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in Jerusalem is the place where in this mountain, nor yet at Jemen ought to worship.
rusalem, worship the Father. 21 Jesus saith unto her, 22 Ye worship ye know not Woman, believe me, the hour what : we know what we worcometh, when ye shall neither ship, for salvation is of the Jews. heathen conqueror, Antiochus Epiph- the place of worship was, in reality, anes, dedicated to idolatrous worship; of no consequence, yet, since she deand was afterwards destroyed. The sired information, the Saviour plainly Samaritans, however, not erecting decided the question in favor of the anew their temple, built an altar on Jews, by observing that, in respect to mount Gerizim, and the spot was still worship, the Samaritans were less insacred in their eyes. Sychar, in telligent than the Jews. The Jews the immediate vicinity of which this had in their possession, all the books conversation was held, lay between of the Old Testament, and hence mount Ebal and mount Gerizim, so possessed more abundant opportunithat the woman could point to the ties of knowing the will of God; for mountain. || In Jerusalem is the place, it was in other books than the five &c. That God had selected Jerusa- books of Moses that the information lem as the place for the temple, is respecting the place of worship was evident from several passages of the to be found. The Samaritans, then, Old Testament. See 1 Kings 8:16, were comparatively ignorant in re48. 9:3. 11: 13. Ps. 76: 2. But spect to this question. The Jews had the Samaritans received as sacred the advantage over them.
Ye 100ronly the five books of Moses; and ship ye knoro not what, &c. An exthey contended that Gerizim was the actly literal rendering of the verse place where the patriarchs had offered would be, Ye worship what ye know sacrifice, and where God had re- not; we worship what we know. The quired, through Moses, that soine words convey the idea, that the Samost solemn ceremonies of their re- maritans were destitute of knowlligion should be performed. See edge respecting him whom they worDeut. 27:4; in which passage, in- shipped, but that the Jews possessed stead of the word Ebal, the Samaritans knowledge. Now, as the topic of maintained that the word Gerizim conversation was, Which is the proper should be read. The woman seems place for worship? the knowledge merely to have stated the fact as to here claimed for the Jews in contrast the difference of opinion, without with the Samaritans must be knowl. proposing any inquiry; but it was edge respecting that topic. It should manifestly her intention to draw from be stated that good judges of the Jesus an expression of opinion in re- original Greek suggest that the pasgard to this question, which was at sage may be rendered, You worship that time so full of interest.
ignorantly, we worship knowingly; 21. Jesus shaped his reply in such that is, in respect to the topic of cona manner as to show the woman that versation, namely, which is the ap. the question was an unimportant one, pointed place of worship? || For saland quite unsuited to the nature of vation is of the Jews. The word salthe new dispensation ; that the vation here means the deliverance to be place would not be hereafter regarded effected by the Messiah, and is here as of essential importance, but that equivalent to the word Saviour. The God ought to be worshipped with a Messiah was to be of the Jews, to sincere mind in order to be worshipped proceed from their nation; 'and since acceptably. Neither in this mountain, the Jews were thus distinguished, it nor yet at Jerusalem ; neither here was manifest that they were in posnor there, as the one exclusive place session of greater advantages than of performing acceptable worship. others were of knowing the divine
22. But though the question as to will.
23 But the hour cometh, and 26 Jesus saith unto her, I now is, when the true worship- that speak unto thee am he. pers shall worship the Father in 27 And upon this came his spirit and in truth: for the Father disciples, and marvelled that he seeketh such to worship him. talked with the woman : yet no
24 God is a Spirit: and they man said, What seekest thou ? that worship him, must worship or, Why talkest thou with him in spirit and in truth. her?
25 The woman saith unto 28 The woman then left her him, I know that Messias cometh, water-pot, and went her way which is called Christ; when he into the city, and saith to the is come, he will tell us all things. men,
23. In spirit and in truth; with cestors separated from the rest of the the soul and with sincerity; with Jews. The opinions current at that a sincere mind, in distinction from an time among them would doubtless outward ceremonial worship, which continue and be adopted by the demight be performed without true love. scendants of the mixed community No worship could at any time have which was formed by the colonists been pleasing to God that did not from Assyria uniting with the remproceed from the soul ; yet he had nant of the Israelites. See on v. 9. seen fit to connect with his worship || Which is called Christ. These are a system of external rites to be per the words of the evangelist, explainformed in a prescribed place. This ing to his readers that the word Mesoutward worship ought to have been sias, which the woman had used, was performed with sincerity. But now, the same as the word Christ, with our Lord says to the woman, it is which they were more familiar. The peculiarly to the inward state of words should be placed in a parenthemind that the Father looks; this sis. || He will tell us all things. The whole system of ceremonial worship Messiah was regarded as having ultihastens to a close, and questions about mate authority, particularly on questhe proper place of worship are un- tions pertaining to religion. The Sasuitable to the new order of things. maritans appear to have regarded the || For the Father seeketh, &c. This Messiah much more in the light of a is one reason why spiritual worship prophet and a spiritual deliverer, than should be preferred; God desires it. did the mass of the Jewish nation.
