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cometh thither with lanterns, and 9 That the saying might be torches, and weapons.

fulfilled which he spake, Of 4 Jesus therefore, knowing them which thou gavest me, all things that should come upon have I lost none. him, went forth, and said unto 10 Then Simon Peter, having them, Whom seek ye?

a sword, drew it, and smote the 5 They answered him, Jesus high priest's servant, and cut off of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto his right ear. The servant's them, I am he. And Judas also, name was Malchus. which betrayed him, stood with 11 Then said Jesus unto Pethem.

ter, Put up thy sword into the 6 As soon then as he had said sheath: the cup which my Faunto them, I am he, they went ther hath given me, shall I not backward, and fell to the ground. drink it?

7 Then asked he them again, 12 Then the band, and the Whom seek ye? And they said, captain, and officers of the Jews Jesus of Nazareth.

took Jesus, and bound him, 8 Jesus answered, I have told 13 And led him away to Anyou that I am he. If therefore nas first, (for he was father-in-law ye seek me, let these go their to Caiaphas, which was the high way:

priest that same year.)

guarded during the nights by Levites. in an inferior sense, applicable to the From these guards the chief priests preservation which Jesus now sought procured the band who accompanied for his disciples. In its full meanJudas. ll Officers. These were the ing, it doubtless related to their everattendants on the Sanhedrim, whose lasting salvation. But as they were business it was to execute the orders now protected against foes, the sentiof that body.

ment before expressed was happily 6. And fell to the ground. Many applicable. It is probable that some of this company were doubtless con- of the assailants wished to apprehend scious of being engaged in an utterly the disciples. wrong business; and the sight of their 10, 11. Compare Matt. 26 : 51–54. victim, with the calmness and dignity Luke 22 : 50, 51. which he displayed in speaking to 12. Then the band took Jesus. them, had the effect of disarming From the other evangelists we learn, them. A sudden rush upon their that Judas pointed out Jesus by kissconsciences of a feeling of guilt, and ing him. See Matt. 26 : 48. Mark an unexpected manner of being met | 14:44, 45. Luke 22: 47. Though by Jesus, might have the effect men. Jesus had spoken to the band, yet as tioned by the evangelist. Some of it was night, and as there was much these men were, in all probability, agitation, it would be necessary, in the same as are mentioned in 7: 32, order to be sure of seizing the prop45, 46. They could not forget the er person, that he should be disfavorable impression made on their tinctly pointed out. || Bound him. It minds on the occasion related in that was common to bind those who were chapter. A guilty conscience has a apprehended as criminals. See Acts palsying effect on its possessor.

21 : 33. 9. That the saying, &c. See 17: 13. Annas. He had been high 12. The declaration referred to was, priest eleven years, and was probably



14 Now Caiaphas was he spake openly to the world; I which gave counsel to the Jews, ever taught in the synagogue, that it was expedient that one and in the temple, whither the inan should die for the people. Jews always resort; and in se

15 And Simon Peter followed cret have I said nothing. Jesus, and so did another disci- 21 Why askest thou me? ask ple. That disciple was known them which heard me, what I unto the high priest, and went have said unto them: behold, in with Jesus, into the palace of they know what I said. the high priest.

22 And when he had thus 16 But Peter stood at the spoken, one of the officers which door without. Then went out stood by, struck Jesus with the that other disciple which was palm of his hand, saying, Anknown unto the high priest, and swerest thou the high priest so? spake unto her that kept the 23 Jesus answered him, If I door, and brought in Peter. have spoken evil, bear witness

17 Then saith the damsel of the evil : but if well, why smithat kept the door unto Peter, test thou me? Art not thou also one of this 24 (Now Annas had sent him man's disciples? He saith, I bound unto Caiaphas the high am not.

priest.) 18 And the servants and offi- 25 And Simon Peter stood cers stood there, who had made and warmed himself. They said a fire of coals; (for it was cold ;) therefore unto him, Art not thou and they warmed themselves : also one of his disciples? He and Peter stood with them, and denied it, and said, I am not. warmed himself.

26 One of the servants of the 19 The high priest then asked high priest (being his kinsman Jesus of his disciples, and of his whose ear Peter cut off) saith, doctrine.

