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PRESENT STATE AND APPEARANCES. Rivers. Aine, Bruscath, Cambeck, Line the black and the white, Liza,

Nyte, Pultrop, Vent, Wiza or Wiz. Lake. Llough near Rowcliffe. Eminences and Views. Bootle beacon, Brampton mote, Carlisle castle,

Castle cragg-hill, Cumrew fell, Dale Raughton, High style, Honiston cragg, King Harry fell, Lingy-close head, Moothay, Muncaster fell, Naddle fell, Red pike, St. Bee's head, Sandala top, Scarrow bill, the Screes, Spade-Adam top, Workington hill. Natural Curiosities. Biglands, sulphureous; Drig, Gilcrux, and Stanger, sa

line; Sebugham, petrifying; Bewcastle, Great Salkeld, Brampton, and Iron-gill chalybeate springs.--Scenery of Newland and Wanthwaite vales. Of the extraordiqary eruption of Solway Moss, Nov, 15, 1771, not a trace is now to be seen, the ground having been gradually cleared at a great expence, and brought again into cultivation by Dr. Graham, who was Jaodlord of the whole inundated track. This county is remarkable for the longevity of its inhabitants. In Lysons's “ Cumberland” is a list of 144 persons of not less than 100 years of age buried between the years 1663 and 1814. The most remarkable instances recorded, are Robert Brown, aged 110, buried at Arthuret 1666. Richard Green, 114, Dacre 1680. Thomas Fearon, 112, Bride-kirk 1701. Jane Hodgson, 114, Harrington 1717. Thomas Dickenson, 112, Bootle 1745. Mary Lingleton, 110, Dearham. Rev. George Braithwaite, 110, Carlisle 1753. Mark Noble, 113, Corney 1768. James Bell, 113, Peorith, 1772. The obituary of the Gentleman's Magazine also records Ano Wilson, 110, Aston 1765. John Noble, 114, Corney 1772. Jobo Maxwell, 132, Keswick Lake 1785.

John Taylor, poticed among the eminent natives, lived lo lhe age of 135. Public Edifices. Carlisle Assize courts, founded in 1810, within the walls of

the anlient citadel, architect Robert Smirke, jun. who also built the bridge of 5 elliptic arches, each of 65 feet span, founded 1812 ; Counly, gaol; Grammar-school-Girl's Charity-school-Guildhall-Dovenby hospital and schools.-Keswick school; and Market-house, built 1813.--Longtowobridge, 5 arches.- Penrith and Plumbland schools.-St. Bee's school, founded by Archb. Grindall.-Warwick bridge.-Whitehaven priers, four batteries, mounting together 18 guns; Dispensary.-Wiglon-school.-Work.

ington bridge, erected 1763; Assembly rooms; theatre; schools. Seats. Barfield, Robert Gibson, esq. Lowthwaite-house, - Williamson, esq. Barrow, The, Josepb Pocklington, esq. Melmerby, Rev. Joseph Pattinson. Bonstead-bill, William Nixon, esq. Moor bouse, Ricbard Hodgson, esq. Brayton, Wilfred Lawson, esq.

Moor-park, Joseph Liddell, esq. Bride-kirk, John Thompson, esq. Naworth-castle, Earl of Carlisle, Burgh-upon-sands, G. H. Hewett, esq. Nether-hall, Humphry Senhouse, esq. Calder-abbey, Miss Senhouse.

Newbiggen-hall, Rev. S. Bateman.
Castle-bow, Miss Senhouse.

Nunwick-ball, Miss E. Wilkinson.
Cockermoutb-castle, Earl of Egremont. Oaks, The, Mrs. Blamire.
Dovenby-ball, J. B. Dykes, esq.

Ormatbwaite, Sir J. B. Walsh, bart. Edenball, Sir Philip Musgrave, bart. Orthwaite-hall, William Brown, esq. Ewanrigg, John Christian, esq.

Pap-castle, Thomas Knight, esq. Flimby-ball, Earl of Lonsdale.

Pickerby, James Graham, esq. Hardriff-ball, Sir F.F. Vane, bart. Salkeld lodge, Colonel Lacy. Holme-bill, Colonel Salkeld.

