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28 Marvel not at this: for but the will of the Father which the hour is coming, in the which hath sent me. all that are in the graves shall
31 If I bear witness of myhear his voice,
self, my witness is not true. 29 And shall come forth; 32 There is another that bearthey that have done good, unto eth witness of me, and I know the resurrection of life; and they that the witness which he witthat have done evil, unto the nesseth of me is true. resurrection of damnation.
33 Ye sent unto John, and 30 I can of mine own self do he bare witness unto the truth. nothing : as I hear, I judge: 34 But I receive not testimoand my judgment is just; be- ny from man : but these things cause I seek not mine own will, I say, that ye might be saved.
ment is to be performed by the Mes- the dead and performing the final siah, not only because he is the only- judgment, Jesus next proceeded to begotten Son of God, purtaking of bring forward some appropriate evithe divine nature ; but also because dences that he really was the Messihe is the Son of man, and holds a pe- ah, to whom all this dignity pertained. culiar relation also to the human race. The evidence which he produced was How interesting the thought, that the threefold: 1. The testimony of John Saviour and the Judge of men, while, the Baptist. vs. 32, &c. 2. The teson the one hand, he is keenly alive to timony of his miracles. v. 36. 3. The the honor of God, has also, on the testimony of the Father given in the other hand, a most tender sympathy Scriptures. vs. 37, &c. | Is not true; for human beings !
is not valid, or adequate in respect to 28. All that are in the grades shall a legal investigation. Because testihear his voice. Still dwelling, on mony respecting himself, and given those greater things (v. 20), and al- by himself, might be suspected as parluding to what he had mentioned in tial. In the view of men, it might be v. 25, as soon to take place, he dis- liable to exception. A person's testitinctly announced the resurrection of mony respecting himself may be per: all the dead at his bidding.
fectly true; yet, as it is of personal 29. Resurrection of life; the future interest, it may not be regarded as state of bliss.
valid, but should be set aside. It is 30. Of mine own self ; that is, in- in this legal respect that the Saviour dependently of the will and authority here disclaimed his own testimony. of the Father, as though I had a sep- 32, 33. Another ; that is, John the arate interest, a will and a plan of my Baptist. Compare 1 : 29–34. own, irrespective of him. "See v. 19. 34. I receive not testimony from || As I hear; that is, from the Father; man. Jesus was not dependent on as I perceive the mind of my Father. man for testimony; his principal tes|| 1 judge. He alluded probably to timony came from a higher source. the final judgment. , || My judgment; Nor did he eagerly grasp at the testimothe decisions which" I shall pro- ny of John, honorable though it was.
Jesus had no selfish ends in view by 31. If I bear witness. Having so appealing to the testimony of John. distinctly declared his intimate con- | But — that ye might be saved. The nection with the Father, the supreme anxious desire of Jesus that his hearers authority which was vested in him in might be saved, induced him to bring respect to the human race, and his distinctly to view the testimony of being appointed to the work of raising John. That testimony was happily
35 He was a burning and a heard his voice at any time, nor shining light: and ye were will seen his shape. ing for a season to rejoice in 38 And ye have not his word his light.
abiding in you: for whom he 36 But I have greater witness hath sent, him ye believe not. than that of John : for the works 39 Search the Scriptures; for which the Father hath given me in them ye think ye have eternal to finish, the same works that I life: And they are they which do, bear witness of me, that the testify of me. Father hath sent me.
40 And ye will not come to 37 And the Father himself me, that ye might have lise. which hath sent me, hath borne 41 I receive not honor from witness of me.
Ye have neither men.
adapted to convince them that he was 38. Whom he hath sent ; whom he the Messiah, and it was testimony of has sent as the promised Messiah, which they could easily judge. John's The Jews had imbibed utterly errocharacter would give weight to any neous opinions respecting the Messideclarations which he had made, and ah, because they did not regard him he had made ample declarations re- in the very light in which God's specting Jesus.
word had presented him. By their 35. A burning and a shining light; not receiving Jesus, they showed an eminent teacher. Compare Matt. clearly, that their minds were not im11:11. || Ye were willing to rejoice; bued with the instructions of God. ye were glad. || For a season; a 39. Search the Scriptures. It is short time. When John had fully generally thought, that our Saviour developed his sterling piety, and his did not here direct the Jews to search uncompromising devotion to the truth, the Scriptures; but rather acknowl. the Pharisees became disinclined tow. edged that they were in the habit of ards him. See Luke 7: 30.
