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brains and sharpened up the wits of many in courage enough to speak what he thought,) JOB NOTT'S PREFACE.
his day, who, but for the advice he gave them, sent forth his little publications amongst the would have been so blinded and be-smothered people ; presently his wholesome principles
by the Jacobinical notions of the times as to run spread through the land, altering men's minds THE first thing which a writer commonly does themselves, and the nation, into ruin. Old Job just like as a healing medicine changes the
when he comes before the world with a new Nott, I have already told you, got his bread by whole mass of a man's blood; Jacobinism was publication, is to make a low bow to the public, buckle-making; but the best buckles he ever purged out, infidelity skulked into its native and beg them to believe that it is with the made were his famous patent politico-moral
darkness, men who had been enemies to all utmost difficulty that he has been induced to buckles, with which he buckled the people the order of society, saw the error of their way, publish: but that the subject was so important, together in one bond of union, in spite of foes and became loyal subjects and good citizens. and his friends were so pressing, that his mo- without, and traitors within. Well ! I can't stop Now, I need not tell you, my friends, that desty has at length given way, and that he has now to give you the whole history of my honor- the times we live in are very much like the with reluctance consented to print; and that ed parent. I'll tell you more about him another times when my father lived. We have had under these circumstances, he hopes for the time. Indeed, I shall be often talking of him another French Revolution. The men of this countenance of a candid public. Pshaw ! and drawing instructions from his writings. But day have fallen in love with it like their foreWhy can't men be honest? It's my belief now to myself. You will naturally ask, who fathers did with the first. They are imitating that nine times out of ten the writer is quite are you? and what are you aiming at? Why, the worst part of it. We live too near Queen as willing to print as his friends are to ask I'll tell you in a few words. My name is Job Square to need an explanation of this! Then him. The fact is, that publishing is as much Nott. I never was ashamed of my name, and we have got our Carliles and our Taylors of the a disease as St. Anthony's Fire. It's a disease I hope my name will never be ashamed of me. same kidney with Paine and Voltaire; and we too, that can never be cured but by being It's an honourable name, given me after my have got a set of would-be orators, getting up starved out. It's a disease moreover which honoured father; and as it is my lot to live in and sputtering a parcel of seditious infidel stuff runs very much in families : and this is one times very like those in which he lived, I am wherever they can find a tub or a cart (an illprincipal reason why I turn publisher. When fired with a desire to imitate him, and to omened sort of pulpit) to hold forth from, I tell you, friendly reader, that I am son of benefit the world by my lucubrations.
and a score or two of idle fellows to listen to the renowned Job Nott, of Birmingham, you Let me explain a little. My father, old Job them. And the press too is pouring forth will not wonder at my having a propensity to Nott, of Birmingham, lived at the time of the blasphemy, infidelity, and sedition, in such an scribbling and printing. And who was Job former French Revolution; and when the prin- inflammatory stream, as can only be compared Nott of Birmingham?—What! did you never ciples of the Revolutionists had got abroad very to a flood of burning lava issuing from the hear of Job Nott, the buckle-maker, of Bir- much in this nation, and there was a great cry crater of Mount Vesuvius, and carrying demingham? then it's high time you should ; about “ liberty and equality,” and “The Rights vastation and ruin in its track. for let me tell you there was not a more noted of Man ;” and Tom Paine's infidel principles Now, how is it possible for any Englishman character in his day than my honoured father. were being circulated amongst the people, and that has a particle of love for his country, to He was first-cousin to the celebrated Nott, the a great many other bad notions had got abroad, sit still and see the land inundated with button-burnisher, and was himself a burnisher but when old Nott-(a plain honest fellow who sedition and profaneness, and not lift his voice of men's intellects. His writings cleared the had sense enough to think for himself, and against the prevailing sin of the times?
