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when Jesus was glorified, then | Greeks among them, that came remembered they that these up to worship at the feast. things were written of him, and 21 The same came therefore that they had done these things to Philip, which was of Bethunto him.

saida of Galilee, and desired him, 17 The people therefore that saying, Sir, we would see Jesus. was with him when he called

22 Philip cometh and telleth Lazarus out of his grave, and Andrew: and again, Andrew raised him from the dead, bare and Philip tell Jesus. record.

23 And Jesus answered them, 13 For this cause the people saying, The hour is come, that also met him, for that they heard the Son of man should be glothat he had done this miracle. rified.

19 The Pharisees therefore 24 Verily, verily, I say unto said among themselves, Perceive you, Except a corn of wheat fall ye how ye prevail nothing ? be- into the ground and die, it abihold, the world is gone after deth alone: but if it die, it bringhim.

eth forth much fruit. 20 And there were certain 25 He that loveth his life shall and exalted to his glorious state in The fact that persons, not of the Jewheaven.

ish nation, had expressed a desire to 19. The world, &c. A strong meth- become acquainted with him, led him od of denoting the immense throngs to speak of the glorious state on which which seemed

ready to hail Jesus as he was about to enter, of the spread of the long-expected King.

the gospel, and of the increase of his 2). Greeks. These persons were prob- followers. || should be glorified ; exably proselytes to the Jewish religion. alted to thë glory, which, after his

21. Bethsaida of Galilee. See 1: death and resurrection, he would pos44. || We would see Jesus ; we wish sess at the right hand of God. See to see Jesus. These Greek prose. Mark 16: 19. lytes did not live in Palestine, and 24. A corn of wheat; a kernel of had never seen Jesus. They had wheat. Jesus wished to convey the heard concerning him.

idea, that his cause would be establish22. Telleth Andrew. Philip seems ed and become victorious by means to have consulted with Andrew in of his death ; just as grain, commitregard to this request of the Greeks. ted to the earth, must undergo a Our Lord's disciples had often no- species of death in order to produce ticed that he did not encourage the fruit, so he must die in order to acspirit of curiosity. If a person was complish the object for which he came really desirous of instruction, Jesus into the world, and to gather a compawas always ready to impart it. But ny of followers. In a variety of ways when mere curiosity prompted a per. Jesus sought to fix in the minds of son to ask him questions, he either his disciples the truth, that the delivremained silent, or made the ques- erance which he came to effect retions topics of practical exhortation. quired his being put to death.

23. Jesus answered them. The re- 25. In view of the death which marks of Jesus which now follow, awaited Jesus, it was necessary that were probably, made to Philip and he himself should possess the spirit Andrew, after he had had an inter- of self-denial. His disciples, too, view with the inquiring Greeks. ought to cherish this disposition. If

lose it; and he that hateth his life this cause came I unto this in this world, shall keep it unto hour. life eternal.

28 Father, glorify thy name. 26 If any man serve me, let Then came there a voice from him follow me; and where I am, heaven, saying, I have both glothere shall also my servant be : rified it, and will glorify it again. if any man serve me, him will 29 The people therefore that my Father honour.

stood by, and heard it, said that 27 Now is my soul troubled; it thundered. Others said, An and what shall I say? Father, angel spake to him. save ine from this hour: but for 30 Jesus answered and said, they should be unwilling to endure pated his painful death in all its ancalamities on earth for his sake, they guish, he yet submissively resigned would fail to attain the bliss which himself to the divine allotment. he could give them in heaven; but, | || Save me from this hour ; from the should they faithfully adhere to him. expected hour of calamity. Our Lord and encounter the sorrows incident here seems to have presented a petion earth to being his disciples, they tion which he instantly felt to be inwould receive the blessing of eternal consistent with the object for which life. To them, therefore, he applied he had come into the world, and he the general rule, that, if a person therefore at once retracted it. We should love life on earth so much may regard him as for a moment feel. that he would, not part with it for his ing the dread which the prospect of sake, he would lose eternal life; and suffering naturally excites, and exthat, if a person should love him more pressing himself in the same manner than life on earth, so as to be willing as he afterwards did, according to to expose himself to death for the Matt. 26 : 39 ; or we may adopt the sake of Jesus, he would secure life suggestion of distinguished editors of eternal. He that loveth his life; he the Greek Testament, who place a that loves life on earth more than my note of interrogation at the word cause. . || Shall lose it; shall lose it, hour. The language of the Saviour in the highest sense, that is, in eterni- would then be the following: What ty; shall lose his soul. || He that shall I say? [shall I say] Father, sare hateth his life ; comparatively speak- me from this hour ? || For this cause; ing; that is, he that loves life on for enduring the very calamities, the earth less than he loves my cause, so anticipation of which now occasions as to prefer my cause before his life. anguish to my soul. || Shall keep it, &c.; shall preserve 28. Glorify thy name. Thus the his life, in the highest sense ; shall Saviour meekly acquiesced in the secure his soul's salvation. Compare will of God, and expressed his conMatt. 10, 39.

