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The Philistines smitten.
The trespass of Jonathan.
B. C. armourbearer after him: and they | 26 And when the people were comes B. C. about 1087.
fell before Jonathan; and his armour- into the wood, behold, the honey about 1087. bearer slew after him.
| dropped; but no man put his hand 14 And that first slaughter, which to his mouth: for the people feared Jonathan and his armourbearer made, the oath.
was about twenty men, within as its 27 But Jonathan heard not when 11. Or, half a were ll a half acre of land, which a his father charged the people with furrow of an acre of land, yoke of oxen might plough.
the oath: wherefore he put forth the Judg. 7. 21. 15 And h there was trembling in the end of the rod that was in his hand,
inos 7. 7. host, in the field, and among all the and dipped it in a honeycomb, and Job 18. 11. i ch. 13. 17. people: the garrison, and ithe spoil- put his hand to his mouth; and his
ers, they also trembled, and the earth | eyes were enlightened. t Heb. a trem, quaked : so it was tka very great 28 Then answered one of the people, bling of God. trembling.
and said, Thy father straitly charged k Gen. 35. 5.
16 And the watchmen of Saul in the people with an oath, saying, Gibeah of Benjamin looked; and, Cursed be the man that eateth any
behold, the multitude melted away, food this day. And the people were I ver. 20 and they went on beating down one I faint.
il Or, weary. another.
29 Then said Jonathan, My father
people had eaten freely to day of the
the Philistines went on and increas- 32 And the people flew upon the
calves, and slew them on the ground: 20 And Saul and all the people and the people did eat them " with u Lev. 3. 17. & + Heb. were
7. 26. & 17. that were with him tassembled them- | the blood.
10. & 19. 26. cried togethselves, and they came to the battle: | 33 | Then they told Saul, saying, Deut. 12. 16,
23, 24. n Judg. 7. 22. and, behold, nevery man's sword was | Behold, the people sin against the
against his fellow, and there was a Lord, in that they eat with the
and slay them here, and eat; and sin 22 Likewise all the men of Israel | not against the Lord in eating with och. 13. 6. | which "had hid themselves in mount the blood. And all the people brought
Ephraim, when they heard that the every man his ox +with him that + Heb. in his
hand. lowed hard after them in the battle. | 35 And Saul built an altar unto x ch. 7. 17. p Ex. 14. 30. 23 P So the LORD saved Israel that the LORD: † the same was the first Heb. that Ps. 44. 6, 7. day: and the battle passed over 4 unto altar that he built unto the LORD.
altar he beHos. 1. 7.
gan to build q ch. 13.5. Beth-aven.
| 36 | And Saul said, Let us go down 24 | And the men of Israel were after the Philistines by night, and
distressed that day: for Saul had spoil them until the morning light, - Josh. 6. 26. radjured the people, saying, Cursed and let us not leave a man of them.
be the man that eateth any food until | And they said, Do whatsoever seem-
mine enemies. So none of the peo- priest, Let us draw near hither unto s Deut. 9. 28. | ple tasted any food.
to a wood; and there was honey Shall I go down after the Philistines? Matt. 3. 4. upon the ground.
| wilt thou deliver them into the hand
2 Chr. 20. 23.
The people rescue Jonathan.
Saul sent to destroy Amalek.
B. C. of Israel? But y he answered him | 51 And Kish was the father of B.C. about 1087. not that day.
Saul; and Ner the father of Abner about 1087. 38 And Saul said, 2 Draw ye near was the son of Abiel. Heb.corners.
nch. 9. 1. hither, all the + chief of the people; | 52 And there was sore war against Judg. 20.2. y ch. 28. 6.** | and know and see wherein this sin the Philistines all the days of Saul : z Josh. 7. 14. hath been this day:
and when Saul saw any strong man, Ch. 10. 19.
