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abuve: ye are of this world; I | them, When ye have lifted up am not of this world.

the Son of man, then shall ye 24 I said therefore unto you, know that I am he, and that I that shall die in your sins : do nothing of myself; but as my for if ye believe not that I am Father hath taught me, I speak he, ye shall die in your sins.

these things. 25 Then said they unto him, 29 And he that sent me is Who art thou! And Jesus saith with me : the Father hath not unto them, Even the same that left me alone; for I do always I said unto you from the begin- those things that please him. ning.

30 As he spake these words, 26 I have many things to say, many believed on him. and to judge of you : but he that 31 Then said Jesus to those sent me, is true; and I speak to Jews which believed on him, If the world those things which Iye continue in my word, then have heard of him.

are ye my disciples indeed; 27 They understood not that 32 And ye shall know the he spake to them of the Father. truth, and the truth shall make

28 Then said Jesus unto you free. above ; I am from heaven, and my respecting you, and to pronounce an disposition and aims correspond to my unfavorable decision concerning you. origin. For the meaning of the terms || But, &c. But notwithstanding your above and beneath, see Col. 3: 2. Je- improper treatment of me, I have sus immediately repeated the same God's judgment in my favor; and his thought in other words. Thus the testimony ought to be regarded by Saviour declared that they were des- you as valid. || And I speak to the titute of pious, heavenly feelings, and world, &c. The truths also which I were exposed to be rejected from communicate are precisely such as he heaven. . Their refusing to enter into gave me to impart. his views, and their whole treatment 28. Shall have lifted up the Son of of him, sufficiently showed what spirit man. Jesus here alluded to his exthey were of.

pected crucifixion. See 12: 32, 33. A. I am he; I am the Messiah, Compare, also, 3: 14. || That I am whom I profess to be.

he; that I am the Messiah, that it is 25. From the beginning. Jesus I who was promised to the nation. had, from the commencement of his The death and resurrection of Jesus public ministry, claimed to be the were to furnish signal evidence of his Messiah, the One that was to come being really the Messiah. Compare from the Father. This claim he still Matt. 12: 38–40. Rom. 1:4. || 1 and constantly maintained. The word do nothing of myself ; that is, by my translated from the beginning, is also own authority, distinct from that of by some translated altogether, most the Father. truly. The Saviour intended to say


Continue in my 100rd; be most solemnly, and in a tone of steadfast in adhering to my docstrong assurance, “throughout and trine. entirely, I am what I have declared 32. Ye shall know the truth, ye myself to be."

shall have a right discernment of 26. I have many things to say, and what is true, and you will inwardly to judge, &c. The idea is, You give feel the truth of my doctrines. Comme just occasion to say much more I pare 7: 17. || Shall make you free;

33 They, answered him, We besoever committeth sin, is the Abraham's seed, and were never servant of sin. in bondage to any man : how say- 35 And the servant abideth est thou, Ye shall be made free? not in the house forever, but the

34 Jesus answered them, Ver- son abideth ever. ily, verily, I say unto you, Who- 36 If the Son therefore shall from the bondage of ignorance, of and would not be allowed to possess error, and of sin.

the privileges of children; but, being 33. They answered him. The word slaves to sin, they would be cut off they does not relate to those who had from the privileges which they now just declared their conviction that he enjoyed, just as a slave, or a servant, was the Messiah (v. 30), and on is not entitled to a permanent connecwhom he had enjoined a continued tion with a family as an own child is, attachment to him. It is used in a but may, whenever it seems best to general manner, as we often use it, the master of the family, be removed equivalent to the people ; and it refers to another situation. to some then standing by, who were 35. And the servant abideth not in disposed to cavil at his language the house forever. A servant has not ll We be Abruham's seed, &c. They the right of a permanent connection spurned the thought that they, de- with the family; his connection is scendants of Abraham, to whom such liable to be sundered, and he cannot proinises had been made, should be claim, as his right, a lasting abode in represented as needing to be set free, the family such a lasting abode peras though they were in bondage tains to children, to those that are free. The nation had indeed been in sub- | || The house; the family. || Forever ; jection to the Egyptians and to the ä general term, indicating an indefiChaldeans, and had been dependent nite length of time, continually, peron other powers, and even then were petually. A servant's connection with in subjection to the Romans. But a family is liable to be only temporatheir lofty spirit could not bear, that ry; it is a son, a child, that enjoys their subjection should be called bon the privilege of permanent connecdage, and that it should be distinctly tion. Those Jews, being servants, charged on them. As the Saviour, being in bondage (that is, to sin), however, was speaking to a few indi- could not justly claim the privileges viduals merely, they probably thought which pertain only to children ; and, of personal servitude, of being bond however they might pride themselves slaves to some master, in the same on belonging to the family of God, way that in past ages they had had they would soon be cut off from it, domestic slaves from among foreign even in respect to external acknowl

