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met his death by a crush between a beer with a glass of gin, &c.: bis Macart and a wall. His widow, who is still jesty listened attentively; and then turnliving, declares at this day that her hus. ing rounci, said, loud enough to be heard band was innocent, that he was even by all, “I dare say, very good drink, but obnoxious among his comrades for his too strong for the morning; never drink loyalty, and that abundance of evidence in a morning." Eiglit or nine years afwas ai hand to prove this, but not called ter this, his Majesty happened to enter by the counsel cmployed, owing to the the stables much earlier than usual, and positive manner in which one Stockdale found only a young lad, who had reand others swore on the other side., cently been engaged, to whom he was
urkrown. “Boy,” said he, “ where are Soune years since, Mr. Slack, an em the grooms, where are the grooms?” “I nent sugár-baker in London, pirrchased don't know, Sir; but they will soon be: an estate near Maidenhead. Hearing back, because they expect the King. that the King was out with his barriers, “Ah, ah,” said he, “then run, boy, and Mr. Slack Inistened to order that bis say the King expects them: run to the gates might be thrown open, for his Three Tuns, they are sure to be there, Majesty and suite to have free access for the landlord makes the best parl in over the grounds. Placing himself at Windsor." one of the principal openings, the King Thus minnte and tenacious was the soon passed through; and, drawing up King's memory. He knew every body his horse, addressed limself, with his again whom he had once seen, and more wonted familiarity on such occasions, or less about them; and his memory, to the proprietor of the field : “Slack," unfortunately, went to offences and of said his Majesty, “I am glad to see you ; fenders as well as pleasantries. He and thank you for your attention. You never forgot, even if he forgare. are making great improvements here,
THE TREATY OF AMIENS. which I am always pleased to see; but The preliminaries of the peace of you will never make your estate perfect, Amiens were concluded without bis unless you take in those fields, (pointing knowledge or concurrence. On reading them out); and I am told that they must the letter communicating this important inevitably come to the hammer." Mr. intelligence, he said to those about him, S. thanked his Majesty for the kind "I have received surprising news; but suggestion; but there would still be one it is no secret. Preliminaries of peace obstacle to its completion,-as a ring are signed with France. I knew nofence, whichi, perhaps, he was not aware thing of it whatever; but, since it is of: "There are fields between my pro-' made, I sincerely wish it may prove a perty and those of Mr. P., which belong lasting peace.”. to the Corporation of Reading; and bo- On this subject there is an account dies corporate have not the power to directly in contradiction, which states, sell or alienate any part of their estates.'. that, on the messenger entering the room “Don't tell me of that," replied the at Salisbury, where he then was, on bis King, hastily ; look into the late Act of road from Weymouth to London, and Parliament for the Redemption of the mentioning the subject of his dispatches, Land Tax; there you will find a clause, the King exclaimed, “ So inuch the enacting corporate bodies to sell or ex- worse : it shan't last long.” It did not change for that express purpose. Get last: but we trust the royal humour was some friend belonging to the fall who not the sole cause of the subsequent can talk a little, and the business will be rupture. easily brought about. Good morning to
HIS WIT AND HUMOUR. you; look at the Act, and you'll find I At the conclusion of a review of the am right."
2d regiment of the Life Guards, in It was ever his custom to pay an early June 1798, two privates went througli visit to his Mews, to look at and pat his the sword-exercise before the King : favourite horses. - One morning, on en- after which Lord Catchcart enquired tering, the grooms were disputing one if his Majesty would be pleased to see 'with the other very loudly, so that the two of the youngest officers display their King for a short time was unnoticed. science in the use of the sword? He * I don't care what you say, Robert,' assented, and was much gratified with said one, but every one else agrees their execution. His Majesty then that the man at the Three Tuns makes turned to the general, and inquired who the best purl in Windsor.' “ Purl! puri!” were the oldest officers present: and on said the King, quickly.;“Robert, what's being answered that Lord Cathcart and purl?” This was explained to be warm Major Barton were, he desired to see
HIS LAST ILLNESS.