Especially-how is it possible for one who speaker that took the opposite side. Now once spite to the belly; and were to band together bears the name of Job Nott, and in whose upon a time, the Commons of Rome had raised and say, we wont work and labour to feed that veins the blood of that patriot flows, to be a great riot, because they were dissatisfied with indolent greedy-gut. Now what would be the an indolent spectator of such goings on? It their condition, and thought it hard that the consequence? Why if the belly were not supcannot be ! Job Nott must speak for God lower orders should endure all the toil and plied with food, the hands and the feet would and for his Country! Now, I dare say that labour, whilst the higher orders lived in ease soon grow weak and feeble, the eye would grow some will be ready to cry out, “Oh! this is and affluence. In short, they were for liberty dim, and the rebellious mouth would soon be a red hot Anti-Reformer, set up by the and equality; and a fine dust they raised about unable to utter its unreasonable murmurs. In Boroughmongers to defend their system and it; and had well nigh turned the whole state of short, the whole body would perish together. uphold abuses !" Stop a bit if you please! Rome topsy-turvy. Now there was at that time And would'nt it be just the same with the Body Fair and softly, good reader! Job Nott is a man, named Menenius Agrippa, a shrewd Politic, if the people, the limbs and members of no defender of abuses--neither is he set up to long-headed fellow, who wished well to his the state, should be so foolish as to refuse to defend any system, or to be the tool of any country, and did not like to see all things bear their share of the public burdens? The party. Job Nott is no partizan-he is a much reduced to confusion. This man got the people government of a country is like the belly in the better thing—an honest man ! Job Nott is to follow him out to a hill at some little distance midst of the members; if you refuse supplies to not one to truckle to influence, and to “have from Rome, and began to address them: they it, it will have no strength, it will not be able men's persons in admiration because of ad- thought
, no doubt, that he was going to make to carry on the purposes for which it was apvantage;" neither on the other hand, is he one them a long prosing speech about obedience to pointed; and the evil effects will soon appear to let his wits be addled and stupified by governors, &c., &c.; but instead of that he in the disordering, and at length in the ruin of the perpetual ding dong of popular clamour simply delivered the following Fable :
the whole nation. without sense or reason. He is one who loves
The Romans were a reasonable, quick-sighted “ In former days, when the belly and the other to have freedom of judgment and liberty of speech. But, mind you !-he does’nt want to had separate views and designs of their own, each the lesson which the fable was designed to teach ;
parts of the body enjoyed the faculty of speech, and people, and they immediately saw the truth of have this liberty confined to one party, as part, it seems, in particular for himself
, and in the anıl they returned to order and obedience, and much as to say “you are free to speak, only name of the whole, took exception at the conduct of went about every man his proper business, if you speak contrary to us we'll knock your the belly, and were resolved to grant him supplies no serving his country by doing his proper work brains out !” Why, in the name of common longer. They said, they thought it very hard that in his proper station, and then all went on well; sense, if we pretend to reason and discuss, let he should lead an idle good-for-nothing life, spending whereas if they had persevered in their riotous us reason like reasonable men, and deal out, and squandering away, upon his own ungodly guts, ways, the whole body politic would soon have not fisty blows, but stubborn sturdy argu- all the fruits of their labour ; and that, in short, they been brought to ruin. ments; and let us be assured that truth will were resolved for the future, to strike off his allowance,
Now, my friends, I put it to you, whether in the end prevail. and let him shift for himself as well as he could. The
we have not need to learn the same lesson at the I had meant to have given a much fuller account hands protested they would not lift up a finger to keep present time. I have heard of people foolishly of myself, but I must for the present forbear, / him from starving; and the mouth wished he might and wickedly talking about refusing to pay taxes
never speak again, if he took in the least bit of wishing to leave room for other matter. If
nourishment for him as long as he lived ; and, say if this and that demand be not complied with: my readers should be curious to know more the teeth, may we be rotted if ever we chew a morsel perhaps they don't know that to refuse to pay about me and my notions, I hope to give them for him for the future. This solemn league and covenant taxes in our country is treason! but let that satisfaction in my next week's publication.
was kept as long as any thing of that kind can be kept, pass. What I wish to impress on your minds,
which was, till each of the rebel members pined away is the folly of such a course, as if the government LIBERTY AND EQUALITY. to skin and bone, and could hold out no longer. Then of the country could possibly go on without
they found there was no doing without the belly, and supplies; and as if any country could long exist I never hear this cry but I think of that that, as idle and insignificant as he seemed, he con
without a government. No, no, my friends! celebrated old Fable, called the Belly and the tributed as much to the maintenance and welfare of be assured that for the people to refuse to bear Members.” I dare say you have all beard of all the other parts, as they did to his.”