Sella-park, Edward Stanley, esq. Holme-rook, Skiffington Lutwidge, esq. Skirwith-abbey, J. O. Yates, esq. Hunter-ball, E. B. Harraden, esq. Southerby.hall, John Fallowfield, esq. Hutton-jobn, Andrew Hudleston, esq. Staffold, R. L. Ross, esq. Irton-ball, E. L. Irton, esq.

Tallantire-hall, William Brown, esq. Isel, Wilfred Lawson, esq.

Vicar's Island, General Peachey. Justice-town, Thomas Irwin, esq. Warwick-ball, Robert Warwick, esq. Kirk-Oswald, T.S. Featherstonhaugb,esq. Whitehaven-castle, Earl of Lonsdale. Linethwaite, Thomas Hartley, esq. Woodside, late John Losh, esq. Long-burgh, Mason Hodgson, esq. Peeruge. Burgh barony to Lowther Earl of Lonsdale, who is also Viscount

and Baron Lowther of Whitehaven : Carlisle earldom to Howard, who is also Baron Dacre of the North, or of Gilsland: Cumberland dukedom to Prince Ernest Augustus, fifth son of the King : Dacre of the South barony to the lady of Thomas Brand, esq. : Egremunt earldom and Cockermouth

barody

3294 1191

barony to Wyndham : Ellenborough barony to Law: Greystock barony to Howard Duke of Norfolk: Lorton Irishviscounty to King: Muncaster Irish barony to Pennington : of Cockermouth, Lucy barony to Perey Duke

of Northumberland. Produce. Oysters; char-fish. Wheat, barley. Copper: grindstones. The

Whitehaven collieries, the property of the Earl of Lonsdale, are the most

extensive of any in this kingdom. Manufactures. Iron: paper: carpets : blankets: ropes : breweries : coarse pottery.

POPULATION.
Houses. Inbab.

Houses, lpbab.
Preston, in St. Bee's parish..691 3261 Middlegate and Sandgate in
Harrington...

348 1621

Penrith parish...

HISTORY. About A. D. 60, Carlisle burnt by the Scots during the absence of the Romans. 120. Cumberland ravaged by Mogal King of the Scots, and Uniparus King

of tbe Picts. 425. Fergus King of Scotland defeated by Maximian the Roman General. 880. At Carlisle, an assembly of Nobles held by Gregory King of Scotland,

to whom Cumberland had been ceded for his services agaiost the Danes. 930. At Dacre, Constantine King of Scotlaod, with bis son Eugenius, did

homage to Athelstao. 937. Cumberland occupied by Athelstan after his victory at Brunanburgh. 940. Cumberland granted by Edmuod I. to Indulph, son and beir-apparent

of Malcolm King of Scotland, on his doing homage for the same. 945. Cumberland having rebelled against Todulph, and elected a King of the

name of Dunmaile, Edmund I. laid waste the county, put out the eyes of

Dupmaile's two sons, and reinstated lodulph. 2016. Near Burgh-upon-Sands, Uchtred Earl of Northumberland and the

Dapes defcated by Malcolm King of Scotland. 1069. Cumberland granted by William lhe Conqueror to Rapulph de Mes

cbines, afterwards Earl of Chester ; Malcolm King of Scotland being dis

possessed of this principality for granting an asylum to the English refugees. 1092. Carlisle rebuilt, and its castle erected by William Rufus. 1133. Carlisle erected ioto a bishoprick by Henry I. 1135. Carlisle seized by David King of Scotland on Stephen's usurpation of

the tbrobe of England. 1138. At Carlisle, Sept. 25, Alberia the Pope's legate, in a conference with

David King of Scotland, accompanied by bis oobles and prelates, obtained the release of all female prisoners, and the restoration of Adulph to this

bishoprick. 1139. To Carlisle David King of Scotland Bed after his defeat at the ballle

of the Standard, and was there joined by his son Prince Henry. 1150. At Carlisle, David King of Scotland, Heory Fitz-Empress (afterwards

