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AN

ECCLESIASTICAL BIOGRAPHY,

CONTAINING THE

Lives of Ancient Fathers and Modern Divines,

INTERSPERSED WITH NOTICES OF

HERETICS AND SCHISMATICS,

FORMING

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE CHURCH IN EVERY AGE.

BY

WALTER FARQUHAR HOOK, D.D.

VICAR OF LEEDS.

VOL. IV.

LONDON:

F. AND J. RIVINGTON;
PARKER, OXFORD ; J. AND J. J. DEIGHTON, CAMBRIDGE ;

T. HARRISON, LEEDS.

210 a. 300.

OTHE

CRAWSHAW, PRINTER, LEEDS.

PREFACE.

The present Volume of the Ecclesiastical Biography is perhaps the most interesting of the series, as the Reader will at once perceive, when he refers to the names of those Fathers and Divines of whom the Biography is given.

Several important portions of Ecclesiastical History are, under some of the Lives, brought before the Reader: in the Life of St. Cyprian he will observe the freedom of the Primitive Church, from the dominion of the see of Rome; in the Lives of St. Clement, St. Chrysostom, Epiphanius, and Dionysius, he will gain some insight into the practices of the Early Church; and he will find a History of the Nestorian Controversy under the head of St. Cyril of Alexandria, a controversy of much importance in the present age, when many are unconsciously Nestorians, who account themselves Orthodox.

The History of our Church before the Reformation is illustrated in the Lives of Cuthbert, Columba, Dunstan, St. Edmund, Courtney, and Colet; and of the early years of the Reformation, in that of Cranmer. The Articles on Dominic, Erasmus, Eck, and Compton, will be interest

ii

ing to those who are investigating the character and pretensions of Romanism; and in the History of the Remonstrants, which is given in the Life of Episcopius, is displayed the persecuting and intolerant temper which seems to be inherent in Calvinism.

For the Life of St. Cyprian, the Reader is indebted to the Rev. G. A. POOLE. For the other Lives the Compiler is responsible.

The Work is still continued in Numbers, as many persons prefer receiving it as a Monthly Periodical, in which shape they can easily peruse the whole work.

The object of this work is to supply the Reader with an Ecclesiastical History, in a form which will admit of easy reference. Although the labour is of a humble character, still it is considerable; and the contribution of Articles, by persons competent to prepare them, will be gratefully received, as the work has become much more extensive than was originally contemplated, and has hitherto been conducted without help.

VICARAGE, LEEDS.
Jan. 12th, 1848.

ECCLESIASTICAL BIOGRAPHY.

CHILLINGWORTH, WILLIAM.

WILLIAM CHILLINGWORTH was the son of William Chillingworth, citizen, afterwards mayor of Oxford, and was born there in October, 1602. He was baptized on the last of that month, the celebrated William Laud, then fellow of St. John's College, being one of his sponsors. After he had been educated in grammar learning at a private school in Oxford, he was admitted a scholar of Trinity College, in 1618, and was elected fellow in 1628. He studied divinity and geometry, and showed some skill in versification. The conversation and study of the university scholars, in his time, turned chiefly upon the controversies between the churches of England and Rome, occasioned by the liberty allowed the Romish priests by James I. and Charles I.; several of whom lived at, or near, Oxford, and made frequent attempts to pervert the young men. Of these Jesuits, the most famous was John Fisher, alias John Perse ; and Chillingworth being accounted a very ingenious man, Fisher earnestly sought his society. Their conversation soon turned upon the points controverted between the two Churches, but particularly on the necessity of an infallible living judge in matters of faith. Chillingworth unable to answer the arguments of the Jesuit on this head, was brought to believe that this judge was to be found only in the Church of Rome, which,

VOL IV.

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