Sivut kuvina

ed to be Roman, but this is uncertain. bably diminished in height by long In opening the Northero tumulus, pressure and the effect of rains.-In and in removing the wall upon its the first soros, (which was 5 feet Eastern side, such an innumerable square, and 8 feet deep, brought to quantity of the bones of a small qua- a point with pebbles,) were fouod two druped was found, that they were skeletons. The uppermost appeared actually stratified to the depth of four to be of larger size. Under the skull ioches, so that the workmen took out was found the blade of a poignard or whole shovels filled with these bones; knife. The head of this skeleton and the same were also fouod nearrested upon the body of the other. other sepulchres about an hundred The soros was full of dirt; and patches yards to the North of The Chronicle of a white unctuous substance, like Hills. The most singular circum- spermaceti, adhered to the flints. It stance is, that there is no living ani- had an oak bottom, black as ink, but mal now in the country, to which stained with the green oxide of copthese bones, thus deposited by mil. per, owing to the decomposition of lions, may be anatomically referred. an antient bronze vessel, very small The bones of the jaw correspond with parts of which have been removed to those of the castor, or bcaver, as this University, and analysed; the found in a fossil slate in the bogs composition consisting, as usual in annear Chatteris; but the first are in. tient brooze, of an alloy of copper comparably smaller. Like those of and tin, in the proportion of 88 of the bca ver they are furnished with the former to 12 of the latter. Large Iwo upper aud' two lower incisors, iron pails, reduced almost to an oxide, and with four grinders on each side. were also found here. In the other Nothing like these minute bones has, soros (which was 4 feet square, wilhhowever, been yet known to exist iu iu ils circular wall, and 8 foet deep,) a fossil state. One of the Professors an human skeleton was found; and of this University, after a careful exa- another below it in a sitting posture, mination of the spot, believing them with an erect spear, the point of which to have belonged to the Lemming, was of iron. Nails were found here, which sometimes descends in moving but nowood, as in the other soros. Here myriads from the mountains of Lap- the small quadruped bones were found land, transmitted several of them to in great abundance. The skull of the London to Sir Joseph Baoks, and to sitting figure was stolen by one of the Sir Everard Home, who have con- labourers, and carried to his own cot. firmed his conjecture. Accordiog to tage at Whiltlesford: it had every these gentlemen there exists at pre- tooth perfect. The robbery has given sent a creature of this species called rise to a very amusing instance of a Shrew Mouse, which is exceedingly superstition ; for it is maintained at destructive to young plantations. Whittlesford, that the headless skeleAbout two years ago the Commis- ton of an antient warrior knocks every sioners of Forests wrote to Sir Joseph night at the door of this cottager, Banks to know what could be done demanding the skull sacrilegiously to get rid of them. A colony of these stolen from his grave. animals may have been hemmed in Much more might be added respecby some food, and, being all of them ting the antiquities of Got Moor, and drowned, were perhaps thus buddled of The Chronicle Hills. Many gentogether in one spot.

tlemen of the University have reBefore we conclude this article, we sorted to the spot to gratify their have also to add, that about 100 yards curiosity. The mode of burial exfrom the North of The Chronicle Hills, bibited by those antient sepulchres, there were found two other sepulchres, added to the fact of the bronze rein which human skeletons were found in liques found within one of them, and soroi, constructed of flints and pebbles, also that no Roman coins bave ever put together with fine gravel. These been discovered among the other soroi were surrounded each by a circu. ruins, plead strongly for the superior lar wall 2 feet thick, and about 3 antiquiiy of the people here interfeet high, 22 feet in diameter. The red ; and lead to a conclusion, that whole were covered beneath mounds The Chronicle Hills were rather Celo of earth, which rose in bills about 2 tic thao Roman tombs. feet above the soroi, having been pro



Journal of a Tour tuken in 1701, from just after we had entered on the right London to PARIS.

hand, is an buge gigantic statue of (Continued from vol. LXXXVIII. p. 496.) St. Christopher, standing on a rock. PARIS.