trolling desire that his Father might 26. Follow me; obey me, and imi- be honored, whatever sufferings he tate my self-denial in enduring calam- himself must endure. ll I hade gloriities for righteousness' sake. | Where fied it. God had already, through the Ium; in the glorious state to which character, the teaching, and the miraI am going.

cles of Jesus, in a glorious manner 27. Now is my soul troubled. The displayed his benevolence, and power, near prospect of intense sufferings and wisdom. || Glorify it again ; by occasioned agitation in the Saviour's the resurrection of Jesus, by exalting mind; he was not insensible to suf him to the heavenly throne, and caus. fering, nor did he affect a cold indif- ing the successful diffusion of the ference to it; but, while he antici-) gospel.

me, but for

unto me.

This voice came not because of 34 The people answered him,


We have heard out of the law 31 Now is the judgment of that Christ abideth forever : and this world: now shall the prince how sayest thou, The Son of man of this world be cast out. must be lifted up? Who is this

32 And I, if I be lifted up Son of man ? front the earth, will draw all men 35 Then Jesus said unto them,

Yet a little while is the light with 33 (This he said, signifying you. Walk while ye have the what death he should die.) light, lest darkness come upon

31. Now is the judgment of this acquire a wide dominion, a dominion world. The world here means the which would accomplish the crumadversaries of Jesus, as distinguished bling away and the entire subversion from his disciples. Judgment is here of Satan's dominion. The current equivalent to condemnation and loss would hereafter set in favor of Jesus, of power. The adversaries of the and to him would " the gathering of Saviour are here represented as the people be.” brought to trial, condemned, and 34. The law ; the Jewish Scripstripped of their power to impede tures, as in 10 : 34 || Christ abideth the progress of his cause. | The forever ; that the Messiah should not prince of this world ; Satan, regarded die. The Scriptures taught that the as ruling in the hearts of the Sa- reign of the Messiah should have no viour's adversaries. Compare Eph. end. See Is. 9 : 7. Dan. 7: 14. Some 2: 2. || Cast out; from his domin- of the Jews inferred from such stateion. His power shall be restrained. ments that the Messiah would exerCompare Luke 10: 18. The death cise an endless reign on earth, and of Jesus, which was approaching, would, consequently, not die. Hence would be followed by his triumphant they inquired who it could be of resurrection, and the establishment whom Jesus was speaking. The of his cause.

phrase Son of man had probably been 32. Lifted up from the earth; put employed by Jesus during this conto death. As Jesus knew that he versation; and to the Saviour's use was to be crucified, this manner of of that phrase the question of the expression was peculiarly appropri- Jews alluded. ate. Compare 3 : 14. 8: 28. || Will 35. Without particularly replying draw unto me; will turn to my inter- to their inquiry, Jesus solemnly cauests. || All men. This expression is tioned his hearers not to reject him, here a general one, signifying the but to secure the blessings which he great multitudes that should become was proposing to them, while the opfollowers of Christ, and partakers of portunity should continue. The light; his blessings. Small, comparatively, the author of true knowledge and as was then the number of our Lord's bliss. || Walk while, &c.; while the true followers, that number was to be light shines around you, walk in it. immensely enlarged. The word all is That is, while you have the means of used here in a sense similar to that attaining true knowledge and bliss, which it has in Matt. 3 : 5, and which avail yourselves of the opportunity. the word every has in Luke 16: 16. 1 || Lest darkness come upon you ; lest There might also have been intended you become wholly enveloped with a comparison between “ the prince error and wretchedness. || He that of this world,” who had, thus far, walketh in darkness knoweth not, &c. seemed to have entire sway among As one who is travelling in a dark men, and the Messiah, who would f night is in constant danger of misyou : for he that walketh in dark- 38 That the saying of Esaias ness knoweth not whither he the prophet might be fulfilled, goeth.

which he spake, Lord, who hath 36 While ye have light, be- believed our report? and to lieve in the light, that ye may whom hath the arm of the Lord be the children of light. These been revealed ? things spake Jesus, and departed, 39 Therefore they could not and did hide himself from them. believe, because that Esaias said

37 But though he had done again, so many miracles before them, 40 He hath blinded their yet they believed not on him : eyes, and hardened their heart; taking his way and of falling into This language of lamentation over the difficulty, so you, if you follow not smallness of the number whom the my instructions, will be under the prophet beheld as truly benefited, intuence of error, and sink into was peculiarly applicable to the times misery.