them perform, laughing heartily, and “ It would be well,” said his Matelling his lordship that he had brought jesty, in a clerical conversation, “ if the exhibition on himself. They ac- the clergy would put Christianity into cordingly turned out, to the great amuse- their sermons, and keep morality for ment of those present.
their lives." When the King was walking out early one morning at Windsor, he thus George the Third was of a good addressed a boy at the stable-door: height, about five feet 104 inches, and of “ Well, boy, what do you do : what do a robust person. In bis youth, he was they pay you?" I help in the stable; accounted handsome, being of a fair but I have nothing but victuals and and blooming complexion ; but his face clothes. “ Be content,” said the mo- and his eyes were too prominent. His parch; I have no more."
hair was light-flaxen, bis eyes were grey, Having purchased a horse, the dealer his eye-brows white, his lips thick, his put into his hands a large sheet of paper teeth white and regular, and mouth completely written over. “ What's large and wide. Latterly, his face was this?” said the King. • The pedigree red, and often of a deep copper-colour. of the horse which your Majesty has just His countenance, when grave, had an bought;' was the answer. “ Take it air of deep melancholy; but, when back, take it back," said the King, cheerful, it indicated a degree of frivolaughing; “ it will do just as well for lity approachịng to weakness. the next horse you sell.”
In one of the King's excursions Few of the details are known to the during the bay-harvest, in the neigh- world; but it is understood be often bourhood of Weymouth, he passed a conversed with himself with great vivafield where only one woman was at city, and referred chiefly to events and work. He asked her where the rest of persons in whom he felt interested in her companions were.
The woman the early part of his life. Thus he was answered, they were gone to see the constantly discoursing with John Duke King. “ And why did not you go with of Marlborouglı, commenting on his batthem ?" rejoined the King. The fools,' tles and campaigns, and treating of all replied the woman, ' who are gone to the incidents of that time as passing. town will lose a day's work by it, and He also affected to hold conversations that is more than I can afford to do. I with Handel, discussed with him the have five children to work for. “ Well, merits of his several pieces; and, in conthen," said his Majesty, putting some firmation of bis opinions, played them money into her hands,“
you may tell
on the piano with great effect and accu. your companions who are gone to see racy. He suffered his beard to grow; the King, that the King came to see but, in all his actions and conversations,
never forgot the tone, style, and language The King, in his walks at Chelten- of a King. ham, July, 1788, accompanied by the HIS POLITICAL CHARACTER. Queen and the Princesses, was constantly As a man, he was a Tory in principle; attended by crowds of people. His and, as a prince, an Ultra-tory in practice. Majesty pleasantly observed to the He therefore gave countenance only to Queen, “ We must walk about for two friends of the royal prerogatives, and or three days to please these good peo- systematically kept at a distance all ple, and then we may walk about to persons who asserteil the pre.eminence please ourselves.”
of the rights of the people. Hence ho His Majesty was accustomed, after opposed himself to all those popular hearing a sermon, to walk and discourse doctrines which result from the progress with the preacher. On such an occasion, of free enquiry and the spread of knowspeaking to a fashionable preacher, he ledge, and placerl bimself at the head of asked him whether he had read Bishops that confederation of courts, which shed Andrews, Sanderson, Sherlock, &c. such torrents of blood in opposing the The pigmy divine replied, “No, please philosophical principles of the French your Majesty, my reading is all modern. rerolution. The writers of whom your Majesty His own ministers were always Tospeaks are now obsolete, though I doubt ries; and if the Whigs, by votes of Parnot they migbt have been very well for liament, ever obtained a footing in bis those days.' The King, turning upon cabinet, they soon found themselvos unhis heel, rejoined, with pointed emphasis, dermined; wbile the first favourable op" There were giants on the earth in those portunity was seized to eject them. days." Genesis vi. 4.
