. 16:28. Mark 9:1. Luke pects of another life, and to be sus- 9:27. The Saviour, then, was cautained by the hope of salvation. tioning his disciples to lose no time in
23. Flee ye into another. Contend prosecuting their mission. In fact, not with persecutors, nor unreasonably they had no time to lose; soon the urge your claims on those who opposé. Son of man was to come for the deWaste no time in fruitless endeavors struction of the nation; and before to get an advantage over them, but this event should occur, the tidings pass away to another city. || Have of the Messiah, and the urging of the gone over; that is, in order to instruct claims of Jesus, and the explanation the people and maintain the cause of of his objects, were to be distinctly your Master. A mere passing through communicated to the nation. And the cities would not be sufficient; but there was not too much time for actime must be occupied in making complishing these things, before he known and explaining the object of would come in judgment upon the the Messiah. And when once re- nation. The territory, though small, pulsed from a city, they ought not was filled with cities and villages; 24 The disciple is not above that shall not be revealed ; and his master, nor the servant hid, that shall not be known. above his lord.
27 What I tell you in dark25 It is enough for the dis- ness, that speak ye in light: ciple that he be as his master, and what ye hear in the ear, and the servant as his lord. that preach ye upon the houseIf they have called the master tops. of the house Beelzebub, how 28 And fear not them which much more shall they call them kill the body, but are not able of his household ?
to kill the soul : but rather fear 26 Fear them not, therefore: him which is able to destroy for there is nothing covered, both soul and body in hell.
from some they would be repelled, saying, the purport of which was, and they must go back again at a fa- Truth will not always be covered up; vorable opportunity. In all they must it will be displayed, and its claims spend some time. And to gain a and honors vindicated. The time is lodgment for the gospel would not be coming, when the truth respecting a short work.
my object, and respecting your char24. Jesus proceeded to caution acter and teaching as my apostles, them against any vain expectations will be brought to light, and justice that might arise as to their message will be done both to my cause and to being universally received, and respect you. Though you may now be asbeing universally paid to them. The sailed with most opprobrious epithets, disciple is not above his master. They yet desist not from your purpose, for, knew how their Master had often been by and by, the hidden truth respecttreated, and they must not calculate ing my religion_will be gloriously upon better treatment.
made known. The encouragement 25. Beelzebub. This was originally thus furnished related both to the the name of a heathen god; worshipped gradual development of the excelin Ekron among the Philistines (see 2 lence of Christianity, as it has been Kings 1 : 2), which was afterwards unfolding itself in successive ages, ascribed by the Jews, on account and to the disclosures which will be of their abhorrence of idolatry, to made in connection with the day of Satan. See Luke 11: 15. It meant, judgment. See 1 Cor. 4: 5. originally, Lord of flies, as it was 27. Hence the apostles were pubesteemed the office of this deity to licly to proclaim what Jesus had protect his worshippers from the gnats taught them in private. Prench ye ; and flies with which their region proclaim. . || House-tops. The roofs abounded. The word was sometimes of houses in the East were not fashwritten Beelzebul; the original mean- ioned like ours, but were nearly flat, ing of which latter word was, either were surrounded with a balustrade, Lord of the dwelling, that is, of evil and were often resorted to on public spirits; or Lord of the dunghill. In occasions. To proclaim on the housethe mouth of a Jew, it was a most op- top, then, would mean to proclaim probrious epithet.
openly. 26. Fear them not. However much 28–31. The apostles were they might be abused and maligned, tioned in general not to indulge the they, ought not to be disheartened, fear of man, but to let a salutary fear nor induced to retire from their work of God's displeasure, and a confidence || For there is nothing covered, &c. in his care, dwell in them. || A farThis seems to have been a proverbial I thing. The word thus translated
29 Are not two sparrows | also deny before my
Father sold for a farthing ? and one of which is in heaven. them shall not fall on the ground
34 Think not that I am come without your Father.
to send peace on earth: I came 30 But the very hairs of not to send peace, but a sword. your head are all numbered. 35 For I am come to set
31 Fear ye not therefore; a at variance against ye are of more value than many his father, and the daughter sparrows.
against her mother, and the 32 Whosoever, therefore, daughter-in-law against her shall confess me before men, mother-in-law. him will I confess also before 36 And a man's foes shall be my Father which is in heaven. they of his own household.
33 But whosoever shall de- 37 He that loveth father or ny me before men, him will I mother more than me, is not was the name of a brass coin equal to in the same manner: A missionary, a cent and a half of our money. we say, went to such a place to die. || Without your Father ; without his || A sword ; an emblem of contention. knowledge or will.
1 camera is nou send peace, fruce atszord; 32, 33. Having thus inculcated the as a result of my coming, and occafear of God, and affectionate confi- sioned by my coming, there will be dence in his care, Jesus next pointed contention. Those who refuse to reout the result of a firm adherence to ceive my doctrine will cherish unhis cause on the one hand, and of re- friendly feelings towards those who nouncing him on the other ; thus, by do receive it. How often has this various arguments, strengthening the been the case even in Christian lands! purposes of his apostles against the In families where harmony reigned, dangers and allurements which would but where religion was not possessed beset them. Confess me; acknowl- by any member, it has often hapedge me in the character which I pened, when a parent or a child has claim, as the Messiah. || Him will I become religious, the other members confess also; him will I acknowledge of the family have felt as if a separain the character which he professes, tion had taken place, and they have as a follower of the Messiah.
permitted unfriendly feelings to pre33. Deny me; refuse to acknowl-dominate. This, however, is not the edge me as the Messiah. || Will I design, nor the direct tendency of also deny; refuse to acknowledge as religion. It is rather a manifestation my follower.
of the improper feelings of impenitent 34. The Saviour wished to prepare persons towards religion, or towards his apostles for all the circumstances those who possess it.
Such consewhich would attend them as his her- quences are not to be ascribed to realds. They must, then, not be disap- ligion, but to sin. pointed if commotion should be ex- 35, 36. These verses contain the cited by the proclaiming of his doc- same idea as the preceding, more trines, and if those who might be sup- particularly detailed. posed to cherish hearty union with one 37. Since, now, there would be another should rather be at variance. this commotion in families, and some Come to send peace. The Saviour members of families might come to was not here speaking of the design cherish hostility towards other memfor which he came, but only of some bers, who should receive the teaching results that would attend the prose- of the apostles, it was necessary to eution of his design. We often speak | know and to teach, that a supreme