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Abram rescueth Lot.
God encourageth Abram.
o ver. 13.
B. C. and Amraphel king of Shinar, and the men which went with me, Aner, B. C. about 1913. Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings Eshcol, and Mamre ; let them take about 1913. with five.
a numerous seed. 6 Abram is justified by faith. mountain.
7 Canaan is promised again, and confirmed by a
sign, 12 and a vision. p ver. 16, 21. 11 And they took Pall the goods of
nch. 11. 3.
Sodom and. Gomorrab; and all their A FIER. these things the word of
q ch. 12. 5. r ch. 13. 12.
a Dan. 10. 1.
Acts 10.10,11. b ch. 26. 24. Dan. 10. 12. Luke 1.13,30. c Ps. 3. 3. & 5. 12. & 84. 11. & 91.4. & 119. 114.
8 ch. 13. 18.
t ver. 24.
58. 11. Prov. 11. 18. e Acts 7.5. fch. 14. 14.
uch. 13. 8.
8 2 Sam. 7. 12
edha w ch. 15. 3. & 17. 12, 27. Ecc. 2. 7. x Deut. 34. 1. Judg. 18. 29.
i Jer. 33. 22.
k ch. 2. 17.
1 Sam. 18. 6. b Heb. 7. 1.
a great reward.
thou hast given no seed: and, lo, fone
his own house, three hundred and be thine heir ; but he that shall come
be thine heir.
them, he and his servants, by night, and said, Look now toward heaven, y Is. 41. 2, 3. and Ysmote them, and pursued them and htell the istars, if thou be able h Ps. 147. 4.
unto Hobah, which is on the left to number them : and he said unto
him, k So shall thy seed be.
goods, and also brought again his and he mcounted it to him for right-
ng And he said unto him, I am the a Fudg. 11. 34. 17 7 And the king of Sodom a went LORD that brought thee out of Ur Rom. 4.3, 9,
out to meet him, bafter his return of the Chaldees, Pto give thee this
9 And he said unto him, Take me
Judg.6.17,37. God. dove, and a young pigeon.
2 Kings 20. 8.
20 And i blessed be the most high but sthe birds divided he not.
12 And when the sun was going Abram, Give me the persons, and down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; tch. 2. 21. take the goods to thyself
and, lo, a horror of great darkness 22 And Abram said to the king of fell upon him.
Sodom, I have lifted up mine hand 13 And he said unto Abram, Know Rev. 10.5, 6. unto the LORD, the most high God, of a surety uthat thy seed shall be a
m the possessor of heaven and earth, stranger in a land that is not theirs,
23 That "I will not take from a and shall serve them; and w they shall 15, 16.
thread even to a shoelatchet, and that afflict them four hundred years ;
ward shall they come out with great y Ex. 12.36,
22. Gal. 3. 6. James 2. 23. m Ps. 106. 31. n ch. 12. 1. o ch. 11. 28,31. p P220.127.116.11.
Rom. 4. 13. 9 See ch. 24.
c 2 Sam. 18.
18. d Heb. 7. 1.
Luke 1. 18.
e Ps. 110.4.
Heb. 5. 6. f Mic. 6. 6.
Acts 16. 17. & Ruth 3. 10.
2 Sam. 2.5. h ver. 22.
Matt. 11. 25. i ch. 24. 27.
s Lev. 1. 17.
Canaan is promised.
The birth of Ishmael.
9 And the angel of the Lord said B.C
q Tit. 2. 9.
b ch. 25. 8. CEx. 12. 40.
21. 18. & 25. 12.
e Dan. 8. 23. Matt. 23. 32.
Matt. 1. 21.
& ch. 24. 7.
tch. 21. 20.
h ch. 12. 7. & 13. 15. & 26.4. Ex. 23. 31. Num. 34. 3. Deut. 1. 7. &
u ch. 25, 18.
Josh. 1. 4.