Nevertheless, the forms of the constitu. 5
tion, during bis reign, were for the most ment of voyages of discovery; thc exampart plausibly respected, and a system ple, in whatever taste, which he set to the was organized for managing, instead of revival of agriculture; and the strong and opposing, the checks which the constitu- unexpected countenance which he gave tion had provided against the overbear to the Lancaster schools. The last in ing ascendancy of the power of the particular does bim great honour, be
This system was neither openly cause it was a direct and voluntary deavowed nor publicly practised ; but, as parture from the usual selfish policy of all the avenues of civil preferment and kings. social distinction were constantly shut The worst things in his reign, and against those who affected political in- nothing can in a public sense be worse, dependence, so, in the course of this were the obstinacy with which he purlong reign, all who have not yielded, sued his wars, and the consequent frighthave been obliged to bear their cross, tillful increase of debt, misery, and poverty; martyrdom became romantic, because and of the influence of the crown. unavailing. Hence the policy of many The late Bills are a proof that public Jate Parliaments; hence the long and liberty has not advanced in his time; and frightful wars, to indulge the prejudices the late unpunished murders and other of the court and Tory faction; and hence crimes at Manchester, and the exall the alloys of our domestic peace and bibition of Master David Wroe, aged prosperity.
eleven years, in his pinafore, at the bar
of a court of justice, within a few days It would be difficult, (says a cotem of the monarch's death, for the alleged porary writer,) to conceive a monarch on
crime of wickedly selling a libel in his the throne of this country, whose sentie father's shop, is a feature of the close of ments, mind, and conduct, could be the reign, which would not have markmore adjusted to the general perceptions ed its commencement. of the people over whom he ruled, than A writer, not characterized by his those of his late Majesty. To be abste- liberality, concludes of him thus: “We mious, true, just, plain, methodical, should say, then, of George the Third, punctual, a good busband, father, and that he was a prince of little real intelmaster, is precisely the national idea of lect, of a good deal of animal vivacity a good moral character; just as to be and courage, of considerable self-will, free, unosteutatious, settled in principle, of homely and frugal habits, and of corpersevering (sometimes to excess), and rect moral conduct, according to the possessed of a bigh degree of what is reigning opinions on that subject. He emphatically called common, as distin
was good-naturedly inclined; but bad guished from profound sense, is the most narrow views, and too arbitrary a temprevalent British notion of practical per, for an English sovereign. He wantmental superiority.
ed real dignity both in his manners and It cannot be denied for a moment, amusements; the former being too hurthat, though we may fall back in cer- ried and flippant, and the latter too metain branches of prosperity, our scien- chanical, childish, and uninformed.” tific and literary progress as a people, CONTRAST OF 1760 AND 1820. during the reign of George Ill. has
4d.....110 been most conspicuous, and ought to be Quartern Loaf
Mutton, per lb.. allowed to reflect credit upon the ruier.
Wages of Labour, per day Externally, we may allude to the extra
Annual Taxes. millions 9
52 ordinary progress of maritime discovery Expenditure. • ditto.. 6 and scientific precision in all which re- Public Debt. ditto.. 120 lates to geography, in its capacious and Interest of ditto ditto.. 5
33 extended sense. At home, inland navi. Rent of Land, per acre .. 5 to 15.. 15 to 60 gation, manufacturing ingenuity, agri- Quarter of Wheat
.... 658. cultural improvement, planting, useful Population of all Colours, millions 20 roads, works, and undertakings; in Newspapers
25 short, all wbich can be comprised under Years of War....
Years of Peace the head of political economy, or form
25.... 700 objects of what it is now fashionable to
mullions 25 entitle statistical survey, has been ex
INSCRIPTION ON HIS COFFIN. tended in a surprising degrce under George III.
The best things wbich he may be said to have personally influenced, were his patronage of the fine arts;
Obiit xxix die Jariuarii, Anno Domini MDCCCXX.