Did not I see thee in the garden 20 Jesus answered him, I with him ? at the time here spoken of assistant not distinctly mentioned by John in high priest. See on Luke 3:2. This its natural order, though it is implied circumstance, together with his rela- in the mention of the high priest's tionship to Caiaphas, the real high palace. See v. 24. It was at the priest, made it important that he house of Caiaphas, that Peter denied should be consulted in such a trans- his Master. See Matt. 26: 57, 69, action as was now in progress. Com- &c. pare Matt. 26 : 57

17. Compare Matt. 26 : 69, 70. 14. Which gave counsel. Compare 18. Coals; properly, live coals. 11:49, 50.

|| It was cold. It was the month of 15. Another disciple ; doubtless John April, and in the night. In Paleshimself. || Palace of the high priest. tine, at that season, the nights are The Jews, having first conducted Je- sufficiently cold to require a fire. sus to the house of Annas, led him 25—27. Compare Matt. 26:71–75. thence to the house of Caiaphas, the 26. Bcing his kinsman, whose ear, high priest. This circumstance is . &c. That is, being a relative of the

27 Peter then denied again : them, Take ye him, and judge and immediately the cock crew. him according to your law. The

28 Then led they Jesus from Jews therefore said unto him, It Caiaphas unto the hall of judg- is not lawful for us to put any ment: and it was early; and they man to death: themselves went not into the 32 That the saying of Jesus judgment-hall, lest they should might be fulfilled, which he be defiled; but that they might spake, signifying what death he eat the passover.

should die. 29 Pilate then went out unto 33 Then Pilate entered into them, and said, What accusation the judgment-hall again, and bring ye against this man? called Jesus, and said unto him,

30 They answered and said Art thou the King of the Jews ? unto him, If he were not a male- 34 Jesus answered him, Sayfactor, we would not have deliv- est thou this thing of thyself, ered him up unto thee.

or did others tell it thee of 31 Then said Pilate unto me?

man whose ear Peter had cut off. but would at once confirm the senCompare v. 10.

tence which the Sanhedrim had 28. Unto the hall of judgment; passed. Compare Matt. 26 : 66. more properly, the palace of the Ro- 31. Take ye him and judge him, man governor. Compare Matt. 27:2. &c. Pilate thus referred them to || Lest they should be defiled. They their own law, on the presumption would carefully abstain from much that a less severe punishment than it intercourse with a Gentile, lest they would be necessary for him to sancshould contract defilement, and be tion, would be found sufficient. || It unfit to attend on the services of the is not lawful, &c. See on Matt. 27: passover festival.

For a similar in- 2. Thus they informed Pilate that stance of conscientiousness, see Matt. by the Jewish tribunal he had been 27: 6. || Eat the passover. This ex- condemned to death. pression was applicable to the whole 32. That the saying of Jesus might festival of seven days, as well as to be fulfilled, &c. See 12: 32, 33. It the actual eating of the paschal lamb. was by Jesus' being delivered over It was equivalent to the phrase cele- to the Roman authority, that the rebrate the passover. See on Matt. 26: mark of Jesus in the passage just 17. The paschal lamb had been eaten named was to receive its accomplishon the preceding evening; but the fes- ment. The Jews could not lawfully tival of unleavened bread, also called put him to death without the sanction the passover, did not begin till the of the Roman power. Crucifixion, succeeding evening. See on 13:1. to which allusion is made in the

29. Pilate went out unto them ; passage referred to, was also a Rothat is, into one of the open courts, or man punishment. The punishment halls, of the palace.

which the Jewish law prescribed for 30. If he were not a malefactor, blasphemy, of which crime the San&c. Instead of giving a direct reply hedrim pretended to find him guilty, to Pilate's question, they merely de- was stoning. See Lev. 24:11, 15, 16. clared, in general terms, that Jesus 33. Judgment-hall. See on v. 28. had been found guilty by them. || Art thou the King of the Jeros ? The They probably hoped,' that Pilate ground for this inquiry existed in the would not institute an examination, I fact, that, according to Luke 23: 2, the 35 Pilate answered, Am I a ry one that is of the truth, hearJew? Thine own nation, and eth my voice. the chief priests, have delivered 33 Pilate saith unto him, thee unto me. What hast thou What is truth? And when he done?

had said this, he went out again 36 Jesus answered, My king- unto the Jews, and saith unto dom is not of this world : if my them, I find in him no fault at all. kingdom were of this world, then 39 But ye have a custom that would my servants fight, that I I should release unto you one at should not be delivered to the the passover: will ye therefore, Jews : but now is my kingdom that I release unto you the King not from hence.

of the Jews ? 37 Pilate therefore said unto 40 Then cried they all again, him, Art thou a king then? Je- saying, Not this man, but Baraba sus answered, Thou sayest that bas. Now Barabbas was a robber, I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came

CHAPTER XIX. I into the world, that I should THEN Pilate therefore took

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accusers of Jesus had brought against 38. What is truth? The remarks him the political charge of setting of Jesus .were not properly under. up himself as a king.