24. God is a Spirit. This is another 27. Marcelled that he talked with reason showing
that spiritual worship the woman. The disciples wondered is necessary. God is not clothed with at his talking with her, because she a body, not confined to place, not did not belong to his acquaintances, affected by the outward circumstances and was a Samaritan. The unwor.. of grandeur, or of meanness. He is thy sentiments which some of the a pure spirit, and looks at the souls of later Jewish Rabbins have expressed men. In worshipping such a Being, concerning the female sex, as being the principal aim should be, that the unsuitable to enjoy the attention and worship proceed from a sincere soul. instruction of a religious teacher, were
25. I know that Messias cometh. not common in the times of Christ. The Samaritans, as well as the Jews, Among his intimate friends were sevexpected the Messiah. Their expec- eral females; and this circumstance tation arose from those passages in was never mentioned as a ground of the books of Moses which refer to the disesteem. But in the present inMessiah, and from the knowledge stance, the woman was a Samaritan; which had been preserved among and hence the disciples wondered at them since the time when their an- | their Master's conversing with her.
29 Come, see a man which My meat is to do the will of him told me all things that ever Ithat sent me, and to finish his did : is not this the Christ? work.
30 Then they went out of 35 Say not ye, There are yet the city, and came unto him. four months, and then cometh
31 In the mean while his harvest ? behold, I say unto you, disciples prayed him, saying, Lift up your eyes, and look on Master, eat.
the fields; for they are white 32 But he said unto them, I already to harvest. have meat to eat that
know 36 And he that reapeth renot of.
ceiveth wages, and gathereth 33 Therefore said the disci-fruit unto life eternal : that both ples one to another, Hath any he that soweth, and he that man brought him aught to eat? reapeth, may rejoice together.
34 Jesus saith unto them, 37 And herein is that saying 29. Which told me all things, &c. months and parts of two other months A very natural remark from one, the being spoken of as four months. leading events of whose life had been || White already to the hardest. Alludisclosed by a stranger.
sion was made to the yellowish ap32. I have meat to eat that ye knoro pearance of a ripe grain-field. not of. That which gives support and 36. Another consideration for en. refreshment to a person is, figurative- couraging the disciples was, that ly, his food. The Saviour wished to the laborers in this spiritual harvest convey the idea that he had been en would be amply compensated, and joying refreshment of a kind which the results of their labor would be they were not thinking of. His work abiding. Gathereth fruit unto eternal of teaching and contributing to the life. The reaper of a field of grain salvation of souls strengthened and lays up fruit for this life; the spiriturefreshed his spirit.
al reaper's labors have respect to im34. My meat; my food, that which mortal life. His own recompense sustains and cheers me.
will be enduring, and those who are 35. There are yet four months, &c. benefited by him will enjoy eternal Probably the Saviour now saw a com- life. || Both he that soweth and he that pany of Samaritans from the town, reapeth, &c. When a harvest is excited by the woman's representa- gathered in, not only does the reaper tions, coming to converse with him. rejoice, but also the one who sowed For the encouragement of his disci- the grain. The labors of both were ples, he pointed to them as furnish- necessary; and the final result has ing an opportunity of gathering a been effected by their joint efforts ; spiritual harvest. The harvest, too, so that both classes of laborers rejoice which now invited their labors, was together. In application to the presone that very speedily followed the ent instance, Jesus had performed the sowing of the seed. While in respect labor of sowing by instructing the to a natural harvest, several months woman, and the disciples were now must pass after sowing, in respect to to be employed in further teaching the spiritual harvest, now before them, these Samaritans, and confirming their seed time and harvest seemed to be belief in him. They would assist in together. The mention of four months reaping a spiritual harvest. was founded on what usually took 37. There occurred to the Saviour's place in respect to the most common mind a common saying, which was products of Palestine, two whole applicable to the topic of conversa.
true, One soweth, and another were come unto him, they bereapeth.
sought him that he would tarry 33 I sent you to reap that with them : and he abode there whereon ye bestowed no labor : two days. other men labored, and ye are 41 And many more believed, entered into their labors.
because of his own word ; 39 And many of the Samari- 42 And said unto the woman, tans of that city believed on him Now we believe, not because of for the saying of the woman, thy saying: for we have heard which testified, He told me all him ourselves, and know that that ever I did.
