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Enter Clifford and Soldiers.

Clif Chaplain, away! thy priesthood saves thy life. As for the brat of this accursed duke, Whose father slew my father,1—he shall die.

Tut. And I, my lord, will bear him company.

Clif. Soldiers, away with him.

Tut. Ah, Clifford! murder not this innocent child; 4 Lest thou be hated both of God and man.

[Exit, forced off by Soldiers.

Clif How now! is he dead already? Or, is it fear That makes him close his eyes ?—I'll open them.

'Rut. So looks the pent-up lion o'er the wretch 'That trembles under his devouring paws: And so he walks, insulting o'er his prey; *: And so he.comes to rend his limbs asunder.— 4 Ah, gentle Clifford, kill me with thy sword, And not with such a cruel; threatVing look. Sweet Clifford* hear me speak before I die ;— I am too mean a subject fox thy wrath; Be thou revenged on men, and let me live.

Clif In vain thou speak'st, poor boy; my father's blood Hath stopped the passage where thy words should enter.

Rut. Then let my father's blood open it again; He is a man, and, Clifford, cope with him.

Clif Had I thy brethren here, their lives, and thine, Were not revenge sufficient for me. No, if I digged up thy forefathers' graves, And hung their rotten coffins up in chains, It could not slake mine ire, nor ease my heart. The sight of any of the house of York Is as a fury to torment my soul; 4 And till I root out their accursed line, 4 And leave not one alive, I live in hell, Therefore— [lifting his hand.

1 L e. the father of which brat; namely, the duke of York.

Rut, Q, let me pray before I take my death.— To thee I pray; sweet Clifford, pity me!

Clif Sueh pity as my rapier's point affords.

Rut. I never did thee harm; why wilt thou slay me?

Clif. Thy father hath. ,

Rut. But 'twas ere: I was born.1

Thou hast oiie son; for his sake pity me;
test, in revenge sthereof,-^-sith God is just,-^-
He be as miserably^ slain as I.
Ah, let me liyeja prison all.my days;
And when I give occasion of offence, .
Then let me die, for now thou hast no cause.

Clif. Nq cause?
Thy father slew my father; therefore, die.

r - [clifford stabs him.

/Rut. Dii faciant, laudis summa sit ista tuce!2

[Dies.

Clif. Plantagenet! I come, Plantagenet! And this thy son's blood, cleaving to my blade, Shall flist upon my weapon, till thy blood, Congealed with this* do make me wipe off both.

[Exit

SCENE IV. Thesame.

Alarum. Enter York.

6 York. The army of the queen hath got the field. V My iincles both are slain in rescuing me;3 I And all my followers to the eager foe 6 Turn back, and fly, like ships before the wind, < Or lambs pursued by hunger-starved wolves. 4 My sons—-God knows what hath bechanced them; But this I know,—they have demeaned themselves

i Rutland was born in 1443; or at latest, according to Hall, in 1448, and Clifford's father was slain at the battle of St. Albans, in 1455. Consequently Rutland was then at least seven years old, more probably twelve.

2 This line is in Ovid's Epistle from Phillis to Demophoon. The same' quotation is in Nash's Have with you to Saffron Walderi, 1596.

3 These were two bastard uncles by the mother's side, sir John and sir Hugh Mortimer. See Grafton's Chronicle,p. 649. :-.„ ~.-l J

Vol. iv. 57

Like men born to renown, by life, or death.

4 Three times did Richard make a lane to me;

And thrice cried,—Courage, father', fight it out!

'And full as oft came Edward to my side,

With purple falchion, painted to the hilt

'In blood of those that had encountered him;

'And when the hardiest warriors did retire,

'Richard cried,—Charge! and give* no foot of ground!

6 And cried,—A crown, or else a glorious tomb!

i A sceptre, or an earthly sepulchre!

With this we charged again; but, out, alas!

6 We bodged1 again; as I have seen a swan

6 With bootless labor swim against the tide,

< And spend her strength with overmatching waves.

[A short alarum within. 6 Ah, hark! the fatal followers do pursue;

* And I am faint, and cannot fly their fury:

4 And, were I strong, I would not shun their fury. 4 The sands are numbered that make up my life;

* Here must I stay, and here my life must end.

Enter Queen Margaret, Clifford, NorthumberLand, and Soldiers.