39 For, a as the LORD liveth, which or any valiant man, he took him o ch. 8. 11. a 2 Sam. 12. 5.
saveth Israel, though it be in Jona- | unto him.
Samuel sendeth Saul to destroy Amalek. 6 Saul fa40 Then said he unto all Israel, Be voureth the Kenites. 8 He spareth Agug and the
best of the spoil. 10 Samuel announceth unto Saul ye on one side, and I and Jonathan
God's rejection of him for his disobedience. 24
Samuel and Saul part.
SAMUEL also said unto Saul, | about 1079. 41 Therefore Saul said unto the LORD D a The LORD sent me to anoint a ch. 9. 16. 1 Or, Shew the God of Israel, il b Give a perfect lot. | thee to be king over his people, over innocent.
cAnd Saul and Jonathan were taken: Israel: now therefore hearken thou † Heb. went but the people tescaped.
unto the voice of the words of the forth.
42 And Saul said, Čast lots between Lord. b Prov. 16. 33. Acts 1. 24. me and Jonathan my son. And Jon 2 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I C Josh. 7. 16. athan was taken.
remember that which Amalek did ch. 10. 20, 21.
43 Then Saul said to Jonathan, to Israel, bhow he laid wait for him b Ex. 17. 8, d Josh. 7. 19. | . Tell me what thou hast done. And in the way, when he came up from 24. Num. 24 e ver. 27. Jonathan told him, and said, I did | Egypt.
17, 18, 19. but taste a little honey with the end 3 Now go and smite Amalek, and of the rod that was in mine hand, utterly destroy all that they have, Lev. 27. 28,
29. Josh. 6. and, lo, I must die.
and spare them not; but slay both fRuth 1. 17. 44 And Saul answered, 'God do so man and woman, infant and suckg ver. 39 and more also : & for thou shalt surely | ling, ox and sheep, camel and ass. die, Jonathan.
4 And Saul gathered the people to45 And the people said unto Saul, gether, and numbered them in TelShall Jonathan die, who hath wrought aim, two hundred thousand footmen,
this great salvation in Israel? God and ten thousand men of Judah. h 2 Sam. 14. forbid : has the LORD liveth, there 5 And Saul came to a city of 11. 1 Kings 1. 52. Luke
legs shall not one hair of his head fall Amalek, and I laid wait in the val- | || Or, fought. 21. 18. to the ground; for he hath wrought ley. with God this day. So the people 6 1 And Saul said unto d the Kenites, a Num. 21. 21.
Judg. 1. 16. & rescued Jonathan, that he died not. e Go, depart, get you down from among
46 Then Saul went up from follow | the Amalekites, lest I destroy you e Gen. 18. 25. ing the Philistines : and the Philis- with them: for fye shewed kindness
& 19. 12, 14.
Rev. 18. 4. tines went to their own place. to all the children of Israel, when Ex. 18. 10. 47 | So Saul took the kingdom over they came up out of Egypt. So the
19. Nun. 10.
29, 32. Israel, and fought against all his en- Kenites departed from among the
emies on every side, against Moab, and Amalekites. i ch. 11. 11. against the children of i Ammon, and as And Saul smote the Amalekites & ch. 14. 48.
against Edom, and against the kings from h Havilah until thou comest to b Gen. 2. 11. & k 2 Sam. 10. 6. of kZobah, and against the Philistines: Shur, that is over against Egypt. i Gen. 16. 7.
and whithersoever he turned himself, 8 And khe took Agag the king of k See 1 Kings
20. 34, 35, &c.
1 See ch.30. 1. || Or, wrought 48 And he ll gathered a host, and stroyed all the people with the edge mightily.
Ismote the Amalekites, and delivered of the sword. I ch. 15. 3, 7.