It is accounted an extraordinary piece Sept. 5. IT was so late we had nothing of sculpture. Here is an abundance of

1701. to do but seek a lodging; fine monuments, with numerous chaand being perfect strangers should, pels and rich altar-pieces. In the body perhaps, bave been under some diffi- of the Church hangs the portrait of a culty, but that a very obliging French Moorish Prince of the Gold Coast, gentleman of our company, who I who lately visited Paris; and whilst believe was a Protestant, and had he was there, his Father died. The beard our conversation with the French King thereupon caused him priest in the coach, persuaded us to to be crowned in Paris, and bas sent accompany bim to an auberge in St. him home with many priests and JeZachary's-street, at the sign of the suits to attempt the conversion of his Galley, which answered the character Moorish subjects to Christianity. At he gave of it; for we found the people the West end of this Cathedral are two very civil, and our entertainment free towers, each having 380 steps. In and easy. We paid little more, as one of them is a set of eight bells, and money now goes in France, than half one extra, the biggest being about or & crown English per head, per day, near seven feet in diameter at the for three meals and lodging. The mouth. From the top we viewed the breakfast allowed was but small, con- city, this Church being in the centre; sisting, à la Française, of a crust of it appeared very compact, and almost bread and a glass of wine ; but our round. It comprizes a vast tract of dinners and suppers were plentiful, ground, though to our conception it' commonly of seveo or eight dishes, is not two thirds of the size of Lonserved up in their way, small and don; but this city being circular, and mostly of kickshaws (quelque choses) London extending in length, it is diffi. as we call them; get there was always cult to judge correctly. It must be enough for the company and to spare. considered that the latter has been There were generally ten or twelve much increased of late years; and that at dinner, and as many at supper, in Paris, building has been long since with good attendance, and as much forbidden by the King; and as the wine as we chose of the common be- river Seive is not navigable except by verage at oor meals-what is called , small boats, it can be do port-consefor after the removal of the cloth, is quently it wants much of the trade extra, and an additional charge. Our ibat London enjoys; nor has it the landlord said he was a Protestant, and King's residence and Court there. I that there were forty thousand in that therefore canoot see (though it be the city ready with hearts and hands on Metropolis of a much greater kingoccasion, but we had nothing to do dom) how it should be so large, rich, with matters of that kiud, and avoid. or populous as London, when the lated such discourse, for we were cau

ter vied with it some years ago. tious of trepans and bastiles.

It is said that the French King neSept. 6. We walked into the city, ver lay a night in Paris in his life, or which we found in general to be built

at least since he was 14 years of age. of stone and white brick; mostly of He comes, indeed, to the Louvre, the former, with some rough cast. sometimes on important occasions, or The streets were straight and well for pleasure; bui will pot trust himpaved. The houses in general were self long in the town, either for that four and five, and some six stories his Grandfather was murdered there, high. ThegreatChurch of Notre Dame, or for that there are a greal many dedicated to the Virgio, is a lofty Protestants in the city, whom he has large building, and it seems owes ils persecuied, and may therefore fear; foundation to the English. The great or from the recollection of the frealtar is very rich, with vast silver can- quent rebellions in his ininority; or, dlesticks and lamps, and a very curious perhaps, that he thinks bis houses piece of work of bealen gold, in the there too mean. Whatever may be Ralure of a canopy, banging over the his motives for absenting himself, cerpix, which contains the consecrated taio it is that be is very seldom to be wafer or Holy Sacrament. At the seen in his capital. west end body of the Church,


The Scine is a broad but shallow in the vocal part of it. They are conriver, running quite through the town. cealed from view by a grate and curIt rises from the country above Fon- tains. Madame La Valliere, formerly tainbleau, comes to Paris, and passes one of the French King's mistresses, is on through Normandy, to Havre de now the superieure here. The altar, Grace, where it emplies itself into the to which you asceod by marble steps, sea. The privcipal bridge at Paris is is superbly gilt and adorned. called the Poot Neuf, whereon are no From thence we went to the Conhouses, but there is a statue of Lewis vent of St. Genevieve, the Patroness XIII. on horseback, and a building Saint of Paris. The Church here is called La Samaritaine, which is a large magnificent; the altar-piece rich, with fouotain of water flowing continually many and very large candlesticks of out of a lion's mouth, drawn up from massive silver. The cross is particuthe river by a mill.

larly large, of the same metal, though We viewed the Louvre, a palace some say it is of gold. Over the allar designed by Henry IV. to be one of is a chest of bealeu gold, almost cothe first and greatest houses in the vered with diamonds and precious world. The front towards the gar- stones, valued at $0 millions of livres, den, called the Tuilleries, is, as we con- containing the bones of St. Genevieve. jectured, 300 yards in length, of noble All this was affirmed lo us, and we architecture, much like to the front were told that in 1694, when there of the Banqueting-house at Whitehall, was want of rain all over the kingbut more grand. "The pillars and pilas. dom, and much fear of a dearth, this ters are mostly of marble, and the chest was carried in procession through froot towards the Seine is longer than the city lo implore the intercession of the other, but not so fine. This house the Saiot for rain, and the same day it seems was to have had two other rain came very plentifully. This was, fronts, and to be square, with courts of course, accounted a miracle. The within, but it was never finished. whole solemnity is described in a very