The people then present had edgment. || The son; the son of a never been in such bondage. Though family. The Messiah is not here the Saviour did not mean such bon- meant by this word. Jesus merely dage, yet the Jews were disposed to employed an illustration drawn from cavil, and to put an unfavorable con- usages with which the Jews were acstruction on his words.

quainted. 34, 35. Jesus anside

sidered, &c. Jesus 36. If the Son, therefore, &c. The proceeded to state distinctly that he word Son here means the Messiah spoke of a bondage to sin, and of himself. Jesus declared to the Jews their being in spiritual bondage. that they stood in need of being res. Moreover, though they might boast cued from bondage, and that they of belonging to the family of God, could be rescued only by the Messiah, they were not in reality his children, I by himself. Should they receive from


make you free, ye shall be free Jesus saith unto them, If ye indeed.

were Abraham's children, ye 37 I know that ye are Abra- would do the works of Abraham's seed; but ye seek to kill ham. me, because my word hath no 40 But now ye seek to kill place in you.

me, a man that hath told you 38 I speak that which I have the truth, which I have heard seen with my Father : and ye do of God : this did not Abraham. that which ye have seen with

41 Ye do the deeds of your

father. Then said they to him, 39 They answered and said | We be not born of fornication ; unto him, Abraham is our father. we have one Father, even God.

your father.

hin freedom, their freedom would be they sought to avoid the conclusion indeed worthy of the name ; they to which the language of Jesus was could obtain true liberty only by be conducting them.. 11 If ye were Abracoming his disciples.

ham's children; his children, in the 37. Ye are Abraham's seed; the truly valuable sense of that expresnatural posterity of Abraham. || But sion, his spiritual children, like him ye seek to kill me, because, &c. “The i in character, and entitled to such Saviour here showed that, though blessings as he enjoyed. || Works of they were the natural posterity of Abraham ; works like Abraham's. Abraham, yet they did not resemble Ye would be like him in your conhim in character ; they were not his duct. spiritual children; for they cherished 40. Ye seek to kill me, a man, &c.; a malicious disposition towards Jesus, ye indulge a murderous spirit towards through dislike of his instructions. me, who am declaring truth from || My word; my instructions.

God. 33. With my Father ; that is, God. 41. Deeds of your father ; you || With your father ; that is, Satan. manifest a spirit and perform acts See v. 44. As if Jesus had said, like those of your father, the devil. While the instructions which I come! The Jews now saw plainly to what municate are in perfect accordance conclusion Jesus was leading them, with the will of my Father, you act and they resolutely maintained that in accordance with the will of Satan, they were genuine children of God, in disliking and rejecting my instruc- that their Father and Abraham's Fations. In respect to character, my ther was one and the same. || We be Father and your father are entirely not born of fornication; we are genuopposite, just as I and you are entire ine children of God. The terms adul. ly opposite. Jesus was thus gradually tery, and fornication are frequently bringing them to see that he regarded used in the Bible to signify apostasy them as exceedingly sinful, and ut- from God, and an adopting of idolaterly opposed to God, and resembling try. The Jews, then, in their reply the evil one.

to Jesus, maintained that they had not 39. Abraham is our father. Men- apostatized from God, that they were tion having been made of their father, not idolaters, that they had not dethey at once called to mind Abruham, scended from idolaters, but that, like as the father of the nation, of whom Abraham, they were genuine children they so much boasted. And their of God, not a spurious offspring. claim of him as their father implied | One Father ; one and the same Fa. the claim of being like him, and of be- iher; we have the same Father that ing entitled to the divine favor. Thus Abraham had.

42 Jesus said unto them, If 45 And because I tell you God were your Father, ye would the truth, ye believe me not. love me: for I proceeded forth 46 Which of you convinceth and came from God; neither me of sin? And if I say the came I of myself, but he sent me. truth, why do ye not believe

43 Why do ye not under- me? stand my speech? even because 47 He that is of God, hearye cannot hear my word. eth God's words : ye therefore

44 Ye are of your father the hear them not, because ye are devil, and the lusts of your fa- not of God. ther ye

will do: he was a mur- 48 Then answered the Jews, derer from the beginning, and and said unto him, Say we not abode not in the truth; because well that thou art a Samaritan, there is no truth in him. When and hast a devil ? he speaketh a lie, he speaketh 49 Jesus answered, I have not of his own : for he is a liar, and a devil; but I honor my Father, the father of it.

and ye do dishonor me.

approve him.