2 Chr. 9. 26.
B. C. 1911. about 1913. good old age.
unto her, Return to thy mistress, and 16 But in the fourth generation 4 submit thyself under her hands.
they shall come hither again: for the 10 And the angel of the LORD said d 1 Kings 21.
iniquity d of the Amorites e is not yet unto her, I will multiply thy seed rch. 17. 20.& full.
exceedingly, that it shall not be num17 And it came to pass, that, when bered for multitude. 1 Thess.2. 16. the sun went down, and it was dark, 11 And the angel of the LORD said + Heb. a lamp behold a smoking furnace, and ta unto her, Behold, thou art with child, Sch. 17, 19, of fire.
burning lamp that 'passed between and shalt bear a son, Sand shalt calí Luke 1.13,3). f Jer. 34. 18, those pieces.
his name || Ishmael ; because the LORD || That is, God 18 In the same day the Lord & made hath heard thy affliction. a covenant with Abram, saying, Un- 12 t And he will be a wild man; to thy seed have I given this land, his hand will be against every man, from the river of Egypt unto the and every man's hand against him :
u and he shall dwell in the presence 11. 24. & 34. 4. great river, the river Euphrates :
19 The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, of all his brethren. 1 Kings 4. 21. and the Kadmonites,
13 And she called the name of the 20 And the Hittites, and the Periz- | Lord that spake unto her, Thou God zites, and the Rephaim,
seest me: for she said, Have I also 21 And the Amorites, and the Ca- here looked after him that seeth x ch. 31. 42. naanites, and the Girgashites, and the me?
y ch. 24. 62. Jebusites.
14 Wherefore the well was called y || Beer-lahai-roi : behold, it is z be- || That is, The
well of him CHAPTER XVI.
tween Kadesh and Bered.
15 | And a Hagar bare Abram a son:
which Hagar bare, b Ishmael.
1910. him no children: and she had a six years old, when Hagar bare Ishhandmaid, ban Egyptian, whose name maeł to Abram. was Hagar. 2 d And Sarai said unto Abram, Be
CHAPTER XVII. hold now, the LORD e hath restrained God reneweth the covenant. 5 The name of Abram 1 Sam. 1.5,6. me from bearing: I pray thee, fgo in is changed in token of a greater blessing. 10 Cir.
cumcision is instituted. 15 The name of Sarai is unto my maid; it may be that I may
16 Isaac is promised. + obtain children by her. And Abram
23 Abraham and Ishmael are circumcised. builded by 8 hearkened to the voice of Sarai.
1898. old and nine, the LORD a appeared
b ch.28.3.& 35. So ch. 30. 3, Hagar her maid the Egyptian, after to Abram, and said unto him, I am Abram h had dwelt ten years in the the Almighty God; walk before me,
ll Or, upright, land of Canaan, and gave her to her and be thou | d perfect. husband Abram to be his wife.
2 And I will make my covenant be4 1 And he went in unto Hagar, and tween me and thee, and e will multi- 1 Kings 2. 4.
2 Kings 20.3. she conceived: and when she saw that ply thee exceedingly.
she had conceived, her mistress was 3 And Abram f fell on his face: and i 2 Sam. 6. 16. despised in her eyes.
God talked with him, saying,
tude of na-
be || Abraham; i for a father of many || That is, Fa6 But Abram said unto Sarai, m Be- nations have I made thee. hold, thy maid is in thy. hand; do to 6 And I will make thee exceeding & Rom. 4. 11,
her † as it pleaseth thee. And when fruitful, and I will make knations of which is good
Sarai + dealt hardly with her, she fled thee, and 'kings shall come out of i Rom. 4. 17. | Heb. aflict- from her face.
thee. 7 And the angel of the Lord found 7 And I will mestablish my covePs. 106. 41,
her by a fountain of water in the wil nant between me and thee and thy Matt. 1.6,&c. derness, "by the fountain in the way seed after thee in their generations, m Gal. 3. 17. to P Shur.
for an everlasting covenant, "to be 8 And he said, Hagar, Sarai's maid, a God unto thee and to thy seed whence camest thou ? and whither after thee. wilt thou go? And she said, I flee 8 And PI will give unto thee, and Psh, 72. 7. from the face of my mistress Sarai. to thy seed after thee, the land Ps. 105. 9, 11.