Israel out of the hands of them that 9 But Saul and the people mspared m ver. 3, 15. spoiled them.
| Agag, and the best of the sheep, and in ch. 31. 2. 49 Now I the sons of Saul were Jon of the oxen, and ll of the fatlings, and 1 Or, of the 1 Chr. 8. 33.
al second sort. athan, and Ishui, and Malchishua : the lambs, and all that was good, and and the names of his two daughters would not utterly destroy them: but were these; the name of the firstborn every thing that was vile and refuse, Merab, and the name of the younger that they destroyed utterly. Michal :
10 | Then came the word of the 50 And the name of Saul's wife was LORD unto Samuel, saying,
n ver. 35.
Gen. 6. 6. 7. Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz: 11 It repenteth me that I have set
2 Sam. 24. 16. and the name of the captain of his up Saul to be king : for he is ° turned Josh. 22. 16. (Heb. Abiner. host was + Abner, the son of Ner, back from following me, Pand hath
1 Kings 9. 6.
p ch. 13. 13. Saul's uncle.
! not performed my commandments. ver. 3, 9.
The rejection of Saul.
Samuel slayeth Agag.
B. C. And it 4 grieved Samuel; and he cried thy words: because I a feared the peo- B.C. about 107 unto the LORD all night. ple, and obeyed their voice.
about 1079. 12 And when Samuel rose early to 25 Now therefore, I pray thee, parq ver. 35. ch.
d Ex. 23. 2. meet Saul in the morning, it was told don my sin, and turn again with me, 16. 1.
Prov. 29. 25. Josh. 15. 55. Samuel, saying, Saul came to Car- that I may worship the LORD.
Is. 51. 12, 13. mel, and, behold, he set him up a 26 And Samuel said unto Saul, I place, and is gone about, and passed will not return with thee: e for thou e See ch. 2. 30. on, and gone down to Gilgal.
hast rejected the word of the LORD,
of the Lord: I have performed the 27 And as Samuel turned about to
1 Kings 11.31. I hear?
from thee this day, and hath given it 15 And Saul said, They have brought to a neighbour of thine, that is better t ver. 9, 21. them from the Amalekites : t for the than thou. Gen. 3. 12. Prov. 28. 13. people spared the best of the sheep 29 And also the Il Strength of Israel | || Or, Eternity,
or, Victory. and of the oxen, to sacrifice unto the will not lie nor repent: for he is not Nuim 33.19 LORD thy God; and the rest we have a man, that he should repent.
Ez. 24. 14.
2 Tim. 2. 13. utterly destroyed.
30 Then he said, I have sinned :
Tit. 1. 2. 16 Then Samuel said unto Saul, yet i honour me now, I pray thee, i John 5.44.& Stay, and I will tell thee what the before the elders of my people, and
12. 43. Lord hath said to me this night. before Israel, and turn again with
And he said unto him, Say on. me, that I may worship the LORD thy u ch. 9. 21. 17 And Samuel said, u When thou God.
wast little in thine own sight, wast| 31 So Samuel turned again after
| 32 | Then said Samuel, Bring ye
destroy the sinners the Amalekites, him delicately. And Agag said, Sure| Heb. they and fight against them until + they bely the bitterness of death is past. consumed.
| 33 And Samuel said, k As thy sword | * Ex. 17. 11. 19 Wherefore then didst thou not hath made women childless, so shall See Judg. 1. obey the voice of the LORD, but didst thy mother be childless among wofly upon the spoil, and didst evil in men. And Samuel hewed Agag in the sight of the LORD?
pieces before the Lord in Gilgal. 20 And Saul said unto Samuel, Yea, | 34 | Then Samuel went to Ramah; x ver. 13. *I have obeyed the voice of the LORD, and Saul went up to his house to and have gone the way which the Gibeah of Saul.
I ch. 11. 4. Lord sent me, and have brought Agag 35 And m Samuel came no more to m See ch. 19. the king of Amalek, and have utterly see Saul until the day of his death : destroyed the Amalekites. • | nevertheless Samuel - mourned for a ver. 11. ch.