300 30 30
£tatis suæ LXXXII. Regnique sui LX
COLLECTIONS FROM AMERICAN LITERATURE.
lers have given of America, and its nals of Great Britain, are laudably drawn citizens, there may probably be much into one focus, in order that the concenwhick, from ig::Stance or inaliention, is trated rays might kindle the glow of reforeign to the truth. This, even if it sentient in the boson of America. were carried to a much greater extent, What is the object of all this? Will the should not excite the anger of the Ameri- English, if they have really been unjust, cans; for all such accounts are received feel gratified by this not very polite expoby sensible people with many grains of sition of their error, or will they be con. allowance. The consciousness of their vinced that America is free from faults, aberra:ion from truth, if it be so, should because the author endeavours to fix make such shafts fall harmless.
It is no
on the character of England imputations new thing in this world, to bear unde- of a deeper dye? As the inpartial served reproach; and the Americans judgment of an uninterested umpire, should remember the saying of Socrates, this work can never have any weight. who, when one of his friends was lament. It is not written in the temper to gain ing that an innocent man should perish, credence; and he must be a man of weak exclaimed, “Had you rather then that I discernment indeed, who would give his died guilty.” There would not, perhaps, faith to a production like the present. be much magnanimity in passing over
It would be against the spirit for a bich such inisrepresentations in calm silence, we are contending, to attribute
bad or, at most, the answer of a wise man
motives to the auibor; on the contrary, would be couched in dispassionate lan- this volume was doubtless intended as guage. It is not, however, by words, that a laudable effort of patriotic zeal, such charges should be refuted, but by tempt to free bis country from the stigma deeds; and the first example which the which had been cast upon it by EnglishAmericans should give of the falsity of men, and a convincing exposure of the the accusations of those whom they deem falsity of their assertions and opinions on their enemies, should be to show them, the subject of America: but, with all that they can at least forbear. This, this, it is perhaps one of the most unpahowever, and the assertion is not made triotic tasks which the writer could have to exasperate, is not an American virs undertaken. tue. They have done so much, and their But, let us come to closer quarters with conduct stands so high in their own opi- our author, and hear his owo words. The nion, that, to deny their merit, maddenis volume is entitled “ An Appeal from the them,
Judgment of Great Britain, respecting To persons of the above opinions, the the United States of America ; Purt first: appearance of a work, by Mr. Walsu, in containing an Historical Outline of their wwhich all these antipathies and aniinosi. Merits and Wrongs as Colonies; and ties are set in the strongest ligit.--in which Strictures upon the Calumnies of British all the ribaldry and coarse jokes of the
Writers. By RobertWALSI, esq. 1819." English writers on the subject of America, And the following motto, sufficiently ex. are carefully collected ;
pressive of the views and temper of the (i all their faults observed,
author, is subjoined: Set in a note-book, learued, and conned by Quod quisque fecit, patitur: autorem
scelus rote, To cast into their teeth."
Repetit, suoque premitur exemplo nocens,
Seneca. And all this, only to reply with dis- And that the work may not escape thecourteous acrimony to light and unmean- eyes of those whose conduct it is written ing remarks :-the appearance of a work to explore, it is published in London as like this, will to such persons be a source well as in Philadelpbia. of serious lamentation. By this means, A more explicit declaration of Mr. the foolish, and perhaps unjust, asper- Walsh's intention, however, is given in sions which, in their separate shape, must the preface, in which he says, fiave been innocuous, even if discovered, “ I fell upon the plan of making up, in are dragged forward in one formidable the interval, a preliminary volume, which array to the eyes and execration of all should embrace a view of the disposi. American patriors. Every illiberal re- tions and conduct of Great Britain to. inar big every sneer of contempt, which wards this country, from the earliest pe
rind, and a collateral retaliation for her Walsh quarrels. He has discovered that continued injustice and invective." Tory and Whing are all equally inimical
Mr. Walsh is careful to mark the to the glory of Columbia; and that that word retaliation in italics, lest the reader unfortunate country fell under the lash should by any accident mistake the even of the latter description of persons. spirit in which the book is written : he whenever they wished '“ to embarrass is careful enough to tell us, that he does and discredit the ministry, or to promote not write for the sake of justice, but of some domestic ends, such as those of revenge; not only to wipe off the stain checking emigration, and counteracting froin ihe character of America, but at extravagant plans of parliamentary rethe same time to blacken England. form."
