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themselves illustrious by their supe- or figure of Lady Godiva, taken altorior attaioments, should take no no- gether give it an air of unrivalled tice of Mr. Smeaton, a very celebrated antique grandeur and beauty.--The Civil Engineer. This gentleman was While Friars Monastery, now used as much esteemed by all who had the a School of Industry, is another repleasure of his acquaintance; and Sir main which possesses considerable inGeorge Savile and the Rev. Mr. Mit- terest. The Cloisters continue partly chell, rector of Thornhill, looked upon appropriated as a dining-room for the him as the first pructical mathema- inmates, and partly as a vestibule.tician of the age. These worthy men The Hospital of the Black Friars, siand sound philosophers used to spend tuated near Trinity Church, is quite many happy days iogether at Rufford in ruins.- Bablake Hospital, built in Abbey, and it was during iheir stay 1507, alid the Grey Friars Hospital that Sir George Savile once prevailed in 1529, have a feature of originalily upon Mr. Smeaton to sit to a respect- in the characler of their archiieclure. able, but country portrait painter. These buildings are of timber and That picture is now in the possession plaister, with small gable ends of of the Hon. Lumley Savile. "The like- wood, supported by brackets orna. Dess is striking, but the painting mented with figures. The windows scarcely above mediocrity.

with small diamond panes, the frames Yours, &c.

J. B. richly carved.---Considering that these

ancient buildings, when carefully code Mr. URBAN,

May 10.

served, afford to travellers much graT

telligence to your Antiquarian in September last, and often induce Readers, that there are considerable the visite of those who take pleasure remains of the old Priory of Dunstable in such memorials of the laste of in Bedfordshire, in the house on the former times, any instances of needEast side of the street, now the resi- less spoliation are proportionably subdence of Mr. Gresham. When I had jects of regret. It is, perhaps, oot too an opportunity of visiting it last No. much to recommend to the Mayor veniber, I found all the rooms on the and Corporation, thal, with a view lower floor with vaulted stone roofs to undo the mischief which has al. groined ; whence, it appears probable, ready been done, they should reduce that they are a part of the ancient the windows, and remove the rough Cloisters, which have undergone no casting from Bablake Hospital. other change than being floored, and Yours, &c.

G.O. P.T. furnished as modern sitting rooms.

As considerable doubt has existed Mr. URBAN, Cheltenham, April 22. respecting the age of the Cross at LLOW me to offer for insertion Leighton Bosard, I would suggest the probability, at least of its being as Dourable testimony to the characler old as the time of Edward the Third. of a celebrated man, who has, upon It appears from a MS. in my posses- various occsaions, figured in your sion, ihat that Prince frequently pass- pages, both as a contributor to their ed through Leighton in the pursuit of literary stores, and as the object himhis favourite amusement Hawking, self of many an eloquent encomium, while he resided at Kingsbury-palace, I mean Dr. Samuel Johnson.-1 am Dunstable ; and I have a copy of an the more induced to extract the pasorder from him to the Sherift, to re. sage in question, because I am led to pair the bridges between Leighton think that it has been but little coBosard and Fenny Stratford.

liced, and, in truth, never quoled. It Coventry. - The present stale of occurs in a work, which, although it the Antiquities of this City deserves is a rich quarry for the Antiquary, to be noticed, and recorded. St. and full of the most recondite learuMary's Hall, its great ornament, car. ing, is yet but in the hands of few, ries back the mind to the days of the being from its very nature rather a Plantagenets. The richoess of the publication of occasional reference for carvings, both in wood and stone, the students in a particular lioe, than calfurniture, particularly the fine tapes- culated for a continuous perusal in try representing King Henry VI. and the hands of the multitude.' The Aubis Court; and i be equestrian portrait thor having combated the accuracy


AL in youre Magazine a very ho

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of some of the Etymologies of the the Bishops of Bangor for many ages, great Lexicographer, adds—" I hope till the reign of Charles I. that I have executed the whole with In the time of Cromwell, Parliament such a respectfulness to the Gentle- thought proper to restrain the oum. mau whom I meant particularly to ber of buildings tben erecting, whose encounter, as is peculiarly due to one Journals mention, that, “ Sir John whom every friend to virtue must Barkstead, knt. in 1647, purchased esteem, and every lover of letters ad- of the trustees for sale of Bishop's mire ; whose negligences are merely Lands, the reversion of a messuage, the disgrace of the Reign that left with the apurtenances, situate near such a Writer to struggle with dis- Shoe-lane, called Bangor-house, after tresses, and depend on booksellers, and a term, for years then unexpired, whose mistakes are the incidenlal fail- with some waste ground, in leogth ings of humanity, one of whom I am 168 feet, and breadth 164 feet, inhappy to acknowledge, because it is tending to build on it.” They asdoing justice to genius and to worth, sign as a reason for an exemption that for energy of language, vigour in his favour, that the place was of understanding and rectitude of “both dangerous and poisome to the mind, ranks equally as the first scho- passengers and iobabitants." lar and the first man in the king- The ground is still in possession of dom.” Whitaker's History of Man. the See; and in the memory of perchester, vol. II. p. 328.-lo Nichols's sons still living there was a garden, Literary Aoecdotes (a work that may with lime trees and rookery, whose not upaptly be called a wilderness of site is usurped by some very disagreeentertaioment aod of instruction) is able buildings. The ceilings of some given, vol. III. p. 101, et seq. a most of the rooms in the front house were faithful sketch of this excellent man about 40 years ago ornamented with and very eloquent writer. But I can- arms and crests.