16. 1. . y ver. 15. 21 y But the people took of the spoil, Saul: and the LORD o repented that|
o ver. 11. sheep and oxen, the chief of the things he had made Saul king over Israel.
which should have been utterly dez Ps. 50. 8, 9. stroyed, to sacrifice unto the LORD
CHAPTER XVI. Prov. 21. 3. thy God in Gilgal.
Samuel sent to Beth-lehem to anoint one of the sons of Is. 1. 11, 12, 13, 16, 17.
Jesse. 6 Seven of his sons pass before Samuel. 12 | 22 And Samuel said, 2 Hath the LORD
David is chosen and anointed. 14 Saul, troubled Jer. 7. 22, 23. | as great delight in burnt offerings and by an evil spirit, sendeth for David. Mic. 6.6,7,8. Heb. 10.6, , sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of AND the LORD said unto Samuel, about 1063. 8, 9.
the LORD? Behold, a to obey is better A a How long wilt thou mourn a ch. 15. 35. a Ecc. 5. 1. Hos. 6. 6. than sacrifice, and to hearken than for Saul, seeing "I have rejected him b ch. 15. 23. Matt. 5. 24. & the fat of rams.
from reigning over Israel ? <fill thine cch 9. 16. 9. 13. & 12.7. Mark 12. 33. 23 For rebellion is as the sin of horn with oil, and go, I will send |
2 Kings 1. 1. + Heb. divina- twitchcraft, and stubbornness is as thee to Jesse the Beth-lehemite : for tion, Deut. 18. 10. iniquity and idolatry. Because thou I have provided me a king among d Ps. 78. 70. &
89. 19, 20. hast rejected the word of the LORD, his sons.
Acts 13. 22. b ch. 13. 14.
bhe hath also rejected thee from being 2 And Samuel said, How can I go?
| if Saul hear it, he will kill me. And c See 2 Sam. 24 T° And Saul said unto Samuel, I the LORD said, Take a heifer +with Heb.in thine 12. 13.
have sinned : for I have transgressed thee, and say, I am come to sacrifice e' ch.9. 12. & the commandment of the LORD, and to the Lord.
Samuel anointeth David.
Saul sendeth for David.
1 Chr. 28. 9.
B. C. 3 And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and to pass, when the evil spirit from B.C. about 1063. I will shew thee what thou shalt do: God is upon thee, that he shall e play about 1063.
and thou shalt anoint unto me him with his hand, and thou shalt bei f Ex. 4. 15. / whom I name unto thee.
e ver. 23. g ch. 9. 16. | 4 And Samuel did that which the 17 And Saul said unto his servants,
2 Kings 3.15. LORD spake, and came to Beth-lehem. Provide me now a man that can play h ch. 21. 1. And the elders of the town h trembled well, and bring him to me. † Heb, meet at his † coming, and said, i Comest thou 18 Then answered one of the serving. peaceably?
| ants, and said, Behold, I have seen i1 Kings 2. 13. 2 Kings 9. 22:15 And he said, Peaceably: I am a son of Jesse the Beth-lehemite, come to sacrifice unto the LORD : that is cunning in playing, and fa ich. 17. 32, 34,
35, 36. ķ Ex. 19.10.14. | k sanctify yourselves, and come with mighty valiant man, and a man of
me to the sacrifice. And he sanctified war, and prudent in ll matters, and a || Or, spcech.
18, 12, 14. 6 | And it came to pass, when they 19 7 Wherefore Saul sent messenI ch. 17. 13. were come, that he looked on 'Eliab, gers unto Jesse, and said, Send me
Chr 27. 18, / and msaid, Surely the Lord's anoint- David thy son, h which is with the h ver. 11. Elihu.
ch. 17. 15, 34. m 1 Kings 12. ed is before him.
sheep. 26. ✓ But the LORD said unto Samuel, 20 And Jesse i took an ass laden with i See ch. 10.27.