One of the prologues to the annual A great part of the volume is taken up play, which is represented by the Westo with a history and vindication of the war minster scholars, seems particularly to of the colonies with the mother.country, have roused Mr. W.'s indignation ; and which it would be too long a task to exalie has been at the pains to translate it, mine in this place. Then follows a more that its merits might not be lost to his entertaining portion, on the reviews of more unlettered countrymen. Thething Great Britain, in which Mr. Jeffry, Mr. itself is low and coarse enough, it is Gifford, and their associates, will with true; but it is mere buffoonery, a carica. great pleasure see all their sharp sayings ture, which one would think could not on America carefully collected and arexcite anything but a good humoured ranged. The following heads, amongst Jaugh, or, at most, a smile of disdain; others in the table of contents, relate yet it is said, by our author, that “what- to this subject." Edinburgh Review; ever the writings of the British travellers its system of derision and obloquy-How could furnish that was injurious and in. distinguished from the Quarterly in this şulting to the American people, is here respect- Instances of its malevolence and elaborately condensed and imbued with a inconsistency-Sneers and calumniesnew and inore active venom." And all Reprisals upon Great Britain—The Quar. this great commotion is made about the terly Review, its elevation,—its implacafollowing senseless ribaldry :
ble enmity, false logic, unworthy proceed“Nor is it easy to say whether the ing, invectives, and misrepresentations." tenor of their manners is more to be ad- The following are some of Mr. Walsh's mired for simplicity or elegance, * * * observations on the review of the Life of a beau will strip himself to the waist, Washington, which appeared in the Edinthat he may dance unincumbered and burgh.-"At the appearance of another with more agility. Do you love your American work, of the highest possible glass, every hour brings it a fresh bumper, interest as to the subject, and proceed* * * Bridewell and the stews, furnish ing from the first law dignitary of the them with senators, and their respectable American republic, not more respectable chief-justice is a worthless scoundrel. by his exalted situation than by his geDoes a senatorial orator desirously aim neral talents, and private virtues, I mean to convince his antagonists? He spits the Life of Washington, hy Chief-Justice plentiful in his face; and, that this spe. Marshall, a fair opportunity was afforded cies of rhetoric may be more effectual, the Edinburgh illuminati to resist “ the tobacco furnishes an abundance of saliva impertinence and vulgar insolence," and for the purpose. The highest praise of in the “bitter sneering" of the ministerial merchant is his skill in lying. Then party with respect to American concerns, their amusements! To gouge out an eye by the force of example, in a generous with the thumb, to skin the forehead, to exposition of the merits which they bite off the nose, and to kill a man, is an might discover in the performance: a admirable joke."
scrupulous abstinence from harsh and And this effusion is absolutely quoted, supererogatory reflections on the author as a ground of serious dispute with this or his country, and a commemoration of country. And our author strengthens his those traits in the American Revolution own opinions with some equally wise and which distinguish it as the purest and judicious remarks from the Portfolio. noblest amongst the most important and Does not the art of caricaturing exist in celebrated in the history of the world. America? or is it supposed that the above Nothing would have seemed more reis meant as a' fair and infpartial picture mote from probability, than that the diso of American manners ?
ciples of Fox could, on the occasion of But it is not with the supporters of go- reviewing an authentic biography of vernment amongst us only that Mr. Washington, labour mainly to appear MONTHLY MAG. No. 337,