Towards the evening we walked fine and large piece of painting, hung into the Tuilleries, being beautiful up in this Church. We saw, besides, large gardens belonging to the Louvre, on this day, a great convent of Capufuli of statues, fountains, shady and chin Friars, who have a large garden, terraced walks, and other ornaments, well planted, for the use of the house. which make it the most pleasant pub- It was on this evening, as we were lic place I ever yet saw. Here were

walking home, thal we had an account abundance of ladies and gentlemen, of the death of King James the Second not less I believe than one thousand, of England, who deceased yesterday, walking. No other men than gentle 6th Sepiemiber according to our style, men are permitted to enter.

at St. Germain's en Laye, at balf-past 1701, Sept. 7. We walked to see iwo in the afternoon ; aud that his the Coovent of Nuns, called La Valle soo had been proclaimed as his sucde Grace. Here is a very fine Church cessor by the vame and style of James with a curious roof of large arched III. King of England, Scotland, and work ; and all the pavement is of fine Ireland. Trance was left out of his title. marble of various colours. At the Sept 8. We went to the Place de top is a large dome, finely painted Veodosme. This is to be a large magwiihin, and the greatest part without vificent square, with lofty houses of is gilt. This house was founded by free-stone. We viewed the fine houses Anne of Austria, Queen of France, and now building therein by the Parisians, is but lately finished. It is richly en- as a gift to the Kiog, and which it is dowed, and the Nuns ladies of quality. said he designs for the Duke of Ven.

Our Dext visit was to the Convent dosine. In the midst of the square is of Carmelite Nups of the locarnation, a fine equestrian stalue of the King, who are likewise ladies of quality. made of brass. They have also a very fine Church, We now proceeded to the Place des gilt all round, with several beautiful Victoires, an open round of buildings, chapels. The roof is painted in basso also of free-stove, with piazzas, sumerelievo, and their other paintings are what resembling our Covent Garden, very excellent. High up above the but not so large, thougb lofty. These left door are places for the Nuns, were erected in the year 1678, in comfrom where they hear mass, and join memoralion of the King's great vic

tories. tories. In the midst is a magoificent at Chelsea. This is a large and lofty and costly statue of the King, made building of free stone, situate just of copper, and the Goddess of Victory, without the city. It was first designed of the same metal, crowning him with for 6000 men ; but now, they say, is laurel, all curiously wrought and finely capable of holding 10,000. The apart. gilt. The pedestal is large and square, ments are very convenient, and seem and he stands trampling his enemies larger than those at Chelsea, but the under his feel, in a maoner which I Governor's house, and the gardens think loo insulting. Al each corner are far short of those with us. The of the pedestal is a figure lying in a Chapel is not quite finished, though submissive posture, with its hands the greatest part of the College has chained together, and its ensigos and

been erected these 30 years.

The arts throwo down and broken. One great altar and dome of the Chapel represents the Emperor of Germany, will be stately and grand. another the King of Spain, another Sept. 8. Ti had been our custom to the States General of the United Pro- go to an English Coffee-bouse, kept vinces(the Netherlands), and the other by one Benson, near Cardinal Fursthe Duke of Savoy. On every side tenburgh's Palace. We went there are long inscriptions, allusive to the this day, being Suoday, and here we King's great acis, some in Latin verse were accosted by a Frenchman, who extolliog him beyond Cæsar and Alex- undertook to shew us great things. ander ; and others in French prose, We put ourselves under his guidance, setting forth the numbers of bis ar- and after leading us up and down mies and his great deeds, with lofty through 20 dirty streets, he brought and strange tilles, and a dedication, us to a great Hospital of sick women, Viro immorlali, &c. The whole of where we were nearly poisoned with this monument was erected by the slencb; and we were informed, that Duke de la Feuillade.

as these begin to recover, they are Our dext walk was to the Gobelin removed to a better place, and from manufactory, situate at another part thence to a third, until their health of the town. It is carried on in a is re-established ; but, being disgusted large stone building by Germans and with our guide, we shook him off, Plerings, to the number of one hun- and were afterwards told it was well dred, maintained at the King's charge. we had not been trepanned by him, These are the authors of those tine and had not had our throats cui - and works of tapestry, called by the above possibly this inight have been the case dame, in silk, gold, and silver, for the if we had gone wherever he would furniture of the King's houses. The have led us. It seems there are many figures and subjects which are to be such fellows about this town, who set represented, are painted and laid before upon people by night; and we were the work men ; and to such great per. told there were 50,000 rogues who fection is their art arrived, that we infest it, though there are watchmen saw several pieces of their performance as in London, bul not so many; and little short, as we thought, of the there are lights too in lanteros on paintings themselves. In this place lines, which go across the streets, and too, there are many persons employed the lanteros are hung in the centre. in sculpture, and in making figures in

