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1387. Cockermouth surprised, and Peter Tilliol, Sheriff of the county, takeo

by the Scots, under the Earls of Douglas and Fife. The suburbs of Carlisle burut by the Scots, among whom Sir William Douglas, a natural son of Archibald Lord Douglas, particularly distinguished bimself, overcoming three armed citizens on a draw-bridge of the out-works. Shortly after

wards the Scots were defeated, with the loss of 11,000 men. 1988. Jo Gilsland, op Lord Dacre's demesne, 200 decrepid persons, women

and children, shut up in houses, and burnt by the Scots. 1461. Carlisle unsuccessfully besieged, and the suburbs burnt, by an army

of Scots in the interest of Henry VI. 1523. Cumberland plundered, and 300 prisoners carried into Scotland by

Lord Maxwell. 1597. Carlisle besieged by Nicholas Musgrave in rebellion against Heury

VIII. but he was repulsed by the artizans, and shortly afterwards defeated by the Duke of Norfolk, when 74 of his officers were hanged on the walls

of Carlisle, but Musgrave escaped. 1569. At Naworth, December, the insurgeot Earls of Northumberland and

Westniorland disbaoded their forces. 1370. From Naworth castle, Leopard Dacre, claiming the baronies of

Gisland and Greystock, sallying out to attack Lord Hunsdon, was defeated

and compelled to Ay to Scotland. · 1390. William Armstrong, a noted borderer, celebrated in ballads by the

name of “Kiomont Willie," having been taken prisoner on a day of iruce and carried to Carlisle, his release was demanded without effect, on which William Scott, Lord of Buccleuch, came with a party of 200 horse before break of day, made a breach in the castle, and carried off the pri

sover before the garrison was prepared for defence. 1644. Io Carlisle castle the Marqois of Montrose dosuccessfully besieged by

the Earl of Callendar. Near Great Salkeld, in September, Sir Philip Mus

grare and Sir Henry. Fletcher defeated by General Leslie and the Scots. 1645. Feb. Scaleby castle taken by October, on Carlisle Sands, Lord

Digby, and Sir Marmaduke Langdale, defeated and forced to fly to the Isle of

Man, by the Parliamentarians under Sir Jobn Brown, Governor of Carlisle. 1648. April 28, Carlisle surprized by the Royalists under Sir Thomas Gleb.

hain and Sir Philip Musgrave.-- June 15, Peorith taken by the Parliamentariaos under General Lambert, and detachments from his army about the same time took Greystock, Rose, and Scaleby castles, and defealed a body of royalists at Warwick-bridge.-Cockermouth castle, uoder Lieutenant Bird, besieged by the Royalists, froin August to September 29, when the siege was raised by a detachment of Parliamentarians from Lancashire, uoder Colonel Ashtoo.October 1, Carlisle surrendered by ils Royalist

Governor Sir William Levington, to Oliver Cromwell. 1915. Brampton and Penrith entered in November, and James III. pro

claimed by the friends of the Stuarts under General Foster. 1745. Near Longtoo, Nov. 8, advanced guard of Prince Charles Stuart's

army entered Cumberland. Nov. 11, army at Brampton. Commenced the siege of Carlisle on the 13th, and the garrison under Colonel Durand sur. rendered on the 15th, when James was proclaimed King, and his son Regent, by the Corporation in their robes. On the 21st the van of the army marched into Penrith, which Charles with the main body entered on the following day. On their retreat from Derby the army entered Penrith Dec. 17. Retreated from Carlisle into Scotland Dec. 20, and the city was invested by the Duke of Cumberland on the 21st, and surrendered to

him at discretion Dec. 30. 1978. Whitehaven unsuccessfully attempted by the Pirale Paul Jones.

BIOGRAPHY.
Brown, Dr. Joseph, biographer and editor of Cardinal Barberini, Water Millock,

1700.
Carleton, Guy, Bp. of Chichester, (died 1685.)
Carlyle, Joseph Dacres, Arabic scholar, Carlisle, 1759.
Ellis, Clement, divine, author of Scripture Catechist, 1630.
Fell, John, dissenting divine, author of Demoniacs, Cockermouth, 1735.

