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Medical Flora: Or, Manual of the Medical Botany of the United States of ...
Constantine Samuel Rafinesque
Esikatselu ei käytettävissä - 2015
acid acrid acuminate acute anthers astringent Authorities—Linnaeus bark Barton base belongs berries Bigelow bitter blossoms botanical Botanists Botany bracts branches calix campanulate Canada Capsul cathartic celled color common cordate Corolla corymb cured cylindrical decoction DESCRIPTION—Root perennial diaphoretic diuretic doses emetic essential oil extract feet high fevers fibres filaments filiform five cleft flowers folioles forming Frasera French fruit Genera Gentian genus German hairy HISTORY—The Indians infusion Kentucky labellum lanceolate leaves linear Linnaeus lobes Materia Medica medical plants Michaux monogynia mucilage narcotic natural order nearly oblong obovate obtuse Officinal oval ovate panicle peculiar peduncles perigone petals petiolate Pistil properties pubescent Pursh Qualities—The whole plant racemes Remarks—The resin root round Schoepf seeds segments sepals serrate sessile short shrub slender smell smooth species stamina Stem stigma stimulant stomach style substances substitute subulate sudorific tannin taste teeth terminal tincture tonic tubular umbels unequal Vulgar woods yellow yellowish
Sivu 250 - internally it is used as a bitter tonic, in infusion or tincture, in disorders of the stomach, the liver,
Sivu 72 - ... in the year 1837, I was affected with palpitation of the heart, and they were much offended with me because I would not take one of their preparations which contained a large proportion of this snakeroot. They use it extensively in many complaints. The best preparation is said, by Rafinesque, to be a cordial made with the tincture and syrup. The tincture is coloured dark red by the resin. A fine cephalic snuff may be made of the powder of the root, useful in disorders of the head and eyes. A...
Sivu 39 - Raflnesque says the root contains an intensely bitter emulsive resin, soluble in alcohol, somewhat similar to Aloes, but less cathartic. This bitter principle is also partly soluble in water. The tincture is rendered milky by water, Aletrin is prepared from the root, and is supposed to contain its active medicinal principles, but it is not a reliable preparation. OFFICINAL PREPARATIONS. — Tincture is made from the fresh root by maceration with pure alcohol. Triturations from the dried root.
Sivu 97 - It appears to be particularly suitable for female diseases, and Smith asserts that the Indian women owe the facility of their parturition, to a constant use of a tea of the root for two or three weeks before their time. As a powerful emmenagogue it promotes delivery, menstruation, and dropsical discharges.
Sivu iv - The Improvers study nature and the human frame, write their observations and improve medical knowledge. The Eclectics are those, he adds, who subject and adopt in practice whatever is found beneficial, and who change their prescriptions according to emergencies, circumstances and acquired knowledge ; while the Experimentalists are those, who are directed by experience and experiments, observations, dissections and facts.
Sivu 230 - States, are rather oily and palatable, etc., but he neglects to mention their size. He adds, " The bark and leaves are somewhat bitter, very astringent, leaving a sweetish pungent taste. The smell is not unpleasant. It has not been analyzed as yet, but probably contains tannin, amarine, extractive, and an essential oil.
Sivu 250 - ... general." Rafinesque's Medical Flora, 1828, Vol. I., pp. 253 and 254, supports the foregoing, and in addition states that "they [natives] also employ it for sore legs and many external complaints as a topical tonic. Internally, in infusion or tincture, in disorders of the stomach, the liver, etc. It appears to be slightly narcotic and available in many other disorders. Some Indians employ it as a diuretic, stimulant and escharotic, using the powder for blistering § and the infusion for dropsy."...
Sivu 53 - ... seeds, attached to a central receptacle, and each furnished with a long seed-down. The root, which is the part employed, is large, and like other parts of the plant, contains a milky juice. Its taste is unpleasant and extremely bitter. "The flowers have a pleasant, honey-like odor, and contain that substance. Bees- and other insects collect this honey; but small flies are often caught by inserting their proboscis between the fissues of the anthers, when it is not easy for them to extricate it.
Sivu 250 - It is said to enter into compound remedies for the cancer, acting as a detergent tonic, and the Cherokees are supposed to use it in that disease, but better detergents are known. The properties of this plant are not yet fully known; it appears to be slightly narcotic, and available in many disorders. Some Indians employ it as a diuretic, stimulant and escharotic, using the powder for the blistering, and the infusion for the dropsy.
Sivu 162 - ... as diuretic, the infusion, decoction and tincture are preferable and more active, they have increased the daily evacuation of urine from 34 to 67 ounces. A pint or two of the former may be taken daily; they agree well with the stomach, even when squill and digitalis are intolerable.