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To kill us here in Hampton: to the which,
This knight, no less for bounty bound to us
Than Cambridge is,—hath likewise sworn.-But O!
What shall I say to thee, lord Scroop; thou cruel,
Ingrateful, savage, and inhuman creature !
Thou that didst bear the key of all my counsels,
That knew'st the very bottom of my soul,
That almost might’st have coin'd me into gold,
Would'st thou have practis'd on me for thy use ?
May it be possible, that foreign hire
Could out of thee extract one spark of evil,
That might annoy my finger ? 'tis so strange,
That, though the truth of it stands off as gross
As black from white', my eye will scarcely see it.
Treason, and murder, ever kept together,
As two yoke-devils sworn to either's purpose,
Working so grossly in a natural cause,
That admiration did not whoop at them?:
But thou, 'gainst all proportion, didst bring in
Wonder to wait on treason, and on murder:
And whatsoever cunning fiend it was,
That wrought upon thee so preposterously,
Hath got the voice in hell for excellence:
And other devils that suggest by treasons,
Do botch and bungle up damnation
With patches, colours, and with forms being fetch'd
From glistering semblances of piety:
But he, that temper'd thee 4, bade thee stand up,



though the truth of it stands off as gross

As black from white,] Though the truth be as apparent and visible as black and white contiguous to each other. To stand off is être relevè, to be prominent to the eye, as the strong parts of a picture. Johnson.

WHOOP at them :) That they excited no exclamation of surprise. Such, I think, is meant by the word in As You Like It: “o wonderful, wonderful, &c. and after that out of all whooping." See vol. vi. p. 429, n. 6. Boswell.

$0 grossly-] Palpably; with a plain and visible connection of cause and effect. Johnson.

+ -- he, that temper'd thee,] Though temper'd may stand for


Gave thee no instance why thou should'st do trea


Unless to dub thee with the name of traitor.
If that same dæmon, that hath gulld thee thus,
Should with his lion gait walk the whole world,
He might return to vasty Tartar 5 back,
And tell the legions--I can never win
A soul so easy as that Englishman's.
O, how hast thou with jealousy infected
The sweetness of affiance ! Show men dutiful ?
Why, so didst thou: Seem they grave and learned ?
Why, so didst thou: Come they of noble family ?
Why, so didst thou: Seem they religious ?
Why, so didst thou: Or are they spare in diet ;
Free from gross passion, or of mirth, or anger;
Constant in spirit, not swerving with the blood;
Garnish'd and deck'd in modest complement?;


formed or moulded, yet I fancy tempted was the author's word, for it answers better to suggest in the opposition. Johnson.

Temper'd, I believe, is the true reading, and means-rendered thee pliable to his will. Falstaff says of Shallow, that he has him tempering between his thumb and finger." Steevens.

vasty TARTAR —] i. e. Tartarus, the fabled place of future punishment. So, in Heywood's Brazen Age, 1613 :

With aconitum that in Tartar springs.” Steevens. Again, in The Troublesome Raigne of King John, 1591 :

“ And let the black tormentors of black Tartary,

Upbraide them with this damned enterprize." Malone. 6 0, how hast thou with jealousy infected

The sweetness of affiance !] Shakspeare uses this aggravation of the guilt of treachery with great judgment. One of the worst consequences of breach of trust is the diminution of that confidence which makes the happiness of life, and the dissemination of suspicion, which is the poison of society. Johnson.

7 Garnish'd and, deck'd in modeST COMPLEMENT ;] Complement has, in this instance, the same sense as in Love's Labour's Lost, Act I. Complements, in the age of Shakspeare, meant the same as accomplishments in the present one.


Not working with the eye without the ears,
And, but in purged judgment trusting neither ?
Such and so finely bolted, didst thou seemo:
And thus thy fall hath left a kind of blot,
To mark the full-fraught man, and best indued',
With some suspicion. I will weep for thee;
For this revolt of thine, methinks, is like
Another fall of man.-Their faults are open,


See vol. iv. p. 288, n. 4. By the epithet modest, the king means that Scroop's accomplishments were not ostentatiously displayed.

MALONE. 8 Not working with the eye, without the EAR,] The king means to say of Scroop, that he was a cautious man, who knew that fronti nulla fides, that a specious appearance was deceitful, and therefore did not “work with the eye, without the ear,” did not trust the air or look of any man till he had tried him by enquiry and conversation. Johnson.

and so finely BOLTED,] i. e, refined or purged from all faults. Pope.

Bolted is the same with sifted, and has consequently the meaning of refined, Johnson.

