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they have traced it from the Council frequent orders were given in Council of 'I'rent, and from the Inquisition in for preparing it in 1531 and 1533, and Italy and Spain. · lu England the only learned men in both Universities were instance of control, the only menace advised with. of coercion, prior lo the King's grant Richard Grafton, whose Letters pato Cambridge, was in 1526; a manda. teot as King's printer, 1. Edw. VI. are tory letter, not from the King, but the second in order of time appearfrom Tunstall, Bp. of London, or bis ing on record, was a must zealous official, pro salute animæ et correc- friend to the Reformation. He prolione morum. (Fox's Acts and Monu- cured leave of Francis I. to priot an ments, 549.) It prohibits the spread- English Bible at Paris, in 1537, wbich ing transations of the New Testament he presented to Lord Cromwell and made by Lutherans, and commands Archbishop Cranmer. In this zeal be tbein to call-in English New Testa- was so forward as to be imprisoned, men's wbich intermix or give counte- till be gave bond in 1001. not to priot nanse to heretical errors. Some in- more English Bibl-s, ull the King and junctions in 1539, were issued, in the Clergy had settled a Traoslation. In King's name, to prevent importation 1540-1, he was restored to favour, and printing and selling English Books and intrusted with prioling the folio of Scripture, without his examina. English Bible, under Letters patent, lim, &c.
which was ordered by proclamation to to 1556 (3 and 4 Philip and Mary) be had in every Church “as of the the first charter was granted to the largest and grealest volume.” But Salioners' Company, with powers for he uoderwent great changes of forsarch and seizure; this was ratified tube ; was deprived of bis office by by Elizabeth io 1558, and the follow Queen Mary, and disgraced for haviz year; and there were the first re- ing printed the proclamation on the gulations for licensing. In 1637, the Lady Jane Grey's accession to the mous decree of the Star Chamber Crowo. rescribed more strictly rules for Li- The same prerogative right was ensing, which was complained of and claimed about this time, in the Misondemned by the House of Commons. sal, and all Books of Divine Service ; Hence sprung the Liccosing aci after which underwent various forms and che Restoration (14 Car. li. c. 33.) alterations, as projects of reformation which was suffered to expire in 1692.. rose or fell in those times. This apThe truth was, that both parties, pears from a patent stated in Rymer's when in power, and distressed by what Fædera, dated 28 Jan. 1543, de libris they called faction, had fallen into imprimendis pro divino servilio. the same extreme : so that the Parlia- Hence, it is clear; that the right mentarians could not object to the granted to the University was local, to Licensing act at the Restoration with be there exercised ; to the King's any grace. Aod accordingly, it seeins privler unlimited in respect of place ; to be formed in some measure out of ihey therefore clained, sub modo, only the decree of the Star Chamber, and a concurrent right. the ordinance of Parliameot, com- But the Books intended by the King bined togetber in a friendly union. must be the object of an academical
The Crown claimed a property in approbation ; acts of parliament cauthe Statule Book early after the im- not be 80. This argument equally portation of the art of printing. The applies to printing Bibles and the promulgation by the Steriff, under books of Common prayer; the latter the King's authority, and the maxims is authorized by Statuie ; the former of the constitution in respect to the not presumed subject to any review executive power of the Crown, im- (except of a general council) since the mediateis supported it. The first canon of Scripture was fixed by the printer who styles himself printer to acknowledgment of the Christiao the King's grace, is Richard lyosun world. in 1503, as servant to Heo. VII. and As to the practice in use of the afterwards to Hen. VIII. Their right right, the University constantly printdoes not appear by any grant upon ed English Bibles; and they also print record. In like manner, aboul This the act of Uoisocmity with the book time, the King claimed a prerogative of Commod-prayer. The latter is a right of copy in the Englisb Bible. copy-right of the Crown ; it is annex.,
ed to the Act of Uniformity, is made till half-past three. They are taught a part of it, and printed with it: thus singing by the Organist. stood the subject with respect to Cam. They are permitted to be members bridge. By what means the expres- of any other Choir in Oxford, prosions, that the University of Cam- vided their attendance does not interbridge had power to print within the fere with their duty at Christ Church.
omnes et omnimodos libros, They have not any engagements for the which the University of Oxford bad profit of the Singing master. There not, dropped from the accurale pen is no provision for superannuated Cboof Lord Coke, (4 Iust. 228) does not risters: frequently, however, as they appear, nor is it material to enquire. bave had a good education, itey enter Il is certain that Lord Coke lived as Servitors at Christ Church. They many years after the date of the last are usually instructed in singing four of the charters, which granted to Ox. times in the week. ford a like power, 8 Car. I. Nov. 12. MAGDALEN COLleGE. The ChoIbid, March 13. il Car. I. March 3. risters are sixteen in number, at the And these Letters patent are ordered sole appointment of the President, to be construed in the most beneficial who is vot limited lo any particular mavner for that university. A. H. age. They receive about 221. per (To be continued.)