Henry II. of England), and Ralph Earl of Chester, entered into a league

against Kiog Stephen, and Henry was knighted by David. 1152. At Carlisle, Joho the Pope's legate, met by David King of Scotland

and bis son Prince Henry. 1157. Cumberland ceded by Malcolm IV. of Scotland to Henry II. wbo

confirmed to Malcolm the possession of the earldom of Huntiogdon. 1158. At Carlisle, conference between Henry II, and Malcolm IV. 1173. Carlisle besieged by William the Lion King of Scotlaod, but he was compelled to raise the siege on the approach of Richard de Lucy, Chief

Justiciary and Regeot, during the absence of Henry II. 1174. Carlisle under Robert de Vaux, again besieged by William the Lion. During the siege, which lasted some months, but

was at leogth raised on the capture of Williain at Alnwick in Northumberland, the Scots took

Liddel castle, Burgh-upon-Sands castle, and several other fortresses. 1186. At Carlisle Henry 11. assembled an army to assist William King of

Scots against Roland a rebellious baron, who being taken prisoner, was brought by the Scotch King and bis brother David to the Eoglish MoBarch in that lowo.

1916. Holme Cultram abbey pillaged, and Carlisle, Aug. 8, taken by Alex

aoder King of Scotland. 1217. Carlisle retaken by Walter de Gray, Abp. of York. 1237. Cumberland finally annexed to the throne of England by cession of

Alexander King of Scotland to Henry III. 1296. Robert de Clifford appointed the first English Lord Warden of the

Marches.-Carlisle successfully defended by the johabitants against the Scots under Jobo Comyn Earl of Buchan, and six other Earls, who burnt the

suburbs of the city, and on the retreat set fire to Lanercost priory. 1297. Allerdale, as far as Cockeripouth, laid waste, and Carlisle unsuccess

fully besieged by the Scots under Wallace, in October. 1298. At Carlisle, Sept. 15, after his victory at Falkirk, parliament beld by

Edward I. 1300. At Holme Cultram abbey, in October, Edward I. released the Bp. of

Glasgow from bis imprisonment, and received his allegiance with great

solemnity, 1307. From Lanercost priory, March 1, Edward I. and his Queen Margaret

removed to Kirk Cambock; theoce on the 4th to Liostock castle, where they were entertained for six days by John Halton Bp. of Carlisle ; on the 12th the Court proceeded to Carlisle, where the parliament was sitting; and on June 28, Edward, very weak aod ill, left the city on his March to Scotland ; halted that night at Caldecote ; reached Burgh-upon-Sands July 5, and closed his glorious reign there July 7. An obelisk commemorating this event was erected on Burgh Marsh by Henry Duke of Norfolk in 1685, and repaired by William Viscount Lowther in 1803.-July 11, 1307, Edward II. arrived at Carlisle, aod on the 13th received the homage of his barons. On his return from Scotland in September he restored Anthony Bec to the bishoprick of Durham, of which he had been dispossessed by Edward I.

(To be concluded in our next.) Mr. URBAN,

Muy 3. cord of their virtues, which “implores TOUR Correspondent X. p. 293, the passing tribute of a sigh!".

questions ihe right of any The provisions of Law which sanclocumbent, or whether be ought(mo- tion and secure Churches and Churchrally speaking) to depasture Cattle yards from intrusion by Laymen (Gibs. in his Church-yard. i conclude that 207 ; 8 Lindwood 267; 3 Stratford, some local circumstances have led X. 50 Edw. III. c. 3. &c.) extend to the to put this question, as he does it with clear recognition of the right and possome feeling of indignation, suggest- session of the Incumbent ; but that is, ing its impropriety, if not siuful- as protector, for the time being, of