N.R.S. got help lamenting that the publick has yet to regret the want of a Mr. URBAN, Salisbury, April 21. more

detailed account of his life and Y Publice in our very other prostainle was promised us some years ago from to time conjectural and problematical the pen of the celebrated Mr. Polo observations upon subjects of Nalural wbele. Is there any chance of our History, and amongst the rest somo soon being gratified with this deside- remarks upon the Emigration and the ratum io our Biography of learned Return of the Swallow. Ecclesiasticks?

Will you permit an Old Corre Yours, &c. FREDERIC BEWLEY. spondent to offer a simple addition to

these remarks, from actual observa.

tion ? Mr. URBAN,

April 2. I have for many years discovered AS

Sa curious specimen of earls that the arrival of the swallow in this

Domestic Architecture still re- Western quarter of the kingdom first maining in the Metropolis, I send you takes place upon the surface of the a view of the remains of the antient rivers Avon and Wily, near to the residence of the Bishops of Bangor, town of Wilton, about three miles (see Plate II.)

from this place to the N. W. and that Tbe property of the See is thus early it extended its flight no farther durnoticed ja ihe Patent Rolls:“ 48 Edw. ing the first seven days, till the exIII. Rex amortizavit Ep'o Bangoren'piration of which period scarcely a in successione unum messuag. unam

swallow was to be seen at Salisbury. placeam terræ, ac unum gardinum, This, I conclude, we must attribute to cum aliis ædificiis, in Shoe-lade, Lon- their meeting with some fly or insect don."

peculiar to those waters upon their The situation of this messuage, first arrival. Being on Thursday the place, other buildings, and garden, 8th inst. fishing upon the banks of is directly at the back of St. An- the Avon and the Wily, I had the opdrew's-court, and at the Soutb.east portunity of witnessing their first corner of St. Andrew's Church-yard; arrival from the N. W.; tioding myself and here was the town residence of instantaneously surrounded by an GENT. Mag. May, 1819.

immense immense flight of swallows, not one entirely, and upon my arrival at Salisof which appeared till that moment. bury not a swallow was there to be Oo my return homeward, they par. seen, nor is there now at this day. tially accompanied me to the village of If any of your intelligent CorreBemerton, the summer residence of my spondents can elucidate this seeming worthy friend and neighbour Archdea- mystery, I will thank them to do it. con Coxe, when I lost sight of them Yours, &c. JAMES WICKINS.



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ADDITIONS to CUMBERLAND, Vol. LXXXVI. Part ii. page 599.
“ Thus by thy fall, Lowdore, reclin'd; I view with wonder and delight,
The craggy cliff, impendent wood A pleasing though an awful sight;
Whose shadows mix o'er half the flood. For seen with them the verdant isles
The gloomy clouds which solemn sail, Soften witb more delicious smiles,
Scarce lifted by the languid gale, More tempting twine their op'ning bow'n,
O'er the capp'd hill and darken'd vale, More lively glow the purple fowers,
Channels by rocky torrents torn, More smootbly slopes the border gay,
Rocks to the lake in thunder borne, In fairer circles bends the bay;
Or such as o'er our heads appear

And last to fix our wand'ring eyes,
Suspended in their mid career,

Thy roofs, O Keswick, brighter rise, To start again at his command

The lake and lofty hills between, Who rules fire, water, air, and land, Where

giant Meddaw shuts the scene."

British Inhabitants. Cumbri, a tribe of the Brigantes.
Antiquities. British : Druidical circles on Grey Yawd, or King Harry fell,

Sunken Kirk, and near Keswick.-Roman: Of miscellaneous antiquities
the principal collections are at Netherby, Sir James Graham's ; Nether.
ball, Humphrey Senhouse, esq:; Waltoo-house, W. P. Johnson, esq.; and
Wigton, the Rev. Richard Matthews. The antiquarian brothers Lysons
have given a description of 142 allars and inscribed stones found in this
county, Aspatria, Cross-Canonby and Dearbam foots. Dearham and
Gosforth church-yard crosses. Two pillars at St. Bride's. Carlisle Dean-
ery. Askerlon, Greystock, Irthington, and Millom castles. Towers and
Mansion houses of Dalston, Drumburgh-castle, Harby-brow, Hardrigg,
Hewthwaite, Irton, Kirk-Aodrews-upon-Eske, Lamplugh, Muncaster,
Netherby, and Nether-hall. Excavations in the rock over the river Eden,
called Wetheral Safeguard, or Constanstine's cells.-Glass vessel, called
“ The Luck of Eden-ball,” noticed in the Duke of Wharton's ballad,

“ God prosper long from being broke

The Luck of Eden-hall." And another called “ The Luck of Muncaster.” On the preservation of these two vessels, according to popular superstition, the prosperity of their repective houses depends. Of the Edenhall cup there is an engrav. ing in Lysons's “ Cumberland." The Muncaster basin is said to have been presented to Sir John Pennington by Henry VI. who was secreted at Muucaster for some time.

Among the monuments of its bishops in Carlisle Cathedral, the most curious are those of William Barrow 1429, and Richard Bull (engraved in Gough's “ Sepulchral Monuments") 1596.

St. Bees derives its name from Bega, an Irish saint, who founded a monastery here about 650. Calder Abbey was erected by Ranulph de Meschines in 1134.

Holme Cultram Abbey was founded in 1150, by Heory son of David King of Scols. lo it was buried Robert Bruce, father of the Scottish King of that oame. The abbot, though not mitred, was occasionally summoned to Parliament.

Lanercost priory, founded by Robert de Vaux or de Vallibus, Lord of Gilsland in 1169, was often visited by Edward I. with bis Queens Eleanor and Margaret. At his last visit with Queen Margaret he was detained by illness from October 8, 1306, to February 28, 1306-7.


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