& 17. 18. n Ps.147.10,11. | Look not on his countenance, or on bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid,
Gen. 43. 11. the height of his stature; because and sent them by David his son unto Prov. 18. 16. o 13. 55.8. I have refused him : "for the LORD Saul. p 2 Cor. 10.7.
seeth not as man seeth ; for man 21 And David came to Saul, and † Heb. eyes. p looketh on the toutward appear- | k stood before him: and he loved him k Gen. 41, 46.
Prov. 22. 29. ance, but the LORD looketh on the greatly; and he became his armour- | 71 Kings 8. 39. 9 heart.
bearer. Ps. 7.9. Jer. 8 Then Jesse called 'Abinadab, and 22 And Saul sent to Jesse, saying, 11. 20. & 17. 10. & 20. 12. made him pass before Samuel. And | Let David, I pray thee, stand before Acts 1. 24.
he said, Neither hath the Lord chosen me; for he hath found favour in my r ch. 17. 13. sch. 17. 13. this.
sight. || Shimeah, | 9 Then Jesse made s || Shammah to 23 And it came to pass, when the 1 ver. 14, 16. 2 Sam. 13. 3.
pass by. And he said, Neither hath evil spirit from God was upon Saul,
that David took a harp, and played
The armies of the Israelites and Philistines arrayed tch. 17. 12. + There remaineth yet the youngest, for battle. 4 Goliath's challenge. 12 David is sent and, behold, he keepeth the sheep.
by his father to visit his brethren. 28 Eliah chi
deth him. 32 David accepteth the challenge, and u 2 Sam. 7. 8. | And Samuel said unto Jesse, u Send sheweth the ground of his confidence. 38 He slayeth Ps. 78, 70.
Goliath, 55 Saul asketh about David. | and fetch him : for we will not sit + Heb. round. | + down till he come hither.
ATOW the Philistines a gathered a ch. 13. 5. x ch. 17. 42.
| 12 And he sent, and brought him in. U together their armies to battle, Cant. 5. 10. + Heb. fair of Now he was * ruddy, and withal +of a | and were gathered together at b So- b Josh. 15. 35. eyes.
2 Chr. 28. 18. | beautiful countenance, and goodly to coh, which belongeth to Judah, and y So ch. 9. 17, look to. y And the LORD said, Arise, pitched between Socoh and Azekah, anoint him : for this is he. in || Ephes-dammim.
|| Or, The
coast of Dam13 Then Samuel took the horn of 2 And Saul and the men of Israel
mim, called z ch. 10. 1. oil, and 2 anointed him in the midst of were gathered together, and pitched Pas-dan
mim, 1 Chr. Ps. 89. 20.l his brethren: and a the Spirit of the by the valley of Elah, and † set the a See Num.27.
11. 13. 18. Judg. 11. LORD came upon David from that day battle in array against the Philis- \ † Heb. ranged 29. & 13. 25.
the battle. forward. So Samuel rose up, and tines. & 14. 6. ch. 10. 6, 10. went to Ramah.
3 And the Philistines stood on a about 1065. / 14 | But the Spirit of the Lord mountain on the one side, and Israel
departed from Saul, and can evil spirit stood on a mountain on the other ll Or, terrified. | from the LORD Il troubled him.
side : and there was a valley between Judy. 16. 20. 15 And Saul's servants said unto them. ch. 11.6.& 18. 12. & 28. 15. him, Behold now, an evil spirit from 4 9 And there went out a chamPs. 51. 11. God troubleth thee.
pion out of the camp of the Philisc Judg. 9. 23. ch. 18. 10. &
16 Let our lord now command thy tines, named Goliath, of d Gath, c2 Sam. 21. 19. 19. 9. servants, which are d before thee, to whose height was six cubits and a d Josh. 11. 22. d Gen. 41. 46. ver. 21, 22.
seek out a man, who is a cunning span. + Kings 10.8. player on a harp: and it shall come 5 And he had a helmet of brass