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and to the correctness which the study of rules may impart, will add a lappy adaptation to the character and circumstances of men. For this alaptati, a for true eloquence, labor and learning may tuil, but they will toil in 1913. There cannot compass it. It must exist in the man' and it can be cberished and petfected only by his coming into contart with his fellowmen. He must be a ston learner indeed who does not soon discover, that one of the most important role i for preparing profitable sermons in the actual state of a minister's people is, bet to be so feltered by any rules respecting the choice of a subject or leil, or re pecuing the manner of discussion, as to be prevented from embracing a favor ble opportunity for impressing religious truih. A correct acquaintance with bei scriptures, a mind deeply imbued with their sentiments, good cominon sense,s affectionate solicitude for the salvation of men, an abiding sense of respons ! ty to God, are the grand requisites for useful preaching. And did a man proses ing these, never read Fordvec, Claude, or Campbell, he still migbt before ! highly valuable minister of the gospel. Eut of the utility of some helps is part of a minister's duty, who can doubt? That helps have been sought to a. extreine, is painfully evident from the fact that such books as Simeon s skule tons and Hannam's Pulpit Assistant, bare found purchasers. The other ei treme would be, for an unpractised man to neglect all helps. A suitable beds um is furnished by Dr. Campbell, whose directions proceed from a corrert i of human nature, and are adapted to call forth and invigorate the mental port of the preacher.'

In these views we most heartily concur; and we hesitate da, to commend the perusal of the Lectures to every candidate for the christian ministry, and the re-perusal of them to all who have i entered upon their high and holy work with a desire of being in- , creasingly useful.

The Dialogues of Fenelon concerning eloquence in general, and particularly that kind which is proper for the pulpit, are a valuable accompaniment to the Lectures of Campbell, and it i by studying the two works in connection that the greatest benefit from each will be derived.

The book to which we have now invited the attention of our read: ers, furnishes abundance of materials for extended discussion; and this, to some extent, is the case with every important production ou an interesting subject. But we do not deem it necessary on this occasion to protract our remarks. It is enough to say, and it is not too much, to say that this volume, the product of the good sense and erudition of Campbell, combined with the genius and classic taste of Fenelon, presents, in a lucid and happy manner. many of the most important rules and considerations, on a subject of permanent and thrilling interest to every preacher of the gospel.

Sermons and Sacramental E.chortations ; by the late ANDREW THOMSON Crocker & Brewster, J. Leavitt.

The author of these sermons, though his name has been lille known in this country in comparison with those of Chalmers and Wardlaw, stood for more than twenty years, by the general consent of bis countryinen, at the head of the established Kirk of Scotland. For this high pre-eminence, he was not indebted to his distinguished abilities alone, great as they certainly were, but in

part to his station as pastor of St. George's church in Edinburgh, ind still more to the peculiar adaptation of his powers, to the exsting circumstances of the Scottish Church. Dr. Thomson was a nan of uncommonly strong native sense, bold, ready, and di'ect on argument; addressing himself to the minds of others on very subject, in a manner which commanded the respect of all,

bile it was level to the comprehension of the most ordinary mind. Previous to his selement in the ministry at Edinburgh, it had been he policy of the town council of that city, to translate to its vacant parishes, ministers of cousiderable age and standing, from among the country clergy. With habits already formed in the early part of their ministry, it was difficult for such men to accommodate themselves to the taste and feelings of a refined and fastidious audience; and the consequence was, that the clergy of Edinburgh had by no means that influence among the literati of the northern metropolis, which was demanded by the interests of evangelical religion. When therefore Dr. Thomsom was called to Edinburgh at the age of thirty, with a style of preaching at once highly aniinated, and argumentative, simple and dignified, pungent and yet conciliating, the impression which he made on the minds of all even those who had learned in the school of Hume, to despise christianity,—was of the happiest kind. Those who are acquainted with a work, entitled Peters' Letters to his kinsfolk, written fifteen years since by Mr. Lockhart, now Editor of the London Quarterly Review, will recollect the high eulogium extorted by the abilities of Dr. Thomson, from one who was equally bis enemy in religion and politics. Within a few years after his removal to the parish of St. George's, Dr. Thomson with a direct reference to the sentiments of the literati of Edinburgh, preached a course of sermons on Infidelity, which were afterwards published, and which have passed through a number of editions. These are by far the most powerful productions of his pen, and their influence on the metropolis of Scotland has been great and permanent. He likewise published a number of oiher volumes of sermons, of less general interest ; and the one before us has been compiled by his friends, from the manuscripts which he left behind him at his decease. It contains twenty two discourses which may be taken as specimens of his ordinary style of preaching. A single extract is all for which we have room.

There is a power and a magnitude, and a richness in the love of God towards those upon whom it is set, to wbich the love of the creature cannot even approximaie, of which the imagination of the creature could not have formed any previous idea, and whici, even to the experience of the creature, presents a subject of inscrutable mystery-a theme of wondering gratitude and praise. Man may Love, man should love, man must love his fellows; but he never did and never can love them like God. His is a love that throws man's into the distance and the shade. Had he only loved us as man loves, there would have been no salvation--no heaven-no felicity for us--no glad tidings to cheer our hearts ;-10 promised land on which to fix our anticipations-no table of commernoralion and of communion spread for us in the wilderness, to refresh us amidst the toils, and the languishings, and the sorrows of our pilgrimage thither. His violated law must have taken its course; the vials of his wrath must hve been poured out; and everlasting, unmitigated ruin must have been our portion. But behold! God is love itself'; and his love in all bis workings, and in all its influences, and in all its etrecis, can stoop to no parallel with the best and most ardent of human af. fections. Guilt, which forbids and represses wan's love, awakens, and kindle, and secures God's. Death for the guilty is 100 wide a gulf for man's love to pass over. God's love to the guilty is infinitely - stronger than death," and spuras at all such limits, and smiles at the agonies and the ignominies of a cross, that it may have its perfect work. God, in the exercise of his love towards our sinful and miserable race. is concerned, where man would be unmoved, indifferent. and cold. God is full of pity, where man would frown with stern and relepliess aversion. God forgives, where man would condeinn and punish. God satei wbere man would destroy. pp. 68–9.

