Paleoecology of Beringia
Paleoecology of Beringia is the product of a symposium organized by its editors, sponsored by the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, and held at the foundation's conference center in Burg Wartenstein, Austria, 8-17 June 1979.
The focus of this volume is on the paradox central to all studies of the unglaciated Arctic during the last Ice Age: that vertebrate fossils indicate that from 45,000 to 11,000 years BP an environment considerably more diverse and productive than the present one existed, whereas the botanical record, where it is not silent, supports a far more conservative appraisal of the region's ability to sustain any but the sparsest forms of plant and animal life.
The volume is organized into seven parts. Part 1 focuses on the paleogeography of the Beringia. The studies in Part 2 explore the ancient vegatation. Part 3 deals with the steppe-tundra concept and its application in Beringia. Part 4 examines the paleoclimate while Part 5 is devoted to the biology of surviving relatives of the Pleistocene ungulates. Part 6 takes up the presence of man in ancient Beringia. Part 7 assesses the paleoecology of Beringia during the last 40,000 years
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abundant Alaska Alnus animals arctic areas Artemisia assemblages Bering Bering land bridge Beringia Betula bifaces biomass bison bone Boutellier interval Carex Cave climate Clovis Clovis points communities continental core Cwynar Cyperaceae deposits diversity dominated dune Duvanny Yar interval East Beringia eastern Beringia elephants environment evidence extinction fauna forest fossil glacial grass grassland Guthrie habitat Herb Zone herbivores Holocene Hopkins hunters indicate Island Kolyma Lake land bridge landscape late Pleistocene late Wisconsin loess lowland macrofossil mammals mammoth steppe Mammuthus Matthews mesic microblades modern Morlan musk ox North northern Yukon Old Crow peat percentages Péwé Picea plant pollen spectra pollen zones present probably radiocarbon dates range region River saiga Salix samples sand season sedges sediments shrub Siberia silt slopes snow soils species spruce steppe steppe-tundra suggest summer surface taxa tion tundra tundra-steppe ungulates Valley vegetation volume winter xerophytes yedoma