42. If God were your Father, &c. in him; no veracity, no love of truth. Jesus denied that they were true chil. No dependence can be placed on what dren of God. Their treatment of he says. || He speaketh of his own.; him, though he came from God and he speaketh in accordance with his by the authority of God, sufficiently own nature and character, according proved that their spirit was entirely to his own heart. || Father of it; faat variance with God.

ther of lying. 43. My speech ; what I am saying. 45. Because I tell you the truth, &c. || Cannot hear; cannot hear with ap- As Satan loves not truth, so ye beprobation; cannot receive. || My word; lieve me not, because I declare the my instructions. The spirit which truth. Should I declare false religiou the Jews were indulging was so en sentiments, and profess to be the tirely hostile to the character and the Messiah according to your false views teaching of Jesus, that they could not of the character and designs of the

Messiah, ye would believe me. 44. Lusts; evil desires. Jesus pro- 46. Convinceth me of sin? The ceeds to mention two characteristics word sin refers here particularly to of the devil, in which the Jews re- what would be wrong in respect to the sembled him, and proved themselves teaching and the claims of Jesus, and to be his children, rather than chil- is equivalent to error and deception. dren of God. These two character. The inquiry which our Lord proposed istics are, a murderous spirit, and a is, Which of you can convict me, can dislike of the truth. Their desires to prove me to have been guilty, of erroput Jesus to death, and their dislike | neous and deceptive teaching, or of of his doctrines, constituted their re- any departure from truth? semblance to Satan. || He was a mur- 47. He that is of God; a child of derer from the beginning. It was he God. Compare v. 44. || God's words ; who, in the beginning of the human instructions delivered by the authorirace, tempted our first parent, and ty, and with the approbation, of God. thus subjected men to death. || Abode 48. Thou art a Sumaritan. An exnot in the truth; departed from the pression of bitter reproach. The Sa. truth, and beguiled Eve by falsehood. maritans were abhorred by the Jews See Gen. 3:4. || There is no truth | Compare 7: 20.

50 And I seek not mine own me, of whom ye say, that he is glory: there is one that seeketh your God. and judgeth.

55 Yet ye have not known 51 Verily, verily, I say unto him; but I know him: and if I you, If a man keep my saying, should say, I know him not, I he shall never see death.

shall be a liar like unto you: 52 Then said the Jews unto but I know him, and keep his him, Now we know that thou saying. hast a devil. Abraham is dead,

56 Your father Abraham reand the prophets; and thou say- joiced to see my day : and he est, If a man keep my saying, saw it, and was glad. he shall never taste of death. 57 Then said the Jews unto

53 Art thou greater than our him, Thou art not yet fifty years father Abraham, which is dead ? old, and hast thou seen Abraand the prophets are dead : whom ham ? makest thou thyself ?

58 Jesus said unto them, 54 Jesus answered, If I hon- Verily, verily, I say unto you, or myself, my honor is nothing : Before Abraham was, I am. it is my Father that honoreth 59 Then took they up stones

50. ! seek not mine oron glory. pretending to be greater than AbraThough you greatly dishonor me, yet ham and the prophets. Jesus tacitI am not solicitous about my own glo- ly assents that he is far greater than ry, nor shall I turn from my appro- Abraham and the prophets, but yet priate course in order to take ven- he remarks that he is not solicitous to geance on you. The vindication of vindicate himself from the reproaches my honor I leave to another, to my of the Jews. The honor which he Father. || There is one that seeketh; has, and the vindication which is due there is one (my Father) who will to him, proceed not from himself, but seek my glory, and vindicate my hon- from the Father. Compare v. 50. or. I || And judgeth; that is, judgeth

55. Ye have not known him; you you; who will condemn you, while have not a just knowledge of his he vindicates me.

character. || Keep his saying ; adhere 51. My saying ; my doctrine. || Neo- to the instructions which he gave me. er see death; shall never die, but shall Compare vs. 28, 38. live forever. In this manner, Jesus 56. Rejoiced to see my day; rejoiced again solemnly declared himself to be that he could, by faith in the promises the Saviour, and required faith in of God, and by a believing anticipahim, and obedience to him, in order tion of the future, see and enjoy the to the possession of eternal life. See time when I should be blessing the v. 12. 7: 37,38. Compare 6: 50, 54, world. God had promised to Åbra57, 58.

ham that, through his posterity, all 52. Now we know, &c. Again the the families of the earth should be Jews misunderstood, or affected to blessed ; he believed this promise, misunderstand, his language ; they and, by anticipation, enjoyed its fulapplied to natural death what he had filment. spoken concerning spiritual and eter- 58. Before Abraham was, I am. nal death.

Compare 1 : 1, 2, 15, 30. 3: 13. 17: 54. If I honor myself, &c. The 5, 24. Col. 1:17. Jews had just cast reproach on him as 59. Jesus hid himself. He turned one claiming great honor for himself, I away from those with whom he had

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