Graham,

Grabam, Richard, Viscount Preston, Secretary of State to James II. Arthuret. Hall, Dr. Anthony, editor of Trivet's “ Annales," and Leland's “ Scriptores,"

Kirkbride, 1619. Huddart, Capt. Joseph, bydrographer, Allonby, 1741. Huddleston, Sir Richard, knight banneret at Agincourt, Millom. Huddleston, William, recovered the Royal Standard at Edge-bill, Millom. LAW, EDWARD, Lord Chief Justice Ellenborough, Great Salkeld, 1750. Law, John, Bp. of Elphin, friend of Paley, Greystock, (died 1810.) Moravile, Sir Hugh de, one of the four murderers of Abp. Becket in 1170. Morris, Capt. Thomas, song writer, Carlisle, 1732. Musgrave, Sir William, 6th bart. antiquary and collector, Hayton castle, 1735. Reay, William, Bp. of Glasgow, the Gill in Allonby parish. Robinson, George, bookseller, Dalston, (died 1801.) Salkeld, John, divine, styled by James 1. “the learned,” Corby castle, 1576. Senhouse, Humphrey, founder of Mary-port, Netberball, (died 1770.) Senhouse, John, antiquary and collector, father of the Bisbop; Netherball. Strong, Joseph, blind mechanic, Carlisle, (died 1798.) Tully, Thomas, divine, Carlisle, 1620. Wallis, John, historian of Northumberland, 1714. Watson, Daniel, divine, friend of Sterne and Warburton, Sebergham, 1698. Williamson, Sir Joseph, secretary of state to Charles II. Bridekirk, 1633.

MISCELLANEOUS REMARKS. Addingham was the vicarage of Dr. Paley, from 1792 to 1795.

lo Arthuret church-yard was buried its dative Archibald Armstrong, fool or jester to James I. and Charles I. 1672.

In A spatria church, among the monuments of the Musgraves, is a cenotaph for Sir William, the sixth baronet, benefactor to the British Museum, who was buried in St. James's church, Westminster, 1800.

lo Bootle church is the monument of Sir Hugh Askew, knighted at Musselborough 1547, died 1562.

Io Carlisle cathedral are handsome monuments of its bishops, Sir Joba Fleming, bart. 1747 ; and the learned Edınund Law (by Bank's) 1789. Ito excellent Archdeacon, Paley, has no inscription ; but a grave-stone records the death of his wife Jane, who died in 1791. lo St. Cuthbert's church was buried Joseph Dacre Carlyle, Chancellor of the diocese and Professor of Arabic in the University of Cainbridge, 1804. On May 19, 1292, this city with its priory, convent of Grey Friars, and churches, was consumed by a fire raised by an incendiary, who was executed for the fact. la 1390 another fire consumed 1500 houses. In 1597 and 1598 about 1196 persons died of the plague. The Quakers have had a congregation in this city almost from the time of their first establishment; George Fox, their founder, was imprisoned in the dungeon and suffered great hardships here in 1653. Robert Milne, author of Physico-Theological Lectures, was pastor of a Presbyterian congregation in this town; he died io 1800. There are but three rings of bells in this county, one at Carlisle cathedral, one at Crosthwaite, and one at Bingham.

Dalston was the vicarage of Dr. Paley from 1774 to 1793. In the church. yard was buried Dr. Edward Rainbow, Bp. of Carlisle, 1684.

Great Salkeld rectory is attached to the archdeaconry of Carlisle, and as such, was held by the learned Edmood Law, (afterwards Bishop of this diocese, and father of the late Lord Chief Justice Elienborough) from 1743 to 1756. He resided and composed most of his works at this place. Dr. Paley held the living with his archdeaconry from 1782, till his deaih in 1805.