3 And Sarai
, Abram's wife, took AND when Abram was ninety years
Three men visit Abraham.
q ch. 23. 4. &
28, 4. r Ex. 6.7. Lev. 26. 12.
14. 2. & 26. 18. & 29. 13.
& Acts 7. 8.
t Acts 7. 8. Rom. 4. 11.
† Heb. a son
u Lev. 12. 3.
AND the Lord appeared unto him
w Ex. 4. 24.
c ch. 19. 1.
B. C. 1898.
+ 4 wherein thou art a stranger, all the his son, and all that were born in his B. C. 1898.
land of Canaan, for an everlasting house, and all that were bought with tebieter min meniny possession ; and 'I will be their God. his money, every male among the
9 | And God said unto Abraham, men of Abraham's house; and cir-
fore, thou, and thy seed after thee in in the selfsame day, as God had said Deut.4. 37. & their generations.
unto him. 10 This is my covenant, which ye
24 And Abraham was ninety years
11 And ye shall circumcise the flesh years old, when he was circumcised
circumcised, and Ishmael his son. 12 And the that is eight days old 27 And fall the men of his house, ich. 18. 19. of eight days. u shall be circumcised among you, born in the house, and bought with
every man child in your genera- money of the stranger, were circum-
The Lord appeareth unto Abraham. 2 He entertain13 He that is born in thy house, eth three strangers. 9 Sarah is reproved for laughand he that is bought with thy
ing at God's promise. 17 The destruction of Sodom
is revealed to Abraham ; 23 who maketh interces-
in the a plains of Mamre: and he a ch. 13. 18. &
him: cand when he saw them, he ran 15 | And God said unto Abraham, to meet them from the tent door, and
As for Sarai thy wife, thou shalt not bowed himself toward the ground, || That is, call her name Sarai, but Il Sarah shall 3 And said, My Lord, if now I have her name be.
found favour in thy sight, pass not 16 And I will bless her, *and give away, I pray thee, from thy servant: thee a son also of her: yea, I will 4 Let da little water, I pray you, be a ch. 19. 2. & bless her, and she shall be a mother fetched, and wash your feet, and rest Y of nations; kings of people shall be yourselves under the tree:
e Judg. 6. 18. of her.
5 And I will fetch a morsel of 17 Then Abraham fell upon his face, bread, and tf comfort ye your hearts ; * Heb. stay. z ch. 18. 12. & and laughed, and said in his heart, after that ye shall pass on : & for thereShall a child be born unto him that fore tare ye come to your servant. Heb. you
18 And Abraham said unto God, Oh 6 And Abraham hastened into the
19 And God said, a Sarah thy wife ready quickly three measures of fine ch, 19. 8. &
and gave it unto a young man; and
and will make him fruitful, and will and the calf which he had dressed, c ch. 25. 12, 16. multiply him exceedingly; 'twelve and set it before them; and he stood
princes shall he beget, dand I will | by them 'under the tree, and they did
21 But my covenant will I establish 9 | And they said unto him, Where
-10 And he said, I kwill certainly
I ch. 18. 10.
+ Heb. she
& 13. 15.
k ver. 14.
m ch. 17. 19, 21. & 21. 2. Rom. 9. 9.
He maketh intercession
for the men of Sodom.
nch. 17. 17. Rom. 4. 19.
i Job 8. 3. &
och. 31. 35.
p ch. 17. 17.
Ez. 22. 30.
9 Luke 1. 18.
1 Luke 18. 1.
mch. 3. 19. Job 4. 19. Ecc. 12. 7.
s Jer. 32. 17.
tch. 17. 21. ver. 10.