their share of the burdens of the state, is as the ancient Romans. They were a fine set of Now it is easy to understand what this witty foolish and destructive, as for the hands and feet fellows, very fond of liberty, and could kick up fellow meant by his fable. The people were to refuse to work for the belly; all would be a row upon an occasion in far better style than discontented, because of the burdens that were brought to ruin together. your modern Radicals. They did'nt go about laid upon them. The taxes were so heavy in
But I know what some of you will say to all this. burning the houses of their inoffensive fellow- consequence of the long wars that the nation You will say, This is nothing to us, we are willcitizens. They had too generous and noble a had been engaged in, that the people began to ing to support government; but we are not willspirit: when they thought they had any griev- cry out, that it was too bad to be endured, and ing to labour and toil for ten or twelve shillings ances that wanted redress, they sent up their to threaten that they would pay no more taxes. a week, for a master who does nothing but just petitions to the Parliament House in a manly Now, says Agrippa to them, that's just the look on, and gets hundreds or even thousands a way.
same as if the hands and the feet were to join year by our labour. Now, my good fellows, And besides this, they were men who would together to refuse to work for the support of the don't you see that the fable just applies to your listen to reason, and hear both sides of al belly; or as if the mouth was to refuse to receive case. Don't you know that there can be no question, and not hoot and clamour down every meat, and the teeth refuse to chew it, out of workmen, if there be no masters to find
them work, and that there can be no masters to
BRISTOL RIOTS.No. 1.
powerful press applied its mighty lever to the find materials and to get orders, unless there's a
work; and petition after petition travelled to capital, as they say; that is, there must be a [I am happy in having it in my power, thus London, in favour of the Bill.” If they would rich man over the business, to erect the premises early to introduce to my readers, a valued kins honestly confess it, I believe very many were all and to buy the materials, and to look out for man of mine, Mr. Nehemiah Nott, son of the alive about the passing of the Bill, who like customers, in order that the operatives may have celebrated button-burnisher, before mentioned, myself had no very clear notions as to what it work. This rich master-tradesman is like the
and therefore my second-cousin. I had fully meant, or what reason there was to expect such belly in the midst of the members. He is the reckoned upon bis support in my undertaking, great things from it. The Bill, or some bill, will belly, the operatives are the limbs. Now sup- but could hardly have expected so prompt a
pass one day I suppose, and I am content to let pose the operatives say, “No! we wont work
communication. It gives a new edge to my old Time settle the point. You and I, Cousin, for that fat, corpulent, idle-looking fellow!" zeal
, to see my friends rallying round me at the have lived long enough, to see several “great let him do the work himself if he can; why first announcement of my design.—The follow
questions” agitated, with vast promise of good should we drudge and toil to grease his fat ing letter will explain itself.
to the country, more especially to the labouring sides?" Well! so they agree among
classes. The grand consideration however must and come to a strike, or perhaps they go farther
be, whether the people are more industrious. and turn mutinous—and what comes of it? why,
The labouring classes of England lost a right and frugal, and quiet, and happy, than they the furnace is put out of blast, the saw-pits are good friend in your honoured father: I am glad were in our recollection, or in your good father's closed and left to fill with water, the half-finished to hear that you intend to befriend them in a time; for the substantial happiness of the people ship lies rotting on the stocks, the wheels that similar way. May you be enabled to follow in is the end of good government. Of this at least used to go so merrily round, lie silent and dead. his footsteps, and to excel him if possible. I am certain, that how good soever the end pro, The master-tradesman feels it to be sure-his Being a resident in the neighbourhood of posed may be conceived to be, the means emtrade is ruined, his custom is gone, and his fat Bristol during the late riots, I have prepared a ployed to obtain it by unprincipled men are sides are brought down to a skeleton; but mean- plain account of these dreadful events, which often bad in the extreme. They have their own while what becomes of the operatives? They may perhaps suit your readers. Like yourself base and selfish purposes to serve, and the best that thought twelve shillings or perhaps twenty I am no party man, and you will find it very that can be said of them is that they are of those shillings a week too little, must go to the parish, free from personal remarks; though I have not that say, " let us do evil that good may come;" or be reduced to beggary. The fact is, there omitted such observations as should naturally and to such as do so St. Paul gives a hard blow must be the distinction of high and low, rich and arise in the mind of every honest man, who in Rom. iii. 8. Fair promises are held out of a poor, masters and servants; and its as great folly
fears God, honours his King, and loves his new and improved political system, bringing for the operatives to cast an evil eye at their rich Country. I shall feel gratified if you think my smiling peace and plenty in its train. Meanwhile masters as it would be for the hands to refuse to narrative worthy of a place beside your own the country is kept in a hubbub, and the carry bread to the mouth for the sustaining of papers.
working man idle, losing his wages. The docthe body, or for the legs to refuse to carry it
trines, and principles, and advice, urged upon about.
