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As much as would maintain, to the king's honor,

Full fifteen earls, and fifteen hundred knights ■;

Six thousand and two hundred good esquires;

And, to relief of lazars, and weak age,

Of indigent, faint souls, past corporal toil,

A hundred alms-houses, right well supplied;

And to the coffers of the king beside,

A thousand pounds by the year. Thus runs the bill.

Ely. This would drink deep.

Cant. 'Twould drink the cup and all

Ely. But what prevention?

Cant. The king is full of grace, and fair regard.

Ely. And a true lover of the holy church.

Cant. The courses of his youth promised it not. The breath no sooner left his father's body, But that his wildness, mortified in him, Seemed to die too;* yea, at that very moment, Consideration like an angel came, And whipped the offending Adam out of him; Leaving his body as a paradise, To envelop and contain celestial spirits. Never was such a sudden scholar made; Never came reformation in a flood, With such a heady current, scouring faults; Nor never hydra-headed wilfulness So soon did lose his seat, and all at once, As in this king.

Ely. We are blessed in the change.

Cant. Hear him but reason in divinity,
And, all admiring, with an inward wish
You would desire, the king were made a prelate:
Hear him debate of commonwealth affairs,
You would say,—it hath been all in all his study:
List his discourse of war, and you shall hear
A fearful battle rendered you in music:
Turn him to any cause of policy,

i The same thought occurs in the preceding play, where Mng Henry V. says:—

u My father is gone wild into his grave,
For in his tomb lie my affections."

The Gordian knot of it he will unloose,

Familiar as his garter; that, when he speaks,

The air, a chartered libertine, is still,

And the mute wonder lurketh in men's ears,

To steal his sweet and honeyed sentences;

So that the art and practic part of life

Must be the mistress to his theoric; *

Which is a wonder, how his grace should glean it,

Since his addiction was to courses vain;

His companies unlettered, rude, and shallow;

His hours filled up with riots, banquets, sports;

And never noted in him any study,

Any retirement, any sequestration

From open haunts and popularity.

Ely. The strawberry grows underneath the nettle, And wholesome berries thrive and ripen best, Neighbored by fruit of baser quality. And so the prince obscured his contemplation Under the veil of wildness; which, no doubt, Grew like the summer grass, fastest by night, Unseen, yet crescive 2 in his faculty.

Cant. It must be so; for miracles are ceased; And therefore we must needs admit the means, How things are perfected.

Ely. But, my good lord,

How now for mitigation of this bill
Urged by the commons? Doth his majesty
Incline to it, or no?

Cant. He seems indifferent;

Or, rather, swaying more upon our part,
Than cherishing the exhibiters against us.
For I have made an offer to his majesty,—
Upon our spiritual convocation;
And in regard of causes now in hand,
Which I have opened to his grace at large,

1 He discourses with so much skill on all subjects, "that his theory must have been taught by art and practice." Practic and theoric, or rather practique and theorique, was the old orthography of practice and theory.

2 This expressive word is used by Drant, in his Translation of Horace's Art of Poetry, 1567.

As touching France,—to give a greater sum
Than ever at one time the clergy yet
Did to his predecessors part withal.

Ely. How did this offer seem received, my lord?

Cant. With good acceptance of his majesty;
Save, that there was not time enough to hear
(As, I perceived, his grace would fain have done)
The severals, and unhidden passages 1
Of his true titles to some certain dukedoms;
And, generally, to the crown and seat of France,
Derived from Edward his great grandfather.

Ely. What was the impediment that broke this off?

Cant. The French ambassador upon that instant
Craved audience; and the hour I think is come,
To give him hearing. Is it four o'clock?

Ely. It is.

Cant.] Then-go we in, to know his embassy; Which I could, with a ready guess, declare, Before the Frenchman speak a lyord of it.

Ely. I'll wait upon you; and I long to hear it.

[Exeunt.

SCENE II. The same. A Room of State in the

same.

