Sivut kuvina

Jord of Rudlowe, be called for to A whole gammon of bacon you shall carry all their things to fore rehersed, receive,

[leave; and the said corn shall be layd upon And bear it home with love and good one horie, and he that the baconne ap

For this is our custom of Dunmow well perteyneth shal ascend upon his horse, Tho' the pleasure be ours, the bacon's

[your own.” and shall take the chese before bym, if be have a horse, and yf he have Three instances of the delivery of Bode, the lord of Whichenour shall the bacon are recorded in the Chartucause bim to have one horse and sadyl, lary of the Priory, now in the British to such tyme as be passed bis lord- Museum; and since the suppression of shippe, and so shal they departe the the Priory, three more instances bave manoyr of Whichenour, with the corn occurred at the Courts Baron, held by and the bacopne to fore bim that hath the Steward of the manor. The first wonne ytt, with trompels, tabourets, recorded delivery was in 1444, to Riand other manoir of minst ralsce; and chard Wright of Bradbourge in Norall the free tenants of Whichenour folk, and the last was in June 20, shall cooduct bim to be passed the 1751, to Joho Shakeshanks, wool Lordship of Whichenour; and then comber, and Anne bis wife, of Weshall they retoroe, except hym to thersfield in Essex. whom apperteiyneth to make the car. “ The Flitch of Bacon,” a ballad ryage and journey withoutt the countye opera, by Henry Bate, was acted at of Stafford at the costys of bis Lord the Haymarket in 1778, and printed of Whichenour, and yf the seid Ro. in 1779. bert Kayghtley do not cause the ba- The FLOWER Pot. I remember conne and corne to be conveyed as is this sign at Earls Shilton in Leicesrebersed, the lord of Whichenour shal tershire, and I believe that it is not do it to be carryed, and shal distreigne very uncommon. the said Robert Knyghtley, for his To describe the beauties of the vadefault, for one hundred shillings in bis rious kind of flowers has been a favomanoir of Rudlowe, and shall kepe rite theme, and there can be but few the distresse so takyo, irreplevisable.” readers who do not recollect Perdita's

A similar custom of the manor of pleasing appropriation of them in Dunmow Parva, in Essex, is gene- Shakespeare's “Winter's Tale.” Darrally supposed to have been instituted win’s “ Botanic Garden” particularly by one of the Fitzwalters, who are abounds in bold personification and said to have possessed the lordship as luxuriant description. Langhorne's parcel of their barony for eleven “ Fables of Flora" are natural and Derations; and of whom several mo- easy ; indeed, there is hardly a writer cuments still remain in the venerable of any eminence from whom some priory church. The ceremonial esla- Elegant Extracts” might not be obblished for these occasions consisted tained, but it would be utterly inconof the married couple, who claimed sistent with the limits of this paper to the bacon, kneeling on two sharp. venture on such extensive transcrippoioted stones in the church-yard, tion. when after solemn chanting and other As a painter of flowers, Simon Va. rites performed by the convent, the relst, a Dutchman, stands pre-eminent. following oath was demanded of them: Voder one of his pieces Prior wrote, “You shall swear by custom of confession, “When fam'd Varelst this little wonder That you ne'er made nuptial transgres- drew,

[view ; sion;

[wife, Flora vouchsaf'd the growing work to Nor since you were married man and Finding the Painter's science at a stand, By bousehold brawls or contentious strife, The Goddess snatch'd the pencil from bis or otherwise, at bed or at board, Ofended each other in deed or in word: And finishing the piece, she smiling said, Or since the parish clerk said Amen, • Behold one work of mine that ne'er shall Wished yourselves unmarried again;

fade'." Or in a twelvemonth and a day Repented not in thought any way;

Varelst's vanity was excessive; he But continued true in thought and desire called himself" The God of Flowers." As when you join'd hands in the holy Walpole tells us that Lord Chancellor quire.

