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dinner here,’ he writes on another occasion, “they say they are provoked. A great many were provoked to dinner here to-day.” On August 12 the Duke gave a grand dinner, and the Duchess a fancy ball in honour of the Regent's birthday. Lord John, who appeared as a Swiss peasant, “had on a red jacket, blue breeches, silk stockings, and no waistcoat;’ and six days later he brought a volume of his diary to a conclusion by the following record of a more important anniversary:

Monday, Aug. 18.-My birthday. I am fourteen years old. I played at cricket, and afterwards went to the play with Mrs. Seymour to see ‘The Duenna’ and some farce. I am 4 feet 9% inches high, and about 5 stone 3 weight, being 3% inches taller than I was this day last year.

The boy was at last growing in body as well as in mind, and recovering from his early delicacy.

The new journal and account-book, which the boy opened on commencing his fifteenth year, has a characteristic titlepage:—

The Journal and Accounts of Johannes Russell, &c. &c. &c. The whole collected, compiled, written, observed, arranged, beautified, corrected, amended, expunged, published, and read by himself, Vol. 2nd, with additions. The whole being a facsimile of his writing. From August 19, 1806. Phoenix Park.

The story of my life,
From year to year; the battles, sieges, fortune,
That I have passed.
—Othello, act i., scene 3.
I wish no other herald,
No other speaker of my living actions,
To keep mine honour from corruption,
But such an honest chronicler.
—Henry VIII., act iv., scene 2.

During the remaining days of August Lord John—so it seems from the diary—had three days’ grouse-shooting without getting a shot at a grouse; and, on September 5, he set out with Lord Tavistock and Captain Ponsonby for England. After a very rough passage of eight and a half hours, in which

he was 'sick all the way,' he reached Holyhead safely, slept at Capel Curig, and drove viâ Birmingham to Woburn. Hence, after spending a few days' shooting and going to the Bedford races, the boys left for London, where, probably because of Mr. Fox's death, they stayed at Reddish's Hotel, going, as a matter of course, "to see Kemble in “The Octavian ;” and on the 21st arrived at Woodnesboro'. On October 8

Tavistock and Mr. Smith went to town to attend the funeral of Mr. Fox, which will be on Friday. He died on September 13, and deprived England of more mental energy than will perhaps be united again in one man for many many years. · Perhaps the following extracts are also worth inserting :

Sunday, October 12.—Bruce read and preached here—very bad. I read Jones's Letters from a Tutor to his Pupil on Education. It is a very well written and useful book. On Wednesday I read Personal Nobility,' a letter to a young nobleman on the conduct of his studies and the dignity of the peerage. It is chiefly recommending books; but one part about religion is very good, and it is altogether very interesting.

Saturday, November 1.- I shot. I finished to-day “Conversations on Chemistry,' a book given me by Dr. Yeates. It is extremely plain and simple, and made me acquainted with several things I did not know before.

Monday, November 3.— I finished Lope de Vega, a book given me by the author, Lord Holland. . . . It is not a very interesting subject, but there are one or two things very pretty, and the work shows much talent.

Wednesday, November 5.-Eliza's Miss Smith's] birthday. No business. I went out shooting, but only killed some little birds. I used to shoot much better than I do at present. Always miss now; have not killed a partridge yet.?

In the following month the diary is full of references to the varied fortunes of the general election, and thus affords conclusive evidence of the keen interest which the boy was - 1 Early in the following year Lord John commenced a sporting bouk, noting in it all his shots, and distinguishing his killing and missing shots. He abandoned it after filling up three pages, making the entry, 'I had some more shooting in 1807, but as I never killed anything above a hare, I left off keeping a game book.'


taking in domestic politics. Towards the end of the month, the rapid progress of Napoleon after his victory at Jena filled Lord John with alarm.

How long Bonaparte will domineer over the world, and how long we can make head against him, God only knows, but the rapidity of his conquests is unexampled.

Saturday, November 29.—We set off from Woodnesboro' in the evening to dine with General Ludlow on our way to town. We slept there. General Ludlow is general of the district.

Sunday, November 30.—We got to London at 4.15 in 81 hours. Reddish's Hotel.