3 John 6. w Ps. 25. 14. Amos 3. 7. John 15. 15.
B. C. 1898. it in the tent door, which was behind | be far from thee. iShall not the Judge B. C. 1898. him.
of all the earth do right? 11 Now Abraham and Sarah were 26 And the LORD said, k If I find in Heb. 11. 11,
old and well stricken in age; and it Sodom fifty righteous within the city, 12, 19.
ceased to be with Sarah "after the then I will spare all the place for their
k Jer. 5. 1. 12 Therefore Sarah Plaughed within 27 And Abraham answered and said,
herself, saying, "After I am waxed old 'Behold now, I have taken upon me r1 Pet. 3. 6. shall I have pleasure, my 'lord being to speak unto the Lord, which am old also ?
mbut dust and ashes :
1 Cor. 15. 47,
he said, If I find there forty and five,
not do it for forty's sake. 2 Kings 4. 16.
15 Then Sarah denied, saying, I 30 And he said unto him, Oh let not
found there. And he said, I will not
thence, and looked toward Sodom : 31 And he said, Behold now, I have u Rom. 15. 24. and Abraham went with them u to taken upon me to speak unto the bring them on the way.
Lord: Peradventure there shall be 17 And the Lord said, "Shall I hide twenty found there. And he said, I from Abraham that thing which I will not destroy it for twenty's sake. do;
32 And he said, "Oh let not the 2 Judg. 6. 39. 18 Seeing that Abraham shall surely Lord be angry, and I will speak yet become a great and mighty nation, but this once : Peradventure ten shall and all the nations of the earth shall be found there. And he said, I will be blessed in him?
not destroy it for ten's sake. 19 For I know him, y that he will
33 And the LORD went his way, as command his children and his house- soon as he had left communing with hold after him, and they shall keep Abraham: and Abraham returned
the way of the LORD, to do justice unto his place.
Lot entertaineth two angels. 4 The Sodomites are
flee for safety to the mountain, 18 He is permitted 2 the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is to go into Zoar. 24 Sodom and Gomorrah are
destroyed. 26 Lot's wife becometh a pillar of salt.
31 The origin of Moab
Sodom at even ; and Lot sat in
bowed himself with his face toward 22 And the men turned their faces the ground; 2 Cor. 11. 11. from thence, cand went toward Sod
2 And he said, Behold now, my om: but Abraham dstood yet before lords, turn in, I pray you, into your c Heb. 13. 2. the LORD.
servant's house, and tarry all night, 23 | And Abraham e drew near, and and dwash your feet, and ye shall a ch. 18. 4. f Num. 16. 22. said, 'Wilt thou also destroy the right- rise up early, and go on your ways. eous with the wicked ?
And they said, e Nay; but we will
them a feast, and did bake unleavened
with the wicked; and h that the right- men of the city, even the men of Is. 3. 10, 11.
eous should be as the wicked, that Sodom, compassed the house round,
o James 5. 16.
x ch. 12. 3. &
10. & 6. 7. Josh. 24. 15.
stricken with blindness. 12 Lot is commanded to
z ch. 4. 10. & 19. 13. James 5. 4.
30 Lot dwelleth in a cave.
a ch. 11.5. Ex. 3. 8.
a ch. 18. 22.
whether they have done altogether And there · came two angels to
Lot sent out of Sodom.
Destruction of Sodom.
& 18. 3. 9.
c ver. 26.
ich. 4. 1.
e Job 42. 8, 9. Ps. 145. 19.
a 2 Pet. 2.7, 8. o Ex. 2. 14.
25, 26. Ex. 32. 10. Deut. 9. 14. Mark 6. 5. 14. 2. || That is,
Is. 13. 19.
