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and to a seat iu the councils but hav- increased to forty-one. -The motto), ing publicly upbraided I he tyrant with “ Honi soit qui mal y pense," wasi: bis persecution of the Christians, bar- adopted by Edward, who had just iog indigoaatly refused many splendid laid claim to the throne of France, offers of aggraodizement, made on and hoped through the means of this condition of his renouncing bis relie valiant' "" band of brothers" lo-obgion, and having eodused the lorture lain it, as retorting shame and deseveral times, he was ignominiously fiance upon all those who should condragged through the city of Lydda, sider his claim unjust or unattainable, and beheaded, April 23, Å. D. 290. or think evil of his cause. As to the
Gibbon, in his « Decline and Fall," popular story of this Order having bas confounded this warrior-saint with originated in Edward's pickiog up the an ecclesiastic of the same name and garler of the lovely Countess of sa. birth place; and having detailed the lisbury in a dance, and reproving the low origin, shameful life, and violent smile of his courtiers by the words of death of the latter, who was Bishop the multo, though supported by Raof Alexandria, thus concludes; “ The pio, it is now very generally disereodious slrauger, disguising every cire dited. cumstance of time and place, assumed The presenl Garler is of blue vele the mask of a martyr, a saint, and vet, on which is embroidered ihe a Christiau herv; and the infamous motto, and is wuro round the left George of Cappadocia has been trans- leg. The jewel of the Order repreformed into the renowned St. George seots St. George on horseback, lilla of England, the patron of arms, of ing at a dragou who is thrown on bis chivalry, and of the Garler."
back. Brady says,
“ The first Duke Having been a soldier of raok, St. of Richmond was the cause of thie George was aocieotly represepled up ribaod, to which the George is sushorseback, armed cap-a-pie, holding peoded, being woru' over the shoulin his hand a while banner, charged der: the Duchess of Portsmouth, his with a red cross, symbolical of his mother, having thus put it on, and dyiug for the failli of Christ, and introduced bins to bis father, Charles trampling a red dragon under him, II. ; that monarch was so pleased with: alluding to that “Red Dragon, the the conceit, that he comidanded the Devil, wbo burneth with fury, and is' Knights in general to wear it so in red with the blood of the faithful.” tuture ; whereas, from the time of From this representation arose the the establishment of the Order, until romantic lale of his victory over a that period, it had been placed round pestiferous dragon, which has, I sup- the oeck.' pose, been read with great pleasure The Bishop of Winchester is the by almost every school-boy in "The Prelate; the Bishop of Salisbury the Renowned History of the Seven Chain. Chancellor; and the Dean of Windpions of Christendom,” which work sor Ibe Registrar of the Order. “Garwas originally composed by Richard ter” and Principal King at Arnis," Johnsou, who flourished in the reigns are two distinct offices united in one of Elizabelh and James.
person. This officer was first appointDuring the siege of Acre in Pales. ed by Heory V. and lakes his valh of tine (which, aller an investment of inauguration, as Garler, before the more tban iwo years, surrendered Sovereign and Koights ; as Kivg at July 12, 1191,) Richard Cæur de Arms, before the Earl Marshal. PreLion distinguished twenty-six of his viously to the year 1688, whev Barnes bra vest knights with a blue leathern published his“ History of Edward III." thong, to be woru round the leg, and there were enumeraled as Knights of they were styled Knights of the Blue the Garler eight Emperors of GerThong. This appears to have been many, five Kings of France, five of the origin of the present most nuble Denmark, three of Spain, five of Pororder of the Garter, which was estab.. tugal, two of Naples, two of Sweden, lished by Edward 111, at Windsor (the two of Scotland (before the accession place of his nativity) April 23, 1349, of James I. to tbe English throne), two and consisted also of tweoty-six ! of Castile, one of Arragon, one of Pose' Companions, including the Sovereigo, land, aod ove of Bohemia. Since which which pumber it was limited to, uu- time there bave been several other lil the prescot reign, when it was
crowoed beads admitted, and among
the present Companions are the Em- and Walton appears to bave bad do perors of Russia and Austria, the such appellation, either in ancient or Kings of Prussia, France, Spain, and modern times. the Netherlands.