It is very rarely seen in the them for sacred uses: his right ex. vicioity of the Metropolis-its impro- tends no further ; and if he exerted priety will be obvious from the fol- it for any other purpose, it would be lowing considerations; but I do not a misuse, censurable by the Ecclesifeel inclined to charge it with sin, as astical Court. No other person cau the evil may be unforeseen. The ori- fell the trees or mow the grass growginal allotment of ground for a church. iog thereio without his consent, for yard or cemelerium was for a burial- the evident design to preserve them place for the dead, 2 lost. 489; and from any, improper intrusion; nor in order to render it the more in viol. can be himself cut down the trees, able by any secular uses, our venerablc except for the repair of the Chancel. Establishment has constituted a holy 2 Roll. Abr. 337, 35 Edw. I. st. 2. office of Consecration, by which, like The Church or Church-yard is not the sanctuary of the Church itself, it to be profaned by any arrest, 50 Ede. is for ever set apart for the undisturb- III. c. 3; por by any market or trafed deposit of the dead, and for the fic, 13 Edw. I. st. 2. c. 6; bor by any most solemo and impressive service quarrel, 5 and 6 Edw. I. c. 4. s. 1,2; in the Liturgy; consecrated also by on which it has been beld that no force the tears of pure affection shed over there could be justifiable, even though those asbes for which a safe and reli- it were used in self-defence.' Cro. Ja. gious, and quiet asylum is there found; 367 ; 1 Haw. 139. and consecrated moreover by the re- It is probable that at the date of 2

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these enactments and decisions, the So careful have our ancestors been depasturing of cattle was not adverted to preserve due and reverential decoto; and Ecclesiastical ordinances have rum in these places, consecrated to the not been since vers publicly an- service of Him whose name is invoked nounced ; so that we are left to rea- more especially there in supplication son by analogy, upon the ground of and praise, that rude and defamatory propriety of any such probibition is- words, which in all other places might suing from, or implied by the fore- Dot be strong enough to constitute going precedents. Now, as depastur- an offence, become penal when ut. jog cattle in a Church-yard may lead tered there, 5 and 6 Edw. I. c. 4; the to a quarrel or disturbance in defend- observation already made, seems to ing them there, in case of wanton in- apply with peculiar force, that depasjury, or of any attempt to steal and turing cattle may become the probadrive them away, or even of hurrying ble cause of this kind of disturbance them about while there, the evils con- or profavation. The tenacity with templated by the statute would be which most men maintain their right; produced ; the profanation of driving the claims which the Clergy are bound ihem in for pasture, would be the to make for the good of their Estabcause of the disturbance; as by Com- lishinent, and for the transmission of mon Law an Indictmeut lies for a Li- it to their successors, for whom they bel, as an offence which tends to cause are a sort of trustees as well as for a breach of the peace ; so, whatever themselves, in all the temporalilies tends to create a felony, or a murder, of their preferment, and which in or high treason, is accessory to the many cases obliges them to secularcrime!-lhus, although it is innocent ise too attentively, seem to offer an to sell a pistol, or a deleterious drug, increased stimulus to the most cauyet, wliosoever sells them to another, tious observance of all parts of their having ground of suspicion that they spiritual duty and function, that they were purchased with intent to kill some may be “saoctified and meet for their person, though uoknowo, the vendor Master's use, and prepared unto every would be accessory to the offence !- good work,” 2 Tim. ii. 21, “ making Hence depasturing cattle in a Church- full proof of their ministry.” Ibid. yard by the locumbent's order, cannot iv. 5.

A. H. be justified, because it may be the foreruoner of future riot and disturb.

Mr. URBAN,

April 8. ance; which is the profanation pro

A vided against : and this point is still Londoo has in bis possession a more obvious, when it is considered Bible, which, as an object of curiosity, who will be parties in the fray, and might afford gratification to the Antithe defenders of property in that sa- quary, having been the property of cred place ; viz. the Incumbent him- the celebrated Dr. Sacheverell, duriog self, the minister and example of peace the time of bis confinement in the to his flock, yet the cause, however Tower, and his trial before both at first innocent, of the mischief, and Houses of Parliament, as plainly aphis servants acting with severity under pears from the following Ms. before bis express direction.

ihe title-page: The act of depasturing cattle there

1710, is also an indecency, inasmuch as they Hen. Sacheverell, D. D. will traverse over the graves, tread

1 Pet. 4. 12, 13, 14. down some of the“ mouldering beaps

Αγαπητοι, &c." where the fathers of the hamlet sleep," These verses are quoted from the and shed their ordure upon them! And it may be justly questioned why cat