searching them. The words may be 36. The same works that I do, &c. translated, Ye search the Scripturcs. Our Lord next appealed to his mira- In these God's testimony may be cles, as proofs that he had been sent found, to wbich the Saviour was apforth by the Father. These miracles pealing. || For in them ye think ye were a divine attestation in favor of have, &c. "The Jews professed a high the claim which he made to be the regard for the Scriptures, as revealing promised Messiah. To this sort of the will of God, and showing how to evidence he appealed on other occa- obtain eternal life. || They are they, sions also. See 10: 25, 37. 14: 10, &c. It is those very Scriptures 11. 15: 24.
which testify of the Messiah, and 37. And the Father himself, &c. which I, as the Messiah, am fulOur Lord produced, as a third dis- filling. tinct evidence, the testimony of the 40. And. Probably the word but Father. This testimony was given would better express the force of the not in an audible manner, nor by the original word. "Thus: You search Father's becoming visible to their the Scriptures, and it is they which eyes. It had been given in the Scrip- testify of me; but you will not come, tures, the word of God, which yet &c. | Come to me; confide in me. they did not cordially receive. || Ye 41. I receive not honor, &c. Though have neither heard his voice, &c. "The Jesus had been vindicating his own testimony of God was given not in cause, and though he had just ex an audible, nor a visible, manner. pressed regret that the Jews would
42 But I know you, that ye
45 Do not think that I will have not the love of God in you. accuse you to the Father : there
43 I am come in my Father's is one that accuseth you, even name, and ye receive me not: Moses, in whom ye trust. if another shall come in his own 46 For had ye believed Moses, name, him ye will receive. ye would have believed me: for
44 How can ye believe, which he wrote of me. receive honor one of another, 47 But if ye believe not his and seek not the honor that writings, how shall ye believe cometh from God only?
not receive him, yet he was not at and the other writers of the Old Tes. all anxious for human favor.
tament, had spoken of the Messiah 42. He then traced their unwilling- with sufficient clearness to secure the ness to receive him in his proper assent of candid and pious persons character, to its true causes. These to the claims of Jesus. Hence those were two; first, the absence of real who strenuously, persisted in withpiety in their hearts; and next, as ex- holding their faith from Jesus, clearly pressed in v. 44, their fondness for showed that they did not in heart one another's good opinion, their vain believe the writings of Moses, and ambition.
that they were not cherishing such 43. Shall come; should come. ll Ye a spirit as those writings enjoined. will receive; you would Alas! how true was this declaration ! REMARKS. 1. A scrupulous attenMany, during the troublesome times tion to outward religious observances which afterwards befell the nation, may consist with the utter absence pretended to be the Messiah, and of love to God, and may be connectobtained followers. None of these ed with an insatiable thirst for the pretended Messiahs rose above the good opinion of men. v. 10, compared prejudices and desires of the people, with vs. 42, 44. and gave true, spiritual instruction. 2. The calm and dignified manner
44. How can ye believe, &c. Fond in which our Lord spoke on this ocness for human applause, and the casion, is worthy of admiration. He absence of a supreme regard to the was conscious of being the Messiah, approbation of God, effectually hin- and of possessing attributes unspeakdered the principal men among the ably above those of a mere man. See Jews from admitting the claims of v. \17. Yet he asserted his claims Jesus. To acknowledge him as the and appealed to the proper evidence, Messiah at that time, required of with entire freedom from the desire them a strength of piety and an ele- of pleasing men. He exposed the vation above human favor, to which wickedness of his adversaries, and they were strangers.
warned them of the doom which 45–47. Having made so serious they were incurring, with perfect charges against them, Jesus then self-possession, and without indignawholly disclaimed any ill-will tow. tion. ards them, and any desire to appear 3. We cannot repose too strong a as their accuser before God. Nor confidence in Jesus Christ as our was there need that he should bring Saviour; nor need we fear that we an accusation against them. The shall have too exalted an opinion of writings of Moses, for whom they him, or shall cherish too great a love professed so high a regard, and whose and' esteem for him. The more we followers they called themselves, honor the Son, the more do we honor would furnish an accusation. Moses the Father; and the more we pay re
8 One of his disciples, AnAFTER these things Jesus drew, Simon Peter's brother,
him, lee, which is the sea of Tiberias. 9 There is a lad here, which
2 And a great multitude fol- hath five barley loaves, and two lowed him, because they saw his small fishes: but what are they miracles which he did on them among so many ? that were diseased.
10 And Jesus said, Make the 3 And Jesus went up into a men sit down. (Now there was mountain, and there he sat with much grass in the place.) So his disciples.
the men sat down in number 4 And the passover, a feast about five thousand. of the Jews, was nigh.