This glen (hence the name of the Prior to the establishment of this range of bills and the adjacent vilOrder, St. Edward the Confessor was lage) had the name of Cowbatch, or considered as the principal guardian Cuwdale, at the time it was the scene gạint of England ; but since that time of an iobuman murder, that of KeSt. George has always been iu voked Delm, Prince of Mercia. Since that as her patron saint ; his name has lime, Clatterbatch has been the term been the constant war-cry, and his by which it has been designated. cross, Gules, in a field Argent, the vic- Ashwood Camp.la every map of torious banner of her sons.
the county of Stafford, wherein AshPortugal bas chosen bim as her wood camp is ioserted (as far as the patron saint. "France had an order Writer's observation extends) this of St. George at Burgundy in 1400; vestige of antiquity is placed at Germany, au order ju 1470, at Mils- Camp-hill, in the parish of Enville, tad in Carinthia ; in the Papal domi- on the West side of the river Smas pions à like order was established in tall. 1498; Austria formed a similar ho- As the parish of King's Swinford is on Dorary assemblage of Knights about the East of that stream, Ashwood canthe same period; another order of vot extend so far in that direction as St. George was settled in the Pope's Camp-hill; indeed the remains of the domioious at Ravepoa in 1534; and entrenchmeat are visible, though iro. a further one at Genoa, time now un perfectly so, within the tract called koowo. Io 1729 the Elector of Ba. Ashwood, once a woodland district, varia settled the order of St. George but now forming part of tbe cultifor the Roman empire at Munich. vated lands of King's Swinford. Catherine II. founded an order in hø. About four miles from Slourbridge pour of St. George; and there are a road branches from the lurnpikesome others which have eluded re- road to Wolverhampton, and takes a search."
Western direction. At the distance of (To be continued.)
about two miles from its commence
ment, is Green's-forge, situated on Mr. URBAN, Slourbridge, April 5. the Trent and Severo caoal, and East I
of Simestall. page in your valuable publica. Cootiguous to the village so named tion for a few reniarks relative to is the camp ; a circular vallum is apibe Topographical History of the pareoi, unequally iolersected by the Counly of Stafford; submitting them road above mevtioned. to the consideration of such Gentle- The Western side of the cotreachmen as may be eogaged in describ. Went, on the declivity exteoding to ing the Geographical features of that the canal and to Green's forge, is snost extensive Count):
conspicuous. This spot having the Clent Heath. This tract is repre- Dame of the Church-gard, and Campseoled by Plot and Nash as central hill, the residence of Mr. Feraday, to the hills of Wichburg and Clent, being considered as the site of the whence the Britops and Romans entrenchment, a mistake has arisen, poured their adverse forces into the which has been copied into several subjacenl plain ; and also as the sile maps io succession. W. Scott. of several tumuli aod other vestiges of antiquity.
Mr. URBAN, From personal observation, and in. THE Rev. Mr. Rennell, vicar of deed from subsequent remarks of the Kensington, has just published Authors themselves, it appears evi- a work, entitled “ Rencarks on Scepdent, that Harborough common, in ticism *,” particularly as regards tbe the parish of Hagley, aod county of opinions entertaioed about OrganizaWorcester, is the spot intended to be tion and Life, This work is ably described.
written, and some of the arguments After repeated inquiries, no infor- merit the attention of the student. mation can be obtaiued of any heath. Mr. Reopell bas, however, been miobearing the name of Clent, the deep Talloy separating the bills of Clent * See our Review Department, p. 433,
informed respectiog the opisions of but it is not, therefore, to be consi. anatomists conceroing the lesions and dered a part of the Episcopal babit ; wounds of the braid, and the com- for the circumstance of the Bishops patibility of soundness of intellect wearing it, only demonstrates that iherewith. No anatonsist of respec- they are attentive to the Spirit of that tability of the present day denies the Canon, which extends its obligation, dependence of the mind on the brain; and forces its authority alike on the but this fact does not in any way in- Digoitary and the Curate. It is not validate Mr.Rennellisargument of the necessary that the long or short cdsindependent nature of mind itself, but sock sbould always be made of silk, only shews the necessity of the brain for bombazin and tabinett cassoeks to the mapifestations of the mind in were as frequeotly made as silk ones. the present state of existence, arisiug 2nd. The Beaver AND ROSE. from the mysterious connexiou be- By these (which are mentioned by the tweep mind and malter.
Poet Savage) are meaot the Clerical The object of this observation is hat, and the Rose of Satin which is not to diffuse any of the absurd doc. placed in front of it as an ornament. trines of Materialisin; but to render This hat was formerly made of a the rational ductrine of the immate- triangular shape, according to the rial nature of the thiuking principle custom of the times ; but has now free from the fallacious support of been metamorphosed into a round an untenable argument injudiciously onc with a low crown, and a broad adduced io its favour. F. L. S. brim tied up behind; but, as it is to be
seeo now and then, I will not allempt ON THE CLERICAL DRESS. to describe it more technically. (Concluded from p. 313.)
