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of the twelve tribes to their own land, and • of such a happy state and condition in it,

under the Meffiah, as has never yet been * accomplished.

• We will now conclude this head with a • Thort view of the nine last chapters of • Ezekiel, which relate to the same subject. • The prophet is brought, in the vision, in

to the land of Israel, and set on a very high mountain, where he sees an house or "temple, the particular dimensions and "measures of which are given to him, and * by which we find it, in some respects, ? to be different from Solomon's temple, . then lately destroyed. Ezekiel xl. 41, and . 42. It is to be built, not upon Mount • Moriah,where Solomon's andZerubbabel's were; but upon Mount Zion, which is

called God's holy mountain, on which he 6 will dwell. Thus Micah iv. 7. speaking

of the future happy times, says, The Lord Mall reign over them in Mount Zion from benceforth even for ever. And Joel iii. 17. *211; fo shall ye know, that I am the Lord N 2


your God, dwelling in Zion, my holy mountain. Now, as Ezekiel xliii. 1, to 10. and *xliv. I to 5. tells us, the glory of God • will reside in the future temple, it must

consequently be built upon this mount, the highest hill in Jerusalem.' This glory is there described as “entering in at the • east gate into the house, to dwell there for ever: And some rules and directions are given to the priests concerning their future offerings. Ezekiel xliii. 13. to the end, • and chap. xliv. and xlv. 13. to the end, • and chapter xlvi. The Ifraelites are also • commanded to divide the land into thirteen • parts, one of which is to be an oblation or • holy portion unto the Lord, with the • lands belonging to their prince or head on • each side of it. The other twelve parts .. are to be given to the twelve tribes, who • are to inhabit the land very differently • from what they have ever done yet ; seven

of the tribes being to dwell north of this oblation, and the other five south of it, • Ezekiel xlviii. 1 to 8. 23 to 30. For in this division of the land Dan is to have all


the northern, and Gad all the southern parts of the whole land; whereas, in the • division by Joshua, Alher and Napthali

were the most northern tribes on this side

of Jordan, and Judah the most southern, • while Reuben, Gad, and one half of the • tribe of Manasseh had all the land on the

other side of Jordan. See Joshua chap. xv.

16, 17, 18, and 19. A circumstance this, which,' with other differences in the two divisions of the land, particularly that of the oblation, which has never yet been laid out, plainly determines this prophe•cy to a future period, and that twelve tribes

will be restored at the time of the fulfilment of it.

«The oblation is to be a square of 25000 • cubits on each side. We have used the • word cubits instead of reeds, in our Eng• lish translation of Ezekiel xlv. I, 2. and • xlviii. 8, &c. there being no word in the original answering either to the one or the other. Otherwise, as the reed was fix cubits long, by that sort of cubit, which is B . N3

o the

the cubit and a hand-breadth, the great ? cubit, or twenty inches and three quarters, • the oblation would be a square of near . forty-nine miles on every fide, which is near one eighth part of the whole land:

To which add the prince's portion on the • east and west sides, and what little room

would remain for the twelve tribes, and yet seven of them are to dwell north, 6 and five south of it, ' And farther, the

city within the walls would be above * eight miles and three quarters on each side,

or above thirty-five miles round. For " these reasons, we choose to understand “the measurement by cubits instead of

reeds, as the Septuagint reads it, in Ezekiel xlii. 17, 20. and even still the city • will be larger than ever it has been yet,

being,' in this case, “ within the walls • 18000 cubits, or 45 furlongs round, that is five miles and five furlongs; "where"as it was formerly but thirty-three fura

longs round,'or four miles and one furlong, See Jofephus, War, b. 5, ch, 4.

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The oblation then, or holy portion to the Lord, is to be a square of 25000 cubits on each side of which 25000 in length, and * 10000 in breadth, are to be given to the priests for their habitations, and the house,

or temple of God is to be in it. Another . part of the oblation, of the same dimen* fions with that of the priests, is to be

given to the Levites for their poffeffion ; . and the remainder, being 25000 cubits • long, and 5000 broad, is for the city and * suburbs, with lands adjoining, in the fol• lowing manner. Ezekiel xlv. i to 7. and « xlviii. 8 to 21. The city is to be built four• square, 4500 cubits on every side, having * twelve gates, three on each side, to be calle

ed after the names of the twelve tribes of • Israel; and the suburbs are to extend 250

• cubits farther every way, making the city .. in all 5000 cubits on each side, Ezekiel . xlviii, 16, 17, 30, to the end. And the re

mainder, being1oooo cubits long, and 5000 • broad, on the east of the city, and the * same quantity of land lying west of it, is to supply the inhabitants of the city with . : N4

. food.

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