annum for their communs, wbich
have been augmented from time to CATHEDRAL AND COLLEGIATE time ; and eight of them have each Schools.
an exhibitiou besides of belween 3. OXFORD.
and 61. a year. They wear the propa Mr. URBAN, Crosby-square, Feb. 6. collegiate dress, attend Chapel daily at
lowing information from Oxford, Choristers are permitted to sing at St. which I lay before your Readers with Jobu's, where the service is perform. very great satisfaction.
ed at other hours. CATHEDRAL OF CHRIST CHURCH. The Choristers of Magdalen are
There are eight Choristers, partly educated free of expense in the Grammaintained by ihe Dean and Chapter mar School belonging to the foundaof Christ Church ; that is, they have tion. The President requires them dinner in the Hall of the College to be removed at 14 years of age, daily. They receive also a salary unless the head master of the school arising from corn rents, and conse- approves of the progress they have quently varying in amount; it how- made in classical learning. They have ever is always sufficient to pay for Music Lessons three times a week in the rest of their board and lodging, the College Chapel. for clothes, and to cover the expenses Dr. Sheppard has lately left by bis of a journey to a moderale distance. will 601. a year to be given to those
The Choristers are in the sole no- choristers who are sons of clergymen, mination of the Dean, exclusive of apd either become members of the the Chapler, and be appoints at any University, or are bound apprentices age he thinks proper; the time of to trades or professions. their dismissal is also at his discretion. New COLLEGE. There are sixteen They wear caps and gowns in their Choristers appointed by the Warden ordinary dress, and surplices in the solely. No particular rule is laid Choir. A preference is usually given dowu with regard to the age of the to the sons of clergymen and profes- boys, when admitted, but generally sional gentlemen.
speaking we may say from seven till Since the foundation of the Col- ten years of age. They wear tbe lege there has always been a Master usual academical habit, and have a provided for the boys, .who instructs liberal education at a school within them in Latio and Greek. They are the College : they are instructed in also taught writing and arithmetic. grammar, in the Latin and Greek
The Choristers attend morning ser- classics, in writing, arithmetic, and vice in the Cathedral at 10 o'clock, music. The bours of study are from and afternoon service at half.past 3. 7 till 8 o'clock before breakfast ; from They are in the Grammar School 10 till 12 afterwards, and from 2 till from seven in the morning till nine, 4 in the afterooon. Their musical from eleven till one, and from two scbool-room is furnished with a small
orgar organ, where the organist attends the Chapels of other Colleges, and them personally three times a week, at St. Mary's Church. They are infrom twelve till one o'clock. Cho- structed in singing by the organist, ral service is performed twice a day; and in reading, writing, and arith. af eight o'clock in the morning, and metic by a master appointed by the at six in the evening, except in the College. long vacation, when the Chapel is The Statutes prescribe that they shut from the beginuing of July, lill should be uoder 12 years of age at the 10th of October.
their admission. They are generally Before the year 1807, those boys admitted about eight years of age, whose friends lived in Oxford, board and leave the Choir when the voice ed and lodged at home, and those who breaks. came from the country, where their By the private regulations of the friends thought proper to place them. College, and a small legacy bequeathAt that time they received from the ed for that purpose by a late fellow, College 71. per annum each, besides each boy receives a suin of money their education, and a dinoer in the when he quits the Choir. College butlery every day; but in the There is no record kept of any choyear 1807, the Warden and Fellows rister after he has left the school. thought it would be better for the From TRINITY and St. John's Col. boys all to board and lodge together, leges I have not been favoured with for which purpose a large and healthy any answer to my inquiries. bouse was taken, and an extra mag- Eton COLLEGE. By the Statutes ter appointed to have the charge of of the founder, King Henry VI. the them; and instead of their receiving Choristers are to be 16 in number, 71. from the College, they pay 71. per who are to assist in the daily celeannum to the person with whom they bration of Divine offices in the Choir. board, and the College pays him 161. They must be under 12 years of age; for each boy.
and at their admission, must be Such of ihe Choristers as can ob- competently skilled in reading and tain the appointment, are permitted chanting: The same qualifications to sing at St. Mary's, the University are required for all the boys on the Church, on Sundays and holidays, but foundation, who are to supply the never perform on any occasion for the place of absent Choristers in the Chaprofit of a master.
pel, that the number may be always The Choristers brought up in these complete. Choirs have usually entered into Holy The Choristers have the right of Orders, and have deservedly obtained free education under the Grammar lhcpatronage of their several Colleges. Masters; they are lo dine at the same CAMBRIDGE.
table with the Foundation Scholars, KING'S COLLEGE, was founded by without distinction of place; they are Hen. VI. By his statutes the number to reside altogether within the Colof the Choristers is 16.
