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Begun in the Year 164,1.
With the precedent Passages, and Actions, that contri-
Edward Earl of Clarendon,
Late Lord High Chancellor of England, Privy Counsellor in
Written by the Right Honourable
History of the Rebellion, &t.
B 0 0 ^ IV.
I si. XVII. 12.
Wo to the Multitude of many People, which make a Noise like the Noije of the Seas; and to the fyjhing of Nations, that makg a pushing like the fyjhing of many Waters.
H £ N the King came to Tork, which The Ki*£ was about the middle of Augusts he m found no part of either Army disband- J°'rn'"e,. ed; for, though Orders had been is- nards s'o'sued to that purpose, yet the Money, land, without which it could not be done, was not yet come to hand; and because so great a Sum could not be presently procured, as would satisfy Both, an Act of Parliament had been pass'd, for the Satissaction of the Principal Officers of the King's Army, by which they were promised Payment, upon the Pu-e. blick Faith, in November following; till which time they were to respite it, and be contented that the common Souldiers, and Inferior Officers,Ihould be fully Satisfied upon their Disbanding.
D u Rl N g the time of the King's abode at Tork, which was not many days, the Earl of Holland, Lord General, made a suit to him for the making a Baron; which, at that time, might have been worth to him ten thousand pounds. Whether the King apprehended the making an unfit man, who might disserve him in the House of Peers; or whether he resolv'd to contain himself from enlarging that number, except upon an extraordinary relation to his Own Service, I know not: but he thought not fit, at that time, to gratify the Earl: by which He took himself to be highly Disobliged (as the Courtiers at that time look'd upon whatsoever was Denied to them, as taken from themj and having receiv'd some InVol. V Part »• T formation, formation, from Sr Jatob Ajlsley and Sr John Cottiers, of some idle passages in the late tampering with the Army to Petition, which had not been before heard of; assoon as the King was gone towards Stotland (though his Majesty hath since told me, "That he thought he had left him at parting in very "good humour and devotion to His Service) the Earl wrote a Letter to the Earl of Effex, to be communicated in Parliament, "That he found there had been strange attempts made "to Pervert, and Corrupt the Army, but, he doubted nor, "he should be able to prevent any mischief: the whole Sense being so mysterious, that it was no hard matter, after it was read in the Houses, to perswade men, that it related to somewhat they had yet never heard; and being dated on the Sixteenth day of August, which must be the time that the King was there, or newly gone thence (for he took his Journey from London on the Tenth) seemd to reffect on somewhat his Majesty should have attempted. Hereupon their Old Fears are awaken'd, and New ones infused into the People; every man taking the liberty of making what interpretation he pleased of that which no man understood. order of The Papists were the most Popular Common-place, and both Houses the Butt against whom all the Arrows were directed; and so, upon this new Fright, an Order was made by Both Houses ""e t' For Disarming all the Papists in England: upon which, and the like Orders, though seldom any thing was after done, or no matter of moment, yet it serv'd to keep up the Fears and Apprehensions in the People, of Dangers and Designs, and to disincline them from any Reverence or Affection to the Queen, whom they begun every day more implacably to hate, and consequently to disoblige. And, as upon those, and the like light occasions, They grew to a licence of Language, without the least respect of Persons of how Venerable estimation soever; so they departed from all Order or Regularity in Debate; or Rules and Measures in Judging; the chief Rulers amongst them, first designing what They thought Fit to be done, and the Rest concluding any thing Lawful, that They thought, in order to the doing and compassing the same: in which neither Laws nor Customs could be admitted to signify any thing against Their fense.
I Remember, about that time, in the providing Money for the Disbanding the Armies, upon which they were marvellously follicitous, from the time that the King went towards the North, there arose a Question, "Whether Wil"mot, Ajhburnham, and Pollard, should receive their Pay due "to them upon their several Commands, lying under the "Charge of the Plot, for bringing up, and Corrupting the "Army; very many Passionately alledging, "That Such men