The Zimbabwe Culture: Origins and Decline of Southern Zambezian States
Offering a unique and original perspective on the rise and fall of indigenous states of southern Zambezia, The Zimbabwe Culture analyzes the long contentious history of the remains of the remarkable cyclopean masonry, ranging from mighty capitals of traditional kings to humble farmsteads. Forming a cornerstone of the geographical lore of Africa in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, debate on the origins, development, and collapse of the Zimbabwe culture has never ceased, and with increasing archaeological research over the twentieth century, has become more complex. Thoroughly examining the growth and decline of pre-colonial states on the entire Zimbabwean Plateau and southern Zambezia, Dr. Pikirayi has contributed tremendously towards the archaeological understanding of this extraordinary culture. The Zimbabwe Culture is essential reading for all students and avocationalists of African archaeology, history, and culture.
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agricultural archaeological Beach Botswana built Bulawayo capital cattle central Africa Changamire Changamire dynasty chiefdoms communities copper crop Danangombe descent groups dhaka drought early east eastern economic elite environment environmental European farmers farming Garlake glass beads gold Huffman important Indian Ocean Ingombe iron ivory Karanga Khami land Leopard's Kopje lifeway Limpopo lineage long-distance trade lower Zambezi Lozi Manyika Mapungubwe Massapa Mazowe ment meters mfecane mopane Mount Fura Mudenge Mutapa Ndebele Ngoni Nguni nineteenth century northern Zimbabwe pattern period Pikirayi political population Portuguese pottery prazo precolonial production Pwiti rainfall Randall-Maclver region ritual River Rozvi savanna Schroda settlements seventeenth century Shashe-Limpopo basin Shona sixteenth century social societies Sofala soils south-central southern Africa southern Zambezia southwest stone buildings suggest Swahili Swahili coast territorial Theal tion Torwa town traditional University of Zimbabwe villages Vogel wealth Zambezi valley Zhizo Zimba Zimbabwe Culture Zimbabwe plateau