The next day Lord John went to see Kemble in 'Coriolanus,''not a good part for Mrs. Siddons ;' and on the two following evenings he was again at the theatre, on the last occasion 'to see “The Cabinet ”—all singing, which I hateand “Tekeli,” a new melodrama, some parts very interesting ; scenery very good.'

On the Saturday he was again at the playhouse to see ‘John Bull,' 'not acted near so well as at Woburn;' and in the intermediate days he met Lord Howick at General Fitzpatrick's, and Charles Fox, Lord Holland's son, Lord H. Petty, Tierney, Lewis (presumably Matthew or ‘Monk' Lewis), Sidney [sic] Smith, and some others at Holland House. “Sidney Smith very amusing. Charles Fox a very clever boy about ten years old.

Eight days were thus spent by this boy of fourteen in the company of Ministers and wits, or criticising some of the first actors of the day. On Monday, December 8, his brothers and he left town for Woburn, and on the following Sunday,

We left Woburn about eight o'clock on Sunday morning, and got to Wolverhampton that night, to Oswestry on Monday, to Capel Curig on Tuesday, and Holyhead on Wednesday, where we got a packet to ourselves, and set sail at five. We landed at a miserable town called Balbriggan at four the next day, the wind having blown so hard in the night that the packet could not reach Dublin till Friday. My father (as we had sent an express to him) ordered a barouche to be brought for us, which

took us to Phoenix Park in 2 hours on Friday, December 19. All well at the Phoenix

Wednesday, December 31.—Concluded the year 1806. I passed the year very happily, and had it not been for the length of the journeys, I should have liked going to Ireland very much, but it is not so pleasant as Woburn. Tavistock went no more to Woodnesboro', and set off for Cambridge a few days before I went to Woodnesboro'.

Lord John stayed in Dublin till the end of January, he and his elder brother being evidently on the most intimate terms with Lord Harrington's 1 family, one of whose daughters (Lady Anna Maria Stanhope) was to become Lady Tavistock. On the 6th the Harringtons gave a great fancy Twelfth-Night ball at the Royal Hospital, when the future Prime Minister appeared in the character of an old woman,' and on the 19th they followed up the ball with some private theatricals, in which 'I spoke the Prologue, my own.'

The gaieties of a gay Dublin winter were not over. In the following week Lord John was at three balls, and on the Saturday he left Ireland.

We got on board the packet at six in the evening, but did not leave Dublin Bay till four on Sunday morning. We got to Holyhead in ten hours, and to Gwinder [? Gwydr] at night, Corwen the next, and Weston (Lord Bradford's] the next, where we stayed till Thursday, when we came to Woburn in a day with George Bridgeman.? . . . Bridgeman and I came up to town with Mr. Adam on Sunday, February 8, and I went to Lord Bath's, 3 where I stayed till Sunday, 15th, when I arrived at Woodnesboro' by mail and found Lord Hartington there.

i Lord Harrington commanded the forces in Ireland in 1807.

! Lord Bradford's eidest son. He was three years older than Lord J. Russell.

3 Lord John's uncle by marriage. Lady Bath was the Lady Weymouth to whom Lord John's mother wrote in 1796. See ante, p. 3.



In relating the story of Lord John Russell's life from 1792 to 1807, it has been possible to lean almost exclusively on his own diaries and on his own memoranda. They give a picture of a delicate and sensitive boy entering with zest and courage into pursuits for which his strength is hardly equal; backward in his studies but precocious in his knowledge; thrown, by his birth and connections, into occasional intercourse with the first men of the day; interested in politics, fascinated by the stage ; and, in all that he did and all that he wrote, displaying honesty and truth.

His return to Woodnesboro' in 1807 may perhaps be conveniently taken as the commencement of a new era in his career. At this time he ceased to make the minute daily records of his life which have hitherto made it possible to follow the story, substituting for them a narrative written at intervals. At this time, moreover, the measures were in progress which led in the following month to the fall of the Talents Administration, the consequent retirement of the Duke of Bedford from the Irish Viceroyalty, and the formation of the Tory Ministry which, under the Duke of Portland, Mr. Perceval, and Lord Liverpool, was destined to govern England for twenty years.

These events would, in any circumstances, have given Lord John an increased interest in politics. Boys in their teens take keen interest in their fathers' political fortunes. But the causes which drove the Talents Administration from office must have increased this feeling. For the fall of the Ministry was due to a despatch of the Duke of Bedford which embodied

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