Enter King Henry, Gloster, Bedford, Exeter, Warwick, Westmoreland, and Attendants.

K. Hen. Where is my gracious lord of Canterbury?

Exe. Not here in presence.

K. Hen. Send for him, good uncle.2

West. Shall we call in the ambassador, my liege?

K. Hen. Not yet, my cousin; we would be resolved,

1 "The severals and unhidden passages" The particulars and clear, unconcealed circumstances of his true titles, &c. *

2 "Send for him, good uncle." The person here addressed was Thomas Beaufort, half brother to king Henry IV., being one of the sons of John of Gaunt by Katharine Swynford. He was not made duke of Exeter till the year after the battle of Agincourt, 1416. He was properly now only earl of Dorset. Shakspeare may have confounded this character with John Holland, duke of Exeter, who married Elizabeth, the king's aunt. He was executed at Plashey, in 1400. The old play began with the next speech.

VOL. IV. 16

Before we hear him, of some things of weight,
That task our thoughts, concerning us and France.

Enter the Archbishop of Canterbury, and Bishop of

Cant. God, and his angels, guard your sacred throne, And make you long become it!

K. Hen. Sure, we thank you.

My learned lord, we pray you to proceed;
And justly and religiously unfold,
Why the law Salique, that they have in France,
Or should, or should not, bar us in our claim.
And God forbid, my dear and faithful lord,
That you should fashion, wrest, or bow your reading,
Or nicely charge your understanding soul
With opening titles miscreate,1 whose right
Suits not in native colors with the truth;
For God doth know, how many, now in health,
Shall drop their blood in approbation
Of what your reverence shall incite us to.
Therefore take heed how you impawn our person,
How you awake the sleeping sword of war.
We charge you in the name of God, take heed:
For never two such kingdoms did contend,
Without much fall of blood; whose guiltless drops
Are every one a woe, a sore complaint,
'Gainst him, whose wrongs give edge unto the swords
That make such waste in brief mortality.
Under this conjuration, speak, my lord;
And we will hear, note, and believe in heart,
That what you speak is in your conscience washed
As pure as sin with baptism.

Cant. Then hear me, gracious sovereign,—-and you peers, That owe your lives, your faith, and services,

1 Or burden your knowing or conscious soul with displaying false titles m a specious manner or opening pretensions, which, if shown in their native colors, would appear to be false.

To this imperial throne.—There is no bar*

To make against your highness' claim to France,

But this, which they produce from Pharamond,—

In terrain Salicam mulieres ne succedant,

No woman shall succeed in Salique land;

Which Salique land the French unjustly gloze,

To be the realm of France, and Pharamond

The founder of this law and female bar.

Yet their own authors faithfully affirm,

That the land Salique lies in Germany,

Between the floods of Sala and of Elbe;

Where Charles the Great, having subdued the Saxons

There left behind and settled certain French;

Who, holding in disdain the German women,

For some dishonest manners of their life,

Established there this law,—to wit, no female

Should be inheritrix in Salique land;

Which Salique, as I said, 'twixt Elbe and Sala,

Is at this day in Germany called—Meisen.

Thus doth it well appear, the Salique law

Was not devised for the realm of France;

Nor did the French possess the Salique land

Until four hundred one-and-twenty years

After defunction of king Pharamond,

Idly supposed the founder of this law;

Who died within the year of our redemption

Four hundred twenty-six; and Charles the Great

Subdued the Saxons, and did seat the French

Beyond the river Sala, in the year

Eight hundred five. Besides, their writers say,

King Pepin, which deposed Childerick,

Did, as heir general, being descended

Of Blithild, which was daughter to king Clothair,

Make claim and title to the crown of France.

Hugh Capet also,—that usurped the crown

Of Charles the duke of Lorain, sole heir male

Of the true line and stock of Charles the Great,—

i "There is no bar," &c. The whole speech is taken from Ho* linshed.

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