* Come, bloody Clifford,—rough Northumberland,—

* I dare your quenchless fury to more rage; '1 am your butt, and I abide your shot.

North. Yield to our mercy, proud Plantagenet.

Clif Ay, to such mercy as his ruthless arm,
With downright payment, showed unto my father.
Now Phaeton hath tumbled from his car,
And made an evening at the noontide prick.2

York. My ashes, as the Phoenix, may bring forth

1 Bodged is probably the same as budged, from longer (French). In the following passage, Coriolanus speaks of his army who nad fled from their adversaries.

"The mouse ne'er shunned the cat, as they did budge
From rascals worse than they."

2 Noontide point on the dial.

4 A bird that will revenge upon you all;

4 And, in that hope, I throw mine eyes to heaven,

Scorning whate'er you can afflict me with.

'Why come you not? what! multitudes, and fear?

Clif. So cowards fight, when they can fly no further; '* So doves do peck xhe falcon's piercing talons; So desperate thieves, all hopeless of their lives, Breathe out invectives 'gainst the officers.

York. O, Clifford, but bethink thee once again, 6 And in thy thought o'errun my former time. * And, if thou canst for blushing, view this face; And bite thy tongue that slanders him with cowardice, 'Whose frown hath made thee faint and fly ere this.

Clif. I will not bandy with thee word for word; But buckle with thee blows, twice two for one.

■[Draws*

Q. Mar. Hold, valiant Clifford! for a thousand causes, I would prolong awhile the traitor's life. Wrath makes him deaf; speak thou, Northumberland.

North. Hold, Clifford; do not honor him so much, To prick thy finger, though to wound his heart. What valor were it, when a cur doth grin, For one to thrust his hand between his teeth, When he might spurn him with his foot away? It is war's prize1 to take all vantages; < And ten to one is no impeach of valor.

[They lay hands on York, who struggles.

Clif. Ay, ay, so strives the woodcock with the gin.

North. So doth the cony struggle in the net.

[york is taken prisoner.

York. So triumph thieves upon their conquered booty; So true men yield, with robbers so o'ermatched.

North. What would your grace have done unto him now?

1 Prize here means an advantage that may be taken; unless we can imagine that it may signify licitum est, "it is prized or esteemed lawful in war," &c. Pricey prise, and prize, were used indiscriminately by our ancestors.

Q. Mar. Brave warriors, Clifford and Northumberland, Come make him stand upon this molehill here; 4 That raught1 at mountains with outstretched arms, Yet parted but the shadow with his hand.—

* What! was it you that would be England's king? Was't you that revelled in our parliament,

And made a preachment of your high descent?

Where are your mess of sons to back you now?

The wanton Edward, and the lusty George?

6 And where's that valiant, crookback prodigy,

Dicky, your boy, that, with his grumbling voice,

Was wont to cheer his dad in mutinies?

Or, with the rest, where is your darling Rutland?

Look, York; I stained this napkin with the blood

That valiant Clifford, with his rapier's point,

Made issue from the bosom of the boy;

And, if thine eyes can wrater for his death,

I give thee this to dry thy cheeks withal.

4 Alas, poor York! but that I hate thee deadly,

I should lament thy miserable state*

I pr'ythee, grieve, to make me merry, York;

Stamp, rave, and fret, that I may sing and dance.

What, hath thy fiery heart so parched thine entrails,

That not a tear can fall for Rutland's death?

* Why art thou patient, man? thou shouldst be mad;

* And I, to make thee mad, do mock thee thus. Thou wouldst be feed, I see, to make me sport; York cannot speak unless he wear a crown.—

A crown for York;—-and, lords, bow low to him.-— Hold you his hands, whilst I do set it on.—

[Putting a paper crown on his head.^

1 Reached.

2 According to Hall, the paper crown was not placed on York's head till after he was dead; but Holinshed, after having copied Hall, says :— "Some write that the duke was taken alive and in derision caused to stand upon a molehill, on whose heade they put a garland instead of a crown, which they had fashioned and made of segges or bulrushes, and having so crowned him with that garlande, they kneeled down afore him, as the Jews did to Christe, in scorne, saying to him, Hayle, king without rule, ha le, king without heritage, hayle, duke and prince without people or

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