stood by Pilate ; nor could he be ex. 36. My kingdom, &c. Jesus tacit. pected, an unenlightened heathen, to ly assented to the charge that he had enter into the spirit of the Saviour's clained to be king of the Jews; but declarations. He saw plainly, that he informed Pilate, that he had not Jesus made no pretensions to a secuclaimed to be a king, in the ordinary, lar dominion; and he doubtless beor political, sense of that word; that lieved him to be an innocent man, yet he had claimed no secular power. a deluded fanatic. That a man should Hence the Roman government had speak of himself as a king, because no reason to view him with sus he professed to vindicate the truth, picion. | Not from hence; not a appeared to bim a singular pretenworldly dominion, but a spiritual, sion, and, under the influence of heavenly one.

mingled pity and contempt for his 37. Thou sayest that I am a king. harmless enthusiasm, he proposed This reply may, by a proper punc- the inquiry, What is truth a' He did tuation, be thus translated from the not wish to receive an answer; he original: “Thou sayest it ; because was not seeking for information, else I am a king.". Thus Jesus gave an af- he would not have gone out iminedifirmative reply to the question (see ately, But having the impression on Matt. 27: 11), and then made a that Jesus was a weak-minded, though declaration, which was of the same doubtless well-meaning, religious enpurport. This declaration he imme- thusiast, he carelessly, and probably diately proceeded to explain, in ac- contemptuously, let fall the inquiry, cordance with his remark, that his What do you mean by truth? dominion was not an earthly one. 39, 40. Compare Matt. 27: 15, || Bear witness to the truth ; manifest 21-23. and vindicate divine truth, or true religion. || Every one that is of the

CHAPTER XIX. truth; every one that loves true re- 1. Scourged him. See on Matt. 27: ligion.


2 And the soldiers platted a therefore and officers saw him, crown of thorns, and put it on they cried out, saying, Crucify his head, and they put on him him, crucify him. Pilate saith a purple robe,

unto them, Take ye him, and 3 And said, Hail, King of the crucify him : for I find no fault Jews! and they smote him with in him. their hands.

7 The Jews answered him, 4 Pilate therefore went forth We have a law, and by our law again, and saith unto thein, Be- he ought to die, because he made hold, I bring him forth to you, himself the Son of God. that ye may know that I find no 8 When Pilate therefore heard fault in him.

that saying, he was the more 5 Then came Jesus forth, afraid ; wearing the crown of thorns, and 9 And went again into the the purple robe. And Pilate judgment-hall, and saith unto saith unto them, Behold the man! Jesus, Whence art thou? But

6 When the chief priests Jesus gave him no answer.

2. A purple robe. See on Matt. 27: See Leviticus 24:16. They wished 28.

Pilate to sanction his being put to 6. Take ye him, and crucify him : death. for 1, &c. Pilate did not wish to be 8. When Pilate heard that saying, understood, nor was he understood, he was the more afraid. Pilate had as giving his official sanction, at this been much impressed by the conduct time, to the crucifixion of Jesus. On of Jesus during the trial (see Matt. the contrary, he expressly declared 27: 14. Mark 15:5), and could not bis conviction that Jesus did not de- but regard him as possessing some serve such treatment, and that, if very uncommon qualities of characthe Jews should crucify him, they ter. Being a heathen, Pilate would would act unjustifiably. He therefore very naturally connect with the exwished to have no connection with pression Son of God some notions to such an affair : if they would crucify which his education had accustomed him, they must do it without his hav- him. He was familiar with the popu. ing any share in the responsibility. lar belief among the Romans that Such a view of the case was not sat there were many gods, that some isfactory to the Jews, as appears by were the children of others, and that the next verse, and they endeavored some distinguished men had traced still further to bring over the governor their descent to some god. The to a more decided compliance with thought probably occurred to Pilate, their request.

that possibly Jesus, whose appearance 7. By our laro he ought to die. The was so different from what might chief priests, finding Pilate not moved have been expected, was really related so much as they expected he would to some god, whose displeasure he be by the political accusation, then might incur, if he should yield to the placed the matter religious clamors of the Jews. This fear was grounds. Jesus had claimed to have also in accordance with the dream of a divine commission, to be even the which Pilate's wife had sent him inMessiah, the Son of God. They formation. See Matt. 27: 19. declared that he was an impostor 9. Whence art thou? Whence is and blasphemer, and as such was thy origin? from heaven, or from condemned by their law to death. I earth? || Jesus gave him no answer.


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