Shaftesbury going to sit for bis por. If to these conditions, without all fear, trait, was received by him with bis of your own accord you freely will swear, hat on. “Don't you know me!" said





tke Peer. “Yes," replied the paioter, To sair Fidele's grassy tomb “ You are my Lord Chancellor. And Soft maids and village binds shall bring do you know me! I am Varelst. The Each opening sweet of earliest bloom, King can make any man Chancellor,

And rifle all the breathing Spring." but he can make nobody a Vareist.” In the village church-yards of South Shaftesbury was disgusted, and sat to Wales, most of the graves are planted Greenhill.

with flowers and sweet-scented berbs; The Floralia were instituted in the “ These to renew with more than annual year of Rome 513, but not regularly celebrated until after 580. This fes- There wakeful love with pensive step tival in honour of Flora was held on The band that lifts the dibble, sbakes the 4th of the calends of May, when

with fear the courtezans were called together Lest baply it disturb the friend below. and danced naked in the streets. To Vain fear! for never shall disturber come, this custom of our Roman conquerors Potent enough to wake such sleep may be traced our present festivities

profound, in May, though happily long since di Till the dread herald of the day of doom vested of such grossly liceptious rites, Pours from his trump the world-disThe general holiday at Helston in

solving sound. Cornwall, on May 8, when the inha. Vain fear! yet who that boasts a heart to bitants go into ihe country and re

feel, turo decked with flowers, is still called Aneye tu pity, would that fear reprove ? the Furry, an evident corruption of They only who are curst with breasts of the Roman Floralia. Hall gives a

steel circumstantial account of Henry VIII.

Can mock the foibles of surviving love." and his queen Katharine of Arragon, These verses, of which the first I riding a maying from Greenwich to think particularly beautiful, are taken Sbooier's bill, attended by the Lords from Mason's "Elegy in a Churchand Ladies of their court. At our yard in South Wales," and were writpresent rustic feasts, on May-day, the ien in 1767, at Briton ferry in Glaprettiest girl is crowned with a chapo morganshire, during a visit to the late lel of flowers, as Lady of the May, the Lord Vernon. representation of the goddess Fiora; The Dutch are so excessively fond and in many villages the May-pole is of flowers, that a tulip root bas been still retained. The last in London known to sell for 5,000 florins. Young was taken down in 1717, and removed in his “Love of Fame,” has severely to Wanstead in Essex. It was more exposed this fully in his character of than 100 feet high, and stood on the “ Florio." East side of Somerset-house. Its re- The principal Potteries in this king. membrance is perpetualed by Pope, in dom are near Newcastle in Stafford“ Amidst the area wide they took their shire; which situation was probably stand,

[The Strand." chosen from coal being abundant, and Where the tall May-pole once o'erlook'd the other strata consisting most com

The rural sacrifice of the Beltein monly of clays of difierent kinds ; fires, in the highlaods of Scotland on some of which make excellent firethe first of May, are described in bricks for building the polters' kilos, Pennant's Tour.

and are also used in forming the Sag. The aptient custom of strewing the gers (a corruption of the German graves of departed relatives or friends Schragers, which signify cases or supwith flowers, is sweetly alluded to in porters) in which the ware is burnt. Cyn.beline :

One of the earliest authors whonotices “With fairest flowers

this pottery is Dr. Plott, in his “ Na. Whilst Summer lasts, and I live here,

tural History of Staffordshire," which Fidele,

[not lack was published in 1686, whep all the I'll sweeten thy sad grave: Thou shalt ware was of the coarse yellow, red, The Power, that's like thy face, pale black, or mottled kind, add the comprimrose ; nor

(nor mon glaze was produced by lead ore The azur'd barebell

, like thy veins; no, finely powdered, and sprinkled on the The leaf ofeglantine, whom not to slander, pieces of ware before firing. In 1690, Outsweeten'd not thy breath."