of Jesus. 36. While ye have light; while the 39, 40. Therefore they could not bedivine teacher and Saviour is among liere, &c. The idea expressed in you. || Believe in the light ; receive the these two verses is, that the people instructions, and accept the guidance, were so much under the influence of of this teacher and Saviour. || The a perverse and hardened state of heart, children of light. By a Hebrew idi- that, though the evidence of the truth om, the word children or sons is used was plainly and fully before their to express some peculiar relation to eyes, though ample instruction was the object mentioned. Thus, a son furnished them, yet they would perseof death means a person worthy of vere in resisting the evidence and redeath; a son of peace, one to whom jecting the instruction. This thought peace, or prosperity, properly belongs. is expressed in language quoted from So children of light are those by Is. 6:9, 10. The quotation is not an whom the blessings of divine knowl. exact one, but was intended merely edge and salvation shall be enjoyed. to convey the thought. And what

38. That the saying of Esaias the Isaiah had said in that passage, reprophet might be fulfilled. Compare specting the Jews of his time, might Ís. 63: 1. The meaning of the evan- be regarded as fulfilled anew in the gelist is, not that the people did not case of the Jews in our Saviour's believe in order that the language of time, and might be adopted as a very the prophet might be accomplished, true description of them. The evan. but that, in their refusing to believe in gelist did not mean to say that the Jesus as the Messiah, the language people in the time of Jesus were hinof the prophet received an additional dered from believing in him by the accomplishment. The miracles and fact that Isaiah had made such a decthe teaching of Jesus had this result, laration, but that they could not be

that the people refused to receive lieve because they had the state of him; and thus the language of Isaiah heart which Isaiah's language demight well be applied to them. || Our scribed. || He hath blinded their eyes, report; our instruction. || To whom &c. In the Bible, effects are ascribed hath the arm of the Lord been revealed ? to God, without in the least degree Who has beheld the manifestations of detracting from the agency of men or divine power so as to be persuaded by of Satan, in respect to those effects ; them to turn to the Lord? Whom has so that, according to the unfettered the power of the Lord drawn to be language of the Bible, the same thing, come the followers of the Messiah?viewed as an effect, may be ascribed

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that they should not see with | isees they did not confess him,
their eyes, nor understand with lest they should be put out of
their heart, and be converted, and the synagogue:
I should heal them.

43 For they loved the praise
41 These things said Esaias, of men more than the praise of
when he saw his glory, and spake God.
of him.

44 Jesus cried, and said, He 42 Nevertheless, among the that believeth on me, believeth chief rulers also many believed not on me, but on him that sent on him; but because of the Phar- me : either to God, or to Satan, or to man. place, not by God's direct agency, but If God foresees that certain results by occasion of his having presented will take place, in consequence of his religious opportunities to men, and commanding or permitting, certain by their abusing or neglecting of things, he is said to accomplish those those opportunities. , ll That they results, while yet the men who are should not see, &c. In accordance personally concerned are guilty or with the scriptural mode of speaking, virtuous according to the nature of these words may be rendered, So that the action. See on Matt. 6:13. they will not see nor understand Compare also Deut. 29 : 4. Thus, in not be converted. Compare Matt. 13 the passage quoted from Isaiah, God 11–15. Mark 4: 12. commissioned his prophet to exercise 41. When he saw his glory. See the prophetic office among the Jews, Is. 6:1-4. The remarkable mani. and to address them with the utmost festation which was made to Isaiah · plainness, in the name of God. At was a manifestation of Jehovah. the same time, he knew that they John here speaks of it as being a man would reject the prophet's message; ifestation of Christ. John seems to and this refusing to receive the proph- have been so much in the habit of et's instructions, and to turn to God, contemplating the divine nature of was chargeable on themselves, and our Lord, that he felt no difficulty would greatly aggravate their guilt in applying to Christ a description and their doom. But, though it was which originally referred to Jehovah; foreseen that they would thus abuse just as he felt no difficulty in ascribing and pervert the prophet's instruc- to Christ the work of creation. Since tions, he was still directed to go to Christ was in reality a partaker of the them, and, by giving them warnings divine nature, the description furnishwhich they would pervert, make their ed by Isaiah was truly a description of hearts hard, and blind their eyes. Christ. This language of John acNow, the prophet would not be culpa- cords, also, with the opinion which ble for this result, but the people has been held from very ancient times, themselves. So God may be said to that all the appearances of Jehovah blind the eyes of men when he mentioned in the Old Testament, spreads before them light, from which were, in reality, manifestations of the he knows they will turn away. The Messiah in his divine nature. men blind their own eyes,

but the oc- 42. Confess; openly acknowledge. casion of their being thus guilty is the See Matt. 10:32. || Put out of the fact that light from God is spread be- synagogue; excommunicated. See fore them. When, then, it is said, on 9: 22. He hath blinded their eyes, &c., the 44. Jesus cried; cried out, promeaning is, simply, their eyes are claimed. The particular occasion on blinded, their hearts are hardened ; which Jesus spoke the words which and this blinding and hardening take follow, is not mentioned


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