Your affectionate Cousin, him in newspapers, political registers, and the The bible teaches us the same lesson by almost
NEHEMIAH. low publications of the infidel press, lead him to the same similitude. 1 Cor. xii. 21. “The eye A PLAIN ACCOUNT OF THE RIOTS AT neglect and despise the important and truly cannot say unto the hand, I have no need of
honourable duties of his humble sphere, in the thee; nor again the head to the foot, I have no On the three last days of October, 1831.
faithful discharge of which, consists his own need of you.” So it is in the body politic. The
solid happiness and the prosperity of the nation nraster is the eye to overlook the work, but he On Saturday the 29th of October, 1831, the at large. He is flattered and cajoled into the can't say of the hands—the operatives, I have opening of the Commission of Assize was ap
conceit that his chief and proper business is to no need of you. Neither on the other hand can pointed to take place at Bristol, in the usual meddle in politics and elections, in making laws the hands—the operatives, say of the head or form. By a very ancient Charter this solemn and governing, instead of plying his trade, the eye,—that is of the master, we have no Court of Justice must be held by the Recorder, obeying the laws, and enjoying their protection. need of thee. Each is necessary to the other, who is to be a skilful and experienced lawyer, The lowest pot-house politician who figures in a and all are useful and honourable in their proper together with the Magistrates of the City. The Bristol riot, is lifted to the same pinnacle with places ; but when one member of the body politic Gaol contained upwards of one hundred prison- the peer of the realm; and while those necessary invades the place of the other, then all must be ers, committed for various crimes and misde- and useful distinctions of rank and property, confusion and ruin, from which God preserve meanours, who were to be tried by Sir Charles which naturally grow with the growth of every us, by inclining all to be peaceable and loyal Wetherell, the Recorder, as chief judge. well-ordered state, are set at nought, so also are subjects, and to do their duty in that station of Sir Charles is also a member of Parliament, differences of character. The wisest and best life to which it has pleased God to call them. and in his place in the House of Commons, he men are put on the same level with the most
opposed the passing of the Reform Bill, the great ignorant and most profligate. Such are the J. N.
political question of the day. In county, and doctrines industriously spread by the wicked town, and village, there had been public meet- mercenary venders of treason and blasphemy, ings, and long and fiery speeches; the press, the and broached in periodicals of a higher grade.
I read not long since of a curious experiment tracy ought never to be a politician, as such a magis- Secretary of State in London, as to the state of in gardening. The trial was made with a species trate cannot be expected to possess the public confi- public feeling, it was nevertheless determined of willow.—The plant was pulled up, its top- petent to preserve the public peace. They would, that the administration of justice should proceed most branches were placed in the ground and therefore, recommend to the Corporation the immediate in its regular course. Some soldiers were sent the roots upwards. Such were the wonderful being the means best calculated to prevent riot, and to the neighbourhood lest the civil force should efforts of nature to support it in this unsightly perhaps bloodshed. At the same time the Council prove insufficient to keep the peace. Two and unnatural position, that the sapling after a earnestly recommend members af the Union, and troops of the 14th Light Dragoons were quarwhile struck root, and put forth a few stripling to use their most strenuous endeavours for the preser- tered at Clifton, and one troop of the 3rd branches. These knaves would have it, that the vation of the public, peace, as it is only by such a Dragoon Guards at Keyusham; in all about
course they will be able to obtain the rights they seek.” seventy men, to be employed only in case strong and stately British oak can only flourish
Oct. 25, 183). after the same fashion. You, the labouring
of necessity. classes, are the roots that draw nourishment
Political Unions have since been declared un
On Thursday the 27th, the magistrates pubfrom the mother earth, and fix the noble stem lawful by a Royal proclamation, and are alluded lished the following address.--immoveable. Without you it could not put to in the King's late Speech at the opening of through various channels, that some indiscreet persons
“It being apprehended from information received forth its spreading boughs covered with the Parliament, as combinations which in their may be inclined to promote feelings of irritation and leaves of summer. Nor are these only for glory
“ form and character are incompatible with all excitement on the arrival of the Recorder in this and for beauty. They receive the air and light, regular government, and are equally opposed that all classes of their fellow-citizens however they
city, the Mayor and Aldermen most earnestly hope the dew and rain of heaven; they prepare the to the spirit and to the provisions of the law." may differ on political subjects, will see the propriety vital sap to return through the tree down to the I shall therefore make free to remark upon this of cordially co-operating to maintain peace and good roots again. All are useful; all are beautiful in manifesto, as calculated to cause the riots it any declaration of their opinions on so solemn and the situation appointed them by the all-wise
pretended to dissuade from. Can any honest important an occasion as the delivery of his Majesty's Creator. The levellers and revolutionists say sensible man read it, and not see through the tried for offences against the laws of their country.