lege, and are to be provided with all They are appointed by the Provost. necessaries that are good and suffiA candidate must be competently cieot for them. skilled in reading and singing. They No person whatsoever may send have a dioner every day in College, them out of College, por take them and an allowance of bread and cheese abroad with them ; nor may they for supper, which they carry home ever go out of College but with leave to the friends with whom they lodge. of the Provost, Vice Provost, or their Their dress is a black gowo at all Master; it being required of them at times, except during the service in all proper times to be intent upon Chapel on Suodays, Holidays, and their learning. Eves, when they wear surplices. The At elections for vacant Scholar. College makes them an allowance for ships at Eton, the Choristers of Eton, shirts, shoes, and stockings. The and those of King's College, CamChoristers attend service in the Cha- bridge, are always to have preference. pel once a day in the afternoon on I am sorry to add, that nothing can common daysí on Sundays and saints' be more remote from the actual state days twice, morning and evening. of the Eton Choristers than these staThey are also permitted to sing at lutes of the Founder. M.H.
Hampton Court, into the interpretation which is (I
Jan. 20. think, without sufficient ground) asTHE Hom. Horatio Walpole, in his cribed to himself. But this only shifts dated“Strawbery Hill, Oct. 11, 1771,” and proves him to bave been, if not a expresses himself as follows:
bad scholar, a bad man. For to dig “ Lord Ossory is charmed with Mr. such a pil for unwary feet, what other Essex's Cross, and wishes much to con
character does it deserve? And such, sult him on the proportions. Lord Os
unless an edition of 1713 shall be prosory has taken a small house near mine, duced with a different reading, will be is now, and will be here again after New. the character of the Discourser on market. He is determined to erect it at Freethinking with AMPTHILL, and I have written the follow
FRS. WRANGUAM. ing lines to record the reason.' “ In days of old here Ampthill's towers MR. URBAN,
Feb. 18. were seen The mournful refuge of an injured queen.
OU were, if I mistake not, among Here flow'd her pure, but unavailing tears, the unfitness of Mr. Bellamy for unHere blinded zeal sustained her sinking dertaking a new translation of the
years ; Yet freedom hence her radiant banners Bible. He has verified your judgAnd love aveng'd a realm by priests ment, by the portion of his translaenslaved.
[was spread, tion which he has published, and by From Catb'rine's wrongs a nation's bliss his Reply to the Quarterly Review. And Luther's light from Henry's law. Of the defects of his translation, and less bed."
of his reply, the Quarterly Review As these lines have frequently been has given ample specimens. attributed to the late General Fitz
The following extraordinary relicks patrick, brother of Lord Ossory, and shew his ignorance of the New Testalong the regarded friend of Mr. Fox, ment, as well as of the Old. He says, I shall hold myself much obliged to that God did not direct Abraham to any Gentleman, who can explain offer up his son Isaac; that the paswhether any authority exists for the sage has been misunderstood, and above Poetry being ascribed to the wrong translated; and that Abrabam, General's pen.
like our Translators, mistook the
meaning of God's directions; though Mr. URBAN, Hunmanby, Feb. 8. St. Paul informs us, that "by faith ERMIT me to offer a few re
Abraham offered up Isaac." PERMIT marks on the subject of Col.
He says, that Abraham supposed lins's “ Idiot Evangelists," as noticed his son Isaac to be the Messiah ; in your last Magazine. I have two though our Saviour said that Abraeditions in my possession, dated ham “ saw his day (that is, foresaw M.DCC.XIII. bothexpressing the insi- the future coming of ihe Messiah), and nuation alluded to in Latin. Of these,
was glad.” one from the coincidence of paging
He asserts, that the Jews were ignoappears to have been the edition re- rant of the Greek language, though futed by Bentley. And in it the whole the Holy Spirit dictated the Gospel in passage in the text stands thus: “ In Greek to them, as well as to the rest the Consulship of Messalla, at the com. of the world.
S. T. P. mand of the Emperor Anastasius, the Webave authority to state that the Holy Gospels, as wrillen Idiotis Evan- Bp. of Durham has witbdrawn his naine gelistis, are corrected and amended," from the list of Mr. Bellamy's Subscribers. P. 90. As he gives the original Latin
Edit. from Victor's Chronicon in the margin, and from the general character J.B. says, “In your veryinstructiveCom. of his work can hardly be suspected of pendium of County Hist, it is mentioned
in your Mag. for Dec. last, p. 498, that ignorance, why does he leave the par
Q. Eleanor died at Herdeby, in Lincolnticular phrase Idiolis Evangelislis
$ shire. As some Aulbors mention it to untranslated : Obviously, as Bent
have happened at a place of that name ley's acuteness could not fail to per
in Nottinghamshire, permit me to solicit ceive, with the disingenuous purpose some of your numerous Correspondents of belraying less enlightened readers, to state which is the correct account, and from the approximation of sound, the exact situation of the place.”