B. C. 1898. both old and young, all the people they had brought them forth abroad, B. C. 1898. from every quarter: that he said, Escape for thy life;
b 1 Kings 19.3. 5 5And they called unto Lot, and look not behind thee, neither stay said unto him, Where are the men thou in all the plain ; escape to the
which came in to thee this night? mountain, lest thou be consumed. d Judg. 19. 22. bring them out unto us, that we 18 And Lot said unto them, Oh, imay know them.
d not so, my lord : 6 And Lot went out at the door 19 Behold now, thy servant hath k Judg. 19. 23. unto them, and shut the door after found grace in thy sight, and thou him,
hast magnified thy mercy, which 7 And said, I pray you, brethren, thou hast shewed unto me in saving do not so wickedly.
my life; and I cannot escape to the I See Judg. 19. 8 Behold now, I have two daugh- mountain, lest some evil take me,
ters which have not known man; let and I die :
your eyes : only unto these men do let me escape thither, (is it not a m See ch. 18.5. nothing; mfor therefore came they little one ?) and my soul shall live. under the shadow of my roof.
21 And he said unto him, See, e I 9 And they said, Stand back. And have accepted + thee concerning this Heb. thy they said again, This one fellow thing also, that I will not overthrow n came in to sojourn, "and he will this city, for the which thou hast See ch. 32. needs be a judge: now will we deal spoken. worse with thee, than with them. 22 Haste thee, escape thither; for And they pressed sore upon the man, 'I cannot do any thing till thou be ch. 13. 10. & even Lot, and came near to break the come thither. Therefore s the name door. of the city was called 1. Zoar.
Little,ver.20. 10 But the men put forth their hand, 23 | The sun was t risen upon the Heb. gone and pulled Lot into the house to them, earth when Lot entered into Zoar. and shut to the door.
24 Then h the LORD rained upon h Deut. 29. 23. p See 2 Kings 11 And they smote the men P that Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimwere at the door of the house with stone and fire from the LORD out of
Ez. 16. 49, 50. blindness, both small and great: so heaven; *that they wearied themselves to find 25 And he overthrew those cities, the door.
Zeph. 2. 9. and all the plain, and all the inhabit12 And the men said unto Lot, ants of the cities, and i that which Hast thou here any besides ? son in grew upon the ground. law, and thy sons, and thy daughters, 26 But his wife looked back from and whatsoever thou hast in the city, behind him, and she became ka pillar k Luke 17. 32. I bring them out of this place:
of salt. 2 Pet. 2. 7, 9. 13 For we will destroy this place, 27 | And Abraham gat up early in
because the " cry of them is waxen the morning to the place where he | 1 ch. 18. 22.
great before the face of the LORD; stood before the LORD : s 1 Chr. 21. 15. and sthe LORD hath sent us to de- 28 And he looked toward Sodom
and Gomorrah, and toward all the 14 And Lot went out, and spake land of the plain, and beheld, and, lo,
unto his sons in law, which married m the smoke of the country went up u Num. 16. 21, his daughters, and said, u Up, get you as the smoke of a furnace.
out of this place; for the Lord will 29 And it came to pass, when God
Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, 15 | And when the morning arose, when he overthrew the cities in the y Num. 16. 24, then the angels hastened Lot, saying, which Lot dwelt.
y Arise, take thy wife, and thy two 30 | And Lot went up out of Zoar,
daughters, which tare here; lest thou and °dwelt in the mountain, and his found.
be consumed in the liniquity of the two daughters with him ; for he feared
to dwell in Zoar: and he dwelt in a
the hand of his wife, and upon the younger, Our father is old, and there 3 Luke 18. 13. hand of his two daughters; ? the is not a man in the earth P to come in p ch. 16. 2, 4.
LORD being merciful unto him : aand unto us after the manner of all the
32 Come, let us make our father
Hos. 11. 8.
Luke 17. 29. 2 Pet. 2. 6. Jude 7. ich. 14. 3. Ps. 107. 34.
q ch. 7. 1.
r ch. 18. 20.