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HARVARD UNVERSITY

LIBRARY

J. Johnson embraces this opportunity of to the Admirers of the Typographic Art, and the Profession in general, that he has himself will not only eclipse all his former has ever yet appeared before the Public sist of an arcb, in perspective, sapported by ten pillars, in the centre will be a mongment to the memory of William Caxton, as the father of pripting in this country, the whole will be executed with brass rules and flowers: the size will be eighteen and quarter, by thirteen inches, which will

filling up the present page, by announcing now a subject in hand, which he flatters productions, but likewise any piece that as a Typographic Specimen; it will contogether with the names of the principal early nursers and improvers of our Art;

a

be printed on fine drawing paper. The

above will

appear present Summer.

in the course of the

EXPLANATION OF THE ENGRAVED TITLE,

The design surrounding the inscrip: containing the Armorial Ensigns of tion is a rich ancient screen placed celebrated Printers, namely, John before a chapel or shrine, the win. Guttemburg, John Faust, the family dows and ornaments of which are of the Elzevirs, and that of the Aldí. seen above. Upon the canopies At the sides of the inscription tabwhich crown the screen, appear the let, stand the effigies of John Rose and Portcullis, the badges of Guttemburg, the received inventor King Henry VIII., who, in the year of printing, on the left; and Aldus 1535, authorized the printing of the Manutius, the inventor of Italic first English Bible Vide Vol. I. letter on the right. Below the inpage 465. Beneath is a representa- scription arc the Armorial Ensigos tion of the Court of King Henry, of the Cities of Mentz, Strazburg, taken from the frontispiece of Graf- and Haerlem, the three places ton's edition of Halle's Chronicle which lay claim to having had the of 1548; with the Sovereign de- most ancient printing executed in livering Bishop Coverdale's Bible them. Beneath these shields is above alluded to into the hands of shewn the interior of a Library parArchbishop Cranmer, and Thomas ticularly rich in early Typography, Cromwell Earl of Essex to publish the Bodleian at Oxford; and on the it abroad. This group of figures is sides of it are the arms of four of imitated from Hans Holbein's fron- it's most eminent patrons, namely, tispiece to the Great Bible by Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of son to King Henry IV.; Sir Thomas Canterbury, published in 1539. Be- Bodley, John Selden, and Richard tween this scene and the inscrip- Gough, Esqs. tion of the Title are four panels,

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76

CHAP. I.

Page.

CHAP. IV. Page

Properties of types

2 Rales.

Roman letter

ib Metal Rules

Italic letter

7 Space Rules

Black letter.

10 Braces

CHAP. II.

Superiors

70

Different sizes of letters

Fractions

11

Regular-bodied letter.

Quotations

ib

72

Two-line letters

73

Irregular-bodied letter 12

Difference of sizes in let.

Flowers .

ib

ters

13

CHAP. V.

CHAP. III.

Names of letter, and their

A fount of letter, as consi-

bearings to each other 75

Names of various sized

dered by letter founders 21

Long letters.

letters, in England,

ib

France, Germany, &

Short letters.

ib

Holland

Ascending letters.

22 The proportion which one

Descending letters

ib

Kerned letters.

body of letter bears to

ib

another, as to depth,

Double letters.

23

and width

84

The

namber of each sort

Casting off copy

89

cast to a bill of Pica,

Roman and Italic 26

CHAP. VÌ.

Bill of Pica Roman 30 Observ. on composing. 96

Bill of Italic.

31

Cases on the old plan 98

Capitals

32

When the double letters

Small Capitals

were discarded.

Accented letters

34 Upon the late Earl Stan-

Vowels with an acute

ib hope's plan

102

Vowels with a grave.

36 Present logotypes

104

Vowels with a circumflex: 38 Stanhope logotypes ib
Vowels with a diæresis.

ib Cases upon J. Johnson's

Shorts and Longs.

39

plan

108

The French c, Spanish n, &

Improved fount cases.

116
Welsh w and y
ib Laying of cases

118

Numeral letters

40

Distributing

119

Arithmetical figures 44 Composing

124

Scratched figures

45

CHAP. VII.

Greek numerals

ib Imposing

141

Hebrew numerals

47 Abstract title deeds, &c. *1

References

49 Sheet in folio

ib

Lower-case sorts

63 Sheets in folio, quired

Points .

54 Sheet of common 4to

Hyphen, or division

61 Do, in 4to. broad way ib

Parenthesis and Crotchet 63 | Haif sheets in 4to

Apostrophe

64 Do. sheet of common 4to ib

Quadrats.

65 Sheet of common 8vo.

Spaces

66 | Do. of 8vo. broad way. ib

100

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