Greystock was the rectory of Dr. Richard Gilpio, nonconformist divine, author of “ Satan's Temptations." lo the castle are several valuable portraits, and a crucifixion executed io needlework by Mary Queen of Scots. The park, wbich contains 3000 acres, is surrounded by a wall 9 feet higb.

lo Kirk Oswald church, among the memorials of his family, is the moou. meot of the loyal Sir Timothy Featherstophaugh, who was beheaded at Chester, Oct. 22, 1651.

Mary-port was foundeù by Humphrey Senhouse, esg. who died in 1770, and was buried in the chapel of that town. It was so named in honour of bis wife. At Ellen-foot, the site of the present town, till the year 1750

there

there was only one house ; and in 1811 there were in Mary-port 328 boules, containing 3134 inhabitants, exclusive of sailors, which were estimated at 900 more.

Ormathwaite was the seat of Dr. William Brownriff, an eminent physician, author on the art of making salt, and preventing pestilential contagiou ; be died here in 1800, aged 88.

Oushy was the rectory from 1672, till his death in 1719, of Thomas Robioson, author of “ An Essay towards a Natural History of Cumberland and Westmoreland,” “ A Natural History of this World of Matter and this World of Life," and “ The Anatomy of the Earth.”

Peorith castle was enlarged and repaired by Richard Duke of Gloucester, afterwards Richard III. who made it his principal residence for five years. Io 1598 al Penrith 583 persons died of the plague, according to the register

, but the number is incorrectly stated on a brass plale io the church as amount ing to 2260. The rícarage was enjoyed from 1699 till bis death in 1728 by Dr. Hugh Todd, who made considerable topographical collections for this county, and wrole a brief account of Carlisle.

Plompton Park, according to Rilson, was a favourite haunt of Robin Hood.

In Sebergham church is a monument of its native poet Josiah Ralph, who was curate here from 1733 till his death in 1743. His poems were published by his successor in the curacy, the Rev. Thomas Denton, who was himself author of two poems, and compiled the supplemental volume of the Biographical Dictionary. He died in 1777.

Siaowix was the vicarage of Dr. Paley from 1793 to 1795.

Stapleton was the rectory from 1771 till his death in 1796, of William Graham, translator of Virgil's Eclogues, and author of Sermons.

In Wetheral church is the monument, by Nollekens, of Maria, daughter of Lord Archer, and wife of Henry Howard, esq. who died 1789.

Whitehaven, in the reigo of Elizabeth, contained only six houses. lo 1633, it had only nine thatched cottages. In 1693, under the patronage of Sir Joba Lowther, it was inhabited by 2,222 persons, mostly occupied in Sir John's collieries. In 1811 there were 1974 bouses and 10,106 inhabitants

. In the castle, seat of the Earl of Lonsdale, are some fine paintings and fzmily portraits. Remarks on the Signs of Inns, &c. when James I. granted his royal li

(Continued froni p. 396.) cence lo “ Lawrence Fletcher, Wil. THE GLOBE.—There are posting. liam Shakespeare,” with the rest of

their associales, « freely to use and mouth, Exmouth, Lyon-Regis, Monk- exercise the art and faculty of playWearmouth, Newton-Busbel, Ply. ing comedies, tragedies, histories, iDmouth, Topsham, and Whitehaven; interludes, morals, pastorals, slage. and it often ornameuts smaller ions plaies, and such like other as they in other towns.

bave alreadie studied, or hereafler Of all the ancient theatres, the shall use or studie, as well for the reGlobe, so called from its sign (which creation of our loving subjects

, as for exhibited a Hercules supporting the our solace and pleasure when we shall globe, with the motto “ Totus mun- thinke good to see them.” From this dus agit histrionem”) is deservedly the

time the actors were called “The most distinguished, as in it Shake- King's servants,” and continued per: speare attempted the few ordinary forming here at stated periods vatil characters which he performed, and June 29, 1613, when the theatre was here the greater number of his plays burnt down. The fire, according to were originally acted. It was erected some Writers, commenced during the between the years 1596 and 1398, on performance of a new play, called the Bank side of Southwark, and was "Allis 'True," or, according to other an hexagonal wooden building, partly from the discharge of a peal of chanopen to the weather, and partly thaich. bers, or cannon, in Shakespeare's ed, having a turret on which a silken Henry VINI.” when the ignited wadtiag was displayed. The players were ding being blown on the ihalch, the called “the Lord Chamberlain's servanto” until the 19th of May, 1609, ing was destroyed in iwo hours; and