3d. The HATBAND. This ornamen. FTER what bas been advanced tal badge, which has been referred to
respecting the laxity of the by the reverend and learned Dr. Sharp, Clergy in using the peculiar habit of was used when the triangular-shaped their order, it may now be necessary hat was worn ; and as it is now almost to give a succinct description of the obliterated by the use of the narrow several badges before alluded to, in ribbon which encircles the rotund cle. order that igoorance on this head may rical hat, I shall be parduned for atDo longer be pleaded. - This I shall lenipling to describe it to the modern endeavour to do as briefly as possible. reader. The triangular hat was so
Ist. Tue CASSOCK. This is a con- shallow in its construction, that it spicuous part of the Clerical Dress needed somelbing ornamental to fill He is placed over the waistcoat (the up the chasın which the cocked-fold coat having been previously taken caused in its appearance; therefore this off) and entirely covers the back and hatbund was constructed, both to supfront of the wearer's person, and ex- ply the place of ornament and utility; tends dowa to his feel ; noreover ils for, by ils being a roll made of black flowing and swelling appearance iscon- silk or bumbasin, stuffed with soft tracted by a broad bandage of silk, wool, it served as a support to the called a sash, bound around the waisl. hal, and was a substance to which It has, further, sleeves similar to those might be attached the full-blown satin of a coat, reaching to the hands, and rost. Fielding, io his description of is made with an erect collar. The Parson Adams, has not failed to notice gown is worn over the cassock. The this mark of the Clerical character *. short-cassock differsfrom the long one, lo fact, the hatband was of such im. in its having u. collar or sleeves (for portaoce, as a mark of distinction, that the coat is worn over it) and in its we find it not only used for this pur. exleoding only about two inches below pose by the Clergy, but even by those the knees. Ji was so commonly used amongst whom we should least expect about ibirty years ago, that there to find any such signs of order and rewere i hea various kinds of them made; · gularity. some adapted for riding, and others for
" Room for the noble Gladiator ! see walking io. Fielding relates that Par- His Coat and HATBAND shew his quality." son Adams bolh rode and walked in
DRYDEN. his, as occasion served. It is at present worn by the Bishops aod Digoified: * Vide " Adventures of Joseph AnClergy whes they appear in publick ; drews," Book II. Cap. 3.
41b. Tos BAND. This ornamenti. on, any matter that may tend to her is so frequently seen, as being alike · prosperity. I trust this humble essay worp by the Pleader of the Law, and will stimulate some abler peo to take the Preacher of the Gospel, that I up the subject, that it may not be shall not attempt to describe it. How , suffered to rest ouly in this Repository ever, I would observe lbat it is desig- of antiquarian, literary, and scientific pated a pair of bands” by some per: research; but may be brought before a sons; but I can only, find the autho... the world in the persons of a body of rity of Br. Taylor AND Addison for men, who, 1 krust, will never proved this designation; whilst the term disgrace to their sacred order or reve" bund” is sanctioned by the names,
SIGISMUND. and mentioned in the writings, of BEN P. S. I should be glad if any of Jonson, SWIFT, Pore, CRABBE, and your intelligent Correspondeots could others.
inform me on what authority mavy VI. It will now be necessary, in the Parish Clerks in London and else. last place, to point out and propose where wear gowns; and also if there the methods by which this laxity of be any prescript form according to the Clergy may be remedied; for I whicbtheir robe sbould be made; as think it will be confessed by all, that I find that the Clerks in the Metroposume regulation in this particular is lis wear theirs decked with silken tufts, essentially requisite al all times; but whilst their brethren who officiate io the especially so in the present day. It Universities bave theirs entirely plain. would appear that a distinct babit may be enforced, and uniforinity preserve
Palace yard, ed, by one or other of the following
April 13. Ist. By a direct act of the Couvon ALLOW me to congratulate that
large and judicious part of the cation (if it have power to make one) publick, which takes ad interest in appointing the general use of some ihe procedure of works designed for such distinctions as Archdeacou Sharp the illustration of our noblest mouus' has pointed out.
ments of Ancient English Architece 2d. By circular letters, or charges ture, on the approaching completion (requiring the observance of some rule of “ Storer's - History and Antiquities to ihe same effect) from the Bishops of the Cathedral Churches of Great of each Diocese to the Clergy under: Britain.". This publication is, assuredtheir jurisdiction.