this is indeed the Christ, the Sa40 So when the Samaritans viour of the world. tion, and which would give additional for ministers and all Christians to encouragement to the disciples. It labor for the spiritual welfare of men! often happens, that one sows and v. 35–38. The results of their labors another reaps. This saying some may soon appear the immortal souls times has a melancholy application; of men are benefited - labors now that is, when a man labors in vain, performed are a carrying forward of deriving no benefit from his labors, what good men long ago commenced but, as it would seem, toiling for every one who labors for Christ others only. This, however, was not will share in the ultimate joy, when the use which our Lord now made the Lord's purposes are all accomof it. The idea which he conveyed plished. was this; one man's labors prepare 3. If immediate success be not enthe way for another man's; some men joyed, let no servant of Christ be disfind all the preparatory labor per-heartened. There must be sowing as formed, and have only the happy labor well as reaping. The sower will, of gathering up the results produced hereafter, rejoice as well as the reaper. by the toils of other men.
The labors of the sower will be ac38. I sent you ; I have sent, or ap- knowledged by the Lord of the har. pointed. lll Other men labored ; that vest, as well as those of the reaper. is, all who had preceded the disciples in the work of religious cultivation. 40. That he would tarry with them.
In connection with the work which How cheering to observe this wellay immediately before the disciples, come' reception of Jesus by the Sanamely, in respect to the Samaritans, maritans! Compare, as a contrast, the Saviour directed their minds to Matt. 8: 34. Luke 9: 53. their work in general. He had called 42. The Saviour of the world. The them into service as successors of Samaritans appear to have cherished former laborers; and they would find more spiritual and generous views that much labor had already been per- respecting the Messiah, than the Jews formed; that preparation had been did. The Samaritans did not indulge made, and that they would gather up the same national hopes as the Jews, the results of other men's labors. nor were they under the influence of
such teachers as
were the Jews. REMARKS. 1. Jesus has furnished Hence they rather viewed the Meshis ministers and followers with an siah as a religious teacher and reexample of untiring devotion to the former, and as a spiritual deliverer, service of God, and of sacred delight whose benefits were to be widely in it. v. 34. How false is the notion enjoyed. Among them, as well as that the service of God is gloomy ! among the Jews, there was, doubtless,
2. What encouragement there is a mixture of characters. The people
43 Now, after two days he | the man believed the word that departed thence, and went into Jesus had spoken unto him, and Galilee.
he went his way. 44 For Jesus himself testi- 51 And as he was now gofied, that a prophet hath no ing down, his servants met him, honor in his own country.
and told him, saying, Thy son 45 Then when he was come liveth. into Galilee, the Galileans re- 52 Then inquired he of them ceived him, having seen all the the hour when he began to things that he did at Jerusalem amend. And they said unto at the feast : for they also went him, Yesterday at the seventh unto the feast.
hour the fever left him. 46 So Jesus came again into 53 So the father knew that Cana of Galilee, where he made it was at the same hour, in the the water wine. And there was which Jesus said unto him, Thy a certain nobleman, whose son son liveth : and himself believed, was sick at Capernaum.
and his whole house. 47 When he heard that Je
54 This is again the second sus was come out of Judea into miracle that Jesus did, when he Galilee, he went unto him, and was come out of Judea into besought him that he would come Galilee. down, and heal his son: for he was at the point of death.
CHAPTER V. 48 Then said Jesus unto him; AF
FTER this there was Except ye see signs and won- feast of the Jews: and will not believe.
Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 49 The nobleman saith unto 2 Now there is at Jerusalem, him, Sir, come down ere my by the sheep market, a pool, child die.
which is called in the Hebrew 50 Jesus saith unto him, Go tongue, Bethesda, having five thy way; thy son liveth. And porches. whom Jesus had just met, were prob- in Nazareth mentioned by Luke, 4: ably among the best in the nation, as 28, 29. to religious character.
45. At Jerusalem at the feast. See 43. After two days ; the two days 2: 23. mentioned in v. 40.
46. Nobleman; an officer, probably, 44. A prophet hath no honor in his in the employ of Herod Antipas, teown country; more properly, in his trarch of Galilee. own town. See Matt. 13: 57. This
50. Liveth ; is recovered. remark shows either that Jesus, 54. The second miracle that Jesus though he went to Galilee, yet did did; that is, at Cana. See v. 46. not visit Nazareth, his own town; or that, though he had visited Nazareth,
CHAPTER V. he did not remain there, but spent his 1. A feast of the Jews; one of the time in the other parts of Galilee. It religious festivals. was probably during this visit to Gali- 2. Sheep market. The word marlee, that he suffered the ill treatment |ket was added by the translators, as