fire spreading rapidlý, the whole build

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as Winwood in his “Memorials" says, risbing City and University of Cata" it was a mar vaile and fair grace of nia, which was utterly desolated. In God that the people had so little the earthquake at Lisbon, io 1755, not barm, having but iwo narrow doors less than 60,000 of its inbabitants were to get out." A more particular ac- buried in the ruins. count by “Eu. Hood,” with a view The first vessel that circumpayi. of ibe theatre, may be seen in this gated the globe was commanded by Magazine for February 1816.

Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese, Descartes, and after him Wbiston, who sailed in the year 1519, when he Burnet, Woodward, and others, sup- discovered the Straits in South Amepose this world, when first created by rica which bear his name, and the The fiat of tbe Almighty, to have been voyage was completed in 1124 days. perfectly round, sinooth, and equa. The next circumnavigator was Capble, and they account for its rude and taio Francis Drake, who sailed De. irregular form priocipally by the De- cember 13, 1577, in “The Golden luge. Buffon conjeciures the Earth, Hiod,” and entered the harbour of as well as the other planets, to have Plymouth on big return, Nov. 3, been struck off froin ihe body of the 1580, the voyage lasting 1055 days. Sun by the collision of comets, and Queen Elizabeth dined with him on that when it assumed its form it was

board his ship at Deptford, and in a state of liquefaction by fire. Dar. koighted bịm April 4, 1581. win thinks that it was ejected from “O Nature, to old England still the sup with the other primary pla- Continue these mistakes, Dets by volcanoes, and as it cooled on Give us for all our Kings such Queens, its journey, its oucleus became harder, And for our Dux such Drakes !" and the attendant vapours were con- Since Sir Francis' time the globe has deosed, forming the ocean, which en- beep frequently sailed round; but the compassed it :

more celebrated navigators have been "When high in Ether, with explosion Englishmen, and among these the must dire,

[fire, celebrated, Sir Thomas Cavendish, in From the deep craters of his realms of 1536, who finished a voyage in 777 The whirling Sun this ponderous planet days, Lord Anson, and Capt. Cooke. hurld,

(world. The globular form of the earth is And gave the astonish'd void another proved, by its shadow on the moon When from its vaporous air, condens'd at the time of a lunar eclipse, as none by cold,

but a spherical body can in all situaDescending torrents into oceans rolld, tions cast a circular shadow ; by the And fierce Attraction, with relentless circumnavigatory before mentioned, force,

(course.” wbo, though they kept constantly Bent the reluctant wanderer to its steering Westward, yet arrived at the

According to his theory, the whole place whence they originally sailed, terraqueous globe was burst by cen- and observed all the phenomena of tral fires, islands and continents were the heavens to be accordant with raised, and great valleys were sunk, the doctrine of the earth's spherical into which the ocean retired. During figure; to which may be added, that these ceotral earthquakes, the moon when a ship goes out to sea, we first was ejected from the earth, causiog lose sight of the bull or body of the new tides, and the earth's axis suf. vessel, afterwards of the rigging, and fered in ils inclination, and its rola- at last can discern only the top of the tory motion was retarded.

mast, which is evidently owing to tbe Among the most devastating earth- convexity of the water between the quakes of modern times, may be men- eye and the object, otherwise the tioned one that occurred in Sicily in largest and most conspicuous part 1692-3, when 54 cities and towns, be- would have been visible the longest. sides a very great number of villages, It is pot knowo wbo first asserted were either destroyed or greatly in the earth to be rouod, but the docjured ; and about 60,000 persons, trine is very ancient; for at the taking nearly one fourth of the population of Babylon by Alexander the Great, of the whole island, are said to have eclipses were found to have been comperished, among which are included puted for many centuries before the 18,000 of the inhabitants of the fou- birth of Christ; and Thales, the Milesian, who lived about 600 years be- Mr. URBAN, Isle of Wight. fore Christ, according to Herodotus,

