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4. Who teach, “That in election to faith this ‘condition is pre-required, that man should rightly

use the light of nature ; that he should be honest, - lowly, humble, and disposed for eternal life: as • if upon these things, in some measure, may • election depend. For they savour of Pelagius, and by no means obscurely accuse the apostle of falsehood in writing, “ Among whom we also had “our conversation in times past, in the lusts of “ the flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and “ of the mind; and were by nature the children " of wrath, even as others. But God, who is rich “ in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved

us, even when we were dead in sins, hath made “ us alive together with Christ : (by grace ye are “ saved :) and hath raised us up together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus, that in the

ages to come he might shew the exceeding “ riches of his grace, in his kindness towards us “through Christ Jesus. For by grace are ye “ saved, through faith ; and that not of your“ selves; it is the gift of God; not of works, lest

any man should boast.” Eph. ii. 3–9.1 5. Who teach, “That election of individuals to

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only garment which, being so put on, covereth the shame of

our defiled nature, hideth the imperfection of our works, pre• serveth us blameless in the sight of God; before whom, other• wise, the weakness of our faith were cause sufficient to make

us culpable, yea, to shut us from the kingdom of heaven, ' where nothing that is not absolute can enter.'--Hooker. The error refuted in this article is as contrary to the doctrine of our church, as to that of the Synod of Dort.

'This error requires from unregenerate man, and ascribes to nature, that which is the effect of regeneration and grace. Prov. xvi. 1. James i. 15–17. Second Collect, Evening Service. VOL. VIII.

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* salvation, incomplete and not peremptory, is 'made from foreseen faith, repentance, and sanctity and piety begun, and for some time perse. vered in: but that complete and peremptory election is from the foreseen final perseverance ' of faith, repentance, holiness, and piety: and

that this is the gracious and evangelical worthi' ness, on account of which, he who is elected is more deserving than he who is not elected : and therefore faith, the obedience of faith, holiness, piety, and perseverance, are not the fruits or 'effects of immutable election to glory, but the

conditions and causes required before hand, and · foreseen as if they were performed in the persons 'to be elected, without which there cannot be 'complete election. This is what opposes the whole scripture, which every where assails (ingerit) our ears and hearts with these and other sayings: “ Election is not of works, but of him that calleth.” Rom. ix. 11. “ As many as were ordained to “ eternal life believed." Acts xiii. 48. “He chose “ us to himself, that we might be holy.” Eph. i. 4. “ Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you." John xv. 16. “If it is of grace, it is not of works.” Rom. xi. 6. “ Herein is love; not that we loved

God, but that he loved us, and sent his own “ Son.” 1 John iv. 10.1

6. Who teach, That not all election to salva* tion is immutable, but that some elect persons, no decree of God preventing (obstante), may

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· Some of the texts here adduced seem not decidedly conclusive, but may be otherwise explained; but others might easily be substituted, Eph. ii. 4, 5, 9, 10. 2 Tim. i. 9. James i. 17, 18. 1 Pet. i. 2.!

'perish, and do perish eternally. By which gross error, they make God mutable, subvert the consolation of the godly concerning the stability of their election, and contradict the sacred scriptures, whereby we are taught that the elect cannot be deceived: Matt. xxiv. 4: that “ Christ loses not “ those who were given to him by the Father:" John vi. 39: that “ those whom he (God) hath

predestinated, called, and justified, them he also glorifies.” Rom. viii. 30.1

7. Who teach, That in this life there is no fruit, no sense, no certainty of immutable election 'to glory, except from a mutable and contingent

condition.' But, besides that it is absurd to mention an uncertain certainty, (ponere incertam certitudinen,) these things are opposite to the experience of the saints, who, with the apostle, exult in the consciousness of their election, and celebrate this benefit of God; who rejoice with the disciples, according to Christ's admonition, “ that their names are written in heaven;" Luke x. 20 : who finally oppose the sense of election to the fiery darts of diabolical temptations, inquiring, “Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's “ elect." Rom. viii. 33.2

John x. 27-30. 2 Thess. ii. 13, 14. 1 Pet. i. 5. 23-25. 1 John iii. 9.

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See Article xvii. on Predestination. The godly considera'tion of predestination and our election in Christ is full of sweet,

pleasant, and unspeakable comfort to godly persons; and such as · feel in themselves the working of the Spirit of Christ, mortifying • the works of the flesh, and their earthly members, and drawing « up their minds to high and heavenly things; as well because it • doth greatly establish and confirm their faith of eternal salvation • to be enjoyed through Christ, as because it doth fervently • kindle their love towards God.'

v. 18.

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salvation, incomplete and not peremptory, is * made from foreseen faith, repentance, and sanc'tity and piety begun, and for some time persevered in: but that complete and peremptory election is from the foreseen final perseverance ' of faith, repentance, holiness, and piety: and * that this is the gracious and evangelical worthiness, on account of which, he who is elected is more deserving than he who is not elected : and “therefore faith, the obedience of faith, holiness,

piety, and perseverance, are not the fruits or effects of immutable election to glory, but the 'conditions and causes required before hand, and · foreseen as if they were performed in the persons ' to be elected, without which there cannot be ' complete election.' This is what opposes the whole scripture, which every where assails (ingerit) our ears and hearts with these and other sayings: “ Election is not of works, but of him that calleth." Rom. ix. 11. “ As many as were ordained to “ eternal life believed.” Acts xiii. 48. “He chose

us to himself, that we might be holy.” Eph. i. 4. “ Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you.' John xv. 16. “ If it is of grace, it is not of works.” Rom. xi. 6. “ Herein is love; not that we loved

God, but that he loved us, and sent his own “ Son." 1 John iv. 10.1

6. Who teach, “That not all election to salvaition is immutable, but that some elect persons, ‘no decree of God preventing (obstante), may

· Some of the texts here adduced seem not decidedly conclusive, but may be otherwise explained; but others might easily be substituted, Eph. ii. 4, 5, 9, 10. 2 Tim. i. 9. James i. 17, 18. 1 Pet. i. 2.

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* perish, and do perish eternally. By which gross error, they make God mutable, subvert the consolation of the godly concerning the stability of their election, and contradict the sacred scriptures, whereby we are taught that the elect cannot be deceived: Matt. xxiv. 4: that “ Christ loses not " those who were given to him by the Father :" John vi. 39: that “those whom he (God) hath “predestinated, called, and justified, them he also glorifies.” Rom. viii. 30.1

7. Who teach, “That in this life there is no fruit, no sense, no certainty of immutable election 'to glory, except from a mutable and contingent 'condition.' But, besides that it is absurd to mention an uncertain certainty, (ponere incertam certitudinem,) these things are opposite to the experience of the saints, who, with the apostle, exult in the consciousness of their election, and celebrate this benefit of God; who rejoice with the disciples, according to Christ's admonition, " that their names are written in heaven;" Luke x. 20 : who finally oppose the sense of election to the fiery darts of diabolical temptations, inquiring, “ Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's " elect." Rom, viii. 33.2

John x. 27-30. 2 Thess. ii. 13, 14. 1 Pet. i. 5. 23--25. 1 John iii. 9.

? See Article xvii. on Predestination.—' The godly considera* tion of predestination and our election in Christ is full of sweet,

pleasant, and unspeakable comfort to godly persons; and such as 'feel in themselves the working of the Spirit of Christ, mortifying • the works of the flesh, and their earthly members, and drawing • up their minds to high and heavenly things; as well because it • doth greatly establish and confirm their faith of eternal salvation . to be enjoyed through Christ, as because it doth fervently • kindle their love towards God.'

v. 18.

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