Making a Great Ruler: Grand Duke Vytautas of Lithuania
Central European University Press, 1.1.2006 - 337 sivua
How does a ruler become "the Great"? Is greatness a part of authority exercised or a part of an image created? These and other questions are addressed in this volume on the life and memory of Grand Duke Vytautas of Lithuania (r.1392-1430). The study raises a hypothesis that Vytautas was the main engineer of his image as the great ruler while his contemporaries and later generations developed this image and adapted it to their needs and understandings. Investigating the propaganda surrounding the grand duke, this study reveals that, in fact, there were two opposite images: that of a good ruler and that of a tyrant. The paradox is that frequently these opposites were based on the same features of the grand duke's character or episodes from his biography. The research is based on a wide array of written and visual sources as well as on records of oral tradition. Rich and diverse primary materials are analysed from the perspectives of political and social history, memorial culture, as well as iconography and rhetoric.
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Alexander anian Audience-hall authority Bathory battle of Grunwald Birute Bishop Byzantine CEXV Christian Chronicle church concerning coronation crown deeds detail of fig Dlugosz Duchy of Lithuania ducis Emperor Gediminas Gediminid grand ducal seat Grand Duke Grand Duke Vytautas Grand Duke's image heathen Hence historical ibid image of Vytautas imperial istorijos Jogaila Karaites Kestutis king king of Lithuania Krakow Kronika later legend leidykla Lietuvos Lithu Lithuanian ruler Lithuanian Tatars Lutsk Maciej medieval military Mindaugas Moreover murals Muscovy palace of Trakai palace Trakai island-castle panegyric Pokhvala Poland Polish Polish-Lithuanian political Polonie portrait prince PSRL quam quod Radvila rege regem regis reign Rowell Russian annals Sache Samogitia Sigismund Sigismund of Luxembourg Sigismund the Old sixteenth century sources SRPr story Stryjkowski tautas Teutonic Knights Teutonic Order texts tion tradition victory Vilnius Cathedral Vitoldi Vytau Warsaw Wincenty Smokowski
Sivu 15 - Willam (Vilnių), ubi in cinerem est redactus. Et miraculose in terra vorago visa profunda in longitudinem unius viri et medii absorbens cineres, quod a multis visum est, et tamen nemo vitam de astantibus emendavit; equi, vestimenta, arma etc omnia fuerunt incinerata; aves atque canes venatici cum eo incinerantur.