11 And Jesus took the loaves; 5 When Jesus then lifted up and when he had given thanks, his eyes, and saw a great com- he distributed to the disciples, pany come unto him, he saith and the disciples to them that unto Philip, Whence shall we were set down; and likewise buy bread that these may eat ? of the fishes, as much as they
6 (And this he said to prove would. him : for he himself knew what 12 When they were filled, he he would do.)
said unto his disciples, Gather 7 Philip answered him, Two up the fragments that remain, hundred pennyworth of bread is that nothing be lost. not sufficient for them, that eve- 13 Therefore they gathered ry one of them may take a little. them together, and filled twelve
gard to the Father, the more disposed after the things mentioned in the preshall we be to cherish a deep reverence ceding chapter. A considerable interfor the Son. v. 23.
val of time had elapsed. What is 4. The habit of diligently studying related in the preceding chapter octhe Scriptures is commendable. We curred in Jerusalem during one of the ought to study them with candor, and festivals. See 5: 1. Jesus was now submit to their guidance. v. 39. in Galilee, and another festival (see
5. True love to God will guard us v. 4) was at hand. against many religious errors. v. 42. 6. To prove him; to try him, wheth
6. Desire for human applause is er he would express confidence in the exceedingly dangerous. The appro- ability of Jesus to produce a sufficient bation of God is unspeakably valua- supply of food. ble; and seeking for that will elevate 7. Pennyworth ; the coin which is us above the influence of men's flat- frequently mentioned in the Gospels, teries and frowns. v. 44. “ The fear and which was equivalent, as some of man bringeth a snare." Prov. 29 : compute, to about fourteen cents of 25.
10. Sit down ; recline, as was usual CHAPTER VI.
at taking a meal. 1-14. Compare Matt. 14:13–21. 12. Gather up the fragments, &c. Mark 6: 32–44. Luke 9: 10–17. Though Jesus was able miraculously After these things. This expression to furnish any amount of food, he is indefinite, not meaning immediately strictly forbade wastefulness. We
baskets with the fragments of about five and twenty or thirty the five barley-loaves, which re- furlongs, they see Jesus walkmained over and above unto ing on the sea, and drawing nigh them that had eaten.
unto the ship: and they were 14 Then those men, when afraid. they had seen the miracle that 20 But he saith unto them, It Jesus did, said, This is of a truth is I; be not afraid. that Prophet that should come 21 Then they willingly reinto the world.
ceived him into the ship : and 15 When Jesus therefore per- immediately the ship was at the ceived that they would come land whither they went. and take him by force, to make 22 The day following, when him a king, he departed again the people which stood on the into a mountain himself alone. other side of the sea saw that
16 And when even was now there was none other boat there, come, his disciples went down save that one whereinto his disunto the sea,
ciples were entered, and that 17 And entered into a ship, Jesus went not with his disciand went over the sea toward ples into the boat, but that his Capernaum. And it was now disciples were gone away alone; dark, and Jesus was not come 23 (Howbeit there came othto them.
er boats from Tiberias nigh unto 18 And the sea arose by rea- the place where they did eat son of a great wind that blew. bread, after that the Lord had
19 So when they had rowed given thanks :) ought to be neither anxious about the 16–21. Compare Matthew 14: future (see Matt. 6 : 25), nor regard- 22—36. less of those present advantages which 19. Five and twenty, or thirty, furmay supply our necessities in time to longs ; about four miles. They see
Jesus. But they did not know that 14. That Prophet. The Messiah it was he. It was too early in the was sometimes regarded as the great morning for them to see distinctly. religious guide and revealer of God's See Matt. 14: 25. will. As such, he was foretold in 21. Immediately; very speedily. Deut. 18: 15.
We often use such expressions as im15. To make him a king. Accord-mediately, at once, &c., meaning, very ing to the opinions cherished among soon. There is no reason for thinkthe Jews, the Messiah was to be a ing that the vessel was urged forward great earthly king. They were very miraculously. uneasy under the Roman yoke; and 22. On the other side of the sea. the company who were now with That is, on the eastern side where Jesus, struck with admiration at the Jesus had fed the multitude. ll That miracle which he had wrought, would there was none other boat there; or, gladly have lent their aid in effecting that there had been there only the one a revolution, and in making Jesus, in boat in which the disciples had detheir own sense of the title, king of parted on the preceding evening. the Jews. || Into a mountain him- 23. Howbeit, &c. The information self alone. Compare Mark 6: 46. given in this verse was necessary in