I

BEG leave to request a place in the predicted an eclipse of the suo, which Gentleman's Magazine, for some could not have been done without a remarks made on a personal visit, knowledge of the earth’s globular from Worthing, Jast summer, to figure. But it is certain that this Chanckbury, the Wrekin or Ceois of knowledge was confined to few per the South Downs. sons, and that some of the greatest I visited this Dowo in Jul; 1818, philosophers were igavrant of it. Thus with a particular wish to form a valeHeracliius supposed the earth to have dictory commemoration of its pictuthe shape of a skiff or canoe. Anax. resque character, noted down for the imaoder imagined it to be cylindrical; gratification and refresh ment of fuand Aristotle, the great oracle of an- iure reminiscence. The opportunity tiquity, gave it the form of a timbrel. which occurred to me was accompa

The real form of the Earth is that vied with very auspicious circumof an oblate spheroid, swelling out to. stances for the execution of my dewards the equatorial parts, and fatted sign. or contracted towards the poles. As to This Dowd is said to be 1000

per. the inequalities created by the moun. pendicular yards above the level of tains, they are as ioconsiderable as the the sea : on the sumntum jugum, or minute protuberances on the surface vertex, is a ring of trees planted by ofan orange, which is of the same shape the landholder, Mr. Gøring of Whisas the globe. The seas and unknown ton, within the last thirty or forty parts are estimated at 160,522,026 years; and if they were arrived at masquare miles ; the inhabited parts of turity, would form po indifferent imiEurope 4,456,065 ; Asia 10,768,823 ; tation of an aptient Druidical grove. Africa 9,654,807; America 14,110,374. Io analysing the prospect, we may Total square miles on the whole sur- observe that it is particularly panoface of the globe 199,512,595. ramic; it may be bisected into two

The true doctrine of the planetary parts, and Chanck bury may be called motions was known to Pythagoras, the diameter of the circle. The one who flourished nearly 500 years be- side includes the sea and Downs to the fore Christ, and who taught his fol- West and North*; and the other lowers that the earth moved daily looks over the Wild (or as it is proround on its owo axis, but revolved vincially termed, Wild), or low ground annually round the sun. This system of Sussex, and some part of Surrey, was, however, generally superseded and the bills of Kent. by the hypothesis of Ptolemy, an The Dowds on the Sea or South-west Egyptian who lived in the time of side bave undoubtedly sameness; but the Emperor Adrian, who supposed frequently, says Mr. Gilpin (in his that the earth was fixed immoveably Southern Tour), “they break down in the centre of the vaiverse, and abruptly, and often form promon. that the sun, moon, and planets, re- tories projecting, in beautiful pervolved round it; but in the year 1530, spective, into their several vales." Copernicus, a Prussian, confirmed by Towards the North, there is an extenbis observations the Pytbagorean, or sive champaign about Horsham and as it is now more comwonly styled St. Leonard's Forest. the Copernican system, the truth of mootories too often degenerate into which has been indubitably proved mere angles ar,d zig-zags; the whole by the subsequent discoveries of Ga- is broken into too many parts. The lileo, Kepler, and Sir Isaac Newton. land near the sea appears flat, aod not «* These are thy glorious works, parent

sufficiently combined with the hills,

and hence it is rendered interesting of good, Almighty, thine this universal frame, merely by its accompaniments. The Tbus wondrous fair; thyself bow wond

town of Worthing makes a conspicu. rous then!

[Heavens, ous part of the beach view ; its new Uuspeakable, who sitt'st above these cbapel, with its elegant portico, and To us invisible, or dimly seen In these thy lowest works; yet these * The vale of Arundel, and even declare

[divine." Portsdown Hill, and the aerial spire of Tby goodness beyond thought, and pow's Chichester, are perceptible objects to (To be continued.)

the N. W.

handsome

These pro

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