Gaol, in cases affecting the lives of the persons to be that the tree would flourish better if laid pros- thin disguise ? The magistrates are represented The Magistrates confidently hope that they may trate on the ground, or turned topsy turvy. Do
as unfit for their offices. They ought to resign rely on the good sense and discretion of the inhabiyou believe them? that others may be elected by the votes of their has hitherto prevailed in the city; but should any
tants, not to depart from that orderly conduct which It was well known that some of these mis- fellow citizens. Surely members of the Politi- disposition be shown, tending to create disturbance, chievous spirits were actively at work before cal Union did not mean to supplant them, for they feed it will become their imperative duty to use the time fixed for the gaol delivery in Bristol. they are Politicians! and a “man clothed in to punishment all persons who may be found com; I have heard that, there are at least eight' depo- the robes of magistracy ought never to be a
mitting any breach of the peace, or other illegal act.” sitories for infidel and treasonable tracts in differ- politician!” Sir Charles Wetherell, a member
On the morning of the 29th, the troops ent quarters of the town, and that meetings of of Parliament, who expresses his opinions in marched by the outskirts of the town into the the same character are held, at which the mem
one way as the Lord Chancellor on the wool-court-yard of the gaol, and the interior of the bers, afraid to trust each other, if not ashamed sack does in another way, is disqualified,
cattle market, where they remained out of sight.
say of themselves, attend in masks.
I have seen they, from being a magistrate and a Judge. Sir Charles Wetherell was met at half- past ten some of their tracts printed in the usual way, or The maxim of the authors of the placard would in the forenoon, about a mile from the guildhall
, on pocket handkerchiefs, for greater durability; certainly go to exclude many whom they would by an escort, consisting as usual of the sheriffs and the sight of the deadly moral poison made not wish to exclude, and themselves also. and city officers. He was also attended by some my blood run cold. Traitors and infidels well However, these politicians do not hesitate to gentlemen on horseback, who rode beside his know this Divine truth. “From within, out of take upon themselves the duties of magistrates, carriage, and about three hundred constables. the heart of man, proceed evil thoughts, adul- for they dictate, as if sitting in Council," what is, As he entered the town he was followed by a teries, fornications, murders, thefts, coveteous and what is not to be done. Soldiers ought considerable crowd, who hissed and hooted him, ness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil not to be in readiness in case of riot. The perfectly regardless that he came as the king's eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness.” In plotting Judge appointed by the King is unfit for his representative, bearing the sword of justice. mischief they begin by providing means to coroffice, and so are the magistrates.
Some stones were thrown at his carriage, and rupt the hearts of the people.
commend them to resign immediately. If the several respectable citizens, who had enrolled The propounders of the modern political advice was good, it might have been recom-themselves as special constables for his protection, doctrines were not idle.
mended” privately. To post it on the walls were hurt. These insults and outrages continued
was to advertise the soldiers; to endeavour to till the procession reached the guildhall. The The following placard was issued :make the Recorder and the magistrates pub
commission was there opened in the usual form, "The Council of the Union have heard with feelings licly obnoxious and contemptible, and to amid great noise and confusion. On leaving the obtained the assistance of armed troops, for the pur- provoke “the riot and perhaps bloodshed" guildhall
, the crowd, in greater numbers than
before, followed, hissing and yelling, and occapoge of conducting Sir C. Wetherell, in his judicial which “the Council of the Union” predicted. capacity, into this city. It is the opinion of this Coun- This was adding fuel to the flame. “As coals sionally throwing stones, till the recorder entered cil that if the magistracy of this city feel themselves
the mansion house in safety about noon. incompetent to preserve the public peace without being are to burning coals, and wood to fire, so is a supported by the military, they should resign their contentious man to kindle strife.”--(l'roverbs.)
[To be continued. offices, and suffer the civic authorities to be elected by
A communication having previously been Printed and Published by J. & W. RichardSON, a majority of the votes of their fellow-citizens. The Council think that a man clothed in the robes of magis made to Sir Charles Wetherell and to the
No. 6, Clare-Street, Bristol.