In the afternoon we went to the brass aod other melals, and in stone Church of the Nuns of the Assumpand mosaic work. We saw a brazen tion. This is entirely circular-a forin head of the King, very large and fine, I had never seen before. At the top and a round table, then in hand and is a stately dome, gilt without, and almost perfect, curiously iolaid with painted within. There we heard mass marble of several figures and colour. sung in excellent Church musick, and ed, valued at 400 pistoles. In the same we were told before that it would be toom was an abundance of fine stones the best in Paris. The trebles and of Agate, &c. in one of which was the basses were exquisitely fine. Here we plaio resemblance of a tall large tree, hired chairs at five liards a piece, for full of branches ; and, in another, of there are no other seals. The pera city full of houses, both of them, as formance lasted an hour and a half. we were assured, natural productions. At night we went to the play-house to

Our succeeding object was the Hos- see the trairic opera of Scylla. Operas, pital of the lovalides, founded for it. only acted on Sundays. disabled soldiers, like to our Coller

with good musick



and fine scenes, but I did not much Vicar, whom we depute Preceptor like the accommodation. We went and Master of the said Choristers, into the pit, the cheapest place, and to elect and perfect them as Choris. stood all the while on a brick floor, ters; and, as our Commissary, to refor it had no seats. The galleries move them as occasion may require; were narrow, and divided into small and that when by exercise they are compartments. At another time, not advanced in learning, there may be being Sunday, we went to a comedy a more plentiful supply of Ministers at a different theatre. We sat in the for a higher degree in the said Church, gallery. The number of actors was we have thought meet that the aforeBut more than six or seven. The said Church should be bestowed on the piece was a mixture of comedy, farce, said Choristers, with all its rights and and harlequinade, of wbich the latter appartenances (excepting only the bore a large portion; and the whole, portion of the Vicar, who shall be colin our judgment, was a poor business. Sated by us and our successors); and (To be continued.)

with the consent of our Chapter, after

full consideration and in due form of CATHEDRAL SCHOOLS.

Law, we do appropriate and confirm St. David's.

the same to the said Choristers to be Mr. URBAN, Crosby-square, Dec. 3. for ever possessed to their use. And HAVE recently met with very im- we ordain that the profits and reve

portant unpublished documents, pues of the said Church be divided relating to the Choristers of this Ca. by equal portions twice a year among thedral Church. MS. Harl. 6280. the said Choristers, for their main“ To all, &c. Adam [Houghton] * tenance, who shall, if it be possible,

Bishop of St: David's, greeting. reside within the close of the Church “The duty of our station and the dice of St. David's, by the order of our tates of piel y alike require us to pro. said Vicar, who shall dispose of the mote the solemnity of Divine worship said Church as may appear to him in our Church of St. David's, by mak- most advantageous to the use of the ing suitable provision for those who said Choristers. officiate in the Choir, lest the Church “ And we will also that our said Vi. should be disgraced in the poverty of ear, out of the profits of the said her Ministers.

Church, receive half a mark of silver “ Now we observe, in bitterness of annually for his trouble.” heart, that the Choristers, few in num. " Dated at St. David's, 24 Mar. ber, and without proper vestments,

1363." attend the Choral Service irregularly The Volume from which the above and lukewarmly, because in times past extract is taken seems to be the origilittle or no provision had been made nal Register and Statute Book of the for their temporal wants; namely, for Cathedral, and is attested June 8, their diet and clothing, without which 1588, by the subscriptions of spiritual things cannot long subsist. Thomas Huett, Preceptor.

“We, therefore, with our brethren Richardus Edwardes, Cancellarius. the Canons of the said Church, in M. Meveven's. Chapter assembled, considering how Thomas Lloyd, Thesaurarius. we could provide a suitable remedy It is much decayed at the comfor this deficiency, have at length mencement, and a few pages at the directed our allention to the Church conclusion are quite illegible. There of Lanwynnen, in our advowson; is a complete transcript in the same that the Choristers, who shall be Library, (1249) in a more modern four in number, may, according to hand. their duty, attend at the caponi. The number of the Choristers was cal hours in the said Church and augmented from four to six, April in proper habits, humbly to ininister 15, A.D. 1501, by the bounty of as Choristers, according to the use of Bishop, Morgan, who appropriated Sarumt, under the direction of our the tythes of Lawhaden for their bet

ter support. See MSS. Harl. 6280, p. * Bp. of St. David's from 1361 to 1388. + The Ritual or Liturgy of Osmond, Adam Houghton is followed nearly

209; 1249, p. 268; where the deed of Bishop of Sarum, was almost univer

verbatim. sally adopted by the Cathedrals in the

M. H. Province of Canterbury.

Yours, &c.

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