« EdellinenJatka »
of the twelve tribes to their own land, and • of such a happy state and condition in it,
under the Meffiah, as has never yet been * accomplished.
• We will now conclude this head with a • Thort view of the nine last chapters of • Ezekiel, which relate to the same subject. • The prophet is brought, in the vision, in
to the land of Israel, and set on a very high mountain, where he sees an house or "temple, the particular dimensions and "measures of which are given to him, and * by which we find it, in some respects, ? to be different from Solomon's temple, . then lately destroyed. Ezekiel xl. 41, and . 42. It is to be built, not upon Mount • Moriah,where Solomon's andZerubbabel's • were; but upon Mount Zion, which is
called God's holy mountain, on which he 6 will dwell. Thus Micah iv. 7. speaking
of the future happy times, says, The Lord Mall reign over them in Mount Zion from • benceforth even for ever. And Joel iii. 17. *211; fo shall ye know, that I am the Lord N 2
your God, dwelling in Zion, my holy moun• tain. Now, as Ezekiel xliii. 1, to 10. and *xliv. I to 5. tells us, the glory of God • will reside in the future temple, it must
consequently be built upon this mount, the highest hill in Jerusalem.' This glory is there described as “entering in at the • east gate into the house, to dwell there for ever: And some rules and directions are given to the priests concerning their future offerings. Ezekiel xliii. 13. to the end, • and chap. xliv. and xlv. 13. to the end, • and chapter xlvi. The Ifraelites are also • commanded to divide the land into thirteen • parts, one of which is to be an oblation or • holy portion unto the Lord, with the • lands belonging to their prince or head on • each side of it. The other twelve parts .. are to be given to the twelve tribes, who • are to inhabit the land very differently • from what they have ever done yet ; seven
of the tribes being to dwell north of this oblation, and the other five south of it, • Ezekiel xlviii. 1 to 8. 23 to 30. For in this division of the land Dan is to have all
the northern, and Gad all the southern parts of the whole land; whereas, in the • division by Joshua, Alher and Napthali
were the most northern tribes on this side
of Jordan, and Judah the most southern, • while Reuben, Gad, and one half of the • tribe of Manasseh had all the land on the
other side of Jordan. See Joshua chap. xv.
16, 17, 18, and 19. A circumstance this, which,' with other differences in the two divisions of the land, particularly that of the oblation, which has never yet been laid out, plainly determines this prophe•cy to a future period, and that twelve tribes
will be restored at the time of the fulfilment of it.
«The oblation is to be a square of 25000 • cubits on each side. We have used the • word cubits instead of reeds, in our Eng• lish translation of Ezekiel xlv. I, 2. and • xlviii. 8, &c. there being no word in the original answering either to the one or the other. Otherwise, as the reed was fix • cubits long, by that sort of cubit, which is B . N3
the cubit and a hand-breadth, the great ? cubit, or twenty inches and three quarters, • the oblation would be a square of near . forty-nine miles on every fide, which is near one eighth part of the whole land:
To which add the prince's portion on the • east and west sides, and what little room
would remain for the twelve tribes, and yet seven of them are to dwell north, 6 and five south of it, ' And farther, the
city within the walls would be above * eight miles and three quarters on each side,
or above thirty-five miles round. For " these reasons, we choose to understand “the measurement by cubits instead of
reeds, as the Septuagint reads it, in Ezekiel xlii. 17, 20. and even still the city • will be larger than ever it has been yet,
being,' in this case, “ within the walls • 18000 cubits, or 45 furlongs round, that is five miles and five furlongs; "where"as it was formerly but thirty-three fura
longs round,'or four miles and one furlong, See Jofephus, War, b. 5, ch, 4.
The oblation then, or holy portion to the Lord, is to be a square of 25000 cubits on each side of which 25000 in length, and * 10000 in breadth, are to be given to the priests for their habitations, and the house,
or temple of God is to be in it. Another . part of the oblation, of the same dimen* fions with that of the priests, is to be
given to the Levites for their poffeffion ; . and the remainder, being 25000 cubits • long, and 5000 broad, is for the city and * suburbs, with lands adjoining, in the fol• lowing manner. Ezekiel xlv. i to 7. and « xlviii. 8 to 21. The city is to be built four• square, 4500 cubits on every side, having * twelve gates, three on each side, to be calle
ed after the names of the twelve tribes of • Israel; and the suburbs are to extend 250
• cubits farther every way, making the city .. in all 5000 cubits on each side, Ezekiel . xlviii, 16, 17, 30, to the end. And the re
mainder, being1oooo cubits long, and 5000 • broad, on the east of the city, and the * same quantity of land lying west of it, is to supply the inhabitants of the city with . : N4