Greek text; and tbe word IIEIPALtle should have this privilege, which

MON is thus writteo in capital lellers. is not intended for man; for whenever on the title-page itself occurs the folthere is a right of way through any lowing quotation : xaputi & iuló Church-yard, no graves are dug upon cius, 1 Cor. 15. 10; and underneath, it; aad 80 sacredly is this deposit pre- "Henry Sacheverell, D.D. March 23d, served, that where there is no way 1710," wbich very probably was writthrough it, the gates are usually lock. len at the conclusion of bis trial, that ed, except where it is contiguous to the being the day on which it ended. Church during the times of divine ser. There are many notes, very neatly

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written on the margin, in bis own Now, until it can be shewn that hand-writing, consistiog of practical the aforementioned moral qualities observations, as well as quotations and habits, “goodness, righteousness, from the Greek and Latin Fathers, sobriety, and truth,” are such as inand other more modern theological fants are capable of exercising; it authors. As a specimen of bis notes must be allowed, that the author of are the following:

this Homily encourages the Church “ St. Luke, a Syrian by birth, by pro

to pray for and expect a progressive fession a physitian, was a companion

work of regeneration, and the new and fellow labourer wth St. Paul in all birth, such being the obvious mean. bis journeys and voyages, left his Gos- ing of the passage to which I have repel and the Acts, an account of some ferred. other of the Apostles' actions, but most Yours, &c.

STANA. particularly St. Paul, from whose mouth he wrote his Gospel, wh St. Paul there. On the Extent of the Historic Relafore usually calls his own, Rom. 2. Euseb.

tion in discovering and marshalling lib. 3. c. 4. His Acts reach from anno

the Subjects of Human Knowledge. Xti 34 to A. C. 59.

(Continued from p. 311.) Tres Herodes sic distinguuntur,

K Ascalonita necat pueros, Antipa Joban. truth, or real existence: of ournein,

(Petrum.” selves, and man; of the beings around Agrippa Jacobum, claudens in carcere us - whether sentient or ipseotient, From the general tenor of his

animateoripanimate-but first, midst, Notes, one might fairly conclude that

and last, the great cause, the first ori. the Doctor was a man of piety, and

gin, and fioal consummation of all pot inconsiderable literary research,

things. The acquisition of this truth, but indicating a precipitancy and

the transient expression of it in lanwarmth of temper, rather than that

guage, and the fixed recording or cool deliberation and “meekness of monumental memorial of it, are alike wisdom," so necessary to a Christian

historical. Philosophy is but a part divine, in forming a right judgment The acts of Philosophy are those of

of that of which history is the whole. on religious subjects. Happy would it have been for so.

observation and registry; of experi. ciety, if later writers on Theology had

ment with measurement, mathematibeen warned by the faults of Dr. S.

cal analysis, and synthesis. Language from blending human errors and pas- tion (or symbolics), are only the re.

(or phonics), and figures of calculasions with the cause of Holy Truth. And here I cannot but express admi- gister of the mind's steps. In all ration at the temperate and sensible thinking, we act just as in casting up manner in which a late Correspondent

a sum ; we mark down historically on has given his ideas on the much dis dum, the collation of iteins, to see

a slale or paper, by way of memoranputed term,“Regeneration.” It is evident, that it was not the intention of their agreement or difference, first our Reformers to limit the accepla.

one by one ; next, the quantities that tion of the term to time past, since, to another; and lastly the totals, wbe

we borrowin passing from one columa by referriog to the Homilý for Whitsunday, at the close of the first part,

ther sums, remainders, products, or we are exhorted to pray in the follow. quotients ; to arrive thence at some ing words:

result or fact proposed. Logics are

only the arithmetic of our thoughts. “ lo tbe mean season, let us (as we In these, as well as that, we are carryare most bound) give hearty thanks to ing on some action essentially bistori. God the Father, and his Son Jesus Christ, cal. for sending down his Comforter into the world, bumbly beseeching bim 60. to and parts, with the anatomy of these

The relations of history are whole work in our hearts by the power of this

-causes and effects, the origin, proHoly Spirit, that we being regenerate and newly born again in all goodness, gress, and termination ; the accidenrighteousness, sobriety, and truth, may

tal or striking phenomena-the surin the end be made partakers of everlast- vey of the universe—subjects with ing life in his heavenly Kingdom, through their attributes and qualities, the calJesus Christ our Lord and Saviour. culation of powers intellectual, idoral, Amen."

and physical ; the means, and instru

ment,

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