Is, of peculiar importance, as it pre3d. By enquiries and precepts at sents the first instance of uniform Episcopal and Arcbidiaconal Visita- Graphic and Historical illustrations of tions.
all the Cathedral Churches of England Ath. By the united resolution of and Wales. When the magnitude of the. Clergy in general, or those of the task is duly considered, we must some particular Diocese, deaneries, or necessarily suppose that it will indeed cities; or,
be long before we again witness the 51b. By one or more respectable coufident termination of any other Clergymen in London using this habit, work, comprehending the whole of and thus setting a good example to those structures. the others, and exposing to aliame Antiquarian and Topographical Lithose who prefer the gaieties of tbe terature appears to have suffered by world to the sober habit of one, who two broad and pernicious extremes. should be both outwardly and inward. On the one hand, the Graphic embelly set apart to the service of religion. lishments bave been of so entirely sub
Thus, Mr. Urban, I have endea- ordinate a character, that the prints in voured to fulfil my promise; and if troduced bave proved quite incapable any thing that I have advanced should, of conveying a satisfactory idea of the teid to make this subject more known, buildings tbey are intended to repreor better atlended io, I shall have sent., On the opposite extreme, we ibe satisfaction of knowing that I have find such laborivus multiplications of pot writlen in vain. Believe me, that refinement io embellishment, that the The welfare of the Church of England Artist is protruded on police, rather is near my heart; and as such I shall. than the subject which employs the ever be happy to enter into explana- pencil and burio. Those vile imita.? liop witb any of your Correspoodepis tions of Churches and Houses, which
mocked curiosity, and insulted Archie the work, and am in a great part imtectural enquiry, in many works pro- pelled to venture on this recommenduced in the fast century, are now datory address to you and your Reaconsigned to the same shelf with the ders, from a pleasing conviction, that mis-shapen heads (of ferocious aspect) so far from the persons concerned rewbich engravers of a more remote laxing in their efforts during the vaperiod termed Portraits' of distin- rious trials of so long a term, the Enguished characters. Perchance cer. gravings appear to have improved in tain of these portraits become of fac. ibeir geveral excellence of execution. titious value on account of rarity, and the eight plates bestowed on each such is the only degree of estimation Cathedral (the Metropolitical church that can be attained by their topogra. of Canterbury having twice that oumphical rivals in deformity.
ber) is proved to be sufficient for the Many of the modern decorative la- illustration of the exterior character bours in the field of Topography and in the most attractive points of view, Apliquities are unquestionably ho- and for such displays of the interior a's nourable to the magoificent spirit of convey due ideas respecting architecthe tiines; but, if a substitute could tural aspect and peculiarities of style. not satisfactorily be found for so costly I am quite willing to suppose that a communication of historical intelli- many of your Readers are better quagence, and for the graphical preserva lified than myself to form a due estition of the architectural excellencies mate respecting the pretensions of the or peculiarities of venerable edifices, numerous elegant engraviogg. I must, the general interests of Literature however, venture to notice the felicity would certainly experience severe de- of choice usually observable in the triment. Inclosed in the Libraries of points of view selected by the Draughtsthose who forin the Aristocracy of man. As treated in this work, each Antiquarianism, delineations repre. subject presents an object highly pic. senting buildings in their various beau. luresque, whilst it affords, at the same tiful and curious points of view, would time, in the great majority of instances, be almost as difficult of access to in- that very point of observation which quisitive persons in that mediocrity of explains the architectural character station wbere the exercise of talent of the edifice. and curiosity is most prevalent, as the I bave been led to trouble you with buildings themselves, distributed at this address, chiefly from the three each direction of thecompass through. following motives: I wish the pub. out the whole of Great Britain. The lick to accredit my own feelings in besolid purposes of public improvement stowing approbation on a work of in a knowledge of that noble height of lung progress, which has risen in meart, displayed in the most eminent ril through every stage of its tedious sacred structures of our country, are journey. I am anxious to enforce on assuredly best attained by means of public notice the propriety of sancGraphic and Literary labours, in which lioning a form of publication which is ibe form of publication is not so costly not difficult of attainment, whilst it as to exclude any usual class of Rea. promises to be satisfactory to the Adders, whilst it is still so liberal and miser of the arls, the Antiquary, and compreheusive as to permit the con- the general Reader. And, lastly, 1. veyance of all that is really necessary have been so much gratified in ascer. to complete juformation. To this tainiag tbe accuracy of this work, jo point of view, I particolarly approve "regard to several Cathedral Churches of the “ History of Cathedrals," pub.. with which lam well acquainted, that lished by Mr. Storer, and illustrated I coosider it a valuable acquisition 10 by eogravings executed by himself Topographical aud Apliquarian Liteand his son, after their own drawings. rature.
R. N. L. It is now more than six years since the commencement of this work, a
St. John's, Wakefield, Term of quite sufficient doration for
March 29. the patience of subscribers tu awy publication, but which was uodoubtedly
T is rather surprizing to me, that
I necessary to the accurate performance of Leeds, in niev tioning the youtby of, so great aa -undertaking. I have brought up at the Grammar School attentively watched the progress of there, and who afterwards rendered