History of the United States; to irhich is profied a brief historical account of et

English ancestors, from the dispersion at Babol, to their migration to Jmerica ; and of the conquest of South America, by the Spaniards. By Noah WEBSTLE, LL. D. New-Haven : published by Durrie & Peck. price 50 cents.

It is certainly fortunate for our country that so much talent and learning is employed in the preparation of school books. We have school geographies and school arithmetics from men whose attainments in their respective departments of authorship are of the highest order; we have a spelling book from the lexicographer whose work is a standard on two continents; and bere we have in this little volume of history designed especially for schools, the result of studies which might have furnished a series of ponderous quartos.

. Though this book is designed for the use of schools, it will be found a valuable addition to a library. The well known learning of the author has enriched his work with materials wbich are not within the reach of all who think that they have read our history. On the things which have come to pass since the war of the revolution, Dr. Webster has been a personal and close observer; for that period the book is the result not of documentary investigation only, but also, to a great extent, of personal recollections.

To CORRESPONDENTS.--To a friend who asks' whether we believe, that God does all to convert sinners, which is consistent with their free agency,' we answer, No. Though this sentiment may seem to be implied in the former part of the sentence, (bottom of page 208 vol. ini.) yet at the cose, the dispensation of the Spirit is especially said io by limited by the divine • wisdom and bencooleate," not by man's agency.

Our episcopal brother will see by referring to the passage, (vol. iii. 160) that it was of “ many," not the English writers," that we said, "they admit that aposa tolic churches were congregational." This surely is true. See Christian Spec tator for Dec. 1830.

THE

QUARTERLY

CHRISTIAN SPECTATOR.

Vol. IV.--No. 4.

DECEMBER, 1832.

Art. I.--ON Religious Joy.

DIFFERENT ages of the church have been marked by a different cast of religious feeling. At some periods, christians have been more active and more joyful in the service of Christ ; at other periods they have been led to retire more within themselves, and a gloomier cast of piety has generally prevailed. Every great revival of religion, however, has been an era of light and joy among the followers of Christ, not only increasing the piety of the church, but imparting to it a brighter and more animated aspect. Such was the fact, at the first outpouring of the Spirit in the days of the apostles, at the period of the reformation, and in the days of Edwards and Whitfield; and such, to a considerable extent, is the case at the present time. During the intervals between these periods of light and joy, the piety of the church has worn a less animated and happy aspect. This was particularly the case during the middle ages, when, from the force of peculiar circumstances, the remaining piety of

the times assumed a gloomy, ascetic and rigorous character. 1. That character wore off again as true religion revived, and the

contemplative piety of the monastery and the cell, gave place = to the more active and benevolent spirit of the gospel. In our

day, so happily characterized by revivals, and by the various movements of christian benevolence, the people of God are beginning to exhibit a more cheerful cast of piety. In this respect, however, there is room for great improvement, and we are convinced that a purer and more elevated joy will yet diffuse itsell through the bosom of the church, as the vital influence of the gospel shall be more and more felt. We have, therefore, thought proper to devote a few pages to this subject, and shall endeavor o show, that the spirit of true religion is, pre-eminently, a joyful Vol. IV.

65

spirit,--explain the nature of christian joy,-adrert to some of the causes which go to hinder the joy of christians,—and suggest some reasons why christians should cultirate more of this happy spirit.

I. The spirit of true religion is essentially a spirit of pure and elevated joy.

On this part of the subject we should think it unnecessary to dwell, were it not that most worldly persons, and many even among the children of God, associate an idea of gloom with the : solemnities of religion. The fact, indeed, unhappily is, tha: few ! christians live in such a manner, as to exbibit in their lives the true character and tendency of the gospel. To discover that tendency, however, we have only to advert to some of those objects which christianity sets before us. The most prominent of these objects is the true and living God. It brings out to view this great and good being, as he is no where else to be seen. It exhibits him to us in the fulness and harmony, the gran- ! deur and loveliness of his attributes. Now to a heart prepared to love this pure and exalted being, what a source of delight must! it be to know that such a being exists; to feel a sweet, settled complacency in his character; and to hold communion with him. What a sublime and holy pleasure is there in contemplating his perfections; in referring all events to his superintending proridence; in confiding the interests of our souls, and the interests of the universe, to his hands; in doing his will; in living for bis glory. Think of this mighty being ; the unity of his nature; his boundless power; his immeasurable knowledge; his eternity, unchangeableness, independence and self-existence; his being the Maker, Lord, and Judge of the universe. And then think that this glorious being, tokens of whose presence and agency are all around you, is possessed of the most perfect moral rectitude ; that he is a good being, that this is the sum of his moral character, I the true beauty and glory of the divine mind. Think of such a being, we say, and behold him governed unceasingly and forever by infinite unerring rectitude, always doing what is right and good, with all his power and all his knowledge. Now we ask, can there be to the mind of a rational being a purer satisfaction, a sublimer joy, a sweeter or more unbounded blessedness, than is to be found in loving, serving and enjoying such excellence? Is not the spirit of piety, fixed as it is on the true and living God as an object of its contemplations, affections and obedience, pre-eminently a joyful, happy spirit?

What too is that state of mind which is the proper result of believing views of Christ and his mediatorial work, what but a happy state? Here we beliold the great “mystery" of grace into which the angels desire to look : the true and living God comes down to

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