TO MARK the full-fraught man, and BEST INDVED, &c.] Best indued is a phrase equivalent to-gifted or endowed in the most extraordinary manner. So, Chapman:

“ His pow'rs with dreadful strength indu'd." STEEVENS, The folio, where alone this line is found, reads :

“ To make the full-fraught man,” &c. The emendation was made by Mr. Theobald. Mr. Pope endeayoured to obtain some sense by pointing thus :

“ To make the full-fraught man and best, indu'd

“ With some suspicion." But “to make a person indued with suspicion," does not appear, to my ear at least, like the phraseology of Shakspeare's or any

Make or mock are so often confounded in these plays, that I once suspected that the latter word might have been used here : but this also would be very harsh. The old copy has thee instead of the. The correction was made by Mr. Pope.

MALONE, Our author has the same thought again in Cymbeline :

So thou, Posthumus,
“ Wilt lay the leaven to all proper men;
“ Goodly and gallant shall be false and perjur'd,
“ From thy great fall." THEOBALD.

other age.

Arrest them to the answer of the law;
And God acquit them of their practices !

Exe. I arrest thee of high treason, by the name of Richard earl of Cambridge.

I arrest thee of high treason, by the name of Henry lord Scroop’, of Masham.

I arrest thee of high treason, by the name of Thomas Grey, knight of Northumberland.

SCROOP. Our purposes God justly hath discover'd;
And I repent my fault more than my death;
Which I beseech your highness to forgive,
Although my body pay the price of it.
CAM. For me,--the gold of France did not se-

Although I did admit it as a motive,
The sooner to effect what I intended :
But God be thanked for prevention ;
Which I in sufferance heartily will rejoice *,

2 Henry lord, &c.] Thus the quarto. The folio, erroneously,

Thomas lord,” &c. STEEVENS. 3 For me,—the gold of France did not seduce;] Holinshed, p. 549, observes from Hall, “ that diverse write that Richard earle of Cambridge did not conspire with the lord Scroope and Thomas Graie for the murthering of king Henrie to please the French king withall, but onlie to the intent to exalt to the crowne his brother-in-law Edmunde, earl of March, as heire to Lionell duke of Clarence: after the death of which earle of March, for diverse secret impediments not able to have issue, the earle of Cambridge was sure that the crowne should come to him by his wife, and to his children of her begotten. And therefore (as was thought) he rather confessed himselfe for neede of monie to be corrupted by the French king, than he would declare his inward mind, &c. which if it were espied, he saw plainlie that the earle of March should have tasted of the same cuppe that he had drunken, and what should have come to his owne children, he much doubted," &c. STEEVENS.

4 Which I in sufferance heartily will rejoice,] I, which is wanting in the old copy, was added by the editor of the second folio. Cambridge means to say, at which prevention, or, which intended scheme that it was prevented, I'shall rejoice. Shakspeare has many such elliptical expressions. The intended scheme

Beseeching God and you to pardon me.

Grey. Never did faithful subject more rejoice
At the discovery of most dangerous treason,
Than I do at this hour joy o'er myself,
Prevented from a damned enterprize :
My fault', but not my body, pardon, sovereign.
K. Hen. God quit you in his mercy! Hear your

You have conspir'd against our royal person,
Join'd with an enemy proclaim'do, and from his

Receiv'd the golden earnest of our death;
Wherein you would have sold your king to slaughter,
His princes and his peers to servitude,
His subjects to oppression and contempt,
And his whole kingdom into desolation.
Touching our person, seek we no revenge ;
But we our kingdom's safety must so tender,
Whose ruin you three sought, that to her laws
We do deliver you.

. Get you therefore hence?,
Poor miserable wretches, to your death:
The taste whereof, God, of his mercy, give you

that he alludes to, was the taking off Henry, to make room for his brother-in-law. See the preceding note. Malone.

5 My fault, &c.] One of the conspirators against Queen Elizabeth, I think Parry, concludes his letter to her with these words : a culpâ, but not a poenâ, absolve me, most dear lady." This letter was much read at that time, [1585,) and our author doubtless copied it.

This whole scene was much enlarged and improved after the first edition, the particular insertions in it would be tedious to mention, and tedious without much use. Johnson.

The words of Parry's letter are," Discharge me a culpa, but not a poena, good ladie.” Reed.

6 — proclaim'd,] Mr. Ritson recommends the omission of this word, which deforms the measure. STEEVENS.


you therefore hence,] So, in Holinshed : Get ye hence therefore, ye poor miserable wretches, to the receiving of your just reward : wherein God's majesty give you grace," &c.


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