two foreigners, of the name of Elers, And ihe exquisite dirge by Collins invented at Bradley a new species of thus begins :

glaze, by throwing into the kilo, when 2


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brought to its greatest heat, a quantity The arms of the “ New Jnn," in of common salt, the fumes of which Wych-street, at which Sir Thomas occasioned a superficial vitrification More was educated, are Vert, a Flowerof the clay. This practice was suc- pot argent. ceeded in a short time by a capital Potl paper is so called from origiimprovement in the bod: of the ware Dalis bearing the water-wark of a itself, which originated in the follow. Flower-pot. ing incident. Mr. Artbury, a potier,

(To be continued.) in a journey to London, was recommended by the hosiler of his ion at *** POSSESSING, from an accidental Dunstable, to use powdered flint for circumstance, a beautiful Engraving euring some disorder in his horse's of Lieut.-Gen. Lord Lynedoch, G.C.B. eyes; and for that purpose a flint we bave much pleasure in presenting stone was thrown into the fire to ren- it to our Readers. (See Pl. II.) As we der it more easily pulverizable. The have not been accustomed to publish poller observing ihetlint to be changed Memoirs of distinguished characters by the fire to a pore while, was imme. when living, it may at preseat suffice dialely struck with the idea that bis to refer, for the brilliant exploits of ware might be improved by an addi- tbisgallant Hero,lo the Gazeties which tion of this material to the whitest have occupied so large a space in some clays he could procure. Accordingly, of our preceding Volumes; earnestly be sent home a quantity of the iint hoping that it may be long, very long, stones, which are plentiful among the before the task devolves upon us of rechalk bills near Duustable, and tried cording bis bravery and his virtues in them with tobacco pipe clay, and ibus our Obituary.

Edit. produced the white-stope ware, which soon became the staple branch of pol


Jan. 5. la 1263, Mr. Josiah Wedgewood, THE restoration of the Arts in

Italy, during the fifteenth and who had previously introduced seve- sixteenth centuries of the Christian ral improvements in the composition, æra, may be considered as the most form, and colour of this ware, invent- interesting perivd in their history: ed the improved kind now generally Mr. Roscoe emphatically observer, made. it is composed of the whitest “ that under the successive but uninclays from Dorsetsbire and ober terrupted patrovage of Julius II. places, mixed with a due proportion and Leo X. the talents of the great of ground flint. The pieces are fired Artists then living were united in one iwice, and the glaze applied after the simultaneous effort; and their rival first firing in the same manner as productions may be considered as a porcelain. The glaze is a vitreous joint tribute to the munificence of composition of flint and other while their patrons, and the glory of the earthy budies, with the addition of age"'*. By several Artists, the perfece white-lead for the flux, analogous to tion of Grecian sculplure was einula. common flint glass. This compound ted, if notequalled. Ghiberti Donatello, being mixed with water lo a proper Joho of Bologna, Michel Angelo, and consistence, the pieces, after the first Fiamingo, with some others, may be firing, are separately, dipt iuto il; ranked in no very unequal comparison being somewhat bibulous, they im. (at least in all that we know) with bibe a quantity of the mere water, and Scopas, Phidias, and Praxiteles. They the glaze which was united with that were content to follow, with respectportion of the water, remains adherent ful imitation, the traces of their anuoiformly all over their surface, so as lient masters; and they did not conto become by the second firing, a coat sider it as humiliatiog to their own of perlect glass. Euamelled ware, efforts, lo allow them the highest deafter painting, undergoes a third fir- gree of praise. It has been truly reing to fix the colours.

marked, that the mythology of The finest Porcelain, of which Greece supplied bier Arrists with an Flower-pots are sometimes composed, infioity of subjects, and attorded other fully equal to that of Sevé or Dresden, important advantages to Sculpture. is made at the Cambrian China-works at Swansea, in South Wales.

* Roscoe's Leo X, vol. IV. p. 